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TOO FIX a SWAN is TOO RISKY to Control their Reproduction.

November 21st, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in DO NOT Spay or Neuter Swans - (Comments Off on TOO FIX a SWAN is TOO RISKY to Control their Reproduction.)
 DO NOT Sterilize Swans

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DO NOT Sterilize Swans

SPAY – Sterilize a Female Mammal by Removing their Ovaries.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

NEUTER – Sterilize a Male Mammal by Removing their Testicles.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

( Hint – Hint ) Swans are NOT Mammals..

Over the Years, I have Read Various Articles onLine that Haunt me.
Articles about Attempts to Sterilize Mute Swans to Control Feral Populations.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

The Inhumane Planned Cruelty toward Mute Swans is Unbelievable..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Having Spent Years Working with Mute Swans and their Cygnets,
I know how much Personality they have.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans
DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Yes, Swan Cobs have BIG Personalities, often a Challenge..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Many Swans are Gentle and Sweet.. Social, Interactive.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans
DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Growing Cygnets are Adorable, Innocent.. like Funny Young Children..
They will Nod “Hello” when just Days Old.. Their Vocals are All Different.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans
DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Many of Us, Love our Swans the Same way Others Love their Cats and Dogs.. Horses, Goats or Reptiles etc.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

It is Important to be RESPONSIBLE for all the Animals and Birds we Bring
into our Lives.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

The Topic of Sterilizing Mute Swans Comes Up Here and There for Various Reasons.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

There are NO Mentions of Sterilizing Trumpeter or Tundra Swans.
Generally it is a DNR WildLife “Plan” to Prevent Mute Swan Reproduction.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

These Surgical Procedures have been Requested by WildLife Agencies in
some States where Mute Swans are Strictly Limited and/or Require a Permit.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Many States want to Eradicate Mute Swans Completely from their Public Lands and WaterWays and to Prohibit Private Property Ownership..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Wildlife Biologists say Feral Mute Swans cause a variety of Problems, including Aggressive Behavior toward People and other Birds.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

They are Blamed for Destruction of Aquatic Vegetation, Degradation of Water Quality, Displacement of Native Wildlife Species.
Competing for Nesting Areas of Various Waterfowl.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

And their Potential Hazards to Aviation. Especially near Airports.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

These are ALL Environmental Problems that also Occur with other Swan Species. But, I ONLY Read about Mute Swans being the Trouble-Makers.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

In some States where the Public has been Pushing-Back
a few WildLife Service have been trying to find a Compromise..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

In some Very Strict States, to Own Mute Swans they may NOT Reproduce. NO EGGs may HATCH.

WildLife Agencies want a more Permanent way to Stop Feral Mute Swans Hatching Cygnets..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

They also want to Stop Mute Swan Culling Programs.
And/or Stop Annual Programs Addling and Oiling the Spring Eggs..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Culling – Reduction of a Wild Animal Population by Selective Slaughter.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans
DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Addling – The Act of Causing Fertilized Eggs to Lose Viability,
Killing the Developing Embryo by Shaking, Piercing, Freezing
or Oiling, without Breaking the Egg Shells.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

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Twice in Recent Years, Swan Owners I know have had to Push-back
when a WildLife Agency Demanded they have their Female or Male Mute Swans Sterilized. … @1 (more details below)

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

There were Effort in Years Past to Sterlize Mute Swans..
Most of these Swans did not Survive these Programs.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

The Death Rate after Surgery was Terrible.. Average 90% or MORE .!

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

They Killed Hundreds of Swans trying to do these Specialized
Procedures on Male and Female Swans. The Thought is Sickening.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

It is VERY Likely a Healthy Swans will have a Fatal Outcome
from these Invasive MAJOR Surgeries.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

DO NOT be Talking into this.. to Prevent Reproduction.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

It is Important to have and KNOW the FACTs.
If You should NEED Supportive Information Contact Avian Specialists:

Avian Veterinarians.. Avian Specialists at Major Zoos..
Avian Pathology Specialist at your State Department of Agriculture.
Avian Specialists at Veterinarian Schools..

Another Source of Information..
Might be a VERY Experienced Swan Breeder.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

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The REASON you Should NOT Spay a FEMALE Bird..SWAN
IS their Anatomy is not like a Female Mammal..

They do not have an Isolated Uterus for an Embro to Develop
and their Eggs are Formed in a Tissue Ovary Mass

(No Isolated Ovaries).

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

This Tissue Ovary Mass is fed by a Large Blood Supply.
They would require General Anesthesia..

Very Invasive High RISK Abdominal Surgery with all the Post Op Care…

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The REASON you Should NOT Neuter a MALE Bird.. SWAN
IS their Anatomy is no like a Male Mammal..

It would not be a “Snip and Clip” Procedure.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Their Gonads/Testicles are Deep inside their Body..
not in an Exterior Scrotal Pouch.

They would require General Anesthesia..
Very Invasive High RISK Abdominal Surgery with all the Post Op Care…

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Avian Gonads – Ovary Mass/Testicles are Attached to the Larger Blood Vessels in the Body.

Nicking or Ripping these Blood Supplies while Remove the Gonads will Likely Kill the Swans. Blood Loss could be Severe with NO Way to Replace.

Attempts to Spay or Neuter MAY Kill most Swans.
ANY Avian Veterinarians will know this is VERY Risky.
These Surgical Techniques have not been Perfected.

The Risky Removal of Avian Reproductive Organs is to Treat Disease:
Examples, Testicular Cancer or Tumors of the Oviduct.
A “Last Chance” to Save a Bird..

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ARTICLE: January 30, 2007
Shooting Mute Swans versus Mute Swans Shooting Blanks

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

The Wisconsin DNR will allow Citizens in three Southern Counties
in their State to “adopt” Wild Mute Swans and Spare them from
Approved Lethal Control Measures, (Destroying the Swans)
provided they Pay to have them Sterilized. (Average Fee $700.00)

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

This Barbaric Program in Wisconsin was to Allow the Public to “Adopt”
a Swan and have that Swan Sterilized.. Banded and Released.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

All Neutered Mute Swans would be Banded in accordance with
USGS Bird Banding Laboratory Swan Protocol by DNR Staff prior to Release.

If WildLife Agents were Culling Random Feral Mute Swans were they able to See the Small Metal Leg Bands.. ??
Did the Few that were Released have much Chance.. ??

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Plus, if an “Adopted” – “Sterilized” – “Released” Mute Swan Flew to a
Different County… it had NOT Protection – Leg Band or No Leg Band.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

This Gruesome Attempt to “Sterilize” Mute Swans ENDED..
(Thank Goodness.)

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Memories.

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The Referenced OnLine Articles below are Available to Read
Cut and Paste into your Browser.. if you want to Read the Full Articles.
The WebSites are Checked and Active November 2020

*****************

http://invasivespecies.blogspot.com/2007/01/adopt-swan.html
Invasive Species Weblog Author: Jennifer Forman Orth
Friday, January 26, 2007 Adopt-A-Swan

******************

NY eyes plan to shoot, sterilize invasive mute swans
along Lake Ontario, elsewhere 2014

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LONG ISLAND …March 9, 2015
State now plans to reduce mute swan population, not kill them

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LONG ISLAND …March 20, 2015
Letter: No reliable study of mute swans

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Mute Swans in New York …December 2019
A Final Management Plan to Prevent Population Growth
and Minimize Impacts of an Invasive Species

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There are Other Articles OnLine.
DNR – WildLife Biologists are Either Unaware of how Difficult
“Sterilizing” Swans will be.. How Risky – Lethal…
Or they Know and are Pushing this to Eliminate more Mute Swans.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

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Over Time I have Talked with at Least Four Veterinarians in our Area..
Ask what they know about “Sterilizing” Birds – Swans.
Not One had any Knowledge or felt it was Worth looking into.

I have spent several Days, Searching the Internet for ANY Information.
…. Not a Single Positive Comment.
…Only Done for Serious Medical Treatment.

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While Researching Information,
I have Found Suggestions for Chemical Sterilization.. which is Unreliable. No Studies have been done to Know what Dose is Safe and Effective..

One Article Mentioned using XRay .. which Sounded DRASTIC.
Again, NO Studies to know What Treatment is Effective.
The Stress to the Swans to even Attempt this.. NOT Worth it.

Chemical Contraceptives are not commonly used on Waterfowl.
Contraceptives are increasingly used for the Control of some
Avian Reproduction Research and for Therapeutic Reasons.

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@1 One Example of a WildLife Agency Demanding Young Female
Mute Swans be Sterilized occurred when a Lake Community
Home Owners Association Rescued Two Female Cygnets
through a One Time Agreement with their State DNR. (Very Surprising)

The Mute Swan Cygnets were Pinioned and DNA Checked.. Both Female.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

The Young Female Cygnets (Same Sex Pairing) were Release to Live
on a Lovely Lake Surrounded by a Number of Homes..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

The Home Owners Association taking the Responsibility for these Cygnets and their Future Care had No Previous Experience with Swans.
Lots to Learn.. The Neighbors Welcomed these Young Swans.

The DNR WildLife Service Required the H.O.A. to Prevent any Future
Cygnets Hatching.
The H.O.A. Planned to do this Requirement they had Agreed to.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

(THE BIG CONCERN) As I talked with their Primary SwanKeeper, we Discussed they had Agreed to have these Female Swans Sterilized by
the Time they would be Two Years Old. !!!!!

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

The State’s Reason: There are enough Rogue Feral Male Swans that might
Fly-in – Visit these Females during the Early Spring, Resulting in Fertile Eggs.
@2 (Note to Follow)

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

When I heard this, the Hair on my Neck went into Panic Mode..
I REMEMBERED the onLine Articles from Years Ago..
All the Swans that Died when they Attempted to Spay/Neuter Swans…
I started to Search /Read.. and I have not found ANY GOOD Outcomes..
or Anyone Recommending this Type of Procedure..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

For Three Months the DNR Waterfowl Agent INSIST that the Females,
now 18-20 Months Old be Surgically Sterilized.

