A site dedicated to the proper care and general information of mute swans

The White Bag Effect

November 23rd, 2015 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in The White Bag Effect - (Comments Off on The White Bag Effect)

As We Visit and Work with Swans,
We have Observed how Visual they are.
They are Creatures of Habit.

We take their Vegetable and Treats to their Ponds
in White Grocery Bags.
When the Swans see the WHITE BAGS from a Distance
they head toward Us for their Treats and to Visit with Us.  

                               THE WHITE BAG EFFECT

                    The Swans will Follow the White Bags.    

                                    Click Images to Enlarge

The White Bag Effect

Lettuce Drop Bags

We get Discard Vegetables from a Local Restaurant Kitchen.

I Sort the Greens into the White Plastic Grocery Store Bags.

for BREAD BAGS to the Pond Area.
NO Rubber Bands or Styrofoam..

Anything Foreign that a Swans swallows will stay in their Gizzard.. Indigestible.. Obstructive.
Swan Gizzard

BE VERY CAREFUL to Collect any Metal if you are doing any Construction Projects.  WaterFowl will Pick-up and Swallow Screws, Nails, Nuts, Bolts, etc.

SWANs Die from thing stuck in their Throat or Gizzard….

White Bag Effect

The Swans see the White Bags and Come for their Treats.

White Bag Effect When the Swans see our Van, they know we have Greens.

The White Bag Effect

One Young Swan was sitting on the other side of this Large Pond.
She did not come over when we stopped to visit.
I took a White Bag of Greens out of our Van.  As soon as she saw
the White Bag, she headed over to join her Companion Swan.

The White Bag Effect
The Ducks, Geese and Swans will Follow whoever has
the White Bag.
Swan White BagSwan White BagSwan White BagThe White Bag EffectSwan White Bag
DO NOT Take White Bags to Visit Swans
during their Mating and Nesting Time.
The White Bags will cause the Male Swan to CHASE You.  

Their Hormonal Aggressive Behavior is Triggered by WHITE. 

Hormonal Male Swan

Swan White BagSwan White BagWhite Bag Effect

The Best Part of my Day is Spent with the Swans.  

Swans The White Bag EffectSwans White Bag

We do “Lettuce Drops” with any Extra Lettuce we get.
We Enjoy visiting all the Swans and Cygnets we live near.

Lettuce Drop

This Information is a Work in Progress…..
As I learn more I will add to this information..
Compiled by (C) L.M.Sweger         UpDate January 2018

Swans Are Vegetarians

November 23rd, 2015 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in Swans Are Vegetarians - (Comments Off on Swans Are Vegetarians)

 To Provide a Healthy Diet for your Swans you need to Think Vegetables.
80 % of their Natural Diet is Plant Material. 

            Click to Enlarge Images                                                 

                               SWANS ARE VEGETARIANS.

Swans are Vegetarians

           Click to Enlarge Images                    

**** You are the BEST Person to ensure your Swans receive a Healthy Diet.
**** When you care for “Captive” Swans they depend on YOU !!!

Swans Are Vegetarians

Giving Swans plenty of variety in their Diet can help reduce
the possibility of Boredom and increases their Happiness
and overall Quality of Life.

Feral Swan on Creek

If Mute Swans were living in the Wild, they would have a Feeding Range of 3-5 Square Miles to find what Foods their Bodies require to be Healthy.

Wild Tundra Swans

Wild Tundra Swans

Wild Tundra and Trumpeter Swans Migrate Hundreds to Thousands of Miles Annually… They will have a wide variety of Plants and Insects to Graze on.

Trumpeter Swans

****** Feeding Swans
Swans living on Natural Fresh Water Rivers/Creeks/Ponds/Lakes will typically eat Pond Weeds, Duckweed, Stonewort and Wigeon Grass, some Algae as well as Tadpoles, Worms, Slugs and a WIDE Variety of Insects.

Swans Eat DuckWeed

DuckWeed is a Great Natural Floating Food..  Feeding Swans
Swans will learn where to find their favorite Underwater Plants.

Swans Grazing on Plants

A Pond with Natural Underwater Plants will be Grazed on ALL Day.
There will be Insects and Underwater Critters that will help provide Natural Protein and Calcium.
Captive Swans
Once we Pinion or Clip to Ground a Swan, they are “Captive” for us to enjoy.
They are Classified in most States as “Captive Exotic Poultry.”  PETs !

