A site dedicated to the proper care and general information of mute swans
Header

IF YOU ARE PLANNING TO ACQUIRE MUTE SWANS FOR YOUR PRIVATE PROPERTY WATER ENVIRONMENT…..
PLEASE CHECK THIS PAGE FIRST.

Before Considering Mute Swans for Your Property,
It is Advisable to Check with your State’s
WildLife Management Services..

      Where to Find Information for Your State

Click Images to Enlarge 

In the United States *Captive* Mute Swans are Classified as “EXOTIC.”
Living Free off Private Property they are Classified as Invasive- “Feral.”

Feral Mute Swan Pair

Feral MuteSwans

Since December 2004 Mute Swans are no longer
Protected by
The Federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

POLICIES AND REGULATIONS FOR OWNING MUTE SWANS ARE DIFFERENT STATE BY STATE.

EACH U.S. STATE DEVELOPS THEIR OWN MANAGEMENT PLAN, POLICIES, GUIDELINES OR REGULATIONS.

The Management for Mute Swans is handled at the State Level.
Each State in the United States develops their Individual
Management Program.. They are being Revised all the time.

Many States are very Strict Requiring a Permit.
More and More States have decided to Prohibit Mute Swan.
Some have Guidelines that if Followed will allow Ownership.

Pinion Swan Cygnets

Each Year the Rules Change
Always Check the Current Status.
You will need to Contact your State’s Department of Natural Resources.
DNR – WildLife Management Services
Fish & WildLife Services – *** WaterFowl Management.

WaterFowl Breeders offering Mute Swans for Sale,
May not warn you that your State has Regulations,
Management Guidelines, require Permits
and/or Prohibit Mute Swans in your State.

Swan Transport Carrier

Moving Mute Swans into States that Prohibit them,
may end very badly for the Swans.

PLEASE LEARN THE POLICY FOR YOUR STATE.
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
TO LEARN THE STATUS OF MUTE SWANS
IN YOUR STATE

SOME States have this Information readily available
on their DNR Game Commission – Fish and WildLife Websites.
SOME States have Little to NO information.
Best to Call these States for Information.

Use these Terms to help with a “SEARCH”

(State Name) Mute Swan (Add a Word from the Following)
Guidelines, Regulations, Rules, Policies, Plans,
Restrictions, Codes, Prohibitions…

Example: Maryland Mute Swan Code
******* Then try a different word.
Until you find information about Mute Swans.

Try to determine when the Information was Posted..
If it is more then Two years Old…
Best to Call their Waterfowl Management for Update.
**************************************

U.S. Fish & WildLife Service State by State….
Contact Phone #s Call 1-800-344-WILD

www.fws.gov
This Site has an Interactive STATE Map..
Select the State you want to Check..
Press and the Current Information will display..

***THIS IS THE LINK TO EACH STATE
http://www.fws.gov/offices/statelinks.html
***************************************
INTERACTIVE MAP
of the DNR Contacts U.S. STATEs by STATE
http://www.bucks2beards.com/dnr.htm
*********
INTERACTIVE MAP of DNR Contacts by State
http://www.walleyehunter.com/dnrmap.html
***************************************
U.S. FISH & WILDLIFE SERVES – ALL STATES
http://www.fws.gov/offices/statelinks.html
***************************************
**General Mailing Address in Wash, D.C.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
1849 C Street, NW
Washington, DC 20240

**********************************
Basic Information on the States and Providences
in The Atlantic Flyway Council
http://www.flyways.us/flyways/atlantic

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Information Collected and Compiled by L.M.Sweger 2016
****************************************************
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
****************************************************
I am Starting with
Guidelines for OUR Home State Pennsylvania.

Feral Mute Swans

Below I will include information for other U.S. States
that I have check over the past several years for their
Mute Swan Policies.

