A site dedicated to the proper care and general information of mute swans
Header

Author Archives: LadyNerkle1

ANGEL WING DEFORMITY in SWANs.

August 4th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in SWAN Angel Wing Deformity - (Comments Off on ANGEL WING DEFORMITY in SWANs.)

WATCH for this While Swan Cygnets are Growing.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity
  • This is Likely a Diet-Related Health Issues – Along with Genetics..
Swan Angel Wing Deformity

To Enlarge Images – Right Click Image then Open in a New Tab.

An Article no longer available, Read:
Swans are Prone to a Condition called “Angel Wing.”
Apparently, so are Geese and Ducks. Aquatic Waterfowl..

Swan Cygnet Angel Wing Deformity

As I Read, I found a Number of other Names given to this Deformity..
“Airplane Wing,” Slipped Wing, Crooked Wing, Drooped Wing,
Dropped Wing, Carpel Deformity, Carpometacarpal Deformity,
Flip Wing, Rotating Wing, Sword Wing, and a few other Odd Names.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Various Articles State:
Males develop the Deformity more often than Females.
It seems to Develop on the Left Wing more Often..

Duck Angel Wing Deformity

Unless BOTH Wings are Affected..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Flight Feathers Stick Out and Fray Easily.
Just Looks like Something is Wrong..

This Wing Deformity usually Prevents Flight.

The Condition is Generally Deadly for Young Birds/Waterfowl
in the Wild. They are Left behind by their Parents.

Unable to Fly from Danger, they are Easy Prey..

If the Wild/Feral Cygnets can not Leave when it is Time for them
to Head-off (Fledge) in the Late Winter the Parents may Kill them.

This Wing Joint (Wrist) the Twisting Develops in Young Birds..
as they are GROWING. They Grow so Rapidly..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity
Swan Angel Wing Deformity

In Swan Cygnets, the Angel Wing Typically begins when their
FIRST Primary Flight Feathers are Growing in.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Start to Watch at 10 Weeks of Age..
It will be Noticeable by 12 – 16 Weeks.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

It is Felt the Weight of the Growing Primary Blood Feathers cause
the Distal-Primary Section (Wing Tip) to Sag Outward instead
of Lying Normally against the Body.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

This Sagging puts a Strain on the Joint’s
Developing Ligaments and Muscles.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

The Cygnet’s Fragile Bone Structure is not Strong Enough
to Support the Weight of the New Primary Flight Feather
which are Heavy with Blood. (Blood Feathers)

Swan Angel Wing Deformity
Swan Angel Wing Deformity

If the Cygnets Wings are in Normal Position by 5 – 6 Months,
there is a Good Chance this Deformity will NOT Develop.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity
Swan Angel Wing Deformity
Swan Angel Wing Deformity

A Beautiful Mute Swan Cygnet Wing – Healthy – Normal !!!

*************************************

A Nice Summary of Information about Angel Wing is here..

Duck Angel Wing Deformity

PoultryDVM This Article is for DUCKs..
http://www.duckdvm.com/condition/angel-wing

Duck Angel Wing Deformity

AS You Read this Article..
REMEMBER Swans need a LOWER PROTEIN DIET..
6 – 8 Percent.. VERY DIFFERENT then a Duck’s Diet.

************************************

“IF” Angel Wing is Corrected while the Cygnet is still Growing,
it has a Chance to be Set Right.

If Attention to the Sagging is Delayed until the Cygnets are Older,
then the Deformity will likely be Permanent.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

************************************

People Unfamiliar with this Deformity, who Observe an Affected Swan
on a Pond, Lake or Waterway.. OFTEN think this is a Broken Wing.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Reporting this to the WRONG People can be Fatal for an Otherwise
Healthy Swan..living in a Public Captive Setting..
“Angel Wing” Waterfowl in Captive Care Generally do Ok..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

It is Possible for a Wing Injured or Broken to have a Similar Look..
Look for any Sign of Trauma – Blood or the Whole Wing Dragging.
Ask if the Swan has been like this before or was it Normal before.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Observe the Primary Feathers, are they Shabby, Frayed.. ???
Is the Cygnet/Swan Eating and Behaving Normally ???
Then “Angel Wing” is more Likely the Reason..

Before CALLING for HELP …. Or
Before a Visit to an Avian Veterinarian..
SEND a Photo to a Knowledgeable Person..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

************************************

For a Nicer Look and to Help the Swans be more Comfortable,
the Feathers that are Out of Place can be Clipped AFTER their
Annual Moult..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Once the Blood has Atrophied from the Feather Shafts..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

This Young Rescued Male Mute Swan.. had a Grade 2 – Medium Angel Wing.
The Feathers were in Sad Shape.. I Clipped them to Help his Appearance.

********* Suspicions and Theories.

Angel Wing – Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angel_wing

Various Studies over the Years “Suggest” Angel Wing
May be the Result of a Genetic Weakness ???

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

It is Common for Annual Broods from the Same Pair of Swans
to Exhibit the Deformity..

And/Or a Diet Too High in Carbohydrates(Bread) and Protein
and Too Low in Various Vitamins and Minerals.. like Calcium,
Selenium Deficiency, etc.. are Contributing Factors.

Bread and Angel Wing Deformity..
https://corvid-isle.co.uk/thoughts-bread-angel-wing-wild-birds

An Example List from One Article..
High Protein Diet, Hypovitaminosis D, Manganese Deficiency,
Vitamin E Deficiency, Genetic Factors, Excessive Growth Rate,
Restricted Exercise , Incorrect Incubation, Hatching Problems,
Trauma, Weight of Blood-Filled Growing Primary Feathers. (UGH) !!

Most Articles DO came back to the Importance of a Good
Nutrient Balanced Diet..
All Creatures Great and Small Benefit from an Appropriate Diet..

Feeding Swan Cygnets – They are Growing SO Fast..
https://swanlovers.net/category/feeding-swan-cygnets/

Most Commercial Poultry Feeds have Vitamins (esp. Vit A, E, B-Complexes)
BUT, they are High in Protein.. Too High Out of the Bag for Swans.
Mixed with Corn – helps Reduce Protein to a Safer Level..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Lots of Green Pond Plants, DuckWeed, most Algae.. are GOOD.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

A Diet of Only Corn will lack Vitamin A, as well as other Vitamins
and Minerials Necessary for Good Heatlh..

Swans Are Vegetarians
https://swanlovers.net/category/swans-are-vegetarians/

We Share Lots of Vegetables with Our Swans..
ESPECIALLY, Carrots.. for Vitamin A..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Carrots SINK – Place in Shallow Water.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

SUPPORTIVE TREATMENT: Wrapping or Taping..

If you Think about Support Taping or Wrapping a Wing Tip
Close to the Body..
It is BEST to Ask for Guidance from a Professional..

Duck Angel Wing Deformity

Try Gentle – Intermittent Support NO MORE then a Week..
DO NOT PUT the Birds in/on any Large Body of Water.
Until you take the Wrap/Taping Off.. Keep them in a Safe Place..

Start with 2 Days.. then Remove Wrap to Allow the Wing
some Time to Move Freely.. Wait 4-6 Hours before ReWrapping.

Many Saggy Wing Tips will Benefit from a Few Days
with this Extra Support.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

The Elastic, Self-Adhesive Vetwrap is Great for this.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Wrap the Tape around the Metacarpals (Hand) and the
Radius/Ulna (Primary), so that it is held in a Normal folded Position.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Some Folks Support the Sagging Wing with a Bandana Tied around
the Body.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

I have Used Painters Tape to Hold Wound Dressing in Place.
It Sticks to Itself.. but NOT to Feathers and Skin..

DO NOT Use DUCK TAPE.. it is TOO STICKY…

Wrapping TOO Tight or TOO Long MAY Constrict Blood Vessels
which WILL Alter Feather Growth and Even Affecting Bone Growth.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

For Juvenile and Adult Swans with a Severe Angel Wing,
Surgical Pinioning of the Affected Wing may be an Appropriate
Treatment where the Wing Tip and Feathers are being Damaged.

I have Observed a Few Adult Swans with a Few Wing Feathers that became Misaligned when they were Pinioned.. These were just a Bit out of Order.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Watch for this Wing Sagging as your Cygnets are Growing.
You Might be Able to Help..

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

We Brought Little “Hannah” into our Lives when she was 10 Months Old.

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

Our Little “Hannah” came from a Farm of Very Poor Care..
She had a Very Minor Wing Tip Twist. Just “a Little Angel Wing.”

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

She Matured into a Very Sweet “Maiden” Swan..

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

I have Observed more “Angel Wing Deformities”
then I Worked with them.
I do know a BackYard Domestic Waterfowl Rescuer
that has Successfully Corrected Ducklings Wings,
that Start to Develop “Angel Wing Deformity.”

Duck Angel Wing Deformity

I have Done Lots of Reading along the Way.
Which has Contributed Greatly to my Basic Understanding
of this Waterfowl Syndrome..

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Organized and Compiled by Linda M. Sweger – August 2020
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

If I had a Magic Wand !

Swan Angel Wing Deformity

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Beautiful Mute Swan Wings

SWANs PREEN – a Vital – Essential Task.

July 18th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in PREENing is Feather Care - (Comments Off on SWANs PREEN – a Vital – Essential Task.)
Swan Cygnet Preen

Preening is One of a Swan’s Daily Activities.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Caring for their Plumage – WaterProofing their Feathers.
This Includes keeping External Parasite Numbers Low.

Swan Cygnet Preen

And Preening Together is an Important Part of a Swan’s Social Life.
It is a Sign of Acceptance..

Swan Cygnet Preen

I have Often Wondered..
“How do Swans Stay SO White” ? ?
They are often in Water that is Less then Clear, but Muddy.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Swans are Elegantly Dressed with OverLapping Rows of
25,000 Plus Feathers..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Preening is a BIG Job.

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

To Enlarge Images – Right Click Image then Open in a New Tab.

Preening is a Natural Instinct..
Tiny Cygnets less then a few Hours Old.. will Preen..
Here, there and Everywhere..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Cygnets Hatched by an Incubator.. will PREEN !!

Swan Cygnet Preen

Fresh out of their Egg Shell.. Cygnets are Wet..
They Start to BREATH Air, Rest a Bit, Imprint with their Dam and Sire.
Dry and Fluff their Down..and PREEN..

Swan Cygnet Preen

In Less then 24 Hours Healthy Cygnets are Ready for Life in Water.
All Cygnets should be out on the Water within 72 Hours of Hatching.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Before they Leave the Nest.. their WaterProofing must be Satisfactory.

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

If their WaterProofing is Poor.. the Tiny Cygnets will become Wet
and Chill Easily.. Soggy Cygnets are at Risk..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Cygnets are Unable to Thermo-Regulate for about a Month..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Good WaterProofing Improves their Survival..

Swan Cygnet Preen

********************************************************************

As a ShutterBug.. I LOVE to Visit a Swan Pond.
Lawn Chairs.. Buckets of Treats and Visit Supplies.

Share Treats of Veggies and Cereal.. Spend Time..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Relax and Snap Hundreds of Digital images hoping
for One or Two Special Images. (The Ones that make Smiles.)

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

Once the Swans are Content with Grazing on their Favorite
Goodies, it is Generally Time for a Quick Bath..

Swan Cygnet Preen

A Brief Flop-Diving to get Water over all their Feather
– Beak to Webbed Feet..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Or a Silly Joyful Splashing Bath..

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

Then Swimming Off to Shallow Water or a Favorite Bank..
(Preening Site)
There is Information about the Preening Site.. below.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Swans will Start their Daily Chore of Preening..

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

Preening…..on the Left……….. Preening on the Right..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Preening…. their Beaks Poking into Thick Layers of Feathers..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Periodically, Reaching Back to a Flap of Feathers on the Top Side
of their Tail..

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

The Flap of Feathers Flips Up to Access their
Uropygial Gland ( Preening Gland – a Grease Nipple-like Nub)

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

Rubbing and Coating their Head and Beak with a Waxy Oil
that will Aid WaterProofing their Feathers..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Uropygial Gland – the Wikipedia Article – More Technical Info.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uropygial_gland

It is Impressive without Hands all the Areas they are Able to Reach..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Their Long Neck is Flexible to allow the Swans to Spread the
Waxy Oil from their Head and Beak to all their Body Feathers..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Some of the Twisting and Stretching is Amusing..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Watching Two or Three Preening Together..
You would think there is a Special Order to be Followed..
They tend to Preen in what Appears to be the a Rehearsed Order..

Swan Cygnet Preen

When their Preening Session is about to End..
It is Time to Shake – Twist and Flap their Wing..

Swan Cygnet Preen

This Settles all the Body and Wing Feathers into Proper Order.

Swan Cygnet Preen

The Fast Twist Side to Side helps Fluff the Feathers OUT to
Capture Air and Layer the Feather in a Neat Order..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Several BIG Forceful Wing Flaps helps to Layer all the
Wing Feathers into Perfect Overlapping Order.

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

It is NORMAL for Swans to Preen an Average of TWO Hours a Day.
This is the MOST Important thing they do to Care for their Feathers.