Swans are Vegetarians

These Swans depend on us to help them have the Nutrients that their Bodies need to be Healthy.Swans are VegetariansSwans are Vegetarians

*****Older Swan Cob

Healthy Swans may live 20-30+ Years.

The Oldest Know Swan was a Male Mute in England, that lived to 104 Years.

Male Mute Swan

The Grain-Poultry Feed Mixture adds Nutrients that a Pond may not provide.

Food for Swans
With the Pond Plants, Lawn Grass and Poultry Feed Mixture Swans will do nicely.

Golf Course Pond

If Lawns that Surrounding a Pond are Treated with Weed and Insect Control Products and the Chemicals Run/Drain into the Pond they will affect the Natural Pond Environment.  There may be very few Under Water Plants and Few Insects.  This is typical of Golf Courses, Hotel Grounds, College Campuses, Some Public Park Ponds and many Private Lawns.

If you use Lawn Care Service or Treat your Lawn.. Check what is Growing in your Pond.

Pond Spillway

Putting Vegetables, Grains, Grasses into or onto your Pond may cause Obstruction where your Pond Drains.

Floating Lettuce

This Material may collect where you have a Pump Filter.
Start with small amounts, try different areas until you know want works best for your Swans and their Water Environment.
Swans are Vegetarians

If Free Floating Vegetable Cause a Problem at your Spillway..
Put their Vegetables in a Weighted Basket or Handle-less Bucket.Pond Spillway

With the Lush Summer Lawn Grasses to Graze on..
Watch for Under Chin-Tongue Impactions..
Short Cut Grass is a Common Culprit..
Swans are Vegetarians

Swans enjoy the Tender Grass Growth..
If you Only Mow 1/3 of the Grass along the Pond each Week.
Leaving 2 Areas Grow.. Five to Six Feet along the Pond Edges.Swans are Vegetarians
Then the Next Week, Mow a different Area.. (Rotating)
There will be Some Longer Grass Blades for the Swans to Graze on.Swans are Vegetarians

Under Tongue-Chin Impaction

Swans are Vegetarians

Plus the Longer Grasses will have more Insects for them to
Munch on.                             ….. (-; (-: (-; (-:
Swans are Vegetarians**********************************

Feeding Swans in Winter

ADDING Vegetables, especially during Cold Weather Months will add to the Swans’ overall Healthy Diet.  They will enjoy seeing you stop by their Water Environment to Visit, when you have Vegetables for them.

Hand Feeding Swans

*****Hand Feeding Swans

Swans Lettuce

Swan Cygnet Vegetables

I Cut – Shred – Chop – Enough Vegetable Mix for Several Day.Swans are Vegetarians
Swans are Vegetarians
Most Lettuce and Vegetable come from the Western States…
During the Summer Garden Vegetables may come from Outside the USA.
Listen for any Warning or ReCalls for Contaminated Vegetables & Fruit.
Feeding Mute Swans
SWANs LOVE Vegetables…

Swans Love VegetablesSwans are Vegetarians

We have an arrangement with a local Country Club. Their Kitchen saves their Discard Vegetables for us. We stop in once or twice a week.Discard VegetablesThis saves them BIG Bags of Discard Vegetables going to the Landfill.
AND, our Swans EAT very well.. (-;

Vegetables for Swans
      “Thank You” – to the WSCC Kitchen Staff.Swans are Vegetarians

Swan White Bag Effect

If you can make an Arrangement with a Restaurant, Farmers Market Vegetable Vendor, Grocery Store Salad Bar, etc., you will Save Money and You will have Happy Swans.

Waterfowl and Vegetables

Swans are VegetariansSwan VegetablesSwans are Vegetarians
Swans ENJOY assorted Vegetables.Swans are Vegetarians
They do not need Vegetables Everyday.  But are Happy for them.

Swans are Vegetarians


MOLDs May Contain Toxins that will Make your Swans VERY Sick.

Swans Benefit

Vegetables help add Fiber to their Intestinal Tract during the Winter.
Swan Vegetables

Most Swans will Instinctively KNOW Lettuce is GOOD to Eat.

Swans are Vegetarians

When you are preparing a Salad for your Dinner, save the Trimming that you would normally toss..

