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Under Tongue-Chin Impaction

January 28th, 2015 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in Under Tongue-Chin Impaction - (Comments Off on Under Tongue-Chin Impaction)

When a SWAN Has a Lump/Bump Under their Chin..

This CAN be more Serious then You Might Think. 

UNDER TONGUE-CHIN IMPACTION

Sublingual Entrapment
OF Coarse Roots, Grass, Mud, Stones…

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

    Sublingual Impaction in WaterFowl
(Under the Tongue)

General Description
Bulge Visible Externally, Under the Chin.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

 A Wad of Grass and other Things the Swan was Eating
becomes Lodged
Under the Tongue in the Stretchy Chin Pouch.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

                **  CLICK on Photos to ENLARGE Images **

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

When a Bulge or Protruding Lump is Observed under a Swan’s Chin… it NEEDs Attention.Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Normal Swans

As we have been out and about Visiting with Swans and their Owners, we have observed several Swans with these Bulges under their Chins.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction
Some of the Swan Owners thought this was a Tumor..
and there was nothing they would be able to do..

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Some Swans are prone to this and it becomes a Chronic Problem for them.  Ingesting DRY Fibrous Foods may be a Major Predisposing Factor for Sublinqual Impactions to Form.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Some Swans only need help once in a great while to remove this “Stuff.”

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

If you Remove the “Wad” of Material when the Bulge under the Chin is Small, the Skin will not Stretch into a Loose Pouch under the Chin.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Under Tongue Impactions may occur in both Captive and Wild Swans..  This is easily Visible… A Bulging Pocket under the Chin.

The following SWAN Species seem Prone:
– Cygnus olor – Mute Swan and their Cygnets
– Cygnus atratus – Black Australian Swan and their Cygnets

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Mute Swan Flat Chin

The Chin of a Swan should be FLAT…

Swan Under Tongue Impaction

Swan Flat Chin

Some Breeds of Geese with Dewlap are also prone to Impactions.

Swan Under Chin Tongue
I have observed some Swans swinging their heads, trying to get this material out..

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction
There is likely a WAD of material under the Tongue.. an Impaction.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Common Item in the Impaction:

The “STUFF” can be Lots of things found in your Swans World.

Fibrous Grass, Small Roots, Twigs, Fragments of Leaves, Feed, Sand, Soil, Mud, Gravel, Animal Hair, Feather Fibers, String,
Stiff Floating Pine Needles, etc, etc, etc.   Almost Anything.

Swan Chin Impaction

Many Ponds and Lakes are Lined with Pine Trees.
Pond Pine Trees
There seems to be an increased incidence of this when Swans are eating Feed, Plant Material, Grasses and Soil without Water.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

This “Plug of Junk” under the Tongue can result in increasing difficulty Eating and Drinking.  And Eventually Pressure Necrosis.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

The Swan affected may slowly Starve.. Weaken and Die..     (Severely Under Weight)

 Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Common Visual Signs include difficulty Swallowing, Ventral
Intermandibular Swelling and Chronic to Severe Impactions.
The Swan below has the Severe Signs..  His Cheeks are Swollen.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

One Sign the Swan is in TROUBLE is when a Mature Mute Swan has a Flat Knob.  This is a Visual Sign that the Swan is Under Weight..
It is having difficulty Eating.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

The Impaction below is a Collection of Roots, Mud, Small Stones, Grass Blades and a few Clover Stems. You can not see the SMELL.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

This Lodged Material will slowly Ferment, ROT, Support Nasty Bacteria and the Poor Swan will have this Smelly Material Squishing in its Mouth/Beak each time it tries to Eat or Drink.. YUCK !!

