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Swans Are Vegetarians

November 23rd, 2015 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in Swans Are Vegetarians - (Comments Off on Swans Are Vegetarians)

 To Provide a Healthy Diet for your Swans you need to Think Vegetables.
80 % of their Natural Diet is Plant Material. 

Swans are Vegetarians                             
Duckweed Algae    

 SWANS ARE VEGETARIANS.

Swans are Vegetarians

To Enlarge Images – Right Click Image then Open in a New Tab.

You are the BEST Person to Ensure your Swans receive a Healthy Diet.
When you Care for “Captive” Swans they Depend on YOU !!!

Swans Are Vegetarians

Giving Swans Plenty of Variety in their Diet can Help Reduce the Possibility
of Boredom and Increases their Happiness and Overall Quality of Life.

Feral Swan on Creek
Swans are Vegetarians 

If Mute Swans were Living in the Wild, they would have a Feeding Range
of 3-5 Square Miles to Find what Foods their Bodies Require to be Healthy.

Wild Tundra Swans
Wild Tundra Swans

Wild Tundra and Trumpeter Swans Migrate Hundreds to Thousands of Miles Annually…
They will have a Wide Variety of Plants and Insects to Graze on.

Trumpeter Swans

Mute Swans are NOT Migratory Birds. They do NOT Migrate.

Swans are Vegetarians
Winter Care for Swans

All the Summer Plants they Feed on are Unavailable for Months.

Feeding Swans 
Swans are Vegetarians 

Swans Living on Natural Fresh Water Rivers/Creeks/Ponds/Lakes will Typically
Eat Pond Weeds, Duckweed, Stonewort and Wigeon Grass, some Algae
as well as Tadpoles, Worms, Slugs and a WIDE Variety of Insects.

Swans Eat DuckWeed
Swans are Vegetarians 

Due to Organic Excess, Some Ponds have Lots of DuckWeed.

Swans are Vegetarians Duckweed

DuckWeed is a Great Natural Floating Food..

Feeding Swans Duckweed
Swans are Vegetarians 

Swans will Learn where to Find their Favorite Underwater Plants.

Swans Grazing on Plants
Swans are Vegetarians 

A Pond with Natural Underwater Plants will be Grazed on ALL Day.
There will be Insects and Underwater Critters
that will Help provide Natural Protein and Calcium.

Captive Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 

Once we Pinion or Clip to Ground a Swan, they are “Captive” for us to Enjoy.
They are Classified in most U.S. States as “Captive Exotic Poultry.”  PETs !

Swans are Vegetarians

These Young Swan Cygnets Depend on us to Help them have the Nutrients
that their Bodies need to be Healthy.

Swans are Vegetarians

Healthy Swans may Live 20-30+ Years.

Swans are Vegetarians

The Oldest Known Swan was a Male Mute in England, that Lived to 104 Years.

Older Swan Cob
Swans are Vegetarians 
Male Mute Swan
Swans are Vegetarians 

The Grain-Poultry Feed Mixture Adds Nutrients that a Pond may not Provide.

Food for Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 

With the Pond Plants, Lawn Grass and Poultry Feed Mixture Swans will do nicely.

Golf Course Pond
Swans are Vegetarians 

If Grassy Lawns that Surround a Pond are Treated with Weed and Insect Control Products
and the Chemicals Run/Drain into the Pond they WILL Affect the Natural Pond Environment.
 There may be VERY Few Under Water Plants and Few Insects.  
This is Typical of Golf Courses, Hotel Grounds, College Campuses,
Some Public Park Ponds and many Private Lawns.

Public Park 
Swans are Vegetarians 

Many Pond Owners Love having the Colorful KOI Fish in the Waters.

Swans are Vegetarians 
Pond Koi Fish

A Large School of ANY Species of Fish – KOI – Carp – Bass – Trout – Blue Gill…ETC.
Will Consume their Share of the UnderWater Plants.. They Need to EAT Also.

Swans are Vegetarians 
Pond Koi Fish

If you use Lawn Care Service or Treat your Lawn..
OR have a Large School of Fish… (-;
Check what is Growing in your Pond.

Sweep Down in the Water 2 – 3 Feet with a Garden Rake or Cultivator.
Are you Snapping Under Water Plants.

Swans are Vegetarians 
Garden Cultivator

Putting Vegetables, Grains, Cut Grasses into or onto your Pond
May cause Obstruction where your Pond Drains.