Swan Cygnet Preen

I will admit it gets Boring watching them Preen Endlessly
while we are there to Visit. I have Watched Countless Hours of Preening.

Swan Cygnet Preen

The Useful Life Expectancy of a Feather is One Year..
For 12 Months, Feathers Serve to Protect their Swan..

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

Swan Feathers are a Beautiful Costume of White,
Covering a Swan from their Cheeks to Ankles..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Feathers Protect the Swans from Heat and Cold..
Wind, Rain, Snow, Hail.. (Small Hail will Bounce off).

Swan Cygnet Preen

Properly WaterProofed,

Swan Cygnet Preen

Feathers Prevent the Insulating Down from becoming Wet..

Swan Cygnet Preen

WaterProofed Feathers Allow Swans/Waterfowl to Float
High in/on the Water.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Water SHOULD Bead and Run off Easily..

Swan Cygnet Preen

This makes Gliding through Water Look Effortless.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Worn-Frayed Feathers will not WaterProof Well..

Swan Cygnet Preen

As Time goes on, Worn Feathers will Collect Mineral from the
Water.. their Pristine White will begin to Dull to Shades of Beige.
The Large Flight Feathers start to Look Spiky..

Swan Cygnet Preen

The Swan’s Head does the MOST Preening..Rubbing.

Swan Cygnet Preen

The Tiny Head Feathers become WORN.. If there is Iron in the Water..

Swan Cygnet Preen

The Dissolved Iron Attaches to these Worn Feathers..
and Creates a “Red Cap.”
The Iron Deposits are Exposed to Air.. and Rust.

Swan Cygnet Preen

***********************************************************************

Let their Moulting Begin….

Swan Cygnet Preen

During their Annual Moult, it is TIME to Cast OFF the Fraying Feathers,

Swan Cygnet Preen

Worn from Daily Preening. Preening Increases.. Yep, MORE Preening..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Some of the Loose Feathers will get Stuck in their Nares.
(Sigh) Very Happy Digital Editing allows me to Remove these..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Occasionally the Feathers get through the Nares.. Side to Side..

Swan Cygnet Preen

These Stuck Feathers are Annoying.. Swans will Shake their Head..

Swan Cygnet Preen

They Blow their Nose into the Water… Blowing Bubbles of Air to Dislodge..

Once in a While you might need to Help.. if you are Able to
Get Hold of your Swans..Gently Remove.. It is a BIG Relief for them..

During the Time NEW Feathers are Emerging.. Thousands of
Tiny “Pin Feathers” are Poking through their Skin..

Swan Cygnet Preen

There is a Closed Tip where the Feather will Grow-Out of the Quill-Shaft.
The New Feathers Erupting through their Skin Probably ITCH..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Swans will Appear to be Biting themselves..
Spending LOTs of Time Preening..

Swan Cygnet Preen

They will Bite-Scrape off the VERY Tip of the New Feathers..

It looks like Dandruff on the Ground.

Swan Cygnet Preen

They are Nipping off the Ends of the New Feathers so they can GROW…
IT is Interesting to Watch Feathers Develop.

Swan Cygnet Preen

For a Period of Time..as the New Wing and Tail Feathers Develop..
THEY ARE the BLOOD FEATHERS.

Swan Cygnet Preen

For about Four to Six Weeks, you will see them Preening more..

Swan Cygnet Preen

This is usually in Late June-July for the Pens – After Nesting Ends.

Swan Cygnet Preen

July-August on Average for the Cobs..

Swan Cygnet Preen

***********************************************************************

Another Time there is a Bit of Extra Preening is
When the Pen is Feathering her Nest..

Swan Cygnet Preen

There is a “Brood Patch” on her Breast that she will Preen-Shedding
some Smaller Contour Feathers for Soft Material to Cradle her Big Eggs..

Swan Cygnet Preen

“Brood Patch” Summary: By Shedding Contour Feathers from her
Breast-Abdomen into the Nest.. the Patch of Thinner Feathers Allows
her Body Heat to Transfer to the Incubating-Developing Eggs..

***********************************************************************

Swan Cygnet Preen

FEATHERs – FEATHERs – FEATHERs

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

The PREENING SITE

Swan Cygnet Preen

Swans tend to do Most of their Pooping in the Water.
Bathing and Much Preening is also done in the Water.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Swans Pick a Spot, maybe two, where they will Preen almost every Day.

Swan Cygnet Preen

These Spots will become MESSY ! ! .. Lots of Feathers and Poop.

Swan Cygnet Preen

I tried to Rake this Yuck up once a Week.. Its Unattractive – Attracts Flies.
Take a Quick Look at the Poop.. Watch for Anything Moving..
Swans can get Round Worms .. Tape Worms.. Internal Parasites.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Consider taking a Fresh Fecal Sample to your Veterinarian’s Clinic
for an Ova & Parasite Check.. Once a Year..
DeWorming your Swans Once or Twice a Year is Beneficial.

Swan Cygnet Preen

During the Annual Moult..this Area will Look like a Pillow Exploded..
Raking Twice a Week.. is a Good Idea..

***********************************************************************

Humans Shed Skin and Hair in Small Amounts Every Day..

Swan Cygnet Preen

NOT sure when.. Swans do Shed their Beak, Legs and Feet Skin.
Just like a Reptile – Lizard Skin..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Young Cygnets Shed more then Once their First Year – I think..
And at least Once a Year after that.. ?? maybe more.. Not Sure.
I did not Watch the Timing of this.. I just Noticed it along the Way..

Swan Cygnet Preen

This Allow for a Slow Repair of Old Injuries and Worn Scaly Skin over Time..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Their Shedding is a left over from WAY Back when they were Lizards..
Look Closely at their Leg Skin.. Looks Reptilian..

Swan Cygnet Preen

It is not Scales like a Snake.. but, very much like Lizard Skin.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Genetically, Birds are more like Lizards – Reptiles then Mammals..
Evolution has Change the Way they Look and Function..
Enchanting Creatures of Air and Water..

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

When Touching a Swan Try NOT to have Fresh Hand Lotion on your Hands..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Swans will Preen this Lotion through their Feathers and Disrupt their WaterProofing.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Spilled OIL or Chemicals that Float on their Water can Impair their WaterProofing.

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

It might be Necessary to Wash (ROOM TEMP Water) with Dawn Soap
to Remove any Oily Film..

Swan Cygnet Preen

This will REMOVE Much of their Natural WaterProofing.
It may take several Weeks for the WaterProofing to allow Water to Bead..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Most Ponds do have a Period of Time.. when there is a Slimy-Foamy-Decaying Plant Scum that will Attach on the Swan’s Body at the Water Line..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Be Aware.. that this is not Something Else that might have Contaminated the Water.

Swan Cygnet Preen

When Swans are Kept OUT of the Water and Do NOT Get Wet/Bathe.
They will Preen Less and Less.. Slowly Losing their WaterProofing.

Swan Cygnet Preen

This Happens when Put in a Barn/Shelter for the Winter.
Or Sheltered to Keep Dry after an Injury.. While Recovering..

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

Needing to Keeping our Male Clean and Basically Dry..
I Sponged him Every Other Day with Water and Washed his Bottom.

***********************************************************************

Swan Cygnet Preen

Under Preening may Result in Preening Oils not being Produced.
Which will Cause your Waterfowl/Swans to becoming Chilled
when Wet and MAY Lead to Water Aversion.

Swan Cygnet Preen

SWANs NEED to Get Wet to Encourage Preening..
Even a Gentle Rinse with a Hose or a Wet Sponge..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Protect any Body Area that Needs to Remain Dry..

Swan Cygnet Preen

“Meadow’s” Foot is Wrapped with Clean Paper Towels and a Plastic Bag.
Watching him Dance and Play in the Sprinkler Water was a Happy Moment.
His Damage Foot Recovery was Long and Challenging.. SOOoo Worth it.

Swan Cygnet Preen

“MEADOW”

Swan Cygnet Preen

***********************************************************************

Swan Cygnet Preen

Over Preening can be a Sign of Increased Numbers of External Parasites.

Swan Cygnet Preen

All Birds and Waterfowl have Lice..an External Parasite.
A Small Population is Normal in their Feathers..
There are as many Species of Lice as there are Species of Birds.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Lice (Louse) are Blood Sucking External Parasites.
High Numbers of Lice will Cause Anemia. Note a Pale Tongue.
Bathing and Preening keeps the Numbers Low..

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

An Increase of the Lice can Happen when Swans are Not Getting
to Bathe in Water that is Reasonably Clean.. Refreshed..
This can Occur During a Period of Drought.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Or if they are Kept Inside a Shelter for Extended Periods without
Access to Water to Bathe in.

Swan Cygnet Preen

If your Swan has a Pale Tongue it is Suggesting Anemia..
> > > > Check for Parasites.
An Infestation if External Lice in their Feathers is the First to Check…

Look into their Down Under their Wings..
Where there are Fewer Feathers.. Watch for Tiny Dark Scurrying Spots.
They are the Size of Cracked Pepper.. Image Below is Enlarged.

Swan Cygnet Preen

You can Try to Catch a Lice Sample by using Sticky Tape..

Swan Cygnet Preen

If Swans live on a Property where there are Cattle that are Not
being Treated for Cattle Lice.. these may Spread to the Swans..
or other Waterfowl..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Most Lice are TINY Blood Sucking Parasites..
Small Numbers.. Healthy Swans.. Little Problem..
Large Numbers.. can cause Anemia.. Weakening your Swans..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Watch for any Over Preening.. Really Digging into their Feathers..

Look at some of the Feathers on the Ground with a Magnifying Glass..
Check the Quill/Shaft for Tiny Whitish Eggs..

Swan Cygnet Preen

One Treatment We have used – a Dilute Peppermint Oil..
Several Drops in a Pint of Fresh Water. SHAKE WELL.

Spray Under the Swan’s Wings.. and Down their Back.
Avoid their Eyes and Beak.

Swan Cygnet Preen

They will Preen this through their Feathers.. It does not Kill the Lice..
Lice do not like the Peppermint Oil.. and Jump Off..
Repeat in 5 – 7 Days if Needed.

Swan Cygnet Preen

I have Used these ORGANIC Flea and Tick Sprays..
CHECK the Ingredients.. Make SURE ALL ORGANIC OILS.

Swan Cygnet Preen

FLY-X is an Organic Commercial Spray to Repel FLYs.
This Would Probably Also Work..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Your Veterinarian will have other Remedies..
if these Simple Organic Oil Products do not Help.

***********************************************************************

The Soggy Cygnet below.. was Rescued. Lots of TLC..
He is now an Adorable Healthy Black Australian Pet Swans.

Swan Cygnet Preen

“Wet Feather” – Poor WaterProofing..
There are a Number of Conditions that can cause this.

A Lack of Preening Oils may Cause “Wet Feather”
Preen/Oil Gland Problems. Poor Diet.. Post Illness.. Post Surgery.
Post Severe Injury when the Body needs to Heal and ReGain Weight..

When a Swan has a Poor Diet.. or Is Not in Healthy Body Status..
After a Nasty Injury.. while their Body is Healing..

Swan Cygnet Preen

There may be a lack of the Essential Oils and Vitamins needed to
Produce Normal Amounts of Preening Oil.

Swan Cygnet Preen

“Wet Feather” is Characterized by “Raggedy” looking Feathers
and also an inability to Repel Water. The Swans look Unkempt..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Feathers get Waterlogged and Stay Soggy Wet after the Swans
get Out of the Water. There is Little to No Water Beading.

Swan Cygnet Preen

One Tiny Cygnet in this Brood had Poor WaterProofing.. Did not Survive.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Becoming VERY Soggy Wet Swans may have Trouble Staying Afloat..
You will see them Floating Lower in the Water then Normal.

The Added Water Weight may Prevent them Climbing out of the Water..

Swan Cygnet Preen

This Happened to “Handsome Fellow.”

Severe Weight Loss after his Wing was Shredded..
Then Hours of Surgery.. Blood Loss.. His Body was Depleted..

Swan Cygnet Preen

After Weeks of Recovery Time, we Released him to a Pond..
I could see he was Swimming Lower and Lower in the Water..

Swan Cygnet Preen

He could NOT get out of the Pond himself.. Fortunately, he came
to me to Help lift him out.. He was Like a Soggy MOP.

When the Swan’s WaterProofing is Poor, they Chill Easily..
They are WET all the Way to their Skin..

Swan Cygnet Preen

It take Hours for them to Dry..

This is VERY Dangerous for them during Cold Weather.

Swan Cygnet Preen

**********************************************************************

The Swans with Poor WaterProofing may Avoid Water..
which just makes this Problem Worse. They Preen Less and Less.

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

This Young Male Swan Spent the Long Winter Months in the Barn..
Keeping a Pool of Water is Difficult and in Cold Areas it Freezes..

Swan Cygnet Preen

His Feathers became Stiff with Dirt.. We Tried to Wash him from a
Bucket of Water.. He Struggled so much, this was Not Helpful..

Swan Cygnet Preen

This Gentle Swan just wanted to Live in and by the Barn..

Swan Cygnet Preen

He Spent most of his Spring, Summer and Fall In or by the Barn.