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Over Time the Rotting Material may break-down and Invade the underside of the Tongue or the Chin Tissues. This will Result in an infection of the Mouth Tissues.. causing Tissue Pressure Necrosis.
NOT GOOD…

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

At this stage the Swans will definitely need Veterinary Help.. likely Surgery..      Weeks of Recovery with Antibiotics.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

DO YOUR BEST to Remove these Impactions when you see them and whenever it reoccurs to reduce Risk of Permanent Dilatation under the Tongue.  If the Impaction is left, or frequently reoccurs, Surgery may be needed to remove the Loose Stretch Skin that fills with Debris easily.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

The BIGGEST most Challenging thing you need to do is Catch the Swan.  If you can Walk your Swan into a Fenced Area and/or Catch/Net the Swan on Land..  that is the Easiest for EVERYOne..

Catching Swan

Catching Swan

Catching Swan

Catching a Swan on Water is the Most Challenging.
Be Sure You Follow Proper Safety Rules..  LIFE Jackets.

Catching Swan

Catching Swan

   One or Two People in Quick moving Kayaks HELPS! 

Catching Swan

Having Two or Three or Four People is very helpful…

Catching SwanCatching SwanCatching SwanCatching SwanCatching Swan

Canoes and Row Boats are TOO Slow to Tire the Swans. 

Catching Swan

Catching Swan

Catching Swan Several Helpers Ready to Net and Calm to Swan..
One to hold the Swan and Another to Remove the Impacted Material.

Catching SwanSwan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Swan Under Tongue Impaction

You WANT Your Swans to have FLAT Chins… Swan Chin Impaction

It is EASY Once You have Hold of Your Swan. 

Under Tongue Impaction

Swans have VERY Little Bite Pressure – Gently Open the Beak.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction
Either lift the Nail or Apply a Little Pressure to the both sides of the Jaw Hinge.
Open Swan Beak

Under Tongue Impaction

Gently PUSH UP under the Chin.. the Material from under the Tongue.    Sweep it out..
(I use my Fingers and Wash Later.)
It is too Risky to use Metal Tweezers – the Swan will not hold Still.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction Cotton Swabs will Help, if you are Prepared.. to Get Behind and
      Under the Ball of Tangled Fibers..and Dirt.. 

Especially if the Impaction is Very Larger or Just Small.. 
Swan Under Tongue Impaction This Young Cygnet is Growing, Munching on Grass and has Started
a Probable Pouch of Material Under its Chin..  It is Small, Worth Watching.
Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction
It Might Clear as the Cygnet Eats and Drinks out on the Lake it Lives on.. 
Keep a Close Watch.  Be Prepared to Help. 

A Young Cygnet has a Much Smaller Mouth.. a Cotton Swab would be Useful.

Once you Remove the Debris – Check that there is nothing left under the Tongue.

Check the Tongue’s Color..  It should be a nice Baby Pink..

SWAN Tongue Color-Anemia Guide

If there is any Tissue Damage or Ulcerations on the Tongue or the Skin Pouch Under the Tongue..  This can be Serious…
Check with your Avian Veterinarian for further Treatment Advice.

Swan Under Tongue Chin ImpactionSwan Chin Impaction

If you have a chance to keep the Swan from eating Short Cut Grass for a while after you remove a Plug.. this may give the stretched “Pouch” time to return to normal..

Floating Salad Greens   Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Giving Lots of Lettuce or Soft Vegetable Foods on the Pond Water may help reduce the Risk of Re-Impaction..

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

ALSO very Helpful… Try NOT to Cut the Swans’ Grazing Area Very Short…

Longer Grazing Grass   Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Swans enjoy grazing on Tender Grass Blades..
They need the Vegetation/Plant Material for their Digestive System..

Lawn Clover    Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction
Swans benefit from the Insects in Grassy Places.
(Crunchy Munchies)

Pennsylvania Meadow Katydid     Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction
Consider Alternating the Grass Area you Cut into Three Parts.
Cut One Area this Week.. leave the other Two Areas Grow..

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction
Then Next Week Cut the longest, Shaggy Area.. leaving the Other Two..
Rotate so there are some Grassy Areas with Longer Tender New Growth..

Mute Swans of Summer     Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

 

AS Time Goes By – And We Meet and Visit More Swans
and their Owners..
We SEE more Swans with Under Tongue Impactions..

THIS is a VERY Common Problem with Captive Swans..
Many People who Care for Swans are UnAware..
Swan Under Tongue Chin ImpactionThis Junk may collect in a matter of Weeks to Months.