Cygnet Salad Greens

Vegetables are more Beneficial in the Cold Winter Months when Water Plants and Grasses are Dormant.

Swans are Vegetarians


Remember Swans DO NOT have Teeth.
Chop or Slice Firm Root Vegetables THIN.

SWAN Vegetable
Cut into Small Pieces: Carrots, Radishes, Cucumbers and their Peels.Swan VegetablesSwan Vegetables  I Like to Chop Enough for Several Day.. Bag..Ready to Go. Cygnet Vegetables

The White Cabbage Leaves Sliced into thin Strips..
The Outside Dark Green Cabbage Leaves are too Tough.
Swan Vegetables

The Yellow-Green Leaves of Celery might be eaten.
Some Swans Love Kale & Spinach.

Swan Vegetables
Swans may Eat Steamed Leftovers Vegetables like Corn,
Green Beans, Cabbage, Cauliflower & Broccoli.

Cut Seedless Grapes in Half.      Strawberry Caps.
Some Swans like Watermelon in the Rind
– left close to the Water’s Edge.

Mute Swan Watermelon

Sweet Fruits Fallen from Trees may attack Bees and Hornets…
Swans are Vegetarians
Discard them so Swans will not be Stung !!

Swan Apple Swans LOVE APPLEs……

Cut Unpeeled Apples Cut into Quarters or Slices for Adult Swans.. Chopped for Cygnets.  They can NOT Bite into a Whole Apple.

Swans Apples

Swans Apples

If you have Apple Trees (Untreated) Toss a few Fallen Apples onto the Pond. Break them Open first, the Swans can not Bite a Whole Round Apple.
Swans are Vegetarians

Floating Vegetables

Vegetable and Fish

*****Swans are Vegetarians
If there are Fish in your Pond that Eat the Vegetables.. try Putting the Veggies into a Stone Weighted Basket in Shallow Water.

Basket Swan Vegetables

Basket Swan Vegetables

After 24 Hours, dump and let the Fish have them..

Floating Vegetables

Watch which Vegetables/Foods Float and which SINK.
 Feeding Swans
Place Vegetable that SINK..
like Thin Slices of Carrot in Shallow Water.

Carrots SinkSoften Dried Corn

Whole Dry Corn is a Favorite Sprinkled into Shallow Water.
Whole Dried Corn will Soften a bit in the Water..
Swans seem to like it Soaked in the Water for a few Minutes.


Swans are Vegetarians
                              LETTUCE – SALAD GREENs

Swan Lettuce

Swans will Generally Eat All types of Lettuce.

Salad Greens for Swans

Not all types of Lettuce are Equal.

Swans Romaine

Romaine Lettuce has the MOST Nutritional Value.

Romaine Swans
Swans Love Romaine Bunch Butts. Toss them out onto the Pond.

Swans Romaine

Romaine Lettuce Bunches have Long Dark Green Outer Leaves that are generally Discarded. These Large Dark Leaves have the MOST SunShine Nutrients !!

Swans Romaine Lettuce

Carrots Vitamin A

Next to Carrots, Romaine is an Excellent Source of Vitamin A,
a Good Source of Dietary Fiber, Multiple Vitamins, Minerals and Tryptophan.

Romaine Lettuce has measurable Pro-Vitamin A (Carotenoid-Betacarotene), Vitamin K, Folate-Folic Acid, Vitamin C, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3 (niacin), Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine).

Romaine Lettuce contains the Minerals Manganese, Chromium, Potassium, Molybdenum, Iron, Calcium and Phosphorous.
The fiber in Romaine Lettuce help keep the Swans’ Colon healthy.

Swans Romaine

Bottom Line –
Romaine Lettuce contributes to a Healthy Diet for Swans.
Swans are Vegetarians
Occasionally, we Mixed some Drained Tuna Juice onto the Lettuce.
THAT was a BIG Hit..  The Swans Really Enjoy the Fishy Taste..
Swans are Vegetarians

Swan Lettuce

Iceberg Lettuce – Crispy, Watery Green Leaves in a tight Ball…
Iceberg Lettuce has little Nutritional Value.  But, they Love it.
SO….  Romaine for a Healthy Diet…  Iceberg for Fun !

Swans are Vegetarians
Swans will eat every bit tossed to them.