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

Occasionally, he would Sit near the Pond and Watch the other Swans.
We Released and Encouraged him several Times onto his Pond..

Swan Cygnet Preen

You would have thought we were Burning him..
He was OUT of the Water as Fast as Possible.

Swan Cygnet Preen

All we did was Terrify him.. We did not Understand this Behavior.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Thinking Back to that Time.. This Condition “Wet Feather”
may Explain his Aversion to the Pond and Water..

Swan Cygnet Preen

“Forrest” was Very Sweet and Gentle..

Swan Cygnet Preen

He had been Rescued.. Found along a Road.. Tiny and Alone.
We All wanted him to be a Healthy, Happy Pond Swan..

Swan Cygnet Preen

He was Loved..during his Time.
But, did not have the Normal Life of a Swan.

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

***********************************************************************

A Good-Quality Diet Provides the Nutrient to Produce Oil..
AND, Access to Bath Water.. will Encourage Preening.

Swan Cygnet Preen

If “Wet Feather” – Soggy when Wet is Extreme..
You may need to Only Allow the Swans to Bathe in a Kidde Pool,
until the WaterProofing Improves..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Let them Bathe in 4 – 6 Inches of Water to Stimulate Preening.
Getting Wet Early in the Day.. and Dry in Warm SunLight.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Watch for Water Beading to Improve before Trying the Pond Again.

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

***********************************************************************

Diet.. It is Helpful for Swans to have a Little Oil in their Diet..
Especially during the Winter Months.
Adding a Tablespoon of Salad Oil to their Daily Feed Mixture may be Helpful..

Adding Black Strap Molasses to their Feed can Add Vitamins
and Nutrients that might help. ??? We have not used this..
Small Amounts until Condition Improves.

Blackstrap Molasses is the most Concentrated Form of Molasses.
It Contains the most Vitamins and Assorted Minerals.
Some Sources say that it has many Health Benefits.

***********************************************************************

Swan Cygnet Preen

When it is Best to Hand Raise Cygnets.. Away from their Parents.

Swan Cygnet Preen

When Hand Raising Cygnets.. Regular Bath Time is Important.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Young Cygnets need to be on Soft Ground – Grass to Protect their Feet..
In a Muddy/Dirt Living Area, Dirt gets into their Feathers and Down.
This will Interfere with Healthy Preening and WaterPoofing.

Swan Cygnet Preen

There will be Increased External Parasite Infestations.. > > >Anemia.

Swan Cygnet Preen

Swan Cygnets need to get Wet to Encourage Preening..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Providing the Young Cygnets with Plenty of Clean Water
to Splash in and Keep their Bedding Clean and Dry.

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

********************************************************************

Swan Cygnet Preen

Our “Pond Princess” – Little “Hannah” was Likely Raised without
Access to Water.. We Bid and Won her at a LiveStock Auction.

Swan Cygnet Preen

10 Months Old, she was Scared and SOOooo Dirty..
Swan Care was ALL so New for us at that Time..

I Rinsed her Several time that first Evening in a Large Tub in our Garage..

LOTs of Dirt Rinsed into the Clean Cold Water..
I had a VERY Wet Cygnet. Towel Dried.. Kept her Safe OverNight.

Swan Cygnet Preen

When we Released “Hannah” to the Pond the Next Morning..

She Bolted Across the Pond and OUT onto the Golf Course Greens.
She was Terrified of Us and the Water.. We /I had Much to Learn..
ONE: That this Young Swan had Likely Never been in Water…

Swan Cygnet Preen

Fortunately our Male, “Handsome Fellow” knew what to do.
He Guided “Hannah” to the Clean Shallow Inflow Area of the Pond.

“Handsome” kept her Safe in the Shallow Water as her WaterProofing
Gradually Improved over Two – Three Weeks..

Swan Cygnet Preen

It was Interesting to Observe him Caring for her..
The Swans have Taught us Much over the Years..

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

Happy Memories.. Just Not Enough.

***********************************************************************

If you Need to keep a Swan Dry during Recovery after an Injury or Post-Surgery..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Depending on the Time of Year..
The Veterinarian Instruction may be to Leave the Wound Open to the Air..

A Little Water Time is Important.. So they Preen..

Swan Cygnet Preen

First Cover the Wound Area with a Clean Paper Towel…
then Cover with a Plastic Bag or Saran Wrap, etc..

Swan Cygnet Preen

I like Painter’s Tape.. It Sticks to the Plastic.. NOT the Skin.
If the Paper Towel Gets Wet.. STOP -Try Again to keep Dry..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Try to Gently Spray their Feathers Twice a Day.. So they Preen..
Spray and Clean their Cloaca Area..

Swan Cygnet Preen

This Stimulates the Preening Gland and the Swans will PREEN.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

For Any Waterfowl.. their Beak is VERY Important.

Swan Cygnet Preen

For Eating, Communicating/Vocalizing, Breathing and for Preening..

An Injury to the Beak that makes Preening Difficult needs to be
Watched Closely..

If the Injury Prevents Adequate Cleaning and Preening..
This will Affect the Swan’s Health..

Swan Cygnet Preen

Snapping Turtle Injuries to Swan Beaks are TOO Common..

Swan Cygnet Preen

If an Injury is Severe, it is Difficult to Know the Best Thing to do..
Many Vets will Advise what they know or Foresee – Prognosis…

Swan Cygnet Preen

Some Injuries.. Will Need Veterinary Attention..
If the Beak Heals without an Infection.. Be Grateful.

Snaggy Areas along the Beak might need to be Smoothed..
Infections in the Beak Structure Tissues will be Difficult to Treat.

WATCH from Insect Maggots.. Common in Fresh Open Wounds.
Flush them Out.. Watch Until this Stops.. Check with Your Vet.

If the Beak’s Damage Prevents a Swan from Eating
or Preening.. Their Future and yours will be Very Difficult..

It may be Worth Giving Nature a Chance to Heal..
The Swan will need Extra TLC..
… and More than a Few Prayers Answered.
A Lot will Depend on the Damage and a Swan’s Will..

I can not Imagine the Pain Initially that the Swan Experience.
After the First few Days – Hope they can Stabilize..

Swan Cygnet Preen

If they can Drink, Eat and Maintain a Reasonably Healthy Weight.
And Gradually Preen to WaterProof Adequately..

Swan Cygnet Preen

They have a Guarded Chance.
Watch for Shivering during Cold Weather.. They may need Sheltering.

Attempts have been Made to Add a Prosthetic Material to
several Badly Damaged Swan Beaks. As time goes on this may Work
Better. To Date, few have been Successful.. Folks are Learning.

Removing Snapping Turtles will Reduce the Risk of Beak Injuries.

Swan Cygnet Preen

***********************************************************************

TO END.. “HOW do SWANs Stay SO WHITE ???”
They PREEN..

Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen
Swan Cygnet Preen

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Information Compiled from Observing Swans over the Years.
Yes, Reading has been Informative.. Gathering Data..
And Experiences of Others.. We All Learn Together.
(C) Linda M.Sweger July 2020
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Swan Cygnet Preen

There are Sweet Memories that Linger.

Polish and Royal Mute Swans

June 21st, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in Mute Swans - Royal vs Polish - (Comments Off on Polish and Royal Mute Swans)
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

( Just Color Variants)

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

The MUTE SWANS may be divided by Color Variation.
The Black-Legged Swans are ROYALS and come from Great Britain.
The Beige-Legged Swans are called POLISH Swans and they are from Eurasia.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

Depending on the Parents Genetics.. you can have BOTH in the same Brood.

From Late April through June, Mute Swan Cygnets are Hatching all over the Place.. and I get Questions about the Different Colors of the Cygnets.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

To Enlarge Images – Right Click Image then Open in a New Tab.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

This Topic Page will Basically be Images – Examples..
To Read more about the Royal and/or Polish.. there are Topic Pages about them.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

Polish Mute Swans have Beige/Light Brown Legs and Feet,
their Beaks are more Orange then Red.

Polish Mute Cygnets are Light Cream to White with Pink/Beige Feet.
Polish Mute Cygnets/Swans will have the Pale Foot Color for life.
The Polish Males Feet are more Brown then Black.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

The Cygnets below are from a Mixed Mute Pair.. Above is their Polish Dam.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

Below is the Cygnets’ Royal Sire.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

Royal Mute Swans have very Black Feet and almost Red Beaks.

Royal Mute Cygnets are a Smoky Blue-Gray-Brown Color
their Beaks are Black and their Legs and Feet are VERY Dark to Black..

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

These 5 Cygnets are 5 Days Old. We Stopped to Help Pinion them.. Success.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

MUTE Swans Mixed Cygnets Following their DAM – Very Cute
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=coTkuD91h9Q

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

When Polish Cygnets are Raised Out on the Water with their Parents they are the most Vulnerable to Predation.. They are EASY to See.
– The Preying of One Animal on others.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

A Red-tailed Hawk was Observed Carrying One Polish Cygnet Away.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

Within a Few Days the Other Polish Cygnet was Gone.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

Hawks and Owls are Feeding their Young at the Same Time of Year…
that Mute Swan Cygnets Hatch..
Swans are almost Helpless to Protect their Tiny Cygnets.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

Two Days after this Visit we got a Call asking us to Come and
Remove the Two Remaining Royal Cygnets…. to Save them..
They were 18 Days Old.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

There seem to be a Fair Number of Polish Swans in Central PA..

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

The Cygnets below were Unrelated Rescues.. One Female – One Male.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

They were able to Grow Together.. We Planned for them to be a Pair.
Sadly, the Polish Female developed a Heart Infection.. and Died.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

These are Other Unrelated Polish and Royal Mute Swan Cygnets..

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

I Personally like to have One of Each.. It is So Difficult to Tell many Swans
apart.. Their Knobs change Size during the Years..
Many Times Owners are not sure Which Swan is the Male or their Female.
Especially, when they are Alone.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swans

Having One Polish and One Royal.. makes this Easier.. You can SEE the Color of their Legs… just above the Water..

Then there are Same Sex Pairings.. These Swans REALLY Look Alike..

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

When we would Stop to Visit the Young Royal Male NestMates above…
I could not tell them Apart.
Their Family could not Either.. Just Calling them “The Boys.”

Driving Home after a Visit.. I kept thinking… they are Like Identical Twins.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

I Started to Refer to them as “Castor” and “Pollux.” The Gemini Twins.

When there are Royal and Polish Male NestMates from the Same Brood..
it is Nice to keep them Together.
For People who want a Same Sex Male Pair.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

When I Pinioned these Rescued Cygnets..
I Sent their Removed Wing Tips for the DNA-Sex Determination.
Each Cygnet was Color Banded to Identify them..
Leg Bands were Changed as they Grew.
Make SURE Leg Bands do NOT get TIGHT !

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

Around 12 Weeks (80 – 86 Days) we can Send Feathers for the DNA-Sex Determination.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

DNA Results are Back.. We can Start to Arrange for their Forever Homes.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

During the First Winter the Royal Cygnet will become more and more White.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

These Young Males were doing Well Together.. They Could have Lived together for Many Years.. Sadly, Fishing Injuries Ended this Pairing.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Having Two Female… Do NOT Need to be NestMates.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

Both the Royal and Polish Juvenile Females are White by 14-16 Months Old.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

The Females below.. I can Tell them Apart by their Pinioned Wings.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

The Main Concern when you have Two Females a Companions..
They can not Protect themselves during Nesting. They are VULNERABLE.
You Need to Think of Ways to Improve their Safety from Predators..

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
************************************************************************

HUM-M-m-m… The More Time I got to Spend with Swans..
I did Notice there are not Just Two Color Variants.. but a Third.. a Blend.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

There is a Royal – a Polish – and a Cappuccino Colored Cygnet.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

From Reading – No Special Designation is Made for the Cappuccino Cygnets.
They are Classified as Royal – Their Plumage will be Similar to the Royals.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

Our Little “Summer” has a DARK Beak and Pale Grey Legs..

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

“Meadow’s” Legs and Feet Stayed Light Grey.. Did Not Becoming Dark..

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

I think ALL Swans are Wonderful.. – Including Hormonal Cobs.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

They all have Different Personalities and Bring Much Joy to those who
Love and Care for them.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
***********************************************************************

These are Swan and Cygnet Images Snapped over the Many Years we have been Enjoying Swans.
Collected by Linda M. Sweger & Robert B. Job June 2020
***********************************************************************
Below are More Photo Images of Royal and Polish Cygnets. They were Fun.

Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets
Royal vs Polish Mute Swan Cygnets

They have All Become Graceful Swans.

The Australian Black Swans

June 10th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in Black Australian Swans - (Comments Off on The Australian Black Swans)
Black Australian Swans

COMMON NAME: Black Swan
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Aves
ORDER: Anseriformes
FAMILY: Anatidae
SUBFAMILY: Anserini

Black Australian Swans

GENUS SPECIES: Cygnus (swan) atratus (clothed in black)
”Atratus” translates into “Dressed in Black.”

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swans

My / Our Experience with the Black Australian Swans has been
Limited.. We have Visited various Pair.. Enjoyed Observing them.

Black Australian Swans

And we Tried to Rehabilitate Several.. without much Success.
We did what we could to give them a Chance to Heal and Improve.

