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What Bedding is Safe for Swans ???

August 16th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in SAFE Swan Bedding - (Comments Off on What Bedding is Safe for Swans ???)

Straw vs Hay vs Wood Chips & Shavings.

SAFE Swan Bedding

I want to Share this General Information with you..
from Articles I have found Online when I was Researching
Safe Bedding for our Rescued Cygnets & Swans.

Hay vs Wood Shavings vs Straw..

To Enlarge Images – Right Click Image then Open in a New Tab.

It GOOD to Understand the Difference in these Materials.

It does Depend on How various Bedding Material is being Used..
Inside or Outside.

SAFE Swan Bedding

As Shelter Bedding or Nesting Materials..

SAFE Swan Bedding

Wet or Dry Environments.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Straw vs. Shavings – for Coop Litter
https://www.fresheggsdaily.com/2012/08/straw-vs-shavings-my-choice-for-coop.html

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First a Summary of Hay.
Learning about HAY is a BIG Subject. Lots of Info OnLine.
THE MOST Important to Know.. Is to KEEP Stored Hay Dry.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Hay is Used as a Livestock Feed.
There are Different Field Grasses that will be Baled as Hay.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Timothy and Alfalfa are Common as Animal Fodder (feed).

SAFE Swan Bedding

Hay is Part of the Diet for Horses, Cows, Goats, Sheep,
especially during Winter Months.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Hay is Part of a Healthy Diet for Rabbits and Guinea Pigs..

SAFE Swan Bedding

Wet or Damp Hay is Prone to Mold/Mildew.
Due to the Carbohydrates/Starch in these Plant Fibers.

Hay Molds Easily when it Gets Damp..
Humidity >>> Dampness = Micro-Organisms will Grow.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Hay will Grow Bacteria, Mildew – Molds.
Hay can become a Fungus **Spore BOMB** over Time.

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Straw is used as Bedding.
Straw is Drier, Coarse Plant Fiber.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Straw is Harvested after Grain Crops have Died.

SAFE Swan Bedding

There is Very Little Nutritional Value.
Using Straw is Generally the most Economic Choice for Bedding.

SAFE Swan Bedding

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Wood Shavings – Chips – Plain or Cedar..
are very Small Pieces.. with LOTs of DUST..

SAFE Swan Bedding

When we work with it, Cleaning, Sweeping, Raking or Spreading,
we are there for a few Minutes.
We are Standing and are Several Feet above the Shavings Dust..

SAFE Swan Bedding

The Swans, Poultry or other Pets are Sitting in and
Shuffling their Feet through this Light, Dusty Material..

The Dust is Easily Inhaled and is an Increased Risk of
Causing Lung Problems..

SAFE Swan Bedding

In an Emergency for a Night inside.. An Old Blanket will Do.
to keep his BIG Feet off the Cold, Rough Concrete..

Maybe Outside Once Wood Shavings are Wet they are less of a Risk..

When we had Guinea Pigs, many years ago,
I Remember DISLiking the Smell of the Cedar Wood Shavings.
I would NOT want to Live in that Stuff. The SMELL is Irritating.

Young Swan Cygnets are Eating and Pooping Machines.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Cygnets are GROWING SO FAST ! !
Especially, the first 3 Months.. >>>>>> They are Very Messy Babies.
While Inside for Safety… I Used Layers of NewsPaper..
Easy to Roll-up and Discard.. Cygnets like to Snuggle into a Pile of Towels.

SAFE Swan Bedding

If you are Hand Raising and Sheltering for Safety..
Their Shelter Bedding will need to be Changed Frequently..

SAFE Swan Bedding

Fresh Straw is the Safest.. for Bedding.
Needs Frequent Changing.. Inside or Outside.

SAFE Swan Bedding

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HAY AND STRAW – WHICH IS BEST FOR BEDDING
https://animals.mom.me/difference-between-hay-straw-bedding-7251.html

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The Main Goal is to keep the Dust at a Minimum
to Protect the Swans/Cygnets’ Lungs..

SAFE Swan Bedding

And, Keep Mold and Mildew Spores as Low as Possible..

SAFE Swan Bedding

from Exposure to Damp Feed, Droppings, and Bedding
Especially in Hot and Humid Weather Conditions.