Swans Lettuce
Toss a whole Head of Iceberg onto their Pond, the Swans will take turns biting “The Ball”.
Swan Lettuce Play

                             “Lettuce Play”  “Let-Us-Play.”

Swans Lettuce Play

If you like Special Types of Lettuce.. and what you purchased will not be used by your Family…. OR you have more then you will eat.
If is worth a try, rather then discarding the excess, Butter Head, Boston and Bibb Lettuces – Swans will eat these..
Plus Leaf Lettuces – Green Leaf and Red Leaf.

Swan Cygnets Lettuce

Leafy Vegetables like Arugula, Spinach and Watercress add variety.
Swiss Chard Leaves were a Big Hit.. Collard Greens not so much..Swans are Vegetarians

Q: Is it Safe to Eat the Edges of Lettuce Leaves that have turned Brown?
Q: What Causes Lettuce to Turn Brown?
Swan Lettuce
                          Lettuce and Pesticide Residues

Floating Lettuce
Lettuce is one Food that Pesticide Residues is commonly found.

Virtually all Drinking Water in the U.S. contains Pesticide Residues.
Pesticides are present in most Food in very small trace amounts.
The Negative Impact on our Health is well documented.
The Liver’s ability to process Toxins, the Body Cells’ ability to produce Energy and the Nerves’ ability to send Messages can all be compromised by Pesticide Exposure.

It is important to protect your Swans’ Liver.. by feeding them properly.

Swans are Vegetarians

REMEMBER Swans need a Lower Protein Diet.. to protect their Liver. Then they will be able to DeTox what they Drink and Ingest.
A Diet High in Protein will cause Fatty Liver Disease and GREATLY shorten your Swans’ Lives.

Swans with Fatty Liver Disease – Lipidosis look Full Body and Healthy. But, they are developing High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease..
They may Suddenly, without warning Die of a Stroke, Heart or Renal Failure.

Swan High Protein Lipidosis

Swans are Vegetarians
The Images here have mainly the Vegetables we have shared with our Swans.
The Large Crisp Romaine Leaves are Nice for Hand Feeding your Swans.
Swans are Vegetarians

It is Relaxing to Spend time with Swans..

Swans are Vegetarians
Feeding them should be Beneficial for both the Swans and their
Care Takers.
Swan LettuceFeeding Swans

Feeding Swans on the Ground is Environmentally unsound and encourages the Swans to leave their Water. Food left laying on the Ground may develop MOLD which can be FATAL to the Swans. BEST to keep all Food item at least along the Water’s Edge.

Vegetables Sink

Placing any Food in the Water close to the Water’s Edge allows the Swans to see the Foods that sink (Corn/Carrots)… and there is less chance they will be surprised by a Snapping Turtle.
Feeding Swans

*****Snapping Turtle Vegetables

 BEST to REMOVE Snapping Turtle from Your Ponds.

Feeding Swans

Fish and harmless Turtles will get to know where you commonly feed the Swans and will often wait close by to clean up the Leftovers.
This is helpful, there is nothing left to Sour or Rot.

Feeding Cygnets


We find ways to place all their Food in their Water.

Swans Vegetables

If Swans have to leave their Water to eat they become vulnerable to Predators, Dogs, Cats, People.
Swans in the Water are SAFER. It is also more Natural for them.

Swan Vegetable Basket

Feeding from Containers is a challenge where the water level changes quickly.  Be creative.

Swan Vegetable Basket

DO NOT place Feed Containers on HOT Surfaces.
Remember, in the Summer many surfaces GET HOT!!
A Swan’s BIG Flat Feet may BURN and BLISTER…NOT GOOD !!

In the Bitter Cold Days of Winter, a Swan’s WET Feet can stick to Icy Surfaces.. just like our Skin would. Swan are Safest in Liquid Water.

Frozen Carrot Ball

By the end of October there will be very little for the Swans to eat in the River/Lakes/Ponds/Creeks of Pennsylvania. Most Underwater Vegetation will become Dormant for the Winter Months.

There is very little in Pennsylvania for Swans to eat
from Halloween to St. Patrick’s Day.
Five LONG Months…

I have observed Swans trying to eat the dark, decaying remains of underwater plant material – YUCK!
Black, slimy, decaying leaves – YUCK ! Anything for a few Calories.