Black Australian Swans

I have not Checked Various States if there are Any Prohibitions
for having Black Australian Swans as Captive Pets.

Black Australian Swans

In Pennsylvania there are NO Restrictions to Own or Breed them..

Black Australian Swans

I am not Aware of Any States Restricting Ownership.
If there is a Concern.. Check with your States Department of Agriculture.
And, Or your State’s WildLife Services.. WaterFowl Specialists.

Black Australian Swans

I am Going to Share some Basic Information..
Not much about the Wild – Free Black Australian Swans.

Black Australian Swans

This Species of Swan has Dark-Black Plumage with White Feathers
in their Wings easily seen during Flight.

Black Australian Swans

Their Wing Span Averages One and a Half to Two Meters.

Black Australian Swans

The Cobs have a more Pronounce Ruffling of their Back to Tail Feathers..

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swans

Female Black Swans tend to hold their Necks in a Slight Curve.

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swan

And the Mature Cobs tend to have the Longest Necks among the Swan Species.

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swan
Black Australian Swans

The Elongated Neck enables the Black Swans to reach Deep into
the Water to Feed on Algae and other Aquatic Vegetation.

Black Australian Swans

Their Beak is more Red with a White Band near the Tip.

Black Australian Swans

And the Iris of their Eyes is a Bright Red.

Black Australian Swans

I Realized that I could Suspect Anemia by the Color of their Iris.
Anemia may be Caused by External or Internal Parasites.
Blood Loss after an Injury.. Chronic Infection or a Poor Diet..

Black Australian Swans

Their Legs and Webbed Feet are Dark Grey-Black.

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swan
Black Australian Swans

Males – Cobs Average 18 – 20 Pounds
Females – Pens Average 10 – 14 Pounds

Black Australian Swans

Life Span.. from Reading.. With Good Luck and Health.
40 Years is Possible. I have No Experience with this.
10 Years seems more Realistic.

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swan Canada Geese
Black Australian Swan Canada Geese

I have Never heard any Owner of Black Swans say they are Good for Controlling the Canada Geese that are a Problem on many Ponds.

Black Australian Swan Canada Geese
Black Australian Swans

Black Swan Vocal Sounds Musical “Tweets and Hoots”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OkaCUUsSDYs

Black Australian Swans

The Black Swan is the most Social and least Territorial of all Swans.
There are Exceptions.. All Swans have their Own Personality.

Black Australian Swans

NATURAL DIET: Herbivores, Eating mainly Aquatic Vegetation
In Captivity as Pets.. the General Swan Feed Mixtures is Good.
They will Live on Ponds and Lakes with Natural Vegetation.

Black Australian Swans

In the Colder Regions.. Pennsylvania Included.. The Black Australian
Swans may need Sheltering during the Colder Nights. They are
Smaller and more Willing to be inside out of the Direct Cold.

Black Australian Swans

If your Swans, any Swans are Sheltering, be SURE to Secure the Door or Opening a Night.. Inside a Structure they are Trapped. Vulnerable.

Black Australian Swans

Healthy Adults are OK out on Open Water during the Day…
Happier Inside on Icy Cold Nights.

Black Australian Swans

Cygnets that Hatch in the Fall will need Shelter at Night through
most Cold Winter Months. Remember to RAISE the Heat Lamps as they Grow.

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swans

Like other Swan Species..
Sexual Maturity is at 2 – 3 Years Old.

Black Australian Swans

BLACK SWANS MATING DANCE ” Joyful Bath”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8oZu6PAfoG4

Black Australian Swans

The Black Swan Above are on an Island in the Middle of their Pond.

Black Swans Build their Nests on Islands or in Dense Vegetation near Water.

Black Australian Swans

Black Australian Swans Nest Twice a Year.
Both Cob and Pen will Gather Twiggy Materials for their Nest.

Black Australian Swans

Nestings occurs in February and again in September.
Once in Early Spring. And a Second Brood.. in the Fall.

Black Australian Swans

Black Australian Swans are Comfortable Nesting Inside a Shelter.

Black Australian Swans

Important to Secure any Opening at Night.. Keep Predators OUT !!

Healthy Females Lay 4 – 6 Pale Greenish Eggs for each Clutch.

Black Australian Swans

Both the Male and Female share in Incubation “Sitting” on the Eggs.

Black Australian Swans

The Black Cob spend much more time on the Nest then the Mute Swan Cobs.

Black Australian Swans

Once Incubation Begins.. Expect Cygnets in 35-36 Days.

Black Australian Swans

Remove Unfertile Eggs after 42 Days. Discard..

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swan

Hatching an Average of 3 – 6 Cygnet each Nesting..

Black Australian Swans

Shortly after Hatching, the Cygnets can Swim and Feed themselves.
Their first Food is the same as other Cygnet Species.

Feeding Swan Cygnets
https://swanlovers.net/category/feeding-swan-cygnets/

In the Wild they would EAT LOT of Water Insects and Small invertebrates.
Feeding mostly from the Water’s Surface.

Black Australian Swans

The Cygnet above is NOT WaterProof… he is WET !!!

When Cygnets are NOT Raised on a Pond.. They need Pool Time to Encourage Preening.. to Aid and Improve their WaterProofing..

Black Australian Swans

Black Swans will Play in any Puddle of Water. They will do OK on a Slightly Small Pond then the Larger Mutes and Trumpeter Swans.

Black Australian Swans

I have not had an Opportunity to Observe Black Australian Cygnets
Raised on the Pond with their Parents.. Only Hand Raised Cygnets.

Black Australian Swans

The Cygnets are Too Easily taken by Predators.
The Spring Brood Hatch during Chilly-Chilly March Weather.

Black Australian Swans

And the Fall Brood are not Developed enough to be Outside in our Cold Winter Months.

Black Australian Swans

They need to be Sheltered. Hard to do with the Parent.. who will do better out on the Pond in Cool Moderate Weather.

Black Australian Swans

If they were able to Live with their Parents, they will Ride on their Parent’s Back for Longer Trips around their Waterways.

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swans

The Cygnets have Gray Down for Three to Four weeks.

Black Australian Swans

Then the Beautiful Smoky Black-White Tips Feathers Emerge.

Black Australian Swans

Their First True Feathers are Dark Smoky Brown not as Black
as the Mature Adults.

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swans

The Male Cygnet above is about 3 Months Old. Growing Nicely.

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swans

The Beaks of Black Cygnets seem to go through some Color
Variations as they Mature to the Bright Red and White.

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swans

The Cygnets need to be Ready for Life on their Own by 14-16 Weeks..
Rehoming-Adoption at 5 to 6 Months is Workable..

Black Australian Swans

Since there are Fewer Black Swans being Raised..
It is a Challenge to Arrange Young Unrelated Pairs.

It is a Good Idea to seek others who have and
Raise Black Australian Swans.. then Network with them..

Black Australian Swans

It is Common for Pairs to be from the Same Brood..
Not a Healthy Practice. Genetic Diversity Produces Healthier Swans.

Black Australian Swans

When the Adults are Ready to Start another Nesting..
I have no Experience if Two Different Broods will be OK staying
with the Parent.

Black Australian Swans

From Reading, it is often Stated that Cygnets will Remain with
their Parents for Nine Month before they Fledge and become Independent.. Suggesting Two Broods are in the Parents’ Care at the Same Time.

Black Australian Swans

Most Folks who have Captive Pet Black Swans,
Arrange for New Homes for each Brood of Cygnets..

Black Australian Swans

It would be Reasonable to Spoil some Clutches of Eggs..
to Limit the Number of Cygnets. There are Options..

Black Australian Swans

When Black Swans are Allowed to Pair at Will..
There are Frequently Two Females and One Male.

Black Australian Swans

They seem to enjoy being a Threesome.

Black Australian Swans

How & Who will Breed.. ??
I do not have that Experience..

Black Australian Swans

It Suggests.. One Female is a Spare.?? A “Nanny.”
If something Happens to the Nesting Female,
the other Female will take over the Nest.

Black Australian Swans

?? Both Females share Caring for the Cygnets.
One being the “Nanny.”

Black Australian Swans

I can not find anything in Reading about this..
so, this might have been my Observation Experience.

Black Australian Swans

After their Breeding Season the Adults Moult and are unable to Fly
for about a Month. The Females Moult First, several Weeks later the Males start their Moult.

Black Australian Swans

I do not know if they Moult Twice a Year..
Or just after One of their Two Nestings… ??? Spring

Black Australian Swans

The Right Wing of the Right Black Swan is Pinioned.. Most White Flight Feathers are Missing.

Black Australian Swans

To Care for Captive Pet Black Swans Pinioning is Suggested.
If they are able to Fly.. they may simply Fly Away.

Black Australian Swan
Black Australian Swan

They have Little Chance of Surviving a Feral Life in Pennsylvania..

Black Australian Swans

The Black Australian Swans will Live and Build their Nests in a Colony
if their Water Environment will Support their Numbers..

Black Australian Swans
Black Australian Swans

If their Water Environment is not Flushing with Clean Water and you see
Fecal Material Floating on the Surface, this is not a Healthy Place.
Too many Waterfowl… will FOUL a Smaller Pond.

Black Australian Swans

Males do most of the Defending and Chasing off of “Enemies.”

Black Australian Swans

Territorial Disputes seem Less Severe.. Not sure how to word this..
There is more Posturing between Rival Males then “Out and Out” Battling..

Black Australian Swans

The Black Swan Cobs average Weight is 18 to 20 Pounds..
Mute Cobs can be 28 to 30 Plus Pounds..

Black Australian Swans

BUT, we have Witnessed and there are Internet YouTube Video Clips..
of the Black Cobs being more Fierce and Aggressive toward the Larger Mutes.

Black Australian Swans

There is a “Pecking Order” on most Bodies of Water among the Waterfowl.. Black Australian Males like to the at the Top of Order..
They can be Surprisingly Aggressive. – The Pond Bully.

Black Australian Swans

The Black Swan NestMate Males will also become Compatible Pairs.
If you Prefer NOT to deal with Nesting Twice a Year, Two NestMate Males
Might be worth Considering.

Black Australian Swans

We / I have had Fun visiting with Black Australian Swans..

Black Australian Swans

We have tried to Rehabbed / Cared for Several.. My Experience is Limited.

Black Australian Swans

I Hope I have not Misrepresented their General Behavior.

As I Read various OnLine Articles, I can see that each Swan Owner
has their own Experiences and Observations.

Black Australian Swans

General Fact Articles about the Black Australian Swans,
seem to be largely “Cut and Paste” Information.

Black Australian Swans

The BeautyofBirds.com has a Nice Fact Article..

Black Australian Swan
Black Australian Swan
Black Australian Swan
Black Australian Swan

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& I am about to do the Same Thing….
Just a Little “Cut and Paste” History BackGround..

Before European Explorers had reached Australia,
it was believed that all Swans were White.

Black Australian Swans

Dutch Mariner, Antounie Caen, was the first to be Amazed at the Sight of Australia’s Black Swans on the Shark Bay in 1636.

Black Australian Swans

Explorer Willem de Vlamingh Captured two Black Swans from Australia’s Swan River and Brought them back to Europe to prove their Existence.

Black Australian Swans

During the Nineteenth Century, the original Western Australian Colony was called “the Swan River Settlement.”

Black Australian Swans

In 1973, the Black Swan was Officially Proclaimed as the “Bird Emblem” of the Government of Western Australia and now appears on their State Flag.

Black Australian Swans

Black Swans are still found Living Wild and Free in various Wetland Habitats in Australia and Tasmania.
There are some Black Swans Living Free in the Regions of Sweden.

Black Australian Swans

Within Australia they are Nomadic, with Erratic Migration Patterns dependent upon Climatic conditions.
Like other Swans they need Open Water during the Colder Months.

Black Australian Swans

The Black Swans were Hunted to Extinction in New Zealand, but later Reintroduced.

Black Australian Swans

In Victoria (Australia) and Tasmania they have caused enough Crop Damage that the Government has established a short Hunting Seasons to Control their Numbers.

Black Australian Swans

In the United States, there is No Mention of Feral Black Swans.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

The Australian Black swan has a Rare Color Variation.
It is known as Silver or Merle Swan.

Silver Merle Australian Swans

Knox Swan and Dog has a Breeding Program in place to try
and get a Pure Strain of Silver Swans.

Silver Merle Australian Swans

The Plan is to get enough Swans with the Silver Gene to match up
in Breeding Pairs to produce the Silver Swans.

Silver Merle Australian Swans

If you know anyone who has an Australian Swan with this
Rare Color Various Bob Knox would like to you to Contact him..

Silver Merle Australian Swans

The Few Images included are All from the Internet..

Knox Swan & Dog LLC (847) 304-1230
www.canadiangoosecontrol.com
75 Saddle Tree Ln, North Barrington, IL 60010

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&


Black Australian Swan

****************************************************************
The General Information is a Blend of my Experiences and Reading.
Compiled by Linda M. Sweger June 2020
****************************************************************

Black Australian Swans

I Love this Image.. I Wish I could Identify the Photographer.. Lovely.