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A Highly Contagious Fungi is Aspergillosis.
Aspergillosis can be Acute or Chronic in Poultry.

These Fungi Spores are Common in Old Stored Hay..

SAFE Swan Bedding

Aspergillosis Bronchomycosis, Pneumomycosis
www.poultrydvm.com This needs to be Copied and Pasted to View.

Aspergillosis is an Opportunistic, Noncontagious Fungal Infection
caused by Inhalation of Fungi Spores of Aspergillus.
There are Three Common Species of Aspergillus.

SAFE Swan Bedding

These Fungi may affect the Respiratory Tract and also can Infect the Skin, Bones, Eyes, Intestinal Tract, and Central Nervous System.

Aspergillosis is a Factor when Poultry are Exposed to Moldy
or Dusty Environments with Poor Ventilation.

SAFE Swan Bedding

The Disease may be Chronic or Acute when Exposure to Spores is OverWhelming. Most Acute affected Birds will Die within a Few Days
without Emergency Veterinary care.

 SAFE Swan Bedding

The most Common Symptoms include:
Dyspnea – Gasping = Difficult Labored Breathing..

SAFE Swan Bedding

This Black Australian Cygnet had been kept in a Shed
with OLD Moldy Hay, he developed Aspergillosis and died.

SAFE Swan Bedding

He came to us too late to even get him to the Vets..

Repiratory Fungus Infections are Difficult to Diagnose
and Harder to Treat..

There are MORE then 100,000 Species of Fungi.
Fungi = Molds, Mildews, Yeasts, Mushrooms, and Toadstools.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Fungi Spores are EVERYWHERE – AnyWhere there is DUST..

SAFE Swan Bedding

The Ones that cause infections are Yeasts and Molds.
Various Fungi cause Respiratory, Skin, Bone, Gizzard,
Digestive Tract, Internal Organ Infections..

Some Fungi-Molds Secrete Lethal Toxins.
If Feed becomes Damp and Moldy.. THROW IT OUT !

SAFE Swan Bedding

POULTRY >>>>> I Found an Article with a Summary..
Backyard Poultry Contributor • September 23, 2017
What Causes Fungal Infections In Poultry?
Knowing the Signs and Symptoms of Chicken Illnesses Can Save Their Lives.
Copy and Paste to Read this Article..

SAFE Swan Bedding
SAFE Swan Bedding

Some Mushrooms should be REMOVED.. from Areas Swans will Graze.

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I Would NOT Use Wood Chips or Shavings for Swans..
Safest to Use a Fresh Bale of Straw.. NO Hay !!
AVOID any Mildew or Mold -Wet or Rodent Damaged Materials..

SAFE Swan Bedding

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For Nesting Materials.. Neither Straw or Hay is Recommended.
Sitting Outside for 6-7 Weeks.. in Spring Rainy Weather..
these Both Mold, Mildew, stay too Damp, etc.

SAFE Swan Bedding
Swan Nesting Material

This “May” Spoil the Swan Eggs during Incubation..

SAFE Swan Bedding
Swan Nesting Material

The Safer Nesting Materials are BIG Piles of Clean, Fungus Free
Tree-Bush Twigs and Dried Coarse Grasses.. Dense Plant Blades..
Any Materials that will Drain Well..

SAFE Swan Bedding
Swan Nesting Material
SAFE Swan Bedding
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SAFE Swan Bedding
Swan Nesting Material
SAFE Swan Bedding
Swan Nesting Material
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SAFE Swan Bedding

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This is VERY General Basic Information.. (c) Linda M.Sweger
(-; PA SwanLover Linda > > > Compiled August 2020
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SAFE Swan Bedding

ANGEL WING DEFORMITY in SWANs.

August 4th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in SWAN Angel Wing Deformity - (Comments Off on ANGEL WING DEFORMITY in SWANs.)

WATCH for this While Swan Cygnets are Growing.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity
  • This is Likely a Diet-Related Health Issues – Along with Genetics..
Swan Angel Wing Deformity

To Enlarge Images – Right Click Image then Open in a New Tab.

An Article no longer available, Read:
Swans are Prone to a Condition called “Angel Wing.”
Apparently, so are Geese and Ducks. Aquatic Waterfowl..