Cygnets Salad Greens

Captive Swans need Supplemental Feeding to remain Healthy.

A Female Swan will produce a Healthier Clutch of Eggs if she has “Greens” through the Winter Months.

Salad Green Basket

If you can SAFELY place Lettuce and Vegetable out on an Icy Ledge.. the Swans enjoy this as a Salad Bar.

Swan Icy Salad Bar

Swans will need time to adjust to new Foods offered, and will eat different items in the Winter and the Summer.
Example: Celery Leaves seem to be an acquired taste. Once they are exposed a few time most Swans enjoy the tender yellow-green Leaves.

Tasting Lettuce

Each Swan has Foods they likes and dislikes, just like People.
Swans are Vegetarians

Swans Salad Greens

You will get to know what will just be wasted. Try small amounts of a new Food for a week or two and observe what is eaten.
Swan Vegetables
Once they Eat their Vegetables….
Swans are Vegetarians
Your Swans will Enjoy a FEW Treats.Feeding Swans

Swans will eat their Favorite Foods first..
Keep “Treats” from becoming their Primary Nutrition.
Swan Treats
GOOD Snacks/Treats are Whole Grain Cereal.
A Cup of Plain Cheerios, Kix or Plain Corn Flakes, Bran Flakes occasionally,
will be enjoyed.
Avoid Yeast and Colored Dyes that many Cereals have.

We gave our Swans a few One Inch Squares of Honey Graham Crackers.

Graham Crackers Swans
These have NO Yeast and they Float.. and can be Frisbeed out to the Swans.

When Tossing Treats to Swans…
Toss to the Dominate Female first.
Then to the Dominate Male…
They will Take Turns.
Many Swans will Snort “Thank You” for Food and Treats.
Swans are Vegetarians


NO ONIONS, Garlic, Mushrooms or Avocados..
These will upset a Swan’s Stomach..

Avoid Salty Foods. Avoid Sugary Foods.
Little or NO BREAD, Crackers, Chips or Pop Corn..
NO Meat or Dairy..

This Information is a Work in Progress…..
As I learn more I will add to this information..
Compiled by (C) L.M.Sweger           UpDated        December  2020
Swan VegetablesSwan Vegetables

Submersible Pump for Open Water in Winter

November 23rd, 2015 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in Submersible Pump for Open Water in Winter - (Comments Off on Submersible Pump for Open Water in Winter)


There are various ways to keep a “WINTER WAKE” for your Waterfowl.
A Submersible Pump in a Tub may be Effective in your Water Environment.

Click to Enlarge Images 

Swans Winter Care

*****Submersible Pump


Winter Water Wake..
Keeping Water Moving and Mixing to Prevent Freezing.

Every Water Environment is different.
Some Ponds have Open Water Areas all Year Round.
Even in the Coldest Weather. These are Lucky Folks.

For Ponds that will Naturally Freeze during Winter Months,
the Addition of some type of DeIcing Equipment is Necessary.

Waterfowl in Liquid Water are Safer from Predators and the Winter Cold.

Swans Frozen Pond

*****Winter Wake for Swans
When there is a Chill in the Air.. It is TIME to Plan for Winter.

Fall Colors

This Topic Page is about our Experience During the Winter of 2015-2016.

Fall Frost

          “Jack Frost” Visits the Pond.

In Pennsylvania we might need DeIcing by mid-November.
At least for some Nights when the Temperatures drop below Freezing.

Pond Temp

The last several Winters have had some VERY Cold Periods.

Swans Frozen Pond
We have our Swans on a Lovely Pond that will Naturally Freeze over during the Winter. Swans Lovely Pond
We need to be sure our Swans have a SAFE Place to stay in their Pond.

Swans Feeder
And Open Water by their Feeder, so they can continue to Eat while in the Water.

Swans in Fall
We used a Circulating Air-O-Lator in Past Winters.
The Circulating Aeration Systems are OUT in the Deeper Areas of the Pond..

Air-O-Lator Frozen
If the Fan Motor STOPs Working, we have found they are TOO Difficult to Service when the Pond is COLD and Frozen.

Frozen Air-O-Lator

This Winter (2015-2016) we are Going to Use a
Submersible Pump in a Large Vinyl Tub.

Submersible Pump for Pond

This Set-Up will be in the Shallow Area of the Pond by the Dock.