I have NOT researched all States. Policies KEEP Changing.
If you have any DOUBT
Please Call Your State DNR-Fish & WildLife Service.
**************
** PENNSYLVANIA
As of 2016 Mute Swans are Allowed on Private Property.
They are Classified as Captive Domestic/Exotic Waterfowl.
In Pennsylvania Mute Swans are Considered Captive Pets.

Captive Mute Swans

Mute Swans and/or their Young may not be Released
to Public Lands or WaterWays.

Mute Swan Cygnets

Arrange for All Mute Swan Cygnets to have Proper Homes.

Hunters destroy the Feral Mute Swans in Pennsylvania.
In early Spring Helpless 10 month old Cygnets are chased off their Parents Ponds. Most are not Pinioned. If they are LUCKY and Rescued, they will need to be Clipped Annually by their new Owners.

****************************************************

Mute Swan Regulation in States around Pennsylvania.
As of 2016

In most States surrounding Pennsylvania, owning Mute Swans is Prohibited or Restricted by Permit.

Delaware, Pennsylvania and Virginia consider Mute Swans as Exotic Domestic unprotected Birds.

Pennsylvania and Virginia allow Feral Mute Swans to be Shot by Hunters.

Feral Mute Swan

Delaware and Maryland DNR-Fish & WildLife aggressively removes Mute Swans from State Lands.

********************************************************
** DELAWARE – Ownership Prohibited
3.5 Mute Swans (Cygnus olor)
3.5.1 Mute Swans shall be considered an Exotic, Invasive Species that is not subject to State Protection.
Mute Swans may only be taken during legal Waterfowl Hunting
Seasons and Shooting Hours.
The method of take for Mute Swans is restricted to shotguns no
larger than 10 gauge and with non-toxic ammunition no larger than size T.

Feral Mute Swan
3.5.2 It shall be unlawful to possess, buy, sell, barter, trade, or transfer any live Mute Swan or their eggs to or from another person unless permitted by the Director of the Division of Fish and Wildlife.
3.5.3 It shall be unlawful to release any Mute Swans into the wild.

State of Delaware – 3000 Division of Fish and Wildlife
Federal Laws and Regulations Adopted
http://regulations.delaware.gov/AdminCode/title7/3000/3900%20Wildlife/3903.shtml
*******************************************************
** KENTUCKY – Ownership Prohibited
Kentucky State Laws Governing Private Possession of Exotic Animals.

ADMIN. REGS. 2:082 – Transportation and holding of Exotics. Wildlife.http://www.bornfreeusa.org/b4a2_exotic_animals_state.php?s=ky

Kentucky Mute Swans – You will find several sites that have lovely Photos of Kentucky Mute Swans.  AND you will find several sites that have information about them being a Prohibited Exotic Specie in Kentucky. Before you continue Searching for Mute Swans PLEASE contact your Kentucky Fish and Wildlife Services.
Speak to the Kentucky Waterfowl Biologist.
*******************************************************
** MARYLAND – Code of Maryland Regulations for the
Possession and Trade of Captive Mute Swans 08.03.09.13
.13 Possession and Trade of Captive Mute Swans.
A. Except as provided in §B of this regulation, it shall be
a violation to buy, sell, barter, trade, or transfer any Mute Swan
or Mute Swan Eggs to or from another person.

You may not legally move Mute Swans into Maryland.
After Aug. 31, 2009, it shall be a Violation to Buy,
Sell, Barter, Trade, or Transfer any Mute Swan
or Mute Swan Eggs to or from another Person.
******************
A Few Mute Swan in Maryland were “GrandFathered.”
Mute Swan MDNR Permits are only for Mute Swans that were
on private property in Maryland before Aug. 31, 2009.

Wedding Swans

C. A person may not possess a Mute Swan unless permitted
under this regulation. Possession shall include any Mute Swan
held in an enclosure, pinioned to prevent its escape, or otherwise
confined on a person’s property.

D. A person may apply, through August 31, 2009, for a permit
to possess a Mute Swan by completing a form prescribed by
the Service. After that date, the Service may not issue permits
allowing the possession of Mute Swans.