The H.O.A. Provided information and Contacts to Avian Veterinarians
who would Attesting to the Very High Risk this would be..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

The DNR Agent did not Care and Continued to Insist..
This was their Terms for this Rescue-Adoption to Private Citizens.
Stating that this is the Same as Agreeing to Spay a Cat or Dog
Adopted from a Rescue Group..

The H.O.A. spent many Hours making Calls, Seeking Attorney Advice..
There was NO Reasoning with the DNR Agent..
It was a Scary Fact that the DNR Could Remove the Females and Destroy them if the H.O.A. did Not Comply.

Finally, Getting in Touch with the Swan Experts at the
Regal Swan Foundation in Florida. A Letter from them ENDED
this Demand.. and Annual Spoiling their Eggs would be Acceptable..
This took Months of Worry for the H.O.A. who were willing to do
what is Safe and Responsible.. Spoiling their Eggs..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

As I Write this Account.. These Beautiful Swan Maidens are doing Fine.
Adored by their Lake Community.. (Maiden Swans have not Nested Yet.)

To ME: The Safest and Most Responsible way to Prevent their Eggs
Hatching is to OIL or Spray with Baking Spray.. and Spoil the Eggs.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

OR Remove the Real Fertile or Unfertile Eggs and Substitute Dummy Replacement Eggs.
I had Wooden Eggs Turned to use under our Female..
The Pen Below was Another “Must be Sterilized” Story.. @3 Notes Below.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
https://swanlovers.net/category/swan-replacement-eggs/

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

The Eggs our Pen Lays are seldom Fertile and become FOUL before she is done “Sitting.”

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

So, we Replace the Nasty Eggs and allow her to finish her Incubation Time.
Mute Swan Pens NEED to “Sit” on Non-Fertile Eggs for 42 Days
to Prevent Recycling. (And Laying another Clutch of Eggs.)

DO NOT Sterilize Swans
DO NOT Sterilize Swans

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@2 Here in PA, even with very few Feral Mute Swans, we have had to DEAL
with at least Three Rogue Swans MESSING up a Stable Swan Pond Situation. So, I do know Male and Female Rogue Swans are a Real Possibility..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

I Frequently Speak with Folks who have a Lone Feral Swan Fly into their
Ponds or Lake. Some Rogues Stay for a Period of Time to the Delight of these People. They are Usually Full-Wing.. then Gone with a Cool Breeze.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

The Above Feral Rogue Female Changed our Entire Swan World.

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@3 In a Different State.. On a Large Resort Pond where Swans had Lived for over 30 Years, there is NOW a Strict DNR Management Policy.
– NO CYGNETs may Hatch..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

For the Swans to Stay on the Resorts’ Pond, DNR was Insisting Either the Female (6 Years Old) or Male (33 Years Old ) be Sterilized.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

We had Done a Wooden Egg Swap-Out.. but that was not Acceptable.

This time Several Phone Calls to a Large Zoo,
and a Avian Expert or Twos.. the DNR Accepted these the Professional Information.

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Instead INSISTING on Spoiling the Spring Eggs themselves, to be Sure it was Done..

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

We Checked the Eggs we Removed from their Nest.. None were Fertile.

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Professional Information Resources in 2021

The REGAL SWAN FOUNDATION, Inc.
The Regal Swan® Project, Veterinarians Study and Document
the Care of Swans in Captive Settings such as Hotels, Resorts,
Golf Courses and other related sites.

Contact Sheila Bolin, Orange Lake Resort & Country Club
(Email: Bolin.S@att.net) or tel: (407) 239-2292 or

Address: 1305 E Robinson St, Orlando, FL 32801
Phone: 1 (407) 931-6838 www.theregalswan.com

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KNOX SWAN and DOG – Bob’s Cell (847) 875-3947

Knox Swan & Dog LLC www.canadiangoosecontrol.com
Canada Goose Control Service in North Barrington, Illinois
Address: 75 Saddle Tree Lane, North Barrington, IL 60010
Phone: (847) 304-1230

***********************************************************************

Information Compiled by (c) L.M.Sweger …. November 2020

DO NOT Sterilize Swans

Memories.

***********************************************************************

SWAN FEEDING STATION IDEAs

October 10th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in FEEDING STATIONS for Swans - (Comments Off on SWAN FEEDING STATION IDEAs)
Swan Feeding Stations

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Swan Feeding Stations

There are as MANY Ways to Feed your Swans as there are Pond.
“Try This” and then “Try That”.. (Sound Familiar)

Swan Feeding Stations

Until you find what Works Best for Your Swans.
AND You..

Swan Feeding Stations

I have Organize some Information for you to be Aware of..
and Various Images of Swan Feeding “Ideas” we and others have Tried.

Swan Feeding Stations

Some were NOT Safe.. We were Learning..

Some Examples are from Swan Ponds we would Visit..
Example this Golf Course Pond. A Very UNSAFE Way to Feed their Swans.

Swan Feeding Stations

The Good, the Bad & the UnSafe.

Beautiful, Graceful, Healthy Swans are a Delight to Behold.

Swan Feeding Stations

Once Pinioned or Clipped to Ground Swans,
They depend on their Caretakers to Provide a Healthy Diet.
Captive Swans are Domestic Pets.

Swan Feeding Stations

If a Pond or Lake has Lots of Natural Plant Growth, Insects,
Tadpoles, Worms, Snails, Grubs, etc. Swan will Do Well with
a Small Amount of Supplemental Feed..

Swan Feeding Stations

Non-Toxic Algae Blooms and Tiny Floating DuckWeeds are a Swan Buffet..
A more Natural Diet.. “Pond Stew.”

Swan Feeding Stations

Observe what Water Plants are Available through the Seasons..

Swan Feeding Stations

Plants Growing in the Water are FULL of Natural Minerials and Vitamins.

Swan Feeding Stations

Not All Ponds have Adequate Plants for a Healthy Diet.

Swan Feeding Stations

Ponds, Lakes and Lawns Treated with Herbicides will Alter Under Water
Plant Grown.. Beautiful to View.. Barron of Food for WaterFowl.

Swan Feeding Stations

A Public Lake Treated with a VERY Dark Shade Plant Control Product.
THERE is NOTHING for the Swans to Eat..

Swan Feeding Stations

The Pond below has a Summer Growth of DuckWeed..
DuckWeed is a Great Food for Waterfowl.

Swan Feeding Stations

There will be Tender Plants and Water Insect Critters for Munching.

Swan Feeding Stations

Consider NOT ALL Plants are Edible.. Observe what the Swans are Eating.

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

Large Populations of Pond Fish… Koi, Carp, Chinese Grass Carp, etc.,

Swan Feeding Stations

Will Consume a Large Quantity of UnderWater Plants..
As the Population of Fish Increase.. Fewer UnderWater Plant are Available.

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Feeding Swans in the Winter – Be Careful and Creative.

Swan Feeding Stations

Remember to Supply More Commercial Feed/Corn Mixture in Colder Months. In Pennsylvania from Halloween to Saint Patrick’s Day.

Swan Feeding Stations

Depending on the Winter Conditions, Swans will need more
Calories when they are Subject to Winter’s Cold Temperatures.
They need Daily Food for the Quick Energy Calories to keep Warm.

Swan Feeding Stations

The MAIN Goal is for the Swans to have a Healthy Diet..
and for you to be Safe when you are Feeding them.

Swan Feeding Stations

We Used an Extra Long Handle Pond Skimmer Net to Push the Food OUT to
the Edge of the Ice Ledge. These Feral Swans were Living along the River.
We Never Knew Where we would be Visiting Them.
We could not Leave a Feed Container for them.

Swan Feeding Stations

During the Winter, inside a Shelter.. You will need to have a Heated Bowl
for Water or the Water may Freeze.
Heated Bowls are Available onLine and at most Farm Supply Stores.

Swan Feeding Stations

Feeding Adult Swans – Captive Swans Need to be Fed
https://swanlovers.net/category/feed-captive-swans/

Swan Feeding Stations

Grazing on or in the Water is more Natural for the Swans.

Swan Feeding Stations

These Swans are on Private Ponds.

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

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Swan Feeding Stations

Years Ago, While doing an Online Search I came across these Images.
The Article was Written in Russian.. I was intrigued.

Swan Feeding Stations

Spending Years Visiting and Feeding Swans.. Camera in Hand.
These are Views I have not had the Ability to Capture.

Swan Feeding Stations

I want to THANK Victor Lyagushkin for Pursuing this Photo Project.

Swan Feeding Stations

From the Blog: FORANIMALLOVER
Why Swans have Long Necks…Posted by ms.tk
By Daily Mail Reporter March 7, 2012

Swan Feeding Stations

Swan Dive: National Geographic Photographer Victor Lyagushkin,
took these Incredible Underwater Pictures of Swans Diving for Food
at the Blue Lake in Southern Russia.

Swan Feeding Stations

Because they can not Dive like Ducks, they need their Long Necks.
Photographer, Victor Lyagushkin’s Eye-Popping Underwater
Pictures of Swans Stretching for their Food Shows,
“Why Swans have such Beautifully Long Necks.”

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

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This Topic Page has Examples.. to Spark Ideas for your Pond.

Swan Feeding Stations

Swans are Grazers.. they Nibble throughout the Day.

Swan Feeding Stations

When Food-Feed is only available Once or Twice a Day,
shared from a Tub or Bucket for Assorted Waterfowl,
a Swan will Gobble in a hurry knowing there will be
Nothing until the Bucket is filled Later or the Next Day.