Submersible Pump In Pond

If this works the way we plan, Open Water will extend way out into the Pond.

For Using a Submersible Pump In the Pond for the Winter.

Submersible Pump In Pond

There are Different Brands of Submersible Pumps.
Different Stores – Different Prices…  Check Reviews.

Submersible Pump

I Found a Country Line Submersible Pump.
Country Line Submersible Pump   (NOT Sump Pump)

Submersible Pump

Country Line Submersible Pump was Available at Tractor Supply.


We needed to have Electric Service Close to the Pond.

Electric by Pond

The Pump Safety Information Discourages using Extension Cords.
We arranged for Electrical Lines to be run underground by an Electrical Contractor.

Electric by Pond

They Installed an Outside WaterProof Outlet Cover Box.

Taymac MM7440C Weatherproof Double Outlet Cover
Outdoor Receptacle Protector, 4-3/4 Inches Deep, Clear.

The way the Covered Electric Box came (with Four-Outlets)
it is not Large enough for the ThermoCube to fit inside properly.
The ThermoCube Strip would stick out the Side..

Electric by Pond

The Electrician ordered a different Outlet for inside.
We will only have a two Plug Outlet centered in the Box.

Electric by Pond

Ours is Modified for a GFCI Outlet.
The GFCI will protect the Swans from any Errant Current into the Water if there is a Crack in the Pump’s Electric Cord.

Submersible Pump Electric

Being Outside near Water.. the Dew, Fog and Rain will cause Dampness,
and the GFCI may “Trip”..

THERMOCube Outlet
A Good Reason for the LED Light as an Indicator
> > > to see if the Electric is Turned ON.
Not all “Cute” Night Light Fit in the Covered Electric Box..
If you need to use Extension Cords – Run this through PVC Conduit.
Winter Wake for Swans
Be SURE your Cords are Safe for OutDoor Use.

Electric Cables
A Submersible Pump (NOT a SUMP Pump).
Cost about $90.00. Total for all Equipment about $200.00
We bought One Extra Submersible Pump as a “Quick Change Spare”..

Submersible Pump

Submersible Pump

Debris Screen
The Submersible Pump NEEDs to be in a LARGE Flat Bottom TUB…
It CAN NOT sit on the Bottom of the Pond.

Submersible Pump for Pond
We are not going to put Holes in the Tub AS LONG AS the
Water Flow into the Tub is OK..
I want to Prevent as much Silt from entering the Pump as possible.

Submersible Pump for Pond
The Pump Filter Screen will NEED to be Cleaned of Debris if it Collects any Leaves/Twigs/Dirt.
The Open Water Area will become Smaller if the Intake Screen becomes Clogged.
Pull the Pump-Tub Up and Clean the Intake Screen. “Brushes.”

Cleaning Brushes
Try to put any Cords or Cables in Polyvinyl Conduit (cheap)..
to protect these from Animals/Birds (Swans) Chewing Holes in the Cords.

Submersible Pump

*****FLEX CORD Conduit
Submersible Pump

The Swans will Pick and Chew at Rope, Cords, Electric Cables, etc.

Cable Conduit Clamps

From Past Experiences, I know our Swans will Chew any Type of Rope/Line/Cord we put in their Pond.

Swans Chewing Ropes
The Muck Bucket Tub will sit on the Bottom of the Pond in at least 24 Inches of Water.   A Cheap Muck Bucket BROKE in a few Days.
A GOOD Heavy Duty Muck Tub is worth the Extra Expense.

Submersible Pump
The Weight of the Pump is Sufficient to keep the Tub down on the Bottom..

I want some Extra Support around the Tub, so it will not Collapse when we pull it in to Clean the Intake Screen.


We are going to use a Stainless Steel Chain through a length of Vinyl Tubing thread through Holes in the “Muck Bucket Tub” Rim to attach our Set-up to the Dock.

We pulled the Tub UP several time and the Hose Covered Chain did Support the Tub as the Water Drained OUT.

I was hoping to Thread the Stainless Chain through an Old Section of Hose.. Nope ! ! The Chain is too Big….  So, I had to Slit the Hose for now..

Once I decide if this is a good way to Support the Tub…
I might get some PVC/Vinyl Tubing large enough to Thread the Chain through.
We might Adjust the Chain Connections after we use it a bit.