2011 MUTE SWAN MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR MARYLAND
http://dnr2.maryland.gov/wildlife/Documents/2011_MUSW_MDMgtPlan.pdf
*******************************************************
** NEW JERSEY – Ownership Prohibited

May 2015 – I Spoke with the New Jersey Northern Regional Office WildLife Law Enforcement. 1(908) 735-8240
Checking to see what the New Jersey Policy is for Mute Swans.

Mute Swan Maiden
Exotic Animals need an approved Permit in New Jersey.
NJDEP F&W will not approve a Permit for Mute Swans.
*******************************************************
** NEW YORK – In 2014-2016 New York is still trying to figure out what they are doing with the Mute Swans in their State..
The DNR-Atlantic Flyway Side is Pushing to Destroy the Swans.
The Public is Pushing back to Save them.

Feral Mute Swans

SAVE MUTE SWANs
http://savemuteswans.org/

STATUS AND ECOLOGY OF MUTE SWANS IN NEW YORK STATE DRAFT Final Report December 2013
http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/wildlife_pdf/muteswanreport.pdf

Mute Swan Juveniles

New York DEC wants to Eliminate the Mute Swans.

http://www.buffalonews.com/city-region/dec-wants-to-eliminate-mute-swans-20150603

***********************

NYS Department of Environmental Conservation
http://www.dec.ny.gov/animals/7076.html
Reporting Problems Related to Mute Swans
If you have concerns regarding Mute Swans impacting Vegetation,
Wildlife, or Human Activities on your Property, please contact
the DEC Wildlife Office in your region.

Migrating Canadian Geese

They can provide information or assistance to alleviate the problem.
Remember, Mute Swans are protected by the New York State Environmental Conservation Law. Therefore, Swans, as well as their Nests and Eggs, may not be handled or harmed without Authorization from DEC.

Migrating Canadian Geese

NYS Mid-Summer Mute Swan Survey  Results 1986-2008
http://www.dec.ny.gov/animals/47734.html
Mute Swan Surveys – DEC conducts a Mid-summer Mute Swan Survey to assess the population status of this non-native species and to help evaluate the need for and success of management efforts.

Lone Nesting Mute Swan

***********************

A Plan To Eliminate Wild Mute Swans Draws Vocal Opposition
http://hawaiipublicradio.org/post/plan-eliminate-wild-mute-swans-draws-vocal-opposition

Stop Killing New York Mute Swans

**************NOVEMBER 2016 UPDATE***********

NYS Gov. Cuomo has (after several refusals)
               Signed a Bill to (for a Period of time)
      STOP the Slaughter of the Feral Mute Swans in New York State.

It is not a Perfect Reprieve.. but, it does give some HOPE that in some way SOMEOne will look at this terrible injustice before the Enchanting Swans are Destroyed.

muteswancartoonbymickeyparaskevas
Nov.28, 2016  New York Swans get a Reprieve…
Gov. Cuomo Signs Bill.

http://www.democratandchronicle.com/story/news/politics/albany/2016/11/29/after-vetoes-cuomo-signs-bill-save-mute-swans/94597280/
**************************************************
 Mute Swan Brood Pair
Lone Mute Swan Preening  After LOTs of Public Support for the Mute Swans.
***************************************************
Cuomo signs Bill to Save Mute Swans
http://www.wgrz.com/news/local/new-york/cuomo-signs-bill-to-save-mute-swans/357841153
There are Many more News Articles/Reports
Each has a bit of extra Information.. .
Stop Killing New York Mute Swans

SEPTEMBER 2017 UPDATE  New Management Plan Draft

This draft reads like a kinder, gentler plan with a strong emphasis on reliance of non-lethal management techniques, but in truth the multiple vague and ambiguous statements regarding when lethal management will and will not be used are dangerous. The devil is in the details and this plan potentially allows hundreds of mute swans to be captured and killed every year – the DEC can use its discretion to kill swans at will.
Feral Mute Swans