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

This is NOT Normal Eating Behavior for a Swan.
This is the way Ducks and Geese Eat.. they are Gobblers.

Swan Feeding Stations

If at all Possible, ONLY Feed Swans by their Pond – Lake.

Swan Feeding Stations

Try to find a Way to Feed your Swans so they do Not Need
to Leave the Water. They are SAFEST in the Water.

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

About a Cup of Mixed Floating Cereals is a Nice Treat.

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Well Fed Swans Eat VERY Little at Night..
They Grazed from SunRise to SunSet.

Swan Feeding Stations

Instinctively, Swans Float Quietly out in the Deeper Water at Night..
Trying not to be Noticed. They are Prey Birds..

Swan Feeding Stations

They Sleep VERY Lightly at Night.. Taking Turns. (unless alone)
They may Sleep more during the Day along the Banks..

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

Put Feed out in Early AM – have Available During the Day.

Swan Feeding Stations

Swans Normally Start Grazing around SunRise..
They do Look Forward to BreakFast… Cute..

Swan Feeding Stations

You will See them Nodding “Hello” and Snorting “Thank You.”

Swan Feeding Stations

It is Wise to take the Feed Container in at SunSet to Discourage Rodents
Raiding the Feed. Smaller Rodent may Attract Larger Predators..

Swan Feeding Stations

Feed and Corn will Attract Mice, Shrews, Moles, Voles, Rats,
Muskrats, Mink, Squirrels, Rabbits, Woodchucks, Opossums,
Skunks, Deer, Raccoons. .. I am Sure I Missed a Few.

Swan Feeding Stations

All these Rodents may be Carrying Dangerous Diseases/Parasites.
As they Raid a Feed Container, Rodents Contaminate the Feed
with Saliva, Urine and Droppings.

Swan Feeding Stations

There are Several Nasty Diseases carried by Raccoons.
Raccoons – Their CUTE Faces.. Mask Many Dangers..

Swan Feeding Stations

Raccoon are a known Rabies Vector.
They Carry other Pathogens – Baylisascaris,
Leptospirosis, Listeriosis, Tetanus, and Tularemia.

Swan Feeding Stations

Baylisascaris infection is caused by a Roundworm
Found in an Average of 80% of Wild Raccoons.
This Roundworm can infect People as well as a Variety
of other Animals, including Dogs.

Swan Feeding Stations

Children MAY pick up Raccoon Roundworm by Playing
in their own Back Yard!

The Parasites Invade the Eyes (ocular larva migrans),
Body Organs (visceral larva migrans)
And/or the Brain (neural larva migrans).

You do not want Raccoons “Pooping” where Children will be Playing.

Swan Feeding Stations

Raccoons are a Predator for your Swans/Waterfowl.
They Steal their Eggs. Raccoons are Feeding their Young in the Spring Time.

Swan Feeding Stations

Many Swans have their Eggs Stolen during the Night by Raccoons.

Swan Feeding Stations

Scuffle Scratches with your Swans may become Infected..
AND, Raccoon are Responsible for Killing MANY Swans..
They Typically take only the Head.

Needing to Remove Raccoons seems to be an Endless Problem..

Do NOT Hesitate Arranging to have Raccoons
REMOVED from you Property.
There are Professional Wildlife Removal Services
who will be able to do this Safely.

Swan Feeding Stations

The Smaller Rodents may Attract the Larger Night Predators.
The Carnivores – Fox, Coyotes, Coywolves, Bobcats, Roaming Feral Cats.

Swan Feeding Stations

Depending on your Location maybe a Bear would be Attracted to a Feed Container.

Swan Feeding Station

Feed and/or Small Rodents may Attract Skunks, Weasels, Mink.
These may Snatch the small Ducklings, Goslings and Cygnets.

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

Keeping the Swans’ Feet in the Water while they Eat helps keep them Safe.

Swan Feeding Stations

Swans WANT Water with their Feed-Food.
Wet Feeds go down the Swan Esophagus Easily..

Swan Feeding Stations

For Swans to Eat DRY FEED, Extrudes or Pellets without Water,
there is a RISK of the Feed Absorbing a little Moisture in their Esphagus,
Clumping, getting STUCK, Blocking Swallowing,
and Causing a Condition called “CHOKE.”

Swan Feeding Stations

Especially, if a Swan tries to Eat Dry Feed TOO Fast.

This can be VERY Serious.. an Emergency.

Swan Feeding Stations

In our Back Yard Rescue/Recovery Enclosure…
This Polyvinyl Toboggan Worked Well as a Feed Station.

Feeding Station for Swans

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DO NOT PUT SWAN FOOD ON THE GROUND

Swan Feeding Stations

Dumping Swan Feed on the Ground or on Rocks is Wasteful..
The Feed is Very Difficult for Swans to Pick-up..

Swan Feeding Stations

Wet Feed, Corn and Vegetables can be Sucked-up Easily with Water.

Swan Feeding Stations

There is Always some Feed Left in the Dirt.

Swan Feeding Stations

Leftover Dry Feed or Corn on the Ground Encourages Rodents,
Mold, Insects, Parasites, etc. Plus Swans Poop in/on the Feed..
This is a VERY Poor Practice.

Swan Feeding Stations

Feed on the Ground will lead to More Environmental Diseases.
Bacteria, Fungal, Mold, Mildew, Protozoal & Parasite Disease.

Roundworms are intestinal Parasites that can affect both you
and your Pets AND SWANs.

Swan Feeding Stations

Roundworms include Hookworms and Whipworms.
Hookworm Infections can cause Anemia and Affect Physical Growth.
AND Death.

Swan Feeding Stations

Your Swans can be Infected by the Same Parasites as your Dogs.

Ascaris Roundworms can cause Intestinal Disease,
leading to Blockages and Perforation of the Intestinal Wall.

Swan Feeding Stations

A Common Parasite – Giardia is very common in Pennsylvania Pond/Lake/River Waters.

During Warm Weather Insects and All Types of Flies will lay their Eggs
in any Feed Material that is Damp on the Ground.
…There will be MAGGOTs in a few days.

MAGGOTs : This was a Sub-Topic that I Learned some Surprising Things.

Swan Feeding Stations

I do not want to get into the Details.. But, there are BackYard Poultry Folks
that Raise Maggots in their Vegetable Scraps. Then Feed these Protein Rich
Maggots to their Chickens and other Farm Animals.
This Maggot Farming is Controlling the Flies-Insect Larva they are Growing.

Swan Feeding Stations

Free Flying Flies and Insects may Carry Disease from their Out & About
Feeding Behavior. They are Attracted to POOP !!!
There is Risk of Serious Diseases in the Maggots found in Spoiling Poultry Grains-Feeds.
On Average, it takes 3 Days for Insect Eggs to Hatch into Maggots.

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

DO NOT PUT FEED for Swans on the Ground.

Swan Feeding Stations

Mute Swans can Live a Very Long Time with Good Care. (And Luck)
The Less they need to Dig in the Mud/Dirt for Nutrition,
the Less Chance they will acquire Parasites, Ingest Toxic Molds, etc.
You will NOT Prevent All Diseases – but you can Reduce the Risks..

Swan Feeding Stations

The Retention Pond Above was not Tested for Blue-Green Algae.
The Swans Left the Pond on their Own in the Mid- July Heat
and Spent Several Weeks on the Property Stream.
The Pond Water was NOT Safe for them to be in.. The Swans Knew it.

Swan Feeding Stations

During Warm Dry Months, Stagnant Muddy Water may
put Waterfowl at Risk of Fatal Clostridia Bacteria.

We Lost Two Beautiful Females to Clostrida Infection they Developed
during Nesting.. When they were Not Eating and Flushing these Pathogenic
Bacteria through their Intestinal Track.. It was HeartBreaking.

Swan Feeding Stations

We Learned what caused their Deaths.. by having a Necropsy
Preformed at the PA Department of Agriculture Pathology Laboratory.

****************************************************************

There is Value in having a Necropy when Swans Die of Unknown Cause.
You may be able to Treat and Save their Companion or Mate..

Years ago, when a Basically Healthy Male Swan died, the Owner thought
she might have Poisoned the Cob by Putting Rat Poison out.
The Cob was Found not Sleeping – but Dead..

Swan Feeding Stations

There was Spilled Feed all over the Ground.. (Several Feeding Stations)
and Rats were Scurrying about Raiding the Feed Buckets.
Rat Droppings were Readily seen in the Feed.

The Cob Frequently Ate the Feed that was Laying on the Ground..

Swan Feeding Stations

The Rat Poison had been Carefully placed where the Swans
would not get into it.. Could he have Gotten some of the Poison ???

We Arranged for a Necropsy at the PA Department of Agriculture
Animal Pathology Laboratory, to Learn what really happened.

There was NO Sign of Ingested Rat Poison in the Cob’s Body..
Most Rat Poisons have a Blue-Green Dye that can be Seen
during the Gross Necropsy.. …The Lab Studies told the Story.

Swan Feeding Stations

So Sad, “Lynn” a Gentle Cob, Died from Avian Cholera.
Likely from Rat Saliva Contaminating the Feed on the Ground.

*********************************************************************

Whole Corn Softens in Very Shallow Water..

Swan Feeding Stations

The Swans can Suck-Up the Feed/Corn.

Swan Feeding Stations

Always put in Shallow Water where they can See the Bottom.
This will Help them Avoid Snapping Turtles that Sneak Close..

Swan Feeding Stations

By 3-4 Months. Mute Cygnets will do OK with WET Whole Shell Corn.

Swan Feeding Stations

With the Smaller Black Australian.. Wait until they are Older.
Watch them Closely when offering Wet Whole Corn..