Pond Spillway
Swans are Vegetarians 

This Material may Collect where you have a Pump Filter.

Floating Lettuce
Swans are Vegetarians 

Start with Small Amounts, try Different Areas until you know want Works Best
for your Swans and their Water Environment.

Pond Spillway
Swans are Vegetarians 

If Free Floating Vegetable Cause a Problem at your Spillway..
Put their Vegetables in a Weighted Basket or Handle-less Bucket.

Swans are Vegetarians

With the Lush Summer Lawn Grasses to Graze on..

Swans are Vegetarians

Watch for Under Chin-Tongue Impactions.. Short Cut Grass is a Common Culprit..

Under Tongue-Chin Impaction
https://swanlovers.net/category/under-tongue-chin-impaction/

Swans are Vegetarians
Under Chin Impaction

Swans Enjoy the Tender Grass Growth..
If you Only Mow 1/3 of the Grass along the Pond each Week.
Leaving 2 Areas Grow.. Five to Six Feet along the Pond Edges.
Then the Next Week, Mow a different Area.. (Rotating)
There will be Some Longer Grass Blades for the Swans to Graze on.

Swans are Vegetarians

Plus the Longer Grasses will have more Insects for them to Munch on. 
                           ….. (-; (-: (-; (-:

Swans are Vegetarians

 The Swans will Enjoy seeing you Stop by their Water Environment to Visit,
when you have Vegetables for them.

Swans are Vegetarians

ADDING Vegetables, Especially during Cold Weather Months
will Add to the Swans’ Overall Healthy Diet.

Feeding Swans in Winter
Swans are Vegetarians 
Hand Feeding Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 

Hand Feeding your Swans is a Nice Activity.. It Socializes the Swans.

Hand Feeding Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 

With the Young Female Below – We Needed to ReEstablish Trust..
YEAH ! She Loves Lettuce.

Swans are Vegetarians 

Hand Feeding our Rescued Swans and Cygnets Helped to Socialize them.

Swans are Vegetarians 

When you are Feeding your Swans,
Give the First Treat to the Pen, then the Cob and then the Remaining Swans/Cygnets.

Swans Lettuce
Swans are Vegetarians 

I Cut – Shred – Chop – Enough Vegetable Mix for Several Day.

Swans are Vegetarians
Swan Cygnet Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 
Swans are Vegetarians

Most Lettuce and Vegetable come from the Western States…
During the Summer Garden Vegetables may come from Outside the USA.
Listen for any Warning or ReCalls for Contaminated Vegetables & Fruit.

Feeding Mute Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 

SWANs LOVE Vegetables…

Swans are Vegetarians 

Vegetables Allowed to Float Out on their Pond.. the Swans can Graze at Will.
Remember Carrots SINK… Put them in Shallow Water.

Swans Love Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

Our Sweet “Spring” LOVED Radishes.. She would Eat as many as she Could Find.

Swans are Vegetarians

We had an Arrangement with a Local Country Club.
Their Kitchen would Save their Discard Vegetables for us.

Swans are Vegetarians 

We Stopped in Once or Twice a Week.
This Saved them BIG Bags of Discard Vegetables going to the Landfill.

Discard Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

AND, our Swans EAT Very Well.. (-;

Vegetables for Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 
Swans are Vegetarians

      “Thank You” – to the WSCC Kitchen Staff.

Swan White Bag Effect
Swans are Vegetarians 

If you can make an Arrangement with a Restaurant, Farmers Market Vegetable Vendor,
Grocery Store Salad Bar, etc., you will Save Money and You will have Happy Swans.

Waterfowl and Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 
Swans are Vegetarians

Swans ENJOY Assorted Vegetables.
They do not need Vegetables Everyday.  But are Happy for them.

Swan Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 
Swans are Vegetarians
Swans are Vegetarians
Swans are Vegetarians

 DO NOT GIVE THEM ANY MOLDY VEGETABLES.

MOLDs May Contain Toxins that will Make your Swans VERY Sick.

Swans Benefit
Swans are Vegetarians 

Vegetables help add Fiber to their Intestinal Tract during the Winter.

Swan Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

Most Swans will Instinctively KNOW Lettuce is GOOD to Eat.

Swans are Vegetarians

When you are Preparing a Salad for your Dinner, Save the Trimming
that you would Normally Toss..

Cygnet Salad Greens
Swans are Vegetarians 

Vegetables are more Beneficial in the Cold Winter Months
when Water Plants and Grasses are Dormant.