The DEC seems to finally understand that New Yorkers want mute swans protected not harmed, but their proposal is effectively sleight of hand. The DEC fails to grasp that swan advocates disagree with the entire premise of their plan. Despite DEC’s assertions, as a matter of science, mute swans are not an invasive species. Mute swans are a non-native resident established species, adored and admired by millions of NY citizens that pose no threat or danger to New Yorkers.     John W. Grandy, PhD for GooseWatch NYC
The Pegasus Foundation
The Pettus Crowe Foundation
Feral Mute Swans

**************************************************
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
**************************************************
** OHIO – Ohio Wildlife Rehabilitators are already banned from
rehabilitating and releasing Mute Swans.

Injured Mute Swan Cygnet

The possession of captive Mute Swans is regulated by Federal permit (50 CFR 21.25).
State regulations should be developed to prevent People from releasing Mute Swans into the wild and to prohibit the sale, trade, barter, and importation of Mute Swans, or their Eggs, in Ohio.

Mute Swans Living Free

Implement control measures to reduce Mute Swan numbers in Ohio.
Policy 41 (Invasive Non-native Free-ranging Terrestrial Vertebrate Policy) already directs the Division to humanely dispatch Mute Swans, using the American Veterinary Medical Association’s 2007 Guidelines for Euthanasia, on Division-owned or managed properties.

Nesting Mute Swan

Methods to control Mute Swan populations should include Egg addling, shooting (preferably head shots with shotguns and use of metro barrels and sub-sonic ammunition in urban/suburban areas), and live-capture/euthanasia.

OHIO SWAN MANAGEMENT PLAN 2013
http://wildlife.ohiodnr.gov/Portals/wildlife/pdfs/species%20and%20habitats/mute%20swan%20action%20plan.pdf

Lone Mute Swan

OHIO encourage Private Landowners who chose to have Mute Swans to keep them controlled. The ways to control them is to only purchase one Swan or two of the same sex, and keep their wings clipped or pinioned. This will help keep the Swans on the owner’s property.

Same Sex Mute Swans

Swan Owners can also addle the Eggs so Cygnets do not Hatch.

Nesting Mute Swans
If the Cygnets are allowed to hatch out, their wings need to be clipped or pinioned so they can not leave the owner’s property.

Same Sex Male Mute Swans

DOW will discourage ownership of Male/Female Pairs through public education/outreach and will encourage pinioning of one wing of captive Mute Swans.

Pinioned Mute Swan

A Petition to help stop the remaining Mute Swan in OHIO from being Killed.
The Mute Swans have NO Legal Voice.. and No Animal Rights Groups have been able to Stop this Senseless Action to Eradicated them.
http://www.thepetitionsite.com/851/699/934/demand-an-end-to-the-slaughter-of -mute-swans-now/?taf_id=16074087&cid=fb_na

Mute Swan Pair

Save Our Swans On Portage Lakes (Ohio):
Stop the slaughter of Mute Swans on our local Lakes
https://www.change.org/p/save-our-swans-on-portage-lakes-ohio-stop-the-slaughter-of-mute-swans-on-our-local-lakes
*******************************************************
** VIRGINIA – In 2012 Ownership of Mute Swans is Prohibited
Migratory Game Birds (Captive-Bred and Raised).
“Mute Swans (Cygnus Olor), will not be permitted for Possession,
Propagation, Purchase or Sale. ” No New Permits will be Issued.

Mute Swan Pair

Virginia Department of Game & Inland Fisheries 2012
http://www.dgif.virginia.gov/wildlife/waterfowl/mute-swan/management-plan/virginia-mute-swan-management-plan.pdf

Reading through the Mute Swan Management Plan of the Virginia Dept. of Game & Inland Fisheries VDGIF… Posted Nov. 2012 …
I felt all the Fear again for the Helpless Mute Swans.
The Virginia Regulations are the most Strict of any that I have read so far..
*******************************************************
** WEST VIRGINIA – Ownership Prohibited

Nothing Posted on WVDNR WebSite.
In 2015 I Spoke with The WaterFowl Management.