We are going to Watch for ANYTHING that might be a Tangle Hazard,
And modify where needed…
The Water level is only 24 inches in front of this Dock..
We plan to start using the Submersible Pump without the Extension Hose.

Winter Wake for Swans
Our Swan Friend at the “Country Music Pond”..
just lets their Pump Run without a Hose attached.
His Set-up is about 5 feet down.. off their Dock..
Impressive Results.

Winter Wake for Swans
It keeps about 1/4 to 1/3 Acre of their Pond Free of Ice.

So we will see how much Benefit we get without the Hose.

Submersible Pump
If we put the Hose on and Run it out into the Pond, the Dock Area might not get enough Circulation to Prevent Freezing.

Swans Submersible Pump
We are going to… Try This, Try That. Work in Progress.

If our Open Water Area is not as Large as we hope it will be, we might use a length of Garden Hose running out 5 to 8 feet toward the Main Pond Body. We will be doing some Trials to get this to Work, Cutting the Hose until it Works the way we want.

We will use the Female End of a Hose Repair Kit on the Hose to Attach to the Pump Discharge.

Submersible Pump Hose

The Force of the Water Discharge is apparently Strong..
A Garden Hose might Float and Whip around.
To Weight the Hose (If we use this ??? ) and to keep the Hose from “Whipping” around, I Purchased a 10 Foot Length of Stainless Electrical Pipe.. Not very Heavy.. $6.50

Metal Electric Conduit

We had the Pipe Cut into several Sections:
(1) 4 Foot, (1) 3 Foot, (2) 1- 1/2 Foot Pieces.

Metal Electric Conduit

We will thread the Pipe Sections as Needed on the Hose and use the Male End of the Hose Repair Kit as a Stop to keep the Pipe Sections on.

Submersible Pump Hose
To Extend the Water Flow out into the Pond, it might work better with Plumbing PVC Pipes.. with some gentle angles to Direct the Water Flow out toward the Open Pond.

Our Pond Friend knows how to Heat and Bend these PVC Pipes..
I KNOW Nothing about Plumbing, so here I am a Blank Slate.
IF this is used, I will add images.

The “Thermo Cube Outlet”.. Is Temperature Sensitive..
Model TC-3 Turns the Electric ON at 35 Degrees..
and OFF at 45 Degrees..   The Pump will only Work when Needed.

Check Frequently that the Thermo Cube is Working.
They are NOT Dependable.

Thermo Cube By Farm Innovator:
I Purchased on OnLine..
Also, Found the ThermoCube at our local Home Depot.
These may be available at other Hardware Supply Stores,
Animal Feed Suppliers – Like Tractor Supply.  ?? Check.

THERMOCube Outlet

Plugging in a LED Nightlight will let us know from a Distance when the Electric is ON or if the GFCI NEEDs to be Re-Set.          Optional.
We will know the ThermoCube is Working if the Light is ON.

Submersible Pump
Some Winters are Mild and DeIcing may not be Needed.
Some Winters are LONG and COLD, DeIcing is Needed.
We are Ready to see how this Set-Up Works.

We put our Set-Up in the Pond in Late October.
Turned it ON and WATCHED…
The Swans STARTED to Alarm ! !     >>> Something NEW in THEIR POND..Swans Alarming

Swans Alarming
But, they did come over to see what was in THEIR Pond.
Since we were there, they Quickly Realized there was no Danger.

Swans Submersible Pump

The Pump will be Turned ON for a Few Minutes a Day, while Feeding the Swans. This way they will become Familiar with the Pump Noise and Water Current Near their Feed Station.

Swans Submersible Pump

*****Swans Submersible Pump

Observing the Ripples move across the Pond, it looks like a Nice Size
Area will remain Ice-Free.

Swans Submersible Pump
Min-Max Thermometer with Magnet.

High-Low Thermometer
Our Local Weather Station Forecasts the Average High and Low
Temperature for the Day in our General Area.  The Temperature by a Rural Pond at Night may be several Degrees different.

It is nice to get an Idea when the Submersible Pump will be needed.

High-Low Thermometer

We placed a Min-Max Thermometer on the Shady Side of a Sturdy Post.
The Electric Supply to the Pump can remain OFF until the Pond has
a Potential of Ice Forming.
Min-Max High-Low Thermo

*****************************************************Winter Wake for Swans


Winter Swan Pond Submersible Pump

Mid-January 2016
It is Finally becoming Frigid at Night.  Days are Colder also.
The Pump is Running 24/7 now.