Swans are Vegetarians

Remember Swans DO NOT have Teeth.
Chop or Slice Firm Root Vegetables THIN.

SWAN Vegetable
Swans are Vegetarians 
Swan Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

Cut into Small Pieces: Carrots, Radishes, Cucumbers and their Peels. 
I Like to Chop Enough for Several Day.. Bag..Ready to Go. 

Swan Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 
Cygnet Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

The White Cabbage Leaves Sliced into Thin Strips..
The Outside Dark Green Cabbage Leaves are too Tough.

Swan Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

The Yellow-Green Leaves of Celery might be eaten.
Some Swans Love Kale & Spinach.

Swan Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

Swans may Eat Steamed Leftovers Vegetables like Corn,
Green Beans, Cabbage, Cauliflower & Broccoli.

Cut a Few Seedless Grapes in Half.  Strawberry Caps left close to the Water’s Edge..
Some Swans like Watermelon in the Rind Floating out on the Pond.

Mute Swan Watermelon
Swans are Vegetarians 

Sweet Fruits Fallen from Trees may Attract Bees and Hornets…
Discard them so Swans will NOT be Stung !!

Swans are Vegetarians

 Swans LOVE APPLEs……

Swan Apple
Swans are Vegetarians 

Cut Unpeeled Apples into Quarters or Slices for Adult Swans..
Chopped for Cygnets. Swans can NOT Bite into a Whole Apple.

Swans Apples
Swans are Vegetarians 



If you have Apple Trees (Untreated) Toss a few Fallen Apples onto the Pond.

Swans Apples
Swans are Vegetarians 

Break them Open First, the Swans can not Bite a Whole Round Apple.

Swans are Vegetarians

Swans Love Apples Sent by a Swan Friend in the Netherlands.. Fun Video.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLKE4_CNwWY&feature=youtu.be

Floating Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

If there are Fish in your Pond that Eat the Vegetables..

Vegetable and Fish
Swans are Vegetarians 
Swans are Vegetarians

Try Putting the Veggies into a Stone Weighted Basket in Shallow Water.

Swans are Vegetarians 
Basket Swan Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 
Basket Swan Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

After 24 Hours, Dump and let the Fish have them..

Floating Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

Watch which Vegetables/Foods Float and which SINK.

Feeding Swans 
Swans are Vegetarians 

Place Vegetable that SINK.. like Thin Slices of Carrot in Shallow Water.

Carrots Sink
Swans are Vegetarians 

Whole Dry Corn is a Favorite Sprinkled into Shallow Water.
Whole Dried Corn will Soften a bit in the Water..
Swans seem to like it Soaked in the Water for a few Minutes.

Soften Dried Corn
Swans are Vegetarians 

The Bright Yellow Flowers and Leaves of Dandelions are a Welcome Treat !

Dandelion Swans are Vegetarians 

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 LETTUCE – SALAD GREENs

Swans are Vegetarians
Swan Lettuce
Swans are Vegetarians 

Swans will Generally Eat All Types of Lettuce.

Salad Greens for Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 

A Floating Head of Iceberg Lettuce is a Fun Lunch.

Swans are Vegetarians 

Not all Types of Lettuce are Equal.

Swans Romaine
Swans are Vegetarians 

Romaine Lettuce has the MOST Nutritional Value.

Romaine Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 

Swans Love Romaine Bunch Butts. Toss them out onto the Pond.

Swans are Vegetarians 
Romaine Lettuce
Swans Romaine
Swans are Vegetarians 

Romaine Lettuce Bunches have Long Dark Green Outer Leaves that are Generally Discarded.
These Large Dark Leaves have the MOST SunShine Nutrients !!

Swans Romaine Lettuce
Swans are Vegetarians 

Next to Carrots, Romaine is an Excellent Source of Vitamin A,
a Good Source of Dietary Fiber, Multiple Vitamins, Minerals and Tryptophan.

Carrots Vitamin A
Swans are Vegetarians 

Romaine Lettuce has Measurable Pro-Vitamin A (Carotenoid-Betacarotene), 
Vitamin K, Folate-Folic Acid, Vitamin C,
Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3 (niacin), Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine).

Swans are Vegetarians 

Romaine Lettuce contains the Minerals Manganese, Chromium, Potassium, 
Molybdenum, Iron, Calcium and Phosphorous.
The Fiber in Romaine Lettuce helps keep the Swans’ Colon Healthy.

Swans Romaine
Swans are Vegetarians 

Bottom Line –
Romaine Lettuce Contributes to a Healthy Diet for Swans.