WVDNR Mike Peters, Waterfowl Biologist. Said,,,,,   (Sept. 2016)
He needs to sent a Memo to his various Agents.  They do have some very brief information buried in their WebSite Search.

But it is very Hard to Decipher.  WV does not want Mute Swans brought into their State.  Mike said, he will write the Policy so it is easier to find and understand.

Resident Canadian Geese

*******************************************************
The States Listed above border Pennsylvania. 
*******************************************************
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
*******************************************************
MUTE SWAN POLICIES and REGULATION
for the REMAINING U.S. STATES
*******************************************************
** ALABAMA
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** ALASKA
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** ARIZONA
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** ARKANSAS
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** CALIFORNIA
                –  MUTE SWANs – California Laws and Restrictions.
**************
Restricted Species Laws and Regulations – MANUAL 671 .pdf
Importation, Transportation and Possession of Wild Animals
Please Read Page (8) (c) (N)
Family Anatidae 1 Cygnus olor – Mute Swan (D)
**************
Read the Bottom Line of
Mute Swans California CDFW Policy.pdf
https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Conservation/Invasives/Species/Mute-Swan
**************
Actions Taken if Found

Male Mute Swan
If you observe this species in California,
please report your sighting to the CDFW Invasive Species Program,
by email to Invasives@wildlife.ca.gov,
or by calling 1(866) 440-9530.
Habitat Conservation Planning Branch
1416 Ninth Street, 12th Floor, Sacramento, CA 95814
1(916) 653-4875

Mute Swan with Cygnets

*******************************************************
** COLORADO
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** CONNECTICUT
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission

Graceful Swans?          Litchfield County Times
2012 Connecticut Officials
Consider Mute Swans an Invasive Species.
http://www.countytimes.com/articles/2012/10/09/news/doc5074ad46b8dc0901500401.txt

IN 2012 Connecticut is the only State on the East Coast that
does not manage their population of Feral Mute Swan.

Male Mute Swan
*******************************************************
** DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA – Washington D.C.
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
I would expect D.C. Regulations will be the same as MDNRs.
*******************************************************
** FLORIDA
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission

Golf Course Mute Swans
*******************************************************
** GEORGIA
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** HAWAII
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** IDAHO
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** ILLINOIS
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission

KNOX SWAN and DOG, LLC is Located in Illinois
www.canadiangoosecontrol.com
North Barrington, IL 60010 Phone (847) 304-1230

Resident Canadian Geese

Knox specializes in properties with Canada Goose problems in the Chicagoland area. They use Border Collies and Mute Swans, individually or matched up in different packages, to “chase away” Canada Geese, keeping your lawns and landscapes clean and inviting.

Canadian Goose Control

Knox Swan and Dog, LLC also sells Swans and will ship them Nationwide.
http://www.yelp.com/biz/knox-swan-and-dog-llc-north-barrington

Nesting Mute Swans
*******************************************************
** INDIANA
  – As of 2011 In Indiana, Mute Swans are currently protected.
A Permit is required to possess a Live Mute Swan or to kill one.

 Mute Swan Fence

Live Mute Swans must be pinioned (made flightless) and kept
in an enclosure that prevents their escape into the wild.

On private property and public freshwater lakes, the DNR will
issue free permits to lake associations and landowners to take
adult Mute Swans and/or to destroy nests.

Feral Mute Swan Nesting

In addition, the DNR is taking measures to control Mute Swans
on State-owned properties.

Mute Swan Cygnet
*******************************************************
** IOWA
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** KANSAS
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** LOUISIANA
 Before you Acquire Mute Swans call the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Forestry in Louisiana.
They are the Primary Agencies that Regulate Poultry.

Sister Swans

         – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
September 2016  Louisiana Fish & Wildlife Guidelines are for Mute Swans  to be Same-Sex Pairs.

Male Mute Swans
*******************************************************
** MAINE
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** MASSACHUSETTS
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
In 2017 There may be Policy Changes.