Swan Feeding Stations

Any Feed Put Out for Swans should be Checked Daily.
In the Summer it Spoils VERY Easily if it gets Wet.
Spoiled/Soured Feed can make a Swan VERY Sick.

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

Not Sure Why…. but, the Swans Show Little Interest in Eating.

Swan Feeding Stations

***********************************************************************

Swan Feeding Stations

DO NOT use Metal Containers as Feed or Water Dishes..
Use Clean Dedicated Polyvinyl Containers for Feed Safety.

Swan Feeding Stations

Is PVC Safe for My Bird?
MakeYourOwnBirdToys.commakeyourownbirdtoys.com

Swan Feeding Stations

Although the Manufacture of PVC is NOT an Environmentally
Friendly Process, the Stability of the final Product in its Rigid Form
Renders it Non-Toxic and Safe for Birds.

Swan Feeding Stations

Most Farm and Feed Supply Stores will have an Assortment
of Animal Safe Containers.

Swan Feeding Stations

Is Plastic Safe for Birds?
MakeYourOwnBirdToys.commakeyourownbirdtoys.com
Brittle Plastics should not be given to Larger Birds because
when they Break Very Sharp, Cutting Edges are formed and
if Swallowed Accidentally could Result in Ruptured Organs.

Swan Feeding Stations

Degrading Plastics release Environmental Damaging Chemicals
– Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) and Dioxins.

DO NOT use a Container that had any Chemicals in it..
You can Wash them.. but, there will be Residuals in the Surface.

Swan Feeding Stations

A Container Originally used for FOOD.. OK.. Like Flour, Donut Mix, etc.
We Found Very Nice 5 Gallon Buckets at a Donut Store for $1.00.

Swan Feeding Stations

You can get NEW Food Safe 5 Gallon Buckets for about $6-8.00.

Swan Feeding Stations

One of My New Swan Friends Shared this Idea… I LOVE This..
Their Swans are Safely Eating in the Water ! ! !

Swan Feeding Stations

GREAT Idea… A 5 Gallon Vinyl Bucket.. and Kitchen Vinyl Colander.. !!
This Feeding Station Bucket has the Bottom Removed. That Allows the
Bucket Base to be Twist-Wiggled into the Soft Silt-Mud in their Pond’s
Shallow Water. Easy to Move About as Needed.
Having the Bucket Bottom Removed makes it Extra Easy to Clean.

Swan Feeding Stations

In Many of the Pond and Lake we have Visited. The Rocks and Shale would
Prevent Pushing the Bucket into a Soft Silt-Mud Substratum.
It is Likely, that Partially Filling with Water,
the Bucket with Intact Bottom would be Stable in Shallow Water.
This is a Great Idea – With or Without the Bucket Bottom.

Swan Feeding Stations

Adjust the Height for Easy Eating for the Swans..

Swan Feeding Stations

Hello, Sweet Swans. It Time for Dinner !

Swan Feeding Stations

THANKS for SHARING – H.Thomas..

*******************************************************************

Wood Feed Boxes.. Often Build by Creative, Caring Hands..
They Look Nice. But, Out in the Elements.. they are Not Safe.

Swan Feeding Stations

Feed will get Wet. These are Difficult to Clean Completely.
Molds, Fungus and Bacteria will Grow in the Wood Cracks.

Swan Feeding Stations

The Wooden Feeder above…Over Time became UNSAFE !!
This Did Prevented the Canada Geese from Reaching the Feed..

Swan Feeding Stations

Glass – Ceramic – Pottery BREAK – Small Broken Pieces might be Eaten.

AVOID METAL FEED CONTAINERs
Aluminum, Copper, Tin, Zinc, Lead, Brass, Iron will
Contaminate their Feed, Risking Heavy Metal Poisoning..

Swan Feeding Stations

Birds are VERY Sensitive to Heavy Metal Poisoning.
I was Surprised.. Even Stainless Steel is to be Avoided.

Swan Feeding Stations

The MOST Common Heavy Metal Concern is Lead Poisoning.
Old Fishing Sinkers, Lead Shot in the Water..
Flaking – Rusting Galvanized Metal Container.

Swan Feeding Stations

Porcelain Pans – Bowls Most Cook Ware have Metal Cores.
Cast Iron and Aluminium Pots React with Fermenting Feeds.

Swan Feeding Stations

*** Swans are VERY Sensitive to METAL.
Best NOT to Store their Extra Feed Mixture in a Metal Container.
UNLESS it is Lined with a HEAVY Plastic Bag..
or Kept in the Original Feed Bags.

Stored Feed will Attract Rodents..
Storing in a Sturdy Metal Container may be Necessary..
Line it So the Feed does not Touch the Metal..

*****************************************************************

Having a Mixed Population of Waterfowl – Swans, Geese and Ducks..
you will need to have Different Feeding Containers.

Swan Feeding Stations

Shallow Dishes around the Pond for the Shorter Ducks and Geese..

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

And a Swan Feed Container Mounted or Arranged for the Swans.

Swan Feeding Stations

Some Corn and Pellets BroadCast out on the Pond Surface for Grazing .
Floating the Lettuce for all the Waterfowl..

Swan Feeding Stations

There are ways to Discourage Wild Geese..

Swan Feeding Stations

Arrange the Feed Containers about 18 Inches High..
Adjust for your Shortest Swan..

Swan Feeding Stations

This Covered Bucket Feeder was Home Crafted…. Nicely Done.
The Front Opening to Access the Feed Mixture is 18 Inches above the Water.
The Swans can Keep their Feet in the Water. They can Eat some of the Feed
Mix they Drop.. AND, their CareTakers can Safely Service the Feeder.

Swan Feeding Stations

Swans are VERY Messy, Wasteful Eaters.
A Few Ducks are Good for Clean-up.

Swan Feeding Stations

We have Noticed that on Snowy or Rainy Days..
the Swans Eat Much Less – if at All. Not Sure Why… ??
But, we would just put some Corn Out on Bad Weather Days.

Swan Feeding Stations

During Winter Months, the MOST Important thing to Consider
is the Safety of the People Feeding the Swans..
Working around a Pond, or Lake .. Frost, Ice, Packed Snow..
Take Extra Care..

Swan Feeding Stations

Are you Familiar with Ice Cleats.. ??? THESE WORK. !!!
Most Sporting Goods Stores Carry these.

These were the First Cleats I Found.. I have Used them for YEARS !
There are Small Spikes that Grip into Packed Snow and Ice.

Swan Feeding Stations

There are Cleats that will Fit on Boots and Shoes.
There are a Wide Variety of Brands to Choose from.

DO NOT Walk on a Solid Surfaces with these..
Like Side Walks, Asphalt or a Tile Floor … then they are Slippery ! ! !

Swan Feeding Stations

Try to Find a Place you will be SAFE Servicing their Food in the Winter.

Swan Feeding Stations

Winter, with Snow and Ice.. think ahead where you will be Safe.
The First Year you will be getting to know the Swans
and all the Variation that make Things Work for your Pond.

Swan Feeding Stations

********************************************************************

Stationary Feeders Work Well for a Pond where the Water Level
is Fairly Constant.

Swan Feeding Stations

SWAN FEEDER – Aut-O-Dine 25
A Dry Dog Feed Container Adapted for Swans.

This is a Common Feeder Used by Folks with Swans..
These will keep all but a few Geese OUT.. if Positioned Properly.

Swan Feeding Stations

These LOOK like a GREAT Idea.. Well, Review this Topic Page.

Swan Feeder – Aut-O-Dine 25
https://swanlovers.net/category/swan-feeder-aut-o-dine-25/

When there are Canada Geese.

Swan Feeding Stations

The Basic Idea is to have the Opening about 18 Inches High..
Watch to be sure the Shortest Swan can Reach the Feed..
This way very few of the Canada Geese can Raid the Feed..

If the Water Level goes UP Canada Geese can Help themselves.

Swan Feeding Stations

If the Water Level goes DOWN the Swans may not be able to Reach..

Swan Feeding Stations

If you see the Swans Nibbling Comfortably then they are Happy..

Swan Feeding Stations

Over the Years I have “Heard” of several Problems with Box Type Feeders.

Tube Nests of Mud Dauber Wasps..

Swan Feeding Stations

Wasp Nests inside the Roof.. YOU MAY GET a PAINFUL SURPRISE !!!

A Paper Wasp Nest…

Swan Feeding Stations

Another One, Maggots from Flies being attracted to the Protein
in the Feed..after it was Damp.. You have NO Idea what Pile of Poop these
Flies may have Visited before Depositing their Eggs in the Damp Feed.
YUCK !!!! Frequent Cleaning helps..

Swan Feeding Stations

It takes about 3 Days for Insect Eggs to Hatch..

Seems there is Always Something to Worry with.. Sigh !

********************************************************************

Swan Feeding Stations

A Simple Bucket can be an Easy Feeder..
Be Aware Handles can be a Tangle Hazard.
Tie them Fast.. or Remove.. or Anchor with a Stake..

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

********************************************************************

Swan Feeding Stations

A BIG BASKET with a Vinyl Bowl Liner..
Try Different Containers.. The Swans will Adapt…

Swan Feeding Stations

Depending the Container.. Some will need to be Weighted
with a Heavy Flat Stone.. or Anchored with a Stake..
Avoid “Loose” Ropes.. Tangle Hazard..

When we had our Swans at a Local Country Club we used these
Large Baskets. (Used – from the Good Will Stores)
One Lined with a Gallon Vinyl Bowl.

Swan Feeding Stations

Another Basket for their Vegetable Salad.

Swan Feeding Stations

It allowed the Cold Pond Water in and kept the Vegetable
from the Large Carp in the Pond. The Swans could Graze all Day.