Swans are Vegetarians

Occasionally, we Mixed some Drained Tuna Juice/Oil onto the Lettuce.
THAT was a BIG Hit..  The Swans Really Enjoy the Fishy Taste..

Iceberg Lettuce – Crispy, Watery Green Leaves in a Tight Ball…
Iceberg Lettuce has little Nutritional Value.  But, they Love it.

Swan Lettuce
Swans are Vegetarians 

SO….  Romaine for a Healthy Diet…  Iceberg for Fun !

Swans are Vegetarians

Swans will Eat EVERY Bit of Salad Greens Tossed to them.

Swans Lettuce
Swans are Vegetarians 

Toss a Whole Head of Iceberg onto their Pond, the Swans will Take Turns Biting “The Ball”.                         

Swan Lettuce Play
Swans are Vegetarians 

   “Lettuce Play”  “Let-Us-Play.”

Swans Lettuce Play
Swans are Vegetarians 

If you like Special Types of Lettuce and what you Purchased will not be used by your Family,
OR you have More then you will Eat.
It is Worth a try, rather then Discarding the Excess, Butter Head, Boston and Bibb Lettuces
Swans will Eat these.. Plus Leaf Lettuces – Green Leaf and Red Leaf.

Swan Cygnets Lettuce
Swans are Vegetarians 
Swans are Vegetarians

Leafy Vegetables like Arugula, Spinach and Watercress add Variety.
Swiss Chard Leaves were a Big Hit.. Collard Greens not so much..

Swan Lettuce
Swans are Vegetarians 

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Q: Is it Safe to Eat the Edges of Lettuce Leaves that have turned Brown?
http://www.berkeleywellness.com/healthy-eating/food-safety/article/brown-lettuce
*************
Q: What Causes Lettuce to Turn Brown?
http://homeguides.sfgate.com/causes-lettuce-turn-brown-77807.html
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Lettuce and Pesticide Residues

Floating Lettuce
Swans are Vegetarians 

Lettuce is One Food that Pesticide Residues is Commonly Found.

Virtually all Drinking Water in the U.S. contains Pesticide Residues.
Pesticides are Present in most Food in Very Small Trace Amounts.
The Negative Impact on our Health is Well Documented.
The Liver’s Ability to Process Toxins, the Body Cells’ Ability to Produce Energy
and the Nerves’ Ability to Send Messages can all be Compromised by Pesticide Exposure.

It is IMPORTANT to Protect your Swans’ Liver.. by Feeding them Safely.

Swans are Vegetarians

REMEMBER Swans NEED a Lower Protein Diet.. to Protect their Liver. 
Then they will be Able to DeTox what they Drink and Ingest.
A Diet High in Protein will cause Fatty Liver Disease
and GREATLY Shorten your Swans’ Lives.

Swans with Fatty Liver Disease – Lipidosis look Full Body and Healthy.
But, they are Developing High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease..
They may Suddenly, Without Warning Die of a Stroke, Heart or Renal Failure.

Swan High Protein Lipidosis
Swans are Vegetarians 

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Swans are Vegetarians
Swans are Vegetarians

The Images here have Mainly the Vegetables we have Shared with our Swans.
********************************
The Large Crisp Romaine Leaves are Nice for Hand Feeding your Swans.
It is Relaxing to Spend Time with Swans..

Feeding them should be Beneficial for both the Swans and their Care Takers.

Swans are Vegetarians

Feeding Swans on the Ground is Environmentally Unsound
and Encourages the Swans to Leave their Water.

Swan Lettuce
Swans are Vegetarians 

Food left laying on the Ground may Develop MOLD which can be FATAL to the Swans.
BEST to Keep all Food Item at least along the Water’s Edge.

Feeding Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 

Placing Any Food in the Water Close to the Water’s Edge Allows the Swans
to see the Foods that Sink (Corn/Carrots)…

Vegetables Sink
Swans are Vegetarians 
Feeding Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 

and there is Less Chance they will be Surprised by a Snapping Turtle.

Snapping Turtle Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

 BEST to REMOVE Snapping Turtle from Your Ponds.
SNAPPING TURTLEs are NASTY BEASTs
https://swanlovers.net/category/snapping-turtles-nasty-beasts/

Feeding Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 

Fish and Harmless Turtles will get to know where you Commonly Feed the Swans
and will often Wait Close by to Clean up the Leftovers.

Swans are Vegetarians 
Painted Turtle

This is helpful, there is Nothing left to Sour or Rot.