Mute Swan Illegal

From the Director of the State of Massachusetts
–  Division of Fisheries and Wildlife.
“It is unlawful to kill or possess Mute Swans in Massachusetts.”

MASSWildLife  2016    MUTE Swans    MA Dept. Fish and WildLife.
http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/dfg/dfw/fish-wildlife-plants/waterfowl-faq.html
Q. I am seeing more and more swans in Massachusetts.
Where did these beautiful birds come from?
A. The Swans you are seeing are Mute Swans, and like English Sparrows and Starlings, they are not Native to North America, but an introduced species. Originally brought in from Europe and Asia as Ornamental Waterfowl to grace the ponds of Long Island Estates, some escaped to the Wild where they became established, spread up and down the Coast and are found in many Inland Waters. Highly aggressive and territorial, there is evidence that they are displacing Native Waterfowl and can be destructive to some aquatic habitats, destroying more vegetation than they actually eat.
Mute Swans are Protected under MA State Regulations and may not be hunted. They are not protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty as they were placed on a long list of  Exotic Bird Species that removed protection under this treaty. MassWildlife can issue permits in certain situations to addle eggs and destroy Mute Swans.

     – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** MICHIGAN
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission

Mute Swan Cob

2007 
Shooting Mute Swans versus Mute Swans Shooting Blanks 

http://www.bootstrap-analysis.com/2007/01/shooting_mute_s.html

2010 Mute Swans: an ecological overview with emphasis on the lower Detroit River
https://www.michigan.gov/documents/dnr/Mute_Swans_ecological_overview_364893_7.pdf

View From Mute Swan Nest

Michigan Captive Mute Swans 2012
Mute Swans are currently held in Michigan by persons with a Permit to Hold Wildlife in Captivity.
https://www.michigan.gov/documents/dnr/2012_Mute_Swan_Policy_378701_7.pdf


Mute Swan Brood PairA Michigan BackYard Mute Swan Rescue.
 **                  HelpOurWaterfowl@gmail.com

Facebook page link : 

Petition to stop the Mute Swan Killings in Michigan
https://www.change.org/p/stop-the-killing-of-mute-swans-in-michigan

Mute Swan Family

PLEASE HELP SAVE MUTE SWANs    Every Where..

*******************************************************
** MINNESOTA 
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** MISSISSIPPI
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** MISSOURI 
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** MONTANA 
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** NEBRASKA 
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** NEVADA 
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** NEW HAMPSHIRE
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** NEW MEXICO 
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** NORTH CAROLINA 
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** NORTH DAKOTA
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** OKLAHOMA
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** OREGON – Importation and New Ownership Prohibited

2010 In Oregon, Mute Swans are classified as a
“Controlled Species by Oregon Administrative Rules
(OAR) 635-056-0070
(2)(a): “The possession, transport, sale, purchase, exchange
and offer to sell, purchase or exchange is allowed provided that
all males are neutered and all individuals are surgically pinioned.

Surgically Pinioned Mute Swan
(To “GrandFather” existing Mute Swans.)
If these rules are followed, breeding and thus the production
of Cygnets should never occur.

Mute Swan Eggs

“Importation of any Mute Swan is prohibited.”

Shooting Mute Swans versus Mute Swans Shooting Blanks
http://www.bootstrap-analysis.com/2007/01/shooting_mute_s.html

From refueform.com 
Any White Swan with an Orange Culmen in the wild here in Oregon is fair game according to F&W. They are trying to eliminate all the
Mute Swans that have gotten loose. We were told they are a huge threat to native waterfowl and that they need to be controlled.

Pest Risk Assessment for Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) in Oregon 2010
https://www.oregon.gov/oisc/docs/pdf/ra_muteswan.pdf
*******************************************************
**  RHODE ISLAND
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** SOUTH CAROLINA
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** SOUTH DAKOTA 
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** TENNESSEE 
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** TEXAS – There are so few Mute Swans in Texas.
2016 The Texas Game Commission currently has no
Regulation/Restrictions.