Swan Feeding Stations

Swans Are Vegetarians
https://swanlovers.net/category/swans-are-vegetarians/

Swan Feeding Stations

We Dumped any left over Veggies & Feed – Refreshed Daily.
(The Carp and Blue Gills Cleaned-up.)

Swan Feeding Stations

We could move the Baskets when needed..

Swan Feeding Station

We used a Garden Tool – Cultivator to Move the Baskets in and out
of the Shallow Water.

Swan Feeding Stations

Rob keeps the Cultivator with him to grab any Trash he finds
in the Ponds.. as a Walking Stick.. Multi-Purpose Tool.

Swan Feeding Stations

There were few Canada Geese Visiting that Pond.
The Canada Geese can be a Worry for the Swans. The Swans may Spend MORE Time Chasing then Eating…. All the While, Geese are Snatching Bites
of the Feed-Foods.

Swan Feeding Stations

When you have Spring or Fall Migrating Canada Geese..
You many need to Change your Regular Feeding for a Few Days.

*********************************************************************

My Favorite Feeding Station is a Tire and Bucket..
It has more Flexibility.

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

When the Bucket is Angled the Swans can Reach inside..
the Geese and Duck can Not.. Well Most can Not..

Swan Feeding Stations

The LARGER Canada Ganders might Help Themselves..

Place the Tire and Bucket Close to the Water’s Edge..

Swan Feeding Stations

The Cygnets/Swans want Water with their Food..
Dry Feed can get Stuck in their Throat..

Swan Feeding Stations

You will have a Cleaner Yard with the Feed Station Close to the Water..
Swans are Messy Eaters..

********************************************************************

A VERY Clean Bucket that did not have Chemicals in at some Point.
PolyVinyl is Safe… The Spackling Bucket in these Images..
Had been Washed Over and Over for Years…

Swan Feeding Stations

An Internet Search.. Spackling Compound has a Very Low Toxic Concern.
We were Using this Improvised Feeding Station along a Local Creek..
We were Learning.. Now we use New Food Dedicated Buckets.
Metal Buckets are NOT Safe … Risk- Heavy Metal Poisoning.

Swan Feeding Stations

You can Move this Feed Station when the Water Level Changes..
Some People do not like the Look of a Tire and Bucket..
BUT, it Works.. is Easy to Clean..

Swan Feeding Stations

Pick a Nice Tire.. THEN Cut Drainage Holes on the Bottom Side..
to Prevent Water Pooling inside and Creating a Mosquito Breeding Puddle.

DO NOT Place Feed Near a Nest.. Keep at Least 30 Feed Away.
That is why we were along a Local Creek.. Our Swans were Nesting.

Swan Feeding Stations

One of the Ponds.. “The Feathered Friends Pond” used the “Bucket-Tire”
for a few weeks. Lovely Green Lawn.. It made the expected Marks.
Had this been almost in the Water less damage to the Lawn.

Swan Feeding Stations

If Left out, Deer may Find the Feed Buckets.
Over Night these Buckets are a Free WildLife Buffet.

Swan Feeding Stations

***********************************************************************

Swan Feeding Stations

TANGLE HAZARD WORRY

Swan Feeding Stations

Dry Feed is Not Easy for Swans to Eat, they Drop about 1/2.
You will have Ants and Insects.. and Rodents if there is Feed on the Ground..
Mixed in the Water..they can Suck up the Dropped Feed..

Swan Feeding Stations

Make Sure the Shortest Cygnet/Swan can Reach..
One Day’s Worth of Feed.. then Refresh Next Day..
Remove or Secure the Handle – It is Tangle Hazard. SO ARE ROPES..

Swan Feeding Stations

We are Learning.. New to Swan Care.
.. Trying Different Ways to Feed Our Swans..

Swan Feeding Stations

We used this Flower Pot Feeder for Several Weeks..
The ROPE Could be Adjusted as the Water Level Changed..
I Started to Worry about the Swans getting Tangled in the Rope..
We Stopped using this Pot Feeder.. TOO Risky.

Swan Feeding Stations

***********************************************************************

PVC GRAVITY FEEDERs

Swan Feeding Stations

We have Never Assembled One of the PVC Pipe Feeders..
We had Swan Friends who had been using this PVC Gravity Feeder
for a Number of Years.

Swan Feeding Stations

I know D.R.. had been Tinkering with the Design..
He Started with the Lazy S Downward Turn at the Feeding End..

Swan Feeding Stations

I Think he was trying to keep the Feed Mixture Dry..
But over time, Changed to the Basic Candy Cane Shape.
Easier for the Swans to Reach in… Easier to Clean.

Swan Feeding Stations

Only a Few are using these PVC Pipe Feeders.
There is a LOT of Wasted Feed if Positioned Over Deeper Water..
The Feed Falls Down. Any that does not Float is Lost to the Fish.
The Swans want their Feed Wet – So they Dip and Lose a Lot..

Swan Feeding Stations

All I have are the Photos to Share this Idea..
I Think the Parts are All General Plumbing PVC Items.

Swan Feeding Stations

This Feeder Works.. just Watch the Water Level..
Do Not Over Fill.. If the Feed Mixture gets Damp.. it can Clump or Spoil..
About 2 Days Worth of Feed at a Time.. 3 at the Most in Cool Weather.
When the Pond Water Level goes UP… the Canada Geese can reach in..

Swan Feeding Stations

When the Pond Water Level goes Down..
– the Swans may not be able to Reach.

Swan Feeding Stations

So, it is Good to have a Way to Adjust the Height..
Ideal Average Height is 18” above the Water..
Then be sure Your Shortest Swan (Cygnet) can reach.

Swan Feeding Stations

***********************************************************************

ASSORTED Domestic WaterFowl are Fun Pond Pets.

Swan Feeding Stations

A FUN IDEA.. Worth a Look – DUCK Feeder
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W0qc930nCGA

I SMILED through the Entire Video.. What a GREAT Idea..

Swan Feeding Stations

NOW to Adapt for the Swans.. Suggestions.
Larger Diameter Pipe – Maybe a 6 or 8 Inched PVC Pipe.. & Shorter..
But, that would depend on what Puzzle Parts would Work..

Swans are MESSY Eaters.. They can WASTE 30-50% of their Feed..
If this Design Helps to Control some of the Splattered Feed..
Worth a Try.. I LOVE the Idea.. We have NOT Tried this.

Not Helpful if Canada Geese are a Problem. Well Maybe if Elevated..

Feeding Stations to Discourage Canada Geese.
Arrange Feeder 18 Inches High or Deep like a 5 Gallon Bucket..
Most Geese (and Ducks) can not Reach the Feed.. One Day’s Rations.

Swan Feeding Stations

I Found this Idea onLine.. A Bucket and PVC Pipe Combination.
Wonder if this would Work.. Hummm….

At Least One Swan Pond, just Sits the 5 Gallon Bucket Out..
The Swans can Reach their Feed..The Geese CANNOT !!!

Swan Feeding Stations

Smooth Side Bucket Sitting Up-Right make it Difficult
for Mice and Rats to Contaminate the Feed.
Rodent Saliva and their Droppings Spread DISEASE.

Swan Feeding Stations

I Suggest Either Removing the Handle.. or Securing it ! !
It May Never Happen.. but, Nosy Swans Might get Tangled in the Handle.
Swans can get their Necks and Legs in the Darnedest Places ! !

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Observe the Mute Swans’ Knobs.. Mutes are Unique.
Their Knobs will be Full and Round when they have a Healthy Weight.
Their Knobs will Shrink when they are Losing Weight.

Swan Feeding Stations

The Cobs have more Swollen Knobs from December through May..
After Nesting, the Cob’s Knob will be Full but not AS Large.

Swan Feeding Stations

The Females do the Same. Their Knob SWELLs and then Shrink after Nesting. You will get to know their Annual Cycle.

**********************************************************************

Swan Feeding Stations

Containers Tall Enough will Discourage Canada Geese Raiding Feed.
A 5 Gallon Bucket – Works well for Adult Swans.
Use a Smaller/Shorter Container for Smaller Juveniles or Cygnets.

Swan Feeding Stations

When you Set-up a New Feeding Container..
It May take a Few Days for the Swans to Accept New Objects in the Pond.
– it may need a Few Adjustments.
Try to Watch for a Few Minutes that the Swans are Able to Reach the Feed..

Swan Feeding Stations

This will not Discourage Raccoons and probably not the Muskrats…
Sorry. Taking the Feed in at Night Helps with Night Raiders.

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

***********************************************************************

FEEDING Cygnets..
Tiny Cygnets are So Cute.. AND Very Messy.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

If you have a Shallow Feed Dish with Wet “Start-N-Grow,”
(Never Chick-Starter)
it Helps to Place a Stable Object in the Middle.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

OR the Cygnets will Climb into the Food Dish to Swim.
And POOP !

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

As They Grow during the First Four Weeks.. IMPROVISE.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations
Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

Watch that ALL the Cygnets are Eating..
A Long “Pecking Order” might be a Problem with the Smaller Cygnets.
Large Cygnets may be Pushy..
Below the Polish Cygnet is NOT Eating with the Brood.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

Cygnets will Graze from the Pond as Soon as they Leave the Nest.
Float various SMALL Food Treats..

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations
Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

Swan Cygnets GROW VERY Fast.. Change their Feed Stations as Needed.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

I Liked this Basic Idea.. Handle to the Back PLEASE..
The Feed Mix inside Container CAN be in Water.. Or Veggies in Water.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

This Was Used to “BAIT” the Cygnets into a Catch Fence.. Without STRESS.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

**********************************************************************

Some Fun Ways to Feed your Swans.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

Lettuce Play – “Let-Us-Play”
https://swanlovers.net/category/lettuce-play/

*********************************************************************

Hand Feeding the Swans

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

We had the Pleasure of Visiting a Variety of Swan Ponds.
Most were Swans we Rescued and Arranged Forever Homes for.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

Hand Feeding the Swans is Enjoyable. Some Swan will Easily Hand Feed..
Some will Come Close.. but NOT take Food from your Hands.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

Some will Come Close.. but NOT take Food from your Hands.
The Cobs above.. One would take Lettuce from us.. the Other would Not.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

When Trust is Established with Your Swans..