Swan Cygnet Angel Wing Deformity

As I Read, I found a Number of other Names given to this Deformity..
“Airplane Wing,” Slipped Wing, Crooked Wing, Drooped Wing,
Dropped Wing, Carpel Deformity, Carpometacarpal Deformity,
Flip Wing, Rotating Wing, Sword Wing, and a few other Odd Names.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Various Articles State:
Males develop the Deformity more often than Females.
It seems to Develop on the Left Wing more Often..

Duck Angel Wing Deformity

Unless BOTH Wings are Affected..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Flight Feathers Stick Out and Fray Easily.
Just Looks like Something is Wrong..

This Wing Deformity usually Prevents Flight.

The Condition is Generally Deadly for Young Birds/Waterfowl
in the Wild. They are Left behind by their Parents.

Unable to Fly from Danger, they are Easy Prey..

If the Wild/Feral Cygnets can not Leave when it is Time for them
to Head-off (Fledge) in the Late Winter the Parents may Kill them.

This Wing Joint (Wrist) the Twisting Develops in Young Birds..
as they are GROWING. They Grow so Rapidly..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity
Swan Angel Wing Deformity

In Swan Cygnets, the Angel Wing Typically begins when their
FIRST Primary Flight Feathers are Growing in.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Start to Watch at 10 Weeks of Age..
It will be Noticeable by 12 – 16 Weeks.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

It is Felt the Weight of the Growing Primary Blood Feathers cause
the Distal-Primary Section (Wing Tip) to Sag Outward instead
of Lying Normally against the Body.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

This Sagging puts a Strain on the Joint’s
Developing Ligaments and Muscles.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

The Cygnet’s Fragile Bone Structure is not Strong Enough
to Support the Weight of the New Primary Flight Feather
which are Heavy with Blood. (Blood Feathers)

Swan Angel Wing Deformity
Swan Angel Wing Deformity

If the Cygnets Wings are in Normal Position by 5 – 6 Months,
there is a Good Chance this Deformity will NOT Develop.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity
Swan Angel Wing Deformity
Swan Angel Wing Deformity

A Beautiful Mute Swan Cygnet Wing – Healthy – Normal !!!

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A Nice Summary of Information about Angel Wing is here..

Duck Angel Wing Deformity

PoultryDVM This Article is for DUCKs..
http://www.duckdvm.com/condition/angel-wing

Duck Angel Wing Deformity

AS You Read this Article..
REMEMBER Swans need a LOWER PROTEIN DIET..
6 – 8 Percent.. VERY DIFFERENT then a Duck’s Diet.

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“IF” Angel Wing is Corrected while the Cygnet is still Growing,
it has a Chance to be Set Right.

If Attention to the Sagging is Delayed until the Cygnets are Older,
then the Deformity will likely be Permanent.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

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People Unfamiliar with this Deformity, who Observe an Affected Swan
on a Pond, Lake or Waterway.. OFTEN think this is a Broken Wing.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Reporting this to the WRONG People can be Fatal for an Otherwise
Healthy Swan..living in a Public Captive Setting..
“Angel Wing” Waterfowl in Captive Care Generally do Ok..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

It is Possible for a Wing Injured or Broken to have a Similar Look..
Look for any Sign of Trauma – Blood or the Whole Wing Dragging.
Ask if the Swan has been like this before or was it Normal before.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Observe the Primary Feathers, are they Shabby, Frayed.. ???
Is the Cygnet/Swan Eating and Behaving Normally ???
Then “Angel Wing” is more Likely the Reason..

Before CALLING for HELP …. Or
Before a Visit to an Avian Veterinarian..
SEND a Photo to a Knowledgeable Person..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

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For a Nicer Look and to Help the Swans be more Comfortable,
the Feathers that are Out of Place can be Clipped AFTER their
Annual Moult..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Once the Blood has Atrophied from the Feather Shafts..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

This Young Rescued Male Mute Swan.. had a Grade 2 – Medium Angel Wing.
The Feathers were in Sad Shape.. I Clipped them to Help his Appearance.

********* Suspicions and Theories.

Angel Wing – Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angel_wing

Various Studies over the Years “Suggest” Angel Wing
May be the Result of a Genetic Weakness ???

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

It is Common for Annual Broods from the Same Pair of Swans
to Exhibit the Deformity..