Winter DeIcing Pond

We are NOT Sure we can depend on the ThermoCube to Turn ON.
Winter DeIcing PondThe Pond Water is Ice-Free approximately 80-90 Feet out to the
Island.  Colder Winter Weeks are due during the Remainder of January and February.

Winter DeIcing Pond

After Eight Winters Caring for Swans, I am still AMAZED how well
they do in the ICY-Open Water.

Winter is Getting into the COLD Months…  It is Mid-January.

UpDates will Follow……    Fingers Crossed.


A WINTER DIARY of Ponds Using Submersible Pumps..

Images are from 2014 – 2015 – 2016    Two Swan Ponds.Winter Swan Pond Submersible Pump
Winter Swan Pond Submersible Pump   This is the Deep End of the Pond.
Winter Swan Pond Submersible PumpWinter Swan Pond Submersible PumpWinter Swan Pond Submersible PumpWinter Swan Pond Submersible Pump

*****Winter Swan Pond Submersible PumpAbove the Open Water Area is Shrinking…
                     TIME TO CLEAN the PUMP.

Winter Swan Pond Submersible PumpWinter Swan Pond Submersible Pump

*****Winter Swan Pond Submersible Pump

*****Winter Swan Pond Submersible Pump

*****Winter Swan Pond Submersible PumpWinter Swan Pond Submersible Pump

*****Winter Swan Pond Submersible Pump

*****Winter Swan Pond Submersible Pump

*****Winter Swan Pond Submersible Pump

*****Winter Swan Pond Submersible PumpWinter Swan Pond Submersible PumpWinter Swan Pond Submersible Pump

*****Winter Swan Pond Submersible PumpWinter Swan Pond Submersible PumpWinter Swan Pond Submersible PumpWinter Swan Pond Submersible Pump

MID-MARCH Snow and Ice Linger…
Warmer Days are Coming. Winter Wake for Swans


UPDATE  March 2016

We got our Swans through the Winter..
Reasonable Open Water as long as the Pump was Clean and Running..

But, this Submersible Pump Set-up was MORE WORK for Everyone then we expected.

Every Pond is different..
Our Friends at the “Country Music Pond” Only Needed to Clean their Pump  Occasionally during the Four Winter Months..Keeping a Winter Wake for Swans

Their Dock and Pump are at the Opposite End of the Pond from the Water In-Flow.

There was ONE Frigid Night the Young Males PULLED the Electric Plug OUT of the Socket.  Their Pond was Totally Frozen by Morning.  Only Once.
Keeping a Winter Wake for Swans
Our Submersible Pump Set-up is in Shallow Water by the Dock-Feeder.
This is the Location where several Fields Drain into the Pond.
  Keeping a Winter Wake for Swans
The Rain and Snow-Melt carried lots of Silt, Twigs, Leaves, etc. into the Pond close to the Tub-Pump. The Debris Floated into the Tub and Collected on the Pump Debris Screen.  All this Junk NEEDED to be Cleaned FREQUENTLY.
Not much Fun on Cold Winter Days.

WE are going to look into a Different Type of DeIcing for the Pond Next Winter.   It was Worth a Try…  We Learned what Did NOT Work Well.  Keeping a Winter Wake for Swans

This is a Exit Drainage Flow Stream at a Golf Course..
Easy to See it would have LOTs of Debris if Flowing into the Pond.

Hopefully, you will get the idea.. It is Try This – Try That.
Get to Know “The Ins and Outs” of your Water Environment..

Pond Fall Leaf

Swan Pond Ice

Winter Begins

Cygnets Winter Pond

Swan Biting Ice

Pond Ice

Submersible Pump

Submersible Pump

Swans Icy Morning Bath

Swans Icy Morning Bath

Cygnets Winter Wake

Cygnets Winter Wake

Cygnets Winter Wake

Winter on the Swans Pond

Winter on the Swans Pond

Winter on the Swans Pond

Spring Pond Plants


This Information is a Work in Progress…..
As I learn more I will add to this information..
Compiled by (C) L.M.Sweger                    >>>  UpDated     MARCH 2021