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations
Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

Well Socializing Cygnets make them Wonderful Pets.

Some Cygnets are Grabby…. Some are Shy…. It is Fun to Hand Feed.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations
Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations
Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations

We have NO Pond. Our Swans have Lived on Various Pond.
Welcomed and Cared for by Wonderful Folks.
Many Thanks to ALL of You.

Swan Cygnet Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

Swans have Very Good Memories.. We might only get to Visit Once a Month.
The Swans know us. Know we will have Veggies and Treats. Come to Visit.

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

We were Very Fortunate to have One Pair of Our Rescued Swans
Live at a Private Golf Course for close to a Year.
We were able to Visit and Feed them Every Day.. Sweet Memories..

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

Hand Feeding Mature Cobs will NOT be Possible When…
They are HORMONAL ! ! Watch for more Aggressive Behavior.

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

It is Best to GIVE Hormonal Cobs LOTs of Space..

Swan Feeding Stations

and Wait for their Hormones to Decrease.

Swan Feeding Stations

Swans with Cygnets will Vary in their Behavior…
Some will be Very Protective.

Others will be more Trusting. Allowing more Social Visits.

Swan Feeding Stations

Keep Yourself Safe.. at a Distance or with Some Type of Barrier..

Swan Feeding Stations

This was TRUST.. for the Swan Family to Come Close for Treats…
We Knew this Swan Family well.. They knew we were NOT a Threat.

Swan Feeding Stations

The Trust we Established Pay-off when it was time to Collect DNA Samples,
Color ID Band them.. And Later when it was Time to ReHome- Transport.
We Enjoyed our Visits with this Large Swan Family. ALL 10 of them.

Swan Feeding Stations

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Tender Lawn Grasses are Part of a Swan’s Summer Diet.

Swan Feeding Stations

Grasses will include many Insects.. “Crunchy Munchies.”

Swan Feeding Stations

Swans like the Tender Blades of Growing Grass..
Try to Leave Alternating Areas UnCut for an Extra Weeks..
Maybe Divide Three Areas.. Cut One.. Leave Two.. Rotate.

Swan Feeding Stations

Swans are Prone to Under Tongue-Chin Impactions..
Grazing on SHORT Cut Grass is a Common Culprit.

Under Tongue-Chin Impactions. These Make Eating more Difficult.
https://swanlovers.net/category/under-tongue-chin-impaction/

Swan Feeding Stations

Swans/Cygnets LOVE “Fresh” Cut Grass..
Dump some Clean Grass from your Mower Bag on the Water..
A Gallon or So.. Floating in Shallow Water is a Favorite Treat.

Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations
Swan Feeding Stations

Clover and Dandelions are Tasty Lawn Weeds.

Swan Feeding Stations

Thorny Thistle Plants are a Grazing Hazard.. OUCH !!
Try to Remove these from Grazing Areas.. They are Difficult to Control.

Swan Feeding Stations

From a Swan Friend in OHIO…. What Fun !!
“We made “Frozen Food Patties” in Muffin Tins so we could use
a Ball Thrower to get their Food out into the Lake.” J.Heidy 2019

On HOT Summer Days.. I Froze Chopped Vegetables in a
Jello Mold to Float out on their Pond..

Swan Feeding Stations

As it Melted the Veggie Treats were Scattered About for Grazing.

Swan Feeding Stations

A Pile of Lettuce Leaves with Mixed Veggies Along the Water’s Edge is
a Swan Picnic Lunch.

Swan Feeding Stations

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

We Tried Many Ways to Feed our Swans over the Years..
Methods Varied with the Seasons..
Ideas Compiled by – Linda M.Sweger September 2020
IDEAs from Lots of Pond Visits and Shared by Other Swan Folks.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

REMINDERs

I WISH ALL the Swans could be 100% Safe and Healthy..
My Goal… more “Joy” and Fewer “Sorrows.”

Captive Swans are No Different then Pet Dogs, Cats, Horses, etc.
They need to EAT. They NEED Adequate, Appropriate Foods.

Out of the Bag, the Protein Percentage of U.S. Poultry Feed is TOO HIGH
for SWANs. A Swan’s Diet – Protein Level 6 – 8 % <<<< Less then 10 %.

Mixing to a Safe Nutritional Value for Swans is Our Responsibility..
Always ask for “NON-MEDICATED/UNTREATED”

Commercial Feed & Corn or Crimped Oats – Very Important.

DO NOT FEED THE SWANS ANY FEED with
“GROWER” or “FINISHER in the Name.
DO NOT FEED THE SWANS “Game Bird Feed”

The Lysine Levels are too HIGH… Greater then 1.0 %.
These Feeds are Formulated to increase the Muscle Tissue
and are for Poultry Fowl Headed to Someone’s Dinner Table.

Keep the Lysine Level at 1.00% or Less.

Most Extruded Poultry Feeds Dissolve Sitting in Water.
It is more Efficient when using these Products to place
the Mixture in a Container/Bowl.

For their Safety Keep your Swans’ Feet in the Water..

Swan Feeding Stations

Below are Several Pages of Feeder Ideas from:
SWAN Breeding and Management by Loyd Stromberg

Swan Feeding Stations

I did not want to Alter these Pages.. This Page Talks of Feeding
Turkey Breeder Feed.. The Protein Level is TOO High. NOT Safe.
These Pages were Written Many Years Ago.. We have Learned.

Swan Feeding Stations

The Ideas are Here.. BUT… Try to USE POLYVINYL Materials.
NO WOOD or METAL Materials…

Swan Feeding Stations

If you Create an Interesting Feeding Station.. and Want to Share Your Idea..
Send me Some Nice Photos and Basic Instruction.. and I will Share Here.

These are Common Mute Swan Behaviors you will See.

September 13th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in COMMON Mute Swan Behaviors - (Comments Off on These are Common Mute Swan Behaviors you will See.)

MUTE SWANs do not Read the various Books,
Websites or Articles Written about them.

I Hope this Topic Page will Help you Learn what Your Swans are Doing..

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Swan Leg Foot on Back

I Want to Start with these Images of a Swan
with a Leg and Foot Resting on his Back.
THIS is NORMAL.. He is just Relaxing.

To Enlarge Images – Right Click Image then Open in a New Tab.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Swan Leg Foot on Back

I Frequently get Calls and EMails from VERY Worried People..
They are Concerned that a Swan’s Leg is Injured or Broken !!

Folks Seeing this Behavior for the First Time are Afraid their Swans or
Cygnets are Injured.. If you Observe this.. This is Perfectly Normal..

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Swan Leg Foot on Back

This Leg-Foot Position Also Aids Regulating their Body Temperature.
Foot Turned toward the Sun to Warm themselves during the Winter.
This will Allow Cooling on Hot Days.. as Water Evaporates from their Foot.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Swan Leg Foot on Back

Watch the Swans for a While to be Sure. Just in Case there is a Problem.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Swan Leg Foot on Back

The Black Australian Cob is Resting his Leg-Foot on his Back.. It is OK !

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Swan Leg Foot on Back
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Swan Stretching Leg Foot

Swans will S t r e t c h their Legs at Times.. This is OK.. Must Feel Good.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Swan Stretching Leg Foot

OK ! ! Let’s S T R E T C H a Wing while Balancing on One Foot !

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Swan Stretching Leg Wing

Flapping their Wings helps to Align all the Wing Feathers..

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Flapping Wings

Flitting – Some Swans Flit their Wings..
Seems Different with Individual Swans.
Some do this when Drying their Wet Wings.
Some do this when they are Irritated.. Annoyed by Visitors..
Some just do this.. Unknown Reason.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Flitting Wings

Be Aware of these Normal Swan Behaviors.. All Species of Swans do this.
PLEASE DO NOT CALL WILDLIFE SERVICES.. to Report this BEHAVIOR.
Several Swans have been Destroyed when WildLife Agents Responded..

  Mute Swan Angel Wing Deformity

I am Including these Images of Angel Wing Deformities.. BECAUSE…
This is Another Time People Unfamiliar with Swans become VERY Concerned.
Angel Wings are NOT a Broken Wing.. More Information is at:

SWAN Angel Wing Deformity
https://swanlovers.net/category/swan-angel-wing-deformity/

  Mute Swan Angel Wing Deformity

BEFORE YOU SEEK HELP… BE SURE THERE IS A TRUE INJURY.
Send a Photo to Someone Familiar with WaterFowl.

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Working with Swans Year after Year, there are Some Common Behaviors.

The Good, the BAD and the OH NO… RUN ! ! – (Just Kidding)

Now for the MORE Fun Behaviors..

The Tail Wag.. … “Are They Happy to See Me ?
No… They are Cleaning their Bottom.. After Expelling Poop !

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Wagging their Tail

When Swans are Happy to See You.. Their Upper Necks Swell.. Puff-Up.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Upper Neck Swollen with Happy Emotion
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Upper Neck Swollen with Happy Emotion
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Upper Neck Swollen with Happy Emotion

And a BIG Happy Snort with their Head held High.. Is “HELLO.”