Feeding Cygnets
Swans are Vegetarians 

WE DO NOT FEED OUR SWANS OUT of their WATER/Pond.

We Find Ways to Place ALL their Food in their Water.

Swans Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

If Swans have to Leave their Water to Eat they become Vulnerable to Predators,
Dogs, Cats, People. Swans in the Water are SAFER. It is also more Natural for them.

Swan Vegetable Basket
Swans are Vegetarians 

Feeding from Containers is a Challenge where the Water Level Changes Quickly.  
Be CREATIVE !

Swan Folks in our Network have Shared some of their Feeding Ideas.

Feeding Stations for Swans.
https://swanlovers.net/category/feeding-stations-for-swans/

Swan Vegetable Basket
Swans are Vegetarians 

DO NOT Place Feed Containers on HOT Surfaces.
Remember, in the Summer many Surfaces GET HOT!!
A Swan’s BIG Flat Feet may BURN and BLISTER…NOT GOOD !!

In the Bitter Cold Days of Winter, a Swan’s WET Feet can stick to Icy Surfaces..
 just like our Skin would. Swan are Safest in Liquid Water.

Frozen Carrot Ball
Swans are Vegetarians 

Occasionally, I have Frozen Chopped Veggies into a Mold for a Hot Day Treat.

By the End of October there will be Very Little for the Swans to Eat
in the River/Lakes/Ponds/Creeks of Pennsylvania.
Most Underwater Vegetation will become Dormant for the Winter Months.

There is VERY Little in Pennsylvania for Swans to Eat
from Halloween to St. Patrick’s Day.
Five LONG Months…

I have Observed Swans TRYING to Eat the Dark, Decaying Remains
of Underwater Plant Material.
YUCK! Black, Slimy, Decaying Leaves YUCK !
Anything for a few Calories.

Cygnets Salad Greens
Swans are Vegetarians 

Captive Swans need Supplemental Feeding to Remain Healthy.

A Female Swan will Produce a Healthier Clutch of Eggs
if she has “Greens” through the Winter Months.

Salad Green Basket
Swans are Vegetarians 

If you can SAFELY Place Lettuce and Vegetable out on an Icy Ledge..
the Swans ENJOY this as a Salad Bar.

Swan Icy Salad Bar
Swans are Vegetarians 

Swans will Need Time to Adjust to New Foods offered,
and may Eat different items in the Winter and the Summer.
Example: Celery Leaves seem to be an Acquired Taste.
Once they are Exposed a Few Time most Swans Enjoy the Tender Yellow-Green Leaves.

Tasting Lettuce
Swans are Vegetarians 
Swans are Vegetarians

Each Swan has Foods they Likes and Dislikes, just like People.

Swans Salad Greens
Swans are Vegetarians 

You will get to know what will just be Wasted.
Try Small Amounts of a New Food for a Week or Two and Observe what is Eaten.

Swan Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

Once they Eat their Vegetables….

Swans are Vegetarians

Your Swans will Enjoy a FEW Treats.

Feeding Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 

Swans will Eat their Favorite Foods first..
Keep “Treats” from becoming their Primary Nutrition.

Swan Cereal Treats
Swans are Vegetarians 

GOOD Snacks/Treats are Whole Grain Cereal.
A Cup of Plain Cheerios, Kix or Plain Corn Flakes, Bran Flakes Occasionally,
will be Enjoyed.
Avoid Yeast and Colored Dyes that many Cereals have.

We gave our Swans a few One Inch Squares of Honey Graham Crackers.

Graham Crackers Swans
Swans are Vegetarians 

These have NO Yeast and they Float.. and can be Frisbeed out to the Swans.

Swans are Vegetarians

When Tossing Treats to Swans…
Toss to the Dominate Female first.
Then to the Dominate Male…
They will Take Turns.
Many Swans will Snort “Thank You” for Food and Treats.

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FOOD TO AVOID – DO NOT FEED TO WATERFOWL

NO ONIONS, Garlic, Mushrooms or Avocados..
These will Upset a Swan’s Stomach..

Avoid Salty Foods. Avoid Sugary Foods.
Little or NO BREAD, Crackers, Chips or Pop Corn..
NO Meat or Dairy..

Swan Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 
Swan Vegetables
Swans are Vegetarians 

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This Information is a Work in Progress…..
As I learn more I will add to this information..
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Compiled by (C) L.M.Sweger           UpDated        JUNE 2021
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