FISHING and SWANs.. NOT a GOOD MIX

June 4th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in FISHING is RISKY Business - (Comments Off on FISHING and SWANs.. NOT a GOOD MIX)

I Understand that Fishing is an Activity Enjoyed by Many.

SWAN FISHING

I am not going to Bash or Complain about the Sport of Fishing..
It seems to be a Popular way to Spend Time Outside.

SWAN FISHING

To Enlarge Right Click Image – Open in a New Tab.

FISHING: If you Allow Anyone to Fish on Your Pond..
Ask them to be EXTREMELY Careful with Fishing Line, Sinkers and Hooks..

SWAN FISHING

It is Safest for your Captive Pet Swans if NO Fishing is Allowed..

SWAN FISHING

I am Always Happy to see Ponds Designated “NO FISHING.”

SWAN FISHING

The BRIGHT Red Bobber… Someone was Fishing.. on a NO Fishing Pond.

SWAN FISHING

The Pond or Lake Your Swans Live on.. is their Home.

SWAN FISHING

What is Difficult to Accept is the Careless Disregard for the Environment by Some
– Not All – People who Fish..

SWAN FISHING

Loving the OutDoors.. Why do they Trash it.

SWAN FISHING

Mute Swans get Blamed for All Kind of Negative Impacts on
the WaterWays they Live on.. But, this is Not Swan Waste..

SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING

THIS is People TRASH ! !

SWAN FISHING

I Want to Share with Folks interested in Having Swans what Can Happen
if Fishing Hooks, Lines and Sinkers are Left in the Water where your
Captive Pet Swans and other Water Birds Live.

SWAN FISHING

Your Domestic Ducks and Geese will Also Suffer Injuries that Mangle them.

SWAN FISHING

This Female Mallard became Entangled in a SIX-Pronged Barbed Hook.
She was First Hooked in the Webbing of her Foot.
Trying to Free Herself with her Beak, her Tongue became Impaled.
She was Lucky, Found, Helped and Released.

SWAN FISHING

Discarded Fishing Line Around the Leg of this Goose was Cutting in so Deeply, Saving the Leg was Questionable.

SWAN FISHING

WHAT YOU CAN NOT SEE ! !
An X-RAY of a Duck that Swallowed a Fishing Hook.
This would Required Risky Surgery to Remove. Outcome Unknown.

SWAN FISHING

If an Unfortunate Swan/Cygnet Swallows a Fishing Hook
OR any Bird or Waterfowl…The SOONER it is Removed the Better the chance that no Long Term Harm or Death will occur.

SWAN FISHING

One of these Young Cygnets Swallows a Length of Fishing Line..
The Owners CUT the Line at his Beak and Released him.
NO Plan to Find Out if there was a Hook or to Help him..
“He is a Wild Creature. God will take Care of him..”

My Heart SANK, when I learned they turned the Cygnet out to their Pond.

DO NOT CUT FISHING LINE SHORT – there MIGHT be a HOOK…
This will Aid finding the Hook.. Leave several Inches Visible.

VERY GENTLY – Touch the Neck all around to feel for
any Lump that might be the location of a Hook.

The Bird or Animal will BEST be helped by a Veterinarian.

SWAN FISHING

We Arranged with the County Cruelty Officer for this Cygnet to be Removed from the Farm.
He was Taken to a Veterinarian for Help.
His Weight was 40 % below what he should have Weighed.

There is NO WAY: WITHOUT an X-RAY
No way to know how Large the Hook is..
No way to know how the Hook is Oriented..
No way to know how Far Down the Hook has Gone..
NO WAY to know how many Barbs the Hook has..

Fishing Hooks will Dissolve/Rust over time..
Depending on the Size, this can take Weeks to Months..
Dissolving Metals will S-L-O-W-L-Y be Absorbed.. Heavy Metal Poisoning.

In the MEANTIME:
As the Swan/Cygnet moves about the Hook Barbs may change its
Position and Location. Swans Twist their Necks to Drink, Eat and
Preen.. It will likely cause PAIN as it Stabs into Tender Tissues.

Throat Tissues may become Swollen, Sore and Ulcerate.
High incidents of Infection.. Bacteria – Fungus.. Necrosis.

A Swallowed Fishing Hook may cause Chronic to Severe Bleeding..
Especially, if it Punctures a Carotid Artery or Jugular Vein.
Massive Bleeding, Loss of Blood to their Brain.
Obstructive Blood Clots. Many Fatal Potentials.

Plant Material, which Swans Try to Eat, may be Caught and Choke the
Cygnet/Swan. Prevent Eating – High Risk of Starving.

Hook Barbs may migrate to Trachea – cause Airway Obstruction,
Bleeding into Lungs. Painful Fatal Outcome.

Hook Barbs may migrate to Neck Vertebrae.
Damage Nerves-Impair Function. Imagine the PAIN.

By the time the Swan/Cygnet is in Distress from a FISHING HOOK,
it will be more difficult to Save them. The Longer the FISHING HOOK is in the Throat the more Treatment will likely be needed. Poor Prognosis.

SWAN FISHING

This Young Cygnet was Lucky. He was Rescued and taken for Help.
He did not have a Fishing Hook in his Esophagus.. BUT, he did have a
Wad of Balled-up Fishing Line in his Gizzard. The Line was Abrading the Lining of his Gizzard, causing Bleeding. The Fishing Line was Removed, Treated with Antibiotics, Time to Recover and Gain Weight..
Adopted to New Home.

SWAN FISHING

A FISHING Hook is Literally a TIME BOMB waiting to Kill any Bird
or Animal that Swallows one.

Use GREAT CARE when Capturing a Swan/Cygnet that may have ingested a Fishing Hook.
Do your BEST not to handle the Neck. Keep Stress as LOW as Possible.

If you SEE Fishing Line Hanging from a Swan’s Mouth…
DO NOT CUT the Line. – Leave several Inches Visible.
Find a Way to KEEP it from being SWALLOWED Further.
Your VET will have a BETTER Chance of Removing the HOOK.

SWAN FISHING

The Young Swan Cygnet Below was Rescued – Not Saved.. Died.

SWAN FISHING

Carelessly Discarded Fishing Line, Hooks and Lead Sinkers
have been Responsible for “Way Too Many” Waterfowl Deaths..

SWAN FISHING

Painful Tissue Injuries might be Treated after Days of Bleeding
when Infections have started..

What you are Seeing is a Result of FISHING.. and NOT being Responsible for Fishing Line.. and HOOKs !

SWAN FISHING

The Pain and Stress the Swans Endure May Contribute to a Poor Outcome..

At a Pond that was to be Designated “No Fishing” – Public Fishing Continued.

SWAN FISHING

The Young Swans on this Pond were Hooked and Injured Several Times.

SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING

We Arrange for a Rescue to Occur on a Wednesday..
A Veterinarian Appointment was Made for that Evening.

SWAN FISHING

The Owner Arranged for Someone to Shoot the Juvenile Swan on Tuesday.
They were Tired of all the Expensive Veterinary Bills..

The Young Swan was a Victim Twice.. through NO Fault of his. So Sad.

They did Allow the Rescuers to Collect his Brother. We found a New Home.

SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING

The Line was Caught on Rocks.. Luckily the Swan Pulled Free..
We Could Not get Hold of her.. The Hook Eventually Rusted Off.

SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING

The Saga of a Rescued Swan.. Who Knows how Long she was Hooked.

SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING

This Swan’s Leg was Not Ok.. She Struggled to Walk.. Victim of a Hook.

SWAN FISHING

SINKERs:
Lead Poisoning is a BIG Problem for Wild and Domestic Waterfowl.
Swallowed Lead will Slowly Cause Toxic Heavy Metal Poisoning.
Difficult and Time Consuming to Treat.

SWAN FISHING

Over the Years, we have Talked with Pond Families and Helped Rescue
Way TOO Many Swans and Cygnets Entangled-Snagged
by Fishing Hooks, Lines.. So Far No Sinkers or Shot Gun Lead.

SWAN FISHING

Distressed Swan Rescued after having Tongue Impaled by Discarded Fishing Hook.

SWAN FISHING

Some Hooks will Come OUT Easily..
Some Hooks Embed Deeply.. Cause Bleeding and Pain.

SWAN FISHING

These are the Painful Punctures Suffered by a Swan in the U.K.
after Swallowing Fishing Line attached to TWO Hooks.

SWAN FISHING

Fishing Line Tangles Wings, Legs, Necks..
Tissue Damage and Permanent Injuries are Common.

SWAN FISHING

Their Four Month Old Cygnet Tangled, Struggling Likely Broke her Wing.
She Died during the Night, before she could get to the Vet’s Office.

SWAN FISHING

There are many Sad Stories I could share..
“PiP” is Another One. -He was between 4 – 5 Months when Rescued.
A Caring Team of People spent Months Helping him Recover. Thanks to All.

SWAN FISHING

He was Lucky to Survive his Encounter with Fishing Line.

Any Waterfowl, Birds… and other Animals can become Tangled in Fishing Line left in their Living Environment.. Fishing Line is Strong and does not breakdown..

SWAN FISHING

He was Found with his Foot Tangled with Fishing Line.
His Struggling to Free himself caused Mutilation of his Left Foot’s Webbed Tissues.

SWAN FISHING

When Rescued, the Damaged Tissues were Surgically Removed.
All the Network of Blood Vessels between his Toe Digits were Damaged.

SWAN FISHING

It was Over a Year before he was Ready for Adoption to a New Home.

SWAN FISHING

The Primary use of Webbed Feet is for Paddling through Water.

Webbed Feet have more Surface Area to Push Water Backwards
and thus Propelling the Waterfowl Forward.

SWAN FISHING

The Large Network of Blood Vessels in the Webbing is Important
to Aid Waterfowl Regulate their Body Temperature.

This Nasty Damage will Affect his Life.. He will Need to Adapt.
His Foot will Sink into Soft Muddy, be more Easily Cut.


Entangled Waterfowl Can NOT Fly, Swim, Forage for Food or Protect Themselves from Predators.
Tightening Constriction around the Body can cause Suffocation.

If Fishing Line gets Wrapped and Tight enough it can AMPUTATE Legs, Wings,,,,etc. The Poor Helpless Tangled Animals can easily Starve if it does not get help.. While causing Gangrene as a Body Part Slowly Dies.

Another Young Swan’s Life has been Changed.. Forever.

SWAN FISHING

Once Tangled in Fishing Line, the Line Tightens to the Point it Cuts
through the Skin and into the Bone.

SWAN FISHING

Infections incur, Circulation is Cut Off Resulting in Amputation.

SWAN FISHING

A Little Local was Given to Finish the Amputation..

SWAN FISHING

This is Where the Leg was Damaged – No Hope to Repair.

SWAN FISHING

She will Not be able to Walk..
Swans are Too Large to Hop on One Leg.

SWAN FISHING

It is Hard to think about this Live Bird Suffering Endless Hours for over
2 – 3 Weeks – Alone in Pain and Scared. – I do not have Words..

Countless Birds Suffer an Agonizing Death.

SWAN FISHING

Birds/Swans often Pick-up Fishing Line to put in their Nest.
This may have a Fatal Outcome for the Cygnets.

SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING

The Trumpeter Swan Parents Could Do Nothing to Help their Cygnet.

*****************
Do a Simple Internet Search for ** Images Swan Fishing **
*****************

WaterFowl Do NOT have TEETH..

SWAN FISHING

They Ingest their Food in Bites that can be Swallowed.
Swans are Vegetarians and Eat a Diet with Lots of Tough Fiber.

SWAN FISHING

These Foods Need to be Ground into Smaller Bits that will
Pass into their Digestive System.

Most Waterfowl Swallow Small Bits of Gravel that Act as “Teeth”
in the Gizzard, Breaking Down the Tough Plant Fibers thus Helping Digestion.

Ingested Fishing Line can cause Intestinal Blockage and Bleeding.
Balled-up Wads of Line will Churn in the Gizzard Muscle..
Pain and Bleeding..Slow Starvation..

SWAN FISHING

Not Being a Person who Goes Fishing..
I am Using Wikipedia for the Following Information..

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fishing_sinker

A Fishing Sinker or Knoch is a Weight used in Conjunction with a
Fishing Lure or Hook to increase its Rate of Sink, Anchoring Ability,
and/or Casting Distance.

SWAN FISHING

A Lead Fishing Sinker is a Weight used to Sink a Lure or Bait to the Bottom of the Waterway.

SWAN FISHING

Sinkers are Formed into many Shapes for Diverse Fishing Applications.
Depending on the Metals.. Swallowed Sinkers will Poison Waterfowl.

Most Fishing Sinkers are made of Solid Lead.
Lead are Inexpensive to Produce and Mold into a Large Variety of Shapes for Specific Fishing Applications.

SWAN FISHING

Fishing Sinkers may be as Small as 1 Gram for Applications in Shallow Water, and even Smaller for Fly Fishing Applications, or as Large as Several Pounds or Considerably more for Deep Sea Fishing.

SWAN FISHING

There are many Environmental Concerns Surrounding the use of Lead
and other Materials in Fishing Sinkers.
Lead in Fishing Sinkers causes Lead Poisoning in WildLife.