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Happy Greeting
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Happy Greeting
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Upper Neck Swollen with Happy Emotion

Swans will Frequently Greet Each Other.. With Swollen Necks.
This is Expressing Happy Emotions.. It is a Joy to Watch Them.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Upper Neck Swollen with Happy Emotion
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Upper Neck Swollen with Happy Emotion
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Upper Neck Swollen with Happy Emotion
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Upper Neck Swollen with Happy Emotion

It is Delightful to Watch our Swans Expressing they are Happy.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Upper Neck Swollen with Happy Emotion
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Upper Neck Swollen with Happy Emotion
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Upper Neck Swollen with Happy Emotion

Our Sister Swans were Apart for Several Months..
They were SO Happy to be Together Again..
Their Greeting was Full of Happy Squealing, Head Turning and Swollen Necks.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Affectionate Greeting
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Affectionate Greeting

In the Summer Months this is an Affectionate Greeting..

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Affectionate Greeting

During the Winter Months it is more Courting Behavior as their
Reproductive Hormones are Increasing.. Soon Mating will Begin..

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Affectionate Greeting

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When I was Editing these Photos… I Realized I had Snapped our Cob
Checking his Females for their Reproductive Hormones..
Were they Ready for Mating.. Over Time, I found more Examples.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Mating
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Mating
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Mating
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Mating
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Mating

Many Times I have Watched the Females Encourage the Cob to Mate.
They Up-End. Showing their Cloaca to the Male.. ??? Maybe Pheromones.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Mating

A Pheromone is a Secreted or Excreted Chemical Factor that Triggers a Social Response in Members of the Same Species. – Wikipedia

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Mating
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Mating
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Mating
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Mating

Mating Season is about to Begin..

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Preening Together is Social Time.. Acceptance..

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Preening Together
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Preening Together
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Preening Together

The Swan above is Scratching her Chin..

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Preening Together
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Play Chasing

Happy Play Chasing can Happen ANY TIME !!

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Happy Snorting

Happy Snorting can be a Greeting or “Thank You” when you bring Treats.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Snorting Thank You

Mute Swans will Sing.. “Snorty-Grunting.”

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Joyful Singing
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Cob Singing for a Female
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Some Swans Sing
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Some Swans Hum

Expelling Air Through the Nares.. Helps Clear Stuck Feathers.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Blowing Bubbles

Swans will not Need a Tissue.. Just BLOW and Go…

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Blowing Bubbles
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Eating Under Water
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Eating Under Water

UP-Ending to Reach DOWN Under Water for Tasty Plant Treats.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Eating Under Water

***********************************************************************

“Meadow” was Whistling, while Walking with Rob to Exercise his Leg..

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Whistling Walking

In September-October there were Colorful Mums in our Flower Bed.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Just Plain Cute

“Meadow” liked to Sit in them.. So Cute !

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Swans have Good Memory

On Nice Winter Days, “Meadow” would go to the Same Spot, Sit and Snort.

************************************************************************

One Summer we were Invited to “Swan Sit” a Mature Pair of Swans
during a Family Wedding. To keep Everyone Safe – Guests and Swans.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Family Wedding

There was a Lovely Instrumental Music Floating through the Air.
I Caught “Gracie” Twirling-Pirouettes in the Water..
She was Encouraging “George” to Join her. Nodding her Head to him.
After a Few Minutes even “George” did a Complete Twirl.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Family Wedding  Dancing

The Swans were Very Well Behaved that Day..
– I Enjoyed our Time with them.

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Family Wedding
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Family Wedding

************************************************************************

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Wings in Display

It is Good to Watch the Subtle Behaviors..
Similar Movements..Mean Different Things..

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Wings in Display

This Mature Cob is Holding his Beautiful Wings in Display.
“Handsome Fellow” was as Perfect a Mute Swan Cob as any we Know..

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Wings in Display

“Meadow” is the 2009 Male Off-Spring of
“Handsome Fellow” and “Sweet Harmony.”

Below..Our Cob “Meadow” is Happy to See Us..
He is Swimming over to Greet us.. Not in a Big Hurry.. Calm Water..

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Wings in Display

This is “Mellow “Meadow.”

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Wings in Display  Busking

Below he is “Pushing Water” … Is this a Threat Warnings.. ??? Hum..

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Wings in Display  Busking

THIS is BUSKING. A Threat Behavior.. HE is “PUSHING WATER.”
BEWARE !

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Wings in Display  Busking

It is TIME to Give our Cob LOTs of Space !!!

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Aggressive Hormonal
 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Aggressive Hormonal

This is a Good Time to have Some Type of Barrier.. ANYTHING Will Do !

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Aggressive Hormonal

It was ALWAYs Wise to have Something between Us and a Hormonal Cob..

************************************************************************

 Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Pushing Water

It was not often to see a Pen “Pushing Water.”
I watched “Lizzie” to see what had her in such a Hurry..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Good Parents

She was Going to Chase One of her Cygnets AWAY from an UnSafe Place.
The Curious Cygnet knew his Dam meant Business. “GET OUT of THERE” !

Common Mute Swan Behavior
 Dam with Cygnets

Many of her Cygnets have been Taken by Snapping Turtle in their Ponds.
Very Few of “Lizzie’s” Cygnets Survived. So Sad.

************************************************************************
We would Visit this Young Pair of Male Swans about Once a Month..
They knew us.. and our Vegetable Treats.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit

Both would Come Out of the Pond for some Visit Time on the Lawn..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit

They Trust Us.. But will be Checking for Danger as we Visit..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit

They would BOTH Look Around Frequently to Check for Danger.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit

OOPs !! There was a Strange Noise Coming from a Nearby Field.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit

They Stopped Eating… And Started to Talk to Each Other..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit

We Watched the Boys Talk about what to Do.. Eat or Go Back to the Pond ?

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit

They Agreed to Go Back to the Safety of their Pond.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit

If you Check these Images, you will See them Looking Left – Right – Repeat.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit

We NEED to Teach this Safe Behavior to our Young Childrens..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit

Many Swans do this Naturally.. Interesting to Watch them Communicate.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cautious Visit

WE Still DO NOT Want the Swans to Cross Roads.

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Cobs will Position themselves to Protect their Female and Families.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob Protecting Family

They Position themselves Between Visitors and their Family..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob Protecting Female

And they will Sit behind their Female and Guard her as she Eats..
A Polite Male will Allow his Female to Eat First..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob Protecting Female
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob Protecting Female
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob Protecting Female
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob Protecting Female

Our Cob is Protecting his Nesting Female.. He is DOING his Job..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob Protecting Female
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob Protecting Female

It is Common to See the Male Swimming Behind his Female.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob Protecting Family Cygnets

Swans will Swim with their Cygnets Between them.

************************************************************************

Swans are Sight Oriented. Recognize People, Clothing, Cars, Motor Vehicles.
When wearing Hats & Coats during Winter – Talk – Call Hello – “Nod” Hello.

Watching us Over their Shoulders.
It is Common for Swans to Float so we are Looking at their Backs..
They do this to Watch all Around – Wide Peripheral Vision.
They will Slowly Turn their Heads Side to Side..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Looking Over Shoulder
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Looking Over Shoulder

************************************************************************

Swans are Curious Creatures.. They will Want to See what is Happening..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Curious
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Curious

Here “Pippa” was Pacing Near “Harry” as his Feet were being Checked.
And a Small Under Tongue Impaction was Removed..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Curious

Check-up Finished… “Harry” made a Bee-Line Across the Pond..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Curious

Dear “Pippa” was VERY Happy. Her Neck REALLY Puffed-UP !!!

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Curious   Happy

This Cob would “Strut” when we Visited him… He was Never Threatening.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Strutting

The Young Cygnet is Scared.. He is Posturing-Stiff and Hissing.. “GO AWAY”

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Protective Fear

************************************************************************

Generally, Young Cygnets and Juvenile Swans will Welcome Immature Swans to their Pond..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Welcome

They Easily Form Juvenile Groups, Protecting the NewComers.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Welcome

They do Well Together until Around 24 Months Old..
Then Watch for Tension – Aggression. Time for ReHoming..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Non-Vocal Communication

We Witnessed the Behavior Below at Least Twice.. A Swan Neck-Hugging.
Rob had his Camera READY This Time..

These Young Swan Cygnets had been Apart for Several Months.
When ALL had been Successfully Rehabbed for Various Medical Issues,
We were Able to Bring them to Live Together on a Real Pond..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
They Remember

They were Very Happy to Be Together Again..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
They Remember Happy  Hug

“Meadow” Neck-Hugged Both Sisters as they came up to his Preening Site.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
They Remember Happy  Hug
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
They Remember Happy  Hug

“Meadow” Hugged Both Sister Swans. He Accepted Both..
They formed a Threesome.. We were Very Lucky for 8 Years.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
They Remember Happy

This is NOT a Normal Behavior for Mute Swans..
Normally a Breeding Mute Swan Pair is One Male and One Female..

************************************************************************

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob

“George” was a Favorite Swan to Visit over the Years..
He was Everything a Mute Cob should be. He was “King” of his Pond.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob

“George” Patrols his Pond..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob

This Common Swan Behavior is Fun to Watch.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Splash Bath
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Splash Bath

“George” was Very Much Loved by his Family for 30 Years.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Splash Bath
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Splash Bath
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Splash Bath  Preening

Time for Preening.

I Miss “George.” Lots of Memories that make me Smile..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Splash Bath  Preening
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Walking

“George” would Swim with us as we Walked along his Pond. (or Stalking)
During the Winter and Spring it was SERIOUS Stalking.. KEEP MOVING.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Walking

“George”

************************************************************************

During Colder Winter Months.. Snow and Ice can be Tolerated to a Point.
When there is a COLD Wind.. the Wind Chill Can Affect them.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Winter  Snow  Ice

Healthy Swans are WELL Insulated with Dense Down Close to their Body.
They can Sit on Snow and Ice by Pulling their Feet UP under their Wings.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Winter  Snow  Ice
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Winter  Shiverling

If you SEE a Cygnet or ANY Swan SHIVERING…
They NEED to be Sheltered from the Cold.