Mute Swan Family
*******************************************************
** UTAH
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** VERMONT
– Prohibits the Importation and Sale of Mute Swans.
Requires that all Captive Mute Swans be pinioned,
sterilized (poor results) and marked for identification.

Mute Swan ID Band
In 1997, Vermont established a policy for total removal
of all Mute Swans from the State.

2007
Shooting Mute Swans versus Mute Swans Shooting Blanks
http://www.bootstrap-analysis.com/2007/01/shooting_mute_s.html
*******************************************************
** WASHINGTON State – Ownership Prohibited
*******************************************************
** WISCONSIN
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
** WYOMING
           – Contact State GAME & FISH-WILDLIFE Commission
*******************************************************
The Atlantic Flyway Council and the Hunting Lobby…
are the main driving forces against the Mute Swans.

In Maryland, the MDNR removed close to 5,000 Feral Mute Swans.
All those helpless Swans… destroyed.

Feral Mute Swans

There is a Program called “The Silent Taking.”
Remove Mute Swans alive and destroy the Swans out of sight
of the Public.

There are Accounts all over the Country of State DNR-Game Commissions removing from State owned WaterWays Mute Swans
that were Loved and Enjoyed by the Public. Without Warning.

Mute Swans

OHIO DNR Shoot the Mute Swans on this Lake.
NO Warning to the Folks that live there.
This Article has a Video..
http://nbc4i.com/2015/10/21/odnr-shoots-much-loved-mute-swans-at-lake-logan/

There is a GREAT Deal of Information on the Internet..

In PA, any Mute Swan/Cygnet found on Public Land or Public Waterways.. can be destroyed by anyone – anytime.

View From Mute Swan Nest

Several Swans we Loved were Shot by Hunters from Maryland,
who drove up to Harrisburg to shoot our Feral PA Mute Swans.

Feral Female Mute Swans

We do our best to Find Homes for all Mute Swans that are Rescued.
I would LOVE to share Mute Swans with everyone – everywhere.
Sadly, this is not Possible.

Mute Swan Maiden

*******************************************************
If your State will not allow you
to Legally have Mute Swans,
and you still want to have Swans, consider Trumpeter Swans.

Trumpeter Swans

 

 

 

 

 

Trumpeter Swans NestingIf you do consider the Trumpeter Swans…  They are Native and Welcome in most States.  They will help you with the Canadian Geese. Be sure yours are Pinioned and that they have some Open Water areas in the Winter.
Trumpeter Swans Trio

 

 

 

 

 

 

OR the Delightful Black Australian Swans. They are Fun.

Blk Australian Swans
*******************************************************
** Basic Information on the States and Providences in
The Atlantic Flyway Council
http://www.flyways.us/flyways/atlantic

********* ATLANTIC FLYWAY COUNCIL ************

The Atlantic Flyway Council is composed of 17 East Coast US States
**the States of Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia;
**the Canadian territory of Nunavut and provinces of Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, and Quebec;
**plus the U.S. territories of Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.

The Atlantic Flyway Council contains representatives
(usually administrators) from all the agencies that have
management responsibility for migratory bird resources in the Flyway.

MUTE SWANs Problem

The Council determines actions required for sound migratory game bird management and makes recommendations to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

ATLANTIC FLYWAY MUTE SWAN MANAGEMENT PLAN
July 2015 https://www.michigan.gov/documents/dnr/AFC_mute_swan_plan1_364878_7.pdf

 

North American Migration Flyways

 

******THE FOUR AMERICAN FLYWAY COUNCILs*******

NORTH AMERICAN MIGRATION FLYWAYS
http://www.birdnature.com/flyways.html

https://www.biggamelogic.com/ArticlesNews/tabid/136/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/508/Flyway-Descriptions.aspx
*******************************************************
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
*******************************************************

This Information is a Work in Progress…..
As I learn more I will add to this information..
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Compiled by (C) L.M.Sweger    March 2016
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

THEND