Anglers should be Careful when using Lead Sinkers and if at all
Possible Never Leave Lead Sinkers in the Environment they are Enjoying.

SWAN FISHING

Any Lead Fishing Items Swallowed by Waterfowl will
Slowly Poison the Birds.. There are MANY Articles onLine..

SWAN FISHING

Treating and Saving a Swan Suffering from Lead Poisoning
is a Long Process.. if Successful.

When I see Fishing on a Pond or Lake where Swans are Living..
I feel myself Tense – Cringe .. Immediate Worry.. Too Many Sad Stories.

SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING

A Clean, Litter Free Environment Benefits All.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

SWAN FISHING

SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING

WildLife would be Happy to See these Signs..

SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Thoughts, Information and Memories Collected – June 2020
A Unfortunate Work in Progress. (C) Linda M.Sweger
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

We can Share the Great OutDoors.

SWAN FISHING

Fishing, Boating, Enjoying Wildlife Safely.

Did you know you can Recycle your Used Fishing Line?

The Fishing Line Recycling Unit above was Installed by an Eagle Scout
as a Community Service Project for a Large Lake Community.
GREAT IDEA.

We hope more Fishing Folks will Use this Type of Recycling.

Do a Search for: Fishing Line Recycling Program

Fishing Line will be Sent Back to be Recycled into Fish Habitats.

There are Products to Help Fisher Folks Recover Line.. and Hooks.

SWAN FISHING

I Learned that there are Effort to Provide Ways to ReClaim and Dispose of
Hooks, Lines and Fishing Stuff… Please Help Reduce the Suffering.

SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING
SWAN FISHING

It is Just a Matter of Time.

There are Common Swan Injuries

May 21st, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in Common Swan Injuries - (Comments Off on There are Common Swan Injuries)

Caring for an Injured Swans is a LOTs of WORK !!!
Try to Avoid the Common Injuries.

There Can be Countless Types of Injuries.
Many are JUST Bad Luck – Unforeseen.

Common Swan Injuries

This Cob was Hit by a Boat Oar Breaking his Wing – Compound Fracture,
when a Person got TOO Close to his Female and Cygnets.

Common Swan Injuries

To Enlarge Images – Right Click Image then Open in a New Tab.

Common Swan Injuries

Swans are Curious Creatures and will Find the Darnest Way to get Hurt.

Common Swan Injuries

The Broken Window in this Shed is a Hazard.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

Swans Have Very Good Eyesight. Swans Locate their Food by Sight – Less by Smell.

Common Swan Injuries

Swan’s Eyes are Located on the Sides of their Head, which Aids Spotting Predators.

Common Swan Injuries

But the Trade-off for their Wide Peripheral Vision is Limited Forward Sight,
making them Vulnerable to Flying into Power Lines.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

So Sad – the Life of this Beautiful Healthy Young Trumpeter was just beginning.

Common Swan Injuries

Fences can be as much a Hazard as a Safer Place.

Common Swan Injuries

We Think this Swan became Tangled in a Fence..

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

“Prince Harry” was a Full-Wing Rescue.. He NEEDED to be Kept Clipped.
That did not Happen. “Harry” Started to Fly About his Local Area.

Common Swan Injuries

SWANs/Birds caught on Barbed Wire are likely to Struggle Violently
in an Attempt to Free themselves.

Common Swan Injuries

We all know how Damaging a Barb Wire Fence can be..

Common Swan Injuries

Gates can be … Well, Not Safe…

Common Swan Injuries

Electric Fences are Common for Pastures. They can Cause Mouth Burns.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

We Learned of One Female Mute Encouraging her Cygnets to Fly.
She did not Clear the Pasture Fence.. and Broke her Neck.

Common Swan Injuries

Fences – Can the Swan get their Head through.. ??? and NOT get it back
through the Openings.. Sharp Edges.. Loose Nails.

Common Swan Injuries

UnSecured Bucket Handles are a Tangle Hazard.

Common Swan Injuries

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Minor Injures can be Cleaned with a Gentle Soap.
Room Temp Water ONLY.

Common Swan Injuries

Washing Birds in Hot Water.. will Burn THEM..

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

The Skin on the Beak can be Scraped.. Watch for any Sign of Infection.
This Tissue Heals Amazingly Quick.. !!!

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

Memories of Sad Stories of Swans Dying due to Entanglement.. TOO MANY.

Common Swan Injuries

CHECK for TANGLE HAZARDs.

Common Swan Injuries

I have Heard TOO many Sad Stories of Swan Dying by Tangling in Ropes, Cables, Wires, Fishing Line.. Some have Swallowed these Items.

Common Swan Injuries

Folks in Lancaster Co have had Swans for over 20 years.
NEVER had a problem. Spring 2015 they lost one Female Swan to old age.
They brought a young Female home.. everything was fine.
The Lack of Rain that Summer caused their Pond Water Level to be VERY LOW, the Ropes that kept their Aerator-Fountain in place became Slack and the young Female became Tangled around her Neck.

Common Swan Injuries

“We have had so little Rain this Summer and Fall that the Ropes were Exposed and Loose.”
– A Freaky, Sad event

Common Swan Injuries

This Never occurs to People that the Ropes that hold Boats in place can also be a problem. Cords, Cables, Wires.

Common Swan Injuries

Electrical Cables, Extension Cords.. Potential for Electric Shock.

Common Swan Injuries

Another Hazard around Motor Boats… Spilled Oil and Gas. YUCK !

Common Swan Injuries

One Female Trumpeter Swan.. Decided to Eat a Length of Rope Tied to
a Tree near her Pond.. She Swallowed the Rope all the Way to the Tree Bark.
Stood there for an Untold Period of Time..before being Rescued..
The Rope was Cut.. and not Removed. – OutCome Unknown.

Common Swan Injuries

Getting Caught in Exposed Roots.. will their Break Legs.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

Frequently Check any Leg Bands – Especially on Growing Cygnets.
Tight Bands can do Permanent Damage to Legs.

Common Swan Injuries

Young Swans have Fragile Legs.. Handle Carefully.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

The Young Female below: Her Legs were Bent when she was Younger.
A Mature Male tried to Kill her by Sitting ON TOP of her.. to Suffocate her.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

Wire Fencing with Large Gauge Openings have Hung TOO Many Swans.
If they can get their Head/Necks Through – their Feathers may make it Hard to Pull their Heads back Through.. Small Cygnets are Growing.. Get Stuck.

Common Swan Injuries

We Stopped to Visit.. Walked down to the Pond of this Nesting Swan.
I found her Stuck in the Fence.. Head on One Side.. Body on the Other..
She was Struggling.. Very Stressed.. I got to her. Freed her – She was Ok.

Common Swan Injuries

Sometimes, a Swan just Wanted to get to the Other Side of a Fence..

Common Swan Injuries

Swans and Cygnets Hit by Vehicle on Roads are ALL TOO Common.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

More the One of the Swans at this Country Pond were Killed.
One Young Male had Adopters coming for him.. He was Hit by a Car that Morning.

Common Swan Injuries

Driveways are a Dangerous Place for Swans..

Common Swan Injuries

Busy Parking Lots – NOT SAFE…

Common Swan Injuries

They can Easily be Unnoticed when getting into Vehicles..
They May Not be Seen by Visitors or Delivery Truck Drivers.

Common Swan Injuries

The Sun, Especially on Summer Days.. ASPHALT get VERY HOT.. BURNS Feet.

Heat Lamps are Commonly Used to Keep Young Cygnets Warm..

Common Swan Injuries

As the Cygnets Grow…. RAISE THE LAMPS !!!
We Found this Young Cygnet with his Head SMOKING !!!

Common Swan Injuries

Heat Lamps make me NERVOUS !! – Use with Great Care…
Chances are you will not have Fire Detection in your Out Buildings.

452 Best Heat Lamp Fire Images in 2019 / Inside Chicken Coops
https://www.pinterest.com/TheChicknChick/heat-lamp-fires/

Basic 80 to 100 Watt Light Bulbs will help to Warm the Still Air in a Building.
Snuggle them into Fresh Straw and out of the Elements..

A VERY COMMON SOURCE OF WATERFOWL INJURIES
SNAPPING TURTLES.

Common Swan Injuries

The Helpless Swan below did not Survive her Jaw Injury.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

This Young Cygnet Simply put its Little Head in the Pond to Eat.. SNAP !!!

Common Swan Injuries

If a Swan or Cygnet has a Salvageable Injury, it take WEEKs of Care
in a Shelter, WEEKs of Medication-Antibiotics, Wound Dressing Changes
and Several Veterinary Visits. A BIG Job !!!

Common Swan Injuries

Snapping Turtle are VERY Harmful to Waterfowl .

SNAPPING TURTLEs are NASTY BEASTs
https://swanlovers.net/category/snapping-turtles-nasty-beasts/

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

We have had ALL the Snapping Turtle Damage I ever want to Deal With.

Common Swan Injuries

Fishing Hooks and Line Entanglement are TOO Common.

Wild and Domestic Birds ingest Pieces of Trash, Gun Shot Pellets, Fishing Sinkers.

Fishing Hooks are very Damaging.
Discarded Fishing Line causes TERRIBLE Injuries.

Common Swan Injuries

Swallowing a Hook and Line… DO NOT Cut the Line.. Seek Vet. HELP !


We have worked with many Swans and Cygnets over the years.. LOVE THEM..
Things (gives me chills) have happened that you would NEVER Expect.
Those Lovely Long Necks get into trouble. – They Swallow DUMB Things.

Common Swan Injuries

We were Never able to Determine What this Object Was/is..
It was there in the Gizzard for Months.. X-Rayed Three Times.
The Young Swan was OK, Eating and Growing Normally.
Several Veterinarians Recommended we Do Nothing.. Just Leave it.

Swan are Attracted to Shiny Things..
Shiny Metal.. Hooks, Coins, Hardware like Nails, Screws, Soda Can Tabs, Rings, Jewelry, etc.
Swallowed Metal will not Pass through their Gizzard, Slowly Dissolves becomes Toxic, causing Heavy Metal Poisoning.

Common Swan Injuries

OR Sharp Metal will Cut, Puncture the Gizzard Muscles, cause Bleeding, Infection, Death. “Hardware Disease”

Metal Dissolves, is Absorbed and becomes TOXIC. Heavy Metal Poisoning..
The most common Heavy Metal Poisoning in Birds is Lead, then Zinc.

Common Swan Injuries

One of our Rescued Swans had Swallowed a small piece of Iron..
Iron is Water Soluble. She was Fine in the Morning, late Afternoon she was found floating on her Pond.

Common Swan Injuries

Her Necropsy Showed, “Kate” died from Iron Toxicity..
Five Times Toxic Level. She showed NO Sign of being Ill.
Her Liver and Heart were Severely Damaged.. So Sad.

THEY will EAT Small Things – Sorta Garbage Pick-up Experts.
Bread Twist Ties, Cigarette Filters, Cigar Butts, Balloon Fragments,
Ribbon, Small Toy Pieces, ETC., Etc., etc……………………

Common Swan Injuries

Any Time there is Construction or Repairs around the Water or Building your Swans may Walk around. Be Careful with Nails, Screws, Small Sharp Items. ANYTHING they WILL Swallow.

One Mature Female Died after Eating Styrofoam Packing Peanuts.
She was often fed Bread tossed on her Pond.
Kids tossed the Styrofoam Peanuts into her Pond.
She ate several. She stopped eating and wasted away.
The Styrofoam was found during her Necropsy.

Common Swan Injuries

The Family remembered picking up the scattered Styrofoam floating along the Bank.

Common Swan Injuries

Another OOPs.. Pool Foam Flotation Noodles left on the Pond..
No One Expected that the Swans would Chew Holes.. into them..

Common Swan Injuries

Swans, Waterfowl eat Small Stones to aid Digestion in their Gizzard.. Normal ..
IF this was a Dog or Cat these Small Things might pass through in a few Days.
With Birds anything Solid in their Gizzard stays there until it breaks down.

Broken Glass – CUTs Inside the Swans or Outside the Swans.

Common Swan Injuries

Strings, Cords, Rubber Bands.. – “Baby Proof – Swan Proof.”

I have Heard that Dried Pine Needles can Puncture Waterfowl Esophagus Tissues. Try not to Feed where there are Dry Needles.

Common Swan Injuries

For Whatever Reason, some Cobs Hate Lawn Care Equipment…
Mowers, Weed Whackers, Anything with a Loud Motor..
Keep a Close Watch – Male Swans MAY Attack these Noisy Cutting Machines.

Common Swan Injuries

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Common Swan Injuries

There are TOO Many Fishing Related Injuries to Post.. TOO Common !

Common Swan Injuries

There have been ENDLESS Stories of Swans Entangled, Injured and Dying Due to Carelessly Discarded Fishing Line and Hooks.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

It is SO Important that Waterfowl can have their Feet and Legs in Liquid Water during VERY Cold Weather.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

The Following Swans were Attacked by UNLEASHED Dogs.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

Dog Attacks… The Deep Bites with their Sharp Teeth, do Terrible Damage.

I have heard of Two Instances of Swans trying to Mate on a Pool Cover.
One Event Ended with the Female Dying.
The Other, the Swans Could Not Figure out how to get back off.