This is Fairly Easy to Correct.  These Swans are Uncomfortable.
The Rotting Material under their Tongue makes Eating Difficult and Nasty..  This can lead to Tissue Destruction under the Tongue.
Infection, Wasting, Starvation to Death.  HELP Your Swans.

REMOVE SUBINGUAL – Under Tongue Impactions..

More Examples….     WE Helped Removed these….

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

This Cob has had Impactions Removed Several Times.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

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We Found this Young Female with a Large Impaction.
We Helped the Owner Remove this..Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

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  The Owners had no Idea this was Abnormal.. 
Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction
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This Poor Cob was Struggling to Swallow with his LARGE Impaction.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

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Another Swan with an Large Impaction under the Tongue.
The Knob is VERY Flat..  This Swan is Starving..

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction
Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

We were Able to Catch and Remove the Impaction – It has Reformed.
Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction
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The Swan below had his Impactions reoccur over and over..
As long as the Junk was removed when needed, he did OK.
But, the Man who cared for him Retired from the Golf Course.
No One continued to care for the Cob’s Obstructing Impaction.
The Mute Cob Died at the age of ca. 10 Years Old.   So Sad..
Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction                            ****************************************
ANOTHER SCARY IMPACTION – THE Largest I have Encountered.

  Young Swans were Purchased for an Apartment Complex Pond.
The Management wanted to have the Swans for the Pleasure of their
Community.  The Management did not have Experience Caring for Swans.  This Impaction was HUGE when this Young Swan Arrived. 
The Person who Raised these Swans was Responsible for the Impactions. 
It is NOT Difficult to SEE there is Something Wrong under his Chin.

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

 On a Dark Rainy Evening I had the “Opportunity” to Remove this Tightly Packed Wad of Mud, Grass and Small Stones.  I was Worried that I might Split the Skin Open, it was Stretched so Tight.  Normally, I would Push-Up the Skin under the Chin to Move the Material UP Under the Tongue and Lift it OUT.   This Time I Opened his Mouth and Pinch the Wad to Tug it OUT from Inside his Mouth..  I did not want to Stress the Skin under his Chin.   SUCCESS..  It was Packed IN TIGHT !     Poor Swan  (Young Cygnet)
Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

 I Measured the Wad of Material before I Pulled it Apart..
Swan Under Tongue Chin ImpactionSwan Under Tongue Chin ImpactionI Usually Compare the Impaction Material with Coins.. THIS IS AN EGG.

The Companion – Future Mate also had a Medium Impaction.
Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction
Thanks to a Willingness to Learn, the Management is now Caring for their Swans’ Impactions and they will be Happier & Healthier Swans.
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The Mature Male Swan below was Rescued by Folks just Learning about Swans.  By Using this Topic Page.. his Impaction is OUT and he is Loved.
YEAH TEAM !!!
Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction         And Another Swans is Helped…  Thanks.. 
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From Far, Far Away..  (In the United Kingdom) Help is ON the Way !!

Swan Under Tongue Chin ImpactionA Visiting Friend of this Swan.. Read this Topic Page..
Swan Under Tongue Chin ImpactionAND HELPED !!   THANK YOU !! 
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Another Friend of Swans Removes a Wad of Plant Fibers.
Under Chin Tongue ImpactionA Young Black Australian Cygnet in New Zealand..
Under Chin Tongue Impaction*******
Under Chin Tongue Impaction
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 The Swans Below are in a Public Lake.  They Graze on the Short Grass.

Swan Under Chin Tongue

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FEED Your Swans in the Water As MUCH as Possible.  
Swan Under Tongue Chin ImpactionEating their Foods with and IN the Water will Reduce this Problem.
Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction
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   YOUR SWANS will be Healthier with a FLAT CHIN.. 

Swan Under Tongue Chin Impaction

Swan Healthy Chin Image

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This is a Work in Progress… Updated along the Way..
Information Compiled by (C) Linda M.Sweger        March  2020

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Swan Lovers