And/Or a Diet Too High in Carbohydrates(Bread) and Protein
and Too Low in Various Vitamins and Minerals.. like Calcium,
Selenium Deficiency, etc.. are Contributing Factors.

Bread and Angel Wing Deformity..
https://corvid-isle.co.uk/thoughts-bread-angel-wing-wild-birds

An Example List from One Article..
High Protein Diet, Hypovitaminosis D, Manganese Deficiency,
Vitamin E Deficiency, Genetic Factors, Excessive Growth Rate,
Restricted Exercise , Incorrect Incubation, Hatching Problems,
Trauma, Weight of Blood-Filled Growing Primary Feathers. (UGH) !!

Most Articles DO came back to the Importance of a Good
Nutrient Balanced Diet..
All Creatures Great and Small Benefit from an Appropriate Diet..

Feeding Swan Cygnets – They are Growing SO Fast..
https://swanlovers.net/category/feeding-swan-cygnets/

Most Commercial Poultry Feeds have Vitamins (esp. Vit A, E, B-Complexes)
BUT, they are High in Protein.. Too High Out of the Bag for Swans.
Mixed with Corn – helps Reduce Protein to a Safer Level..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Lots of Green Pond Plants, DuckWeed, most Algae.. are GOOD.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

A Diet of Only Corn will lack Vitamin A, as well as other Vitamins
and Minerials Necessary for Good Heatlh..

Swans Are Vegetarians
https://swanlovers.net/category/swans-are-vegetarians/

We Share Lots of Vegetables with Our Swans..
ESPECIALLY, Carrots.. for Vitamin A..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Carrots SINK – Place in Shallow Water.

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SUPPORTIVE TREATMENT: Wrapping or Taping..

If you Think about Support Taping or Wrapping a Wing Tip
Close to the Body..
It is BEST to Ask for Guidance from a Professional..

Duck Angel Wing Deformity

Try Gentle – Intermittent Support NO MORE then a Week..
DO NOT PUT the Birds in/on any Large Body of Water.
Until you take the Wrap/Taping Off.. Keep them in a Safe Place..

Start with 2 Days.. then Remove Wrap to Allow the Wing
some Time to Move Freely.. Wait 4-6 Hours before ReWrapping.

Many Saggy Wing Tips will Benefit from a Few Days
with this Extra Support.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

The Elastic, Self-Adhesive Vetwrap is Great for this.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Wrap the Tape around the Metacarpals (Hand) and the
Radius/Ulna (Primary), so that it is held in a Normal folded Position.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Some Folks Support the Sagging Wing with a Bandana Tied around
the Body.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

I have Used Painters Tape to Hold Wound Dressing in Place.
It Sticks to Itself.. but NOT to Feathers and Skin..

DO NOT Use DUCK TAPE.. it is TOO STICKY…

Wrapping TOO Tight or TOO Long MAY Constrict Blood Vessels
which WILL Alter Feather Growth and Even Affecting Bone Growth.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

For Juvenile and Adult Swans with a Severe Angel Wing,
Surgical Pinioning of the Affected Wing may be an Appropriate
Treatment where the Wing Tip and Feathers are being Damaged.

I have Observed a Few Adult Swans with a Few Wing Feathers that became Misaligned when they were Pinioned.. These were just a Bit out of Order.

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Watch for this Wing Sagging as your Cygnets are Growing.
You Might be Able to Help..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

We Brought Little “Hannah” into our Lives when she was 10 Months Old.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Our Little “Hannah” came from a Farm of Very Poor Care..
She had a Very Minor Wing Tip Twist. Just “a Little Angel Wing.”

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

She Matured into a Very Sweet “Maiden” Swan..

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Swan Angel Wing Deformity

I have Observed more “Angel Wing Deformities”
then I Worked with them.
I do know a BackYard Domestic Waterfowl Rescuer
that has Successfully Corrected Ducklings Wings,
that Start to Develop “Angel Wing Deformity.”

Duck Angel Wing Deformity

I have Done Lots of Reading along the Way.
Which has Contributed Greatly to my Basic Understanding
of this Waterfowl Syndrome..

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Organized and Compiled by Linda M. Sweger – August 2020
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Swan Angel Wing Deformity

If I had a Magic Wand !

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

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Beautiful Mute Swan Wings