Common Swan Injuries

Swans can Get onto a Swimming Pool Cover – but Getting OFF is a Problem.

Another Place to Get Hurt… Open Doors to Sheds, Garages and Barns.
Curious Swans will Explore.. They can REACH Up and Pull Things Down.

Common Swan Injuries

Over the Years, this Feeder’s Leaning was Unnoticed.. Nothing Happened.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

High Wind Storms.. Blowing Debris and Falling Trees..

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

“Handsome Fellow” was our First Rescue.. That was not Easy.

Common Swan Injuries

Over Time and Many Miles we have Helped Care for Many Injured Swans.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

This Dear Swan had a Terrible Wing Injury.. It became Infected..
He was Sick and Lost a Lot of Weight before we were able to Rescue him.
We had NO Idea what we were getting into.. A Long Recovery Ahead.
Many Thanks to the Wonderful People who Helped
“Handsome Fellow” Recovered.

Common Swan Injuries
Common Swan Injuries

“Handsome Fellow” was a Joy. I Miss him Every Day.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
These Images of Injuries have been Collected by (c) Linda M. Sweger
I will be Very Happy if I do not need to Add More to this Page. May 2020
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Until I Worked on this Topic Page.. I had No Idea how Many Injured Swans
we have Known or Heard their Stories. I Continue to Remember More.

Nesting Mute Swans

HOW DO WE CATCH SWANS and CYGNETS ?

April 22nd, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in SWAN CATCHING IDEAs - (Comments Off on HOW DO WE CATCH SWANS and CYGNETS ?)

THERE ARE AS MANY WAYs and IDEAs as SWANs.

SWAN UPPING is an Annual Ceremony in England.
The Mute Swans on the River Thames are Rounded-up,
Caught, Counted, have a Health Check, are Banded and then Released.

 Catching Swans

Those British Swan Lovers Make this Look EASY !!

 Catching Swans

If you are Interested: Swan Upping – Wikipedia
OR Search: *Swan Upping* – There are Many Website on this Topic..

To Enlarge Images – Right Click Image then Open in a New Tab.

Until you have a Need to Catch a Waterfowl-Swan on a Body of Water,
most People have NO Idea how Challenging it will be..

 Catching Swans

Every Situation is Different.. Any Body of Water is a Risky Unknown.
A Frozen Pond in the Winter.. The Worst Time of Year to Catch Swans.

Catching Swans

Especially, when your Helpers are Unfamiliar with your Body of Water.

 Catching Swans

Over the Years, we have had our Share of “Try this, then Try that.”
My Husband has often said, “It is Better to be Lucky, then Good.”

Catching a Swan

Our Quickest Captures.. have been 5 Minutes.. “JUST GOOD LUCK.”

 Catching Swans

The Male Pictured Above was Sitting in a Shady Area with Dense Plants.
He was EASY to Catch.. Bless him..

The Longest Time to Capture a Swan we wanted to Move took 8 Weeks.
Multiple Visits, Several Failed Attempts.. Our “Brooke” made it HARD.

Catching Swans

The Farm where our Swans had lived for Five Years was being Sold.
We Found a Lovely Pond for them much Closer to our Home.
Two of the Three were Ambush Captured by the Farm Worker who Cared
for the Animals. He Watched for an Opportunity, Placed the Two in the
Barn.. We Drove there, Helped made a Feeble Attempt to Catch “Brooke.”
She was the Winner that Afternoon.. We were the Stressed Ones that Day.

 Catching Swans

We Left with the First Two.. Released them to their New Home Pond.

 Catching Swans

Once we Move her two Companions, “Brooke” went into Survival Mode.

 Catching Swans

A Lone Swan will Frequently become Many Times more Cautious.
She did not Trust Anyone and Stayed as Far from us as Possible.

 Catching a Swan

It took Several Weeks of Visits for her to even come to us for Treats..
A Thick Layer of DuckWeed was a GREAT Summer Diet. Forget the Treats.

Catching Swans

After One or Two Bites of Salad .. OFF she went to the Far Side of the Pond.

 Catching Swans

Patience was not Working. My Husband had an Idea.. Why NOT !
He Played Vocals of the Other Swans Recorded on his Cell Phone..
“Brooke” heard the Happy Snorting.. and came Closer to Rob.

 Catching Swans

Just Close ENOUGH for Rob to FLOP our BIG Net Over her..
She was NOT Quite inside the Net.. and Started to Back OUT !!
BY “Good Luck” her Pinioned Wing Joint SNAGGED in the Net.
JUST Long Enough for Us to GET HOLD of her !!!
It was NOT a Graceful Capture. WE had the Adrenalin RUSH !!

 Catching a Swan

Finally ! We were able to MOVE “Brooke.”

 Catching Swans

Our Threesome was Together Again.. I LOVE this Happy Image of them.

 Catching a Swan

Having our Mute Swan Threesome was Unplanned Luck.. (We were Lucky)
Odds are Low for this Pairing to Work.. I will Explain more on a
Topic Page about Three Swans Living Together..

 Catching Swans

And there were Swans, Mostly Feral Swans that we were Never Able to Catch.. in Time..

Catching Swans

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

There are various Capture Methods, that take Time..
Before you Need to Catch Your Swans..
Think about what you might Realistically do..
HAVE A PLAN.. or Two.. or Three.

 Catching Swans

We make a Plan Depending on ALL the Factors.
What we know about the Swans’ Routine Habits,
the Body of Water.. Obstacles.. How many Helping Hands.

 Catching Swans

and How Urgent is it to Catch.. or do You have Time.. ??
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Before I Share Ideas.. and they are Just that – Ideas..

I want to Impress it is Important to do Captures with as Little Stress
as Possible. There is a Condition called “Capture Myopathy.”
There are Various Website that will Provide Information..
Take a Few Minutes and Read a Few..
Does this Really Happen ?? Small Percentage – Yes.

WILD INSTINCTs Capture Myopathy
https://wildinstincts.wordpress.com/2012/09/09/capture-myopathy/

OZARK – Capture Myopathy
https://www.wc4eb.org/wp-content/articles/Capture_Myopathy_Ozark.pdf

Merck Manual > Veterinary Professionals > Poultry > Myopathies
Exertional Myopathy in Poultry
https://www.merckvetmanual.com/poultry/myopathies/exertional-myopathy-in-poultry

Capturing Healthy, Well Socialized Swans or Cygnets – this is Less of a Concern..

 Catching Swans

Hot Weather will add a Stress Factor.. It is Safest for Swans and People
to Capture with as Little Stress as Possible..

 Catching Swans

It Does HELP if your Swans and Cygnets TRUST You..
They will often be Unhappy when you Move them..
Keeping their Distance for Days.
Just keep a Close Watch.. Be Sure they are ON their New Pond/Lake at SunRise and SunSet. Adjustment Time will Vary. Watch Them..

Catching Swans

We Visited our Young Male and just Sat with him.. Quietly..

Catching Swans

Finally, “Meadow” was Happy to See Us Again..

Catching Swans
Catching Swans

The Trust you have Established with your Swans will Return after a Few Days. (Well, it might take Longer. Be Calm and Patient..)


When it is an Emergency to Capture a Swan..
Do what is Necessary Calmly.

Catching a Swan
Catching Swans

Under Tongue-Chin Impactions TRY to REMOVE – NOT Normal..

Under Tongue-Chin Impaction
https://swanlovers.net/category/under-tongue-chin-impaction/

Injured or Depleted Waterfowl-Swans are very Fragile.

 Catching a Swan

Their Stress level must be Addressed or Capturing them may be your Final Act.

Do YOUR Best to be Calm, not Chase, have some Support Fluid..
A Thin Syrup of Honey or King Syrup to Drip a few Drops on the Tongue.
Only put Small Amounts of Fluid on the Tongue if the Swan is able
to Swallow Normally. A Few Drops.. Be Careful NOT to Cause Aspiration.

Covering the Birds Head will help to Quiet and Reduce Fear.

If there is ANY Active Bleeding..
Carefully Apply Pressure to Stop Blood Loss.

Having a Safe Dark – Well Ventilated Container to keep the Bird in
until you can take the Bird for Veterinary Helps.
Call Ahead for Care Instructions.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

 Catching a Swan

Capturing Healthy Swans on their Water is a Challenge..
They have the Advantage.

If you are VERY Lucky, the Swans you want might be in an
Area AWAY from their Water, so they are Easy to just Collect..

 Catching a Swan

When you are “Not Lucky.” You will need a Plan.

 Catching a Swan

It is SAFER for Everyone to “BAIT” them with Food – Treats.

Catching Swans

Use a Small Temporary Fence.. Put “Treats” inside.

 Catching Swans

Sprinkle a “Hansel and Gretel” Trail of Salad Greens.

 Catching a Swan

WET Poultry FEED has a GREAT SMELL….YUMMY !!!
Place the Feed Bowl.. and LEAVE do NOT stay with the Fencing.

 Catching a Swan

Give the Swans a Chance to Explore with NO Human nearby.
Watch from a Distance until you see them Entering for the Food.

Catching a Swan

Repeat for several more Days..
This is a NO Stress – Safer way to work with Swans.

Catching a Swan

This takes Time, but it will Work if you are Patient.

 Catching Swans

An Inexpensive Vinyl Garden Fence 25 or 50 FT Long.
AT LEAST 3 1/2 – 4 Feet High… Several Stakes.

Catching Swans

If you have Lots of Trees, you can use the Trees to Support
Temporary Fencing.
Anchor the Fencing as Close to the Ground as Possible.
It is AMAZING how Swans and Cygnets will FIND the
Weakest Spot in the Fence and Slip UNDER.. DARN !
Leave some Fence for a Gate.. Secure the Gate OPEN.

Catching Swans

Check that there are NO Tangle Hazards..

Catching Swans

Swans LOVE Lettuce and will Often go into a Fence Area for this Treat.
Put the Treats by the Opening the First Day.
Then each Day move the Treats further toward the Back.
Walk away for Several Days..
The Swans will Explore.. Finding their Treats.
The Swans become Comfortable being inside the Fencing.

 Catching Swans

I have Two Examples: First a Swan Family with 8 Cygnets.

Catching Swans

This was the First Summer ALL the Cygnets Survived. SO Cute !

 Catching Swans

It is Time to Get the Cygnets Ready to Collect their DNA Samples,
and Band them with Colored Cable Ties. They are GROWING !!
In Four to Six Weeks they will be Leaving for their New Lives.

Catching Swans

After 5 Days getting them Familiar with the Fencing,

Catching Swans

As we would Walk down to their Pond, the Whole Swan Family would
Swim Over and Walk Inside the Fence and Wait for us. “Treats.”

Catching Swans
Catching Swans

For Several Days we just Fed them inside, Visited and Left..

Catching Swans

ALWAYs making sure the Gate is Secured OPEN when you
were not there.

OR CLOSE and Secure the Gate until you want to start Baiting..
Inside the Fenced area Could be a Trap if there are Predators in your Area..

Catching Swans

When we wanted to Work with the Swans.. We Closed the Gate.
Best to have a Second Person there to Help.
Put a Large Towel or Blanket around a Swan to Control Wings.

 Catching Swans

Be Extra Gentle with Cygnets, their Legs are Fragile.. Up to 18 Months.

Catching Swan Cygnets

When we wanted to Band and Collect Feathers for DNA..
We Closed the Gate.

Catching Swan Cygnets

It was Cooler to Do this Project in the Shade, but the Images are Bluish.

Catching Swan Cygnets

When it was Time for Rehoming.. We Closed the Gate..
Have your Transport Boxes or Carriers Ready..

Catching Swans

Pick out the Cygnets for their New Owners.. Released the Rest..

Catching Swans

ANY TIME you Catch your Swans.. Do a Quick Check..
Check the Color of their Tongue. REMOVE Any Under Tongue Impactions..
Feel Keel Bone.. for Body Condition.. Check Feet for Bumble Sores.

 Catching Swans
Catching Swans
Catching Swan Cygnets

We used this Over and Over during that Summer.. Worked VERY Well..

Temporary Fencing can be Stored and Used Again and Again..

Catching Swans
Catching Swans
Catching Swans
Catching Swans
Catching Swans
Catching Swans
Catching Swans
Catching Swans

Catch Times:
Less then 10 Minutes.. We Moved a Young Male to his New Home.
Then Returned a Week Later and Moved a Young Female.. Time 5 Minutes.

 Catching Swans
Catching Swans

We had a Chance to Visit “Snow White” with her Mate “PiP.”

Catching Swans

The Second Example using the Temporary Fencing:

Catching Swans

We wanted to help Move Two of a Juvenile Group to their Permanent Lake.
The Young Males are Nest Mates.. Banded with Red Bands..
Several Weeks before the Target Move Date, a Fenced Area was put up and
ALL their Feed and Treats were put INSIDE the Fenced Area..
You can Barely… See the Fencing at the Far End of this Lawn.

Catching Swans

Staff at this Property Watched for the Young Swans to become Comfortable
going into the Area for their Foods.