The Swan below is TOO HOT.. he is Heat Stressed..
TIME for Shade and Cool Water .

Common Mute Swan Behavior
Heat Hot Stress
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Winter  Snow  Ice
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Winter  Snow  Ice   Walking

“Meadow” Spent many Months in Recovery at our Home.
He had a Nasty Snapping Turtle Bite at 4 Weeks of Age.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Winter  Lights

We have Traveled many Miles over the Years with “Meadow.”
And we have had Help from Many, Many Kind and Loving People.
– Now Swan Friends.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Winter  Lights
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Winter  Lettuce

Swans will Take Turns Pushing and Biting a Head of Lettuce.. A Pond Game.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Lettuce  Play
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Walking

There were Several Swans that would Walk (Maybe Stalk) as we Walk
Around the Pond Edge.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cygnet  Walking

Several Weeks Later, the Tragic Loss of her Sister..
“Victoria” was in Survival Mode.. and Afraid to Visit with Us..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Survival Mode

Lone Swans Behave much Different then with a Companion.

A Lone Swan is a Lonely Swan
https://swanlovers.net/category/a-lone-swan-is-a-lonely-swan/

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Our Cob “Meadow” is a Mature Mute Male..
His Annual Behavior Goes from “Mellow” to “Macho.” Typical Cob.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Non Aggressive

This is NOT Aggressive Behavior.. It is Trust..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Non Aggressive  Biting Boots

I have Spoken with Other Swan Folks that Mention their Cob Bites Boots..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Non Aggressive  Biting Boots
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Non Aggressive  Biting Boots
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Non Aggressive  Biting Boots
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Non Aggressive  Biting Boots
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Non Aggressive  Biting Boots
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Cob  Non Aggressive  Biting Boots

There is a LOT of Trust between my Favorite Males..

************************************************************************

My Early Swan Visits were at SunRises along our Local River System.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Watching  Sun Rise  Sun Set

I Noticed the Swan Watching the SunRises.. Really Watching the Sun Rise.
I Remember Wondering what she was think as another Day Alone began.

Literally, OUT of the Blue Sky One Afternoon a Mute Cob Found her !

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Watching  Sun Rise  Sun Set
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Watching  Sun Rise  Sun Set

Swans ALSO Watch the Sun Set..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Watching  Sun Rise  Sun Set

I Wish I Could Learn What they are Thinking at the End of their Day.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Watching  Sun Rise  Sun Set
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Watching  Sun Rise  Sun Set

The River Swans would Visit Until Early Twilight then Head Off to their
Safe Night Place.. We Never Learned where they Went..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Watching  Sun Rise  Sun Set

************************************************************************

There is a Pair of Bonded Swans I Remember – BitterSweet Memories.
“Natasha” and “Boris”
“Natasha” was Gentle and Sweet – “Boris” – A True Mute Cob.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Pair Bonded
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Pair Bonded

This Series was Taken on a Sunny Fall Day.. “Boris’s” Hormones were Low.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Pair Bonded

Watching them Share a Bowl of Salad Greens.. “Boris” was a Gentle Cob.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Pair Bonded

He Allowed “Natasha” to Eat First.. Then they Ate Side by Side.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Pair Bonded

“Boris” Adored “Natasha.” And she Adored him..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Pair Bonded

They were Muttering Quietly to Each Other.. Small Talk I Guess..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Pair Bonded

Watching the Gentle, Loving Behavior between Bonded Pairs..
They are All Different.. It is Hard to Put into Words..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Pair Bonded

They were Lovely Dinner Guests.

************************************************************************

A Typical Behavior of Mute Swans is the Way they Carry their Heads.
Mute Swan Normally Swim with their Orange Beaks Pointing Downward.

Common Mute Swan Behavior

I have to Smile when they are Sorta Swimming and Napping..

Common Mute Swan Behavior

Swans Generally Sleep Very Lightly..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping  Nap

Nap Time – It is Common to See Swans Sleeping during the Day.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping  Nap

It is Common for One Swan to Watch while the Other Sleeps.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping  Nap

This is Trust….. Both are Sleeping.. I Think. Shhhh….

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping  Nap

YEP ! One is Watching. Just in Case… Cute.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping  Nap

When Cygnets and Swans are Resting… their Feet and Legs do Too !!

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping  Nap

Their Feet Look like Something is Wrong.. …All Folded & Twisty..
NORMAL..!!!

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping  Nap
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping  Nap
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Curious  Alert

I Notice Several Cygnets LOOKING Up in the Air.. Humm..
Then OFF in the Distance I Saw a Blimp.. Floating Quietly. They Saw it.

Swans are VERY Alert to ANY Hawk or Airplane Over their Heads..
As Prey they Need to be Watchful…

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping   Nap
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping   Nap
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping   Nap
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping   Nap

They are Aware of the Slightest Movement..

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping   Nap
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping   Nap

If there is Water Available..at Night.. Swans WANT to be IN IT !!!

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
Instinct to Sleep on Water

At Night Swans become VERY Quiet.. Their Normal Vocals are Whispered.

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping   Nap
Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping   Nap

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Images and Observations Gathered by Linda M.Sweger September 2020
This is a Work in Progress.. I will Add as I have more to Share.

The Image Series are Examples of Similar Behaviors Observed with Various Swans. All Swans are Individuals.. All have their Own Personalities.

************************************************************************
” I WISH I Could Talk to them Five Minutes a Month.”

Common Mute Swan Behavior 
 Sleeping  Nap

What Bedding is Safe for Swans ???

August 16th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in SAFE Swan Bedding - (Comments Off on What Bedding is Safe for Swans ???)

Straw vs Hay vs Wood Chips & Shavings.

SAFE Swan Bedding

I want to Share this General Information with you..
from Articles I have found Online when I was Researching
Safe Bedding for our Rescued Cygnets & Swans.

Hay vs Wood Shavings vs Straw..

To Enlarge Images – Right Click Image then Open in a New Tab.

It GOOD to Understand the Difference in these Materials.

It does Depend on How various Bedding Material is being Used..
Inside or Outside.

SAFE Swan Bedding

As Shelter Bedding or Nesting Materials..

SAFE Swan Bedding

Wet or Dry Environments.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Straw vs. Shavings – for Coop Litter
https://www.fresheggsdaily.com/2012/08/straw-vs-shavings-my-choice-for-coop.html

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First a Summary of Hay.
Learning about HAY is a BIG Subject. Lots of Info OnLine.
THE MOST Important to Know.. Is to KEEP Stored Hay Dry.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Hay is Used as a Livestock Feed.
There are Different Field Grasses that will be Baled as Hay.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Timothy and Alfalfa are Common as Animal Fodder (feed).

SAFE Swan Bedding

Hay is Part of the Diet for Horses, Cows, Goats, Sheep,
especially during Winter Months.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Hay is Part of a Healthy Diet for Rabbits and Guinea Pigs..

SAFE Swan Bedding

Wet or Damp Hay is Prone to Mold/Mildew.
Due to the Carbohydrates/Starch in these Plant Fibers.

Hay Molds Easily when it Gets Damp..
Humidity >>> Dampness = Micro-Organisms will Grow.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Hay will Grow Bacteria, Mildew – Molds.
Hay can become a Fungus **Spore BOMB** over Time.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Straw is used as Bedding.
Straw is Drier, Coarse Plant Fiber.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Straw is Harvested after Grain Crops have Died.

SAFE Swan Bedding

There is Very Little Nutritional Value.
Using Straw is Generally the most Economic Choice for Bedding.

SAFE Swan Bedding

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Wood Shavings – Chips – Plain or Cedar..
are very Small Pieces.. with LOTs of DUST..

SAFE Swan Bedding

When we work with it, Cleaning, Sweeping, Raking or Spreading,
we are there for a few Minutes.
We are Standing and are Several Feet above the Shavings Dust..

SAFE Swan Bedding

The Swans, Poultry or other Pets are Sitting in and
Shuffling their Feet through this Light, Dusty Material..

The Dust is Easily Inhaled and is an Increased Risk of
Causing Lung Problems..

SAFE Swan Bedding

In an Emergency for a Night inside.. An Old Blanket will Do.
to keep his BIG Feet off the Cold, Rough Concrete..

Maybe Outside Once Wood Shavings are Wet they are less of a Risk..

When we had Guinea Pigs, many years ago,
I Remember DISLiking the Smell of the Cedar Wood Shavings.
I would NOT want to Live in that Stuff. The SMELL is Irritating.

Young Swan Cygnets are Eating and Pooping Machines.

SAFE Swan Bedding

Cygnets are GROWING SO FAST ! !
Especially, the first 3 Months.. >>>>>> They are Very Messy Babies.
While Inside for Safety… I Used Layers of NewsPaper..
Easy to Roll-up and Discard.. Cygnets like to Snuggle into a Pile of Towels.

SAFE Swan Bedding

If you are Hand Raising and Sheltering for Safety..
Their Shelter Bedding will need to be Changed Frequently..

SAFE Swan Bedding

Fresh Straw is the Safest.. for Bedding.
Needs Frequent Changing.. Inside or Outside.

SAFE Swan Bedding

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

HAY AND STRAW – WHICH IS BEST FOR BEDDING
https://animals.mom.me/difference-between-hay-straw-bedding-7251.html

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The Main Goal is to keep the Dust at a Minimum
to Protect the Swans/Cygnets’ Lungs..

SAFE Swan Bedding

And, Keep Mold and Mildew Spores as Low as Possible..

SAFE Swan Bedding

from Exposure to Damp Feed, Droppings, and Bedding
Especially in Hot and Humid Weather Cond