Catching Swans

The Morning we Planned to Move the Two Juveniles, they were in the Catch Fencing when we Arrived and Parked our Van..
YEAH !!! Close the Gate !
All those Helping were Prepared to Move them.

Catching Swans

The Young Swans were Greeting us with Lots of Head Nodding.. Cute !!

Catching Swans

There was NO Attempt to Escape. We Closed the Gate – it was Stressless.

Catching Swans

Transport Boxes were Ready – Loaded Safely with NO Stress.
Everyone is Safe – OFF we Go to their New Home Lake.

Catching Swans
Catching Swans
Catching Swans
Catching Swans
Catching Swans

The Young Swans are MOVED !! Now they will Explore this New Place.
They WILL Need to be Watched Closely for Several Adjustment Days.

Catching Swans

Rolls of Vinyl Snow Fencing is very Light Weight.. but, needs Stakes.

Catching Swan Cygnets
Catching Swan Cygnets
Catching Swans

North State Fencing is Sturdy.. and does not need Stakes.
??? Maybe One or Two.. for Stability..
This Fencing is STURDY – Folds for Storage..

Catching Swans

These Flexible Panel Puppy Pens might Work. Worth a Try if you have them.

Catching Swans
Catching Swans

For Years we used Wooden Snow Fencing.. Not Portable – Semi-Permanent.
It worked well for our Needs.

Catching Swans

A Fenced Area can be used at Various Times.
So think about having a More Permanent Fence-Gate Area available.

Catching Swans

If You Want or Need to Work around your Pond in the Spring,
it is Nice to have a Safe Place for a Hormonal Cob..

Catching Swans
Catching Swans

They are Easy to Net in the Spring, Contain and Everyone is Safe.

Catching Swans

When it is Time to Pinion Tiny Cygnets.. They will follow their
Dam into the Fenced Areas.. Catch her and You have them..

Catching Swan Cygnets

IF you Need to Catch Small Cygnets on the Water..
Look for Nets with LONG Handles and Small Gauge Netting.

Catching Swan Cygnets

When it is time to ID Band the Cygnets and Collect Feathers for DNA-Sex Testing, Catch Fencing is a BIG Help..

Catching Swan Cygnets

When there are many Growing Cygnets there will be Poop all over the Place, that is expected. The Ground can get Slippy. Be Aware !

Birds-Waterfowl Poop as Defense due to the “Fight or Flight” Response:
When Bird “Take to Air,” they Poop to Lighten themselves.

Catching Swans

SOME SWANs HATE Lawn Mowers.. Especially Males..
AND/OR Loud Motors.. like Chain Saws, Weed Whackers and Leaf Blowers.
Being able to put them in a Fenced Area is a BIG HELP…

Catching Swans

Catch Enclosures can be Half in Water or All on Land near the Pond.
Temporary… or Set-up for Long-term Multi Purpose Use..
There are Many Times it would be Nice to be able to Contain a Swan.

 Catching Swans

If you do Set-Up a Permanent Fence Area.. Try to Avoid Right Angle Corners.

Swan Capture Fencing

An Oval Type Design is Better.. If a Predator gets into a Fenced Area..
Swans can get Trapped in Right Angle Corners.

 Catching Swans

An Oval – Round.. Cornerless Design.. allows the Swans to move Side to Side.
This Concept also Applies to Perimeter Fencing..


Catching Swans

If your Swan/Cygnet is Full-Wing.. – They will be Safer Grounded.
When it is “TIME to CLIP” after their Annual Moult Catch Fencing is Helpful.

Clipping Captive Swan Pets
https://swanlovers.net/category/clipping-captive-swan-pets/

ANY Swan that has Learned to Fly is Trickier to keep in Place.
Catching them is a BIG Challenge.. Keep the Fence NO Wider
then 3 Feet.. It helps to have a Narrow Fence Area which make it
Difficult for the Swans to Open their Wings..

Catching Swans

We put Food inside the Narrow Fence Area..
First by the Entrance, then moving the Bowl further in each Day.
Let the Swans or Cygnets go into the Area for several Days with
NO One there.. Let the Swans Explore at their Own Pace… Patience..

After Several Days.. they Know their Food will be Inside..
The Fence is not a Threatening Place.
HAVE all your Clipping Supplies Ready..
Try NOT to Look at the Swans, Walk Slowly, Speak Softly.. Close Gate.
Have a BIG Towel or Large Net. And Extra Helper Hands..

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
There have been times that Swans needed to be Captured that
for various Reasons the Temporary Fence was not Practical..

 Catching Swans

We have used the Sweeping Method with Some Success.
Here Obstacles will limit your Plans.. The SIZE of the Water Area.
Trees, Bushes, Fences, Rocks, Plants.. Docks, etc..

 Catching Swans

A Rope to Slowly Sweep over a Small Body of Water so the Swans
Walk-Out in a Location where there are People Waiting with Nets.

Catching Swans

This will Work.. At Least One Pass Over the Water.. “Slowly”
If the Swans Double Back Under the Rope, they Know how EASY
it is to THWART this Method.

After a Few Times the Swans get Wise to this Method..
Swans have VERY Good Memories.. They Learn.

Catching Swans

I Found this Idea on the Internet.. Worth a Try. It Might Work..
A Rope with Plastic Bags Tied on to Sweep over a Narrow Water Area to move the Swans off to People waiting with Nets.
The Fluttering Bags are a Little more Reason for the Swans to Move Away.

Again, One Pass over the Water and the Swans knews they Could
Swim Under the Rope and it Rarely Worked Again..

Catching a Swan

We Tried a Rope with Empty Milk Jugs that Float on the Surface..
Seemed like a Good Idea.. Humm..
“Sorta” Solid Looking Objects for the Swans to Move AWAY from..
This Tangled Easily if the Rope was too Long. Not for a Large Pond.
It was Difficult to Work with.. And, it was Wet and Messy to Take Home.

I Wonder if these Colorful Streamer that are Often over Car Lots might Work ??

Catching Swans
Catching Swans

One Women we know, uses a Long Length of Landscape Cloth..
It is about 3 Feet Wide.. Big and Black and Successfully Sweeps her
Waterfowl off the Pond when she need them to Go in for the Night.

Another Sweep Idea… Is to use a Kayak or Canoe, a Surf Board or a Large Floating Object with Ropes tied on Each Side. Sweep Slowly over Surface.

 Catching Swans

No One in the Boat.. just use as a Sweep Object..
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Chasing Swans around a Large Pond or Lake in a Boat
– The Swans Generally Win..

 Catching Swans

You will not be able to Catch them.. unless you have several Boats..
and MANY Hands.. Row Boats, Canoes, Paddle Boats are too Slow..

Catching Swans
 Catching Swans
Catching a Swan

A Kayaker is Trying to Encourage the Swan OFF Pond to People with Nets.
Be Careful NOT to Over Stress the Swans..

 Catching Swans

Trying to Capture Full-Wing Swans by Chasing is Hopeless.
They get Excited and KNOW that all they need to do is Fly Away from the Boat..
The BIGGEST RISK is they will just keep Flying..
This is Especially Challenging with Rogue and Feral Swans.

Catching Swans

When there is LOTs of Confusion, Strange People, it is …
Well, not a Great Way to Catch your Swans..

Catching Swan Cygnet

We Stopped the Crew of Helpers.. They did not Understand keeping Calm.
Rob and I Returned a Few Days Later.. We had the Cygnet we wanted to
Move in just a few Minutes.. NO Fuss.. NO Stress..

Catching Swans

There is more Success if the Swans are Pinioned.. Flightless.

We have no Boats. When Necessary, we have arranged for the help of People in Kayaks to Slowly working the Swans off the Pond.
ALWAYS have Anyone in a Boat or Kayak Wear a Life Jacket.

Catching Swans

Have Several People with Nets Waiting..
Give the Swans Space to Walk 10-15 Feet away from the Water,
then QUICKLY Net.

Catching Swans

Large Nets are Available at Wal-Mart Sporting Goods…
Less then $20.00 Frabill Fishing Nets – Telescoping Handle.
For Adult Swans the Hoop Needs to be 20-24 Inches…
Nets are VERY Helpful..

Catching Swans

You can NOT Aggressively Chase Swans for more then a few Minutes..
Slow is Better.. They will become Tired and go to Land..

Swans can develop “Capture Myopathy”.. which can be Fatal..
“The Fight or Flight Response” Pumps High Levels of Adrenalin
into their System.. Quickly Depletes their Blood Glucose..
Over Stressing them, they may Collapse – “Faint.”

In Extreme Cases, they might drop Dead- “Stress Death.”
Prolonged Chasing is not a Good Plan…
Take Breaks in the Action..


True Story: I will do a Basic Summary.
There are many more Details to this Sad Saga.

A New Golf Course in North East Pennsylvania wanted to have Beautiful Swans on their Ponds. They acquired 5 Pair of Swans.

Catching Swans

One Pair of Trumpeter Swans.

 Catching Swans

Two Pair of Black Australian Swans.

Catching Swans

Two Pair of Mute Swans.

Each Pair was Placed on their Own Ponds Scattered through the 18 Hole Golf Courses.

Catching Swans

The Swans did not Understand they were to Stay on their Assigned Ponds.
They would walk to other Ponds.. There were Fights and Chasing between Pairs.

Catching Swans

The Golf Course Owner wanted the Swans, Basically as Live Pond Ornaments. He wanted them on their Assigned Ponds..

Catching Swans

So One Summer Afternoon, he had the Grounds Staff Chase the Various Swans with the Greens Hole Flag Poles back to their Assigned Ponds.

Catching Swans

It was a Hot Summer Day that Ended Badly for the Swans.

 Catching Swans

A Call from the Angry Owner, Five of the Swans had Dropped Dead..
He Accused the Breeder (Not Me) of Selling him Sick Swans..

 Catching Swans

But, it was the Excessive Chasing that caused this Tragic Outcome.

Catching Swans

Five Swans died that Day. Three more were Killed by Night Predators.
Turned out, the Ponds were Shallow with NO Deep Water Safe Area for the Swans. The Remaining Two Swans were ReHomed to a Private Home Pond.

 Catching Swans

These Pond Images are Random, NOT from the Golf Course in this Story..


These Capture Ideas Diagrams are from the a Book about Swan Care:
SWAN Breeding and Management by Loyl Stromberg.

Catching Swans
Catching Swans

Many Swans will Come VERY Close to Eat from Your Hand..

Catching Swans
Catching Swans

If you are Patient and WAIT for JUST the Right Moment..
You MIGHT be able to Get Hold of the Swan’s Neck..
JUST DO NOT YANK their Neck, Just HOLD IT !!
Have a Second Person READY to Step in and Help Bring the Swan Under Control. If you Try this Way to Catch you Swan… Be Prepared to get WET !!
Their Wings and Feet will be Splashing the Water..

Catching Swans

In the Image Above, there is Whole Corn in the Bucket.. Our Little Female
Put her Head into the Bucket.. After we did this for Several Days…
I was Able to Reach Down and Get Hold of her Cute Little Neck.

Catching Swans
Catching Swans

A Pond Covered with DuckWeed has been Helpful at Times.
Again Do this for Several Day. Have your BIG Net Close and Ready.
We put some Corn in Water about 10-12 Inches Deep Close to the Bank.. The Swans can not see what we are Doing..

Catching Swans
Catching Swans

For a Few Moments, you have a Chance to Flop a Net over the Swan.
Make SURE you Aim for their TAIL !!! Push the Net DOWN to Solid Ground.
Swans are Experts at Sliding Backwards and Out Under a Net.
If you Miss, there is Little Chance you will get Another Chance that Day.

Working with Swans will Test your Patience and Creative Thinking.

Catching Swans
Catching Swans

Catching Swans is Tricky. But, WHEN Successful, it Feels GREAT !!

Catching Swans

MAKE a PLAN.. BE as SAFE as POSSIBLE.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
IDEAs Organize by Linda M.Sweger April 2020
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&




How to Tell if your Cygnets and Swans are Pinioned

April 15th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in PINIONED or FULL Wing - (Comments Off on How to Tell if your Cygnets and Swans are Pinioned)
Full Wing Swan

I Frequently Speak with Swan Owners who are not Sure if their Swans are
Pinioned. Which means the Swans are Grounded – Flightless.

If you have Acquired a Cygnet or Swan from a Rescue Group, it is VERY
Common for the Rescued Swans to be FULL-Winged. Able to Fly !!!

It is Sad to hear the Anguish of these Folks, who are Excited to have a Swan that Suddenly Flies Away.. I have heard this Story Too Many Times.

I WISH the Rescue Groups would Share this Information with People New to Swan Care..
When these Cygnets and Swans Fly Away, they are out in Feral Conditions AGAIN.. And in Peril.
These Swans were Lucky to be Rescued the First Time. A Second Rescue … Poor Odds..

Pinioned Mute Swan

This Topic Page will Mainly be Images for you to Study and Learn what to
Look for.. Basically ONE Wing Missing the Primary Flight Feathers.

To Enlarge Images – Right Click and Open in a New Tab.

It does Help if you Watch for your Swans to Stretch and Flap.
This is Usually Part of the Preening and Bathing Activity.. FLAPPING.

Flapping will Allow ALL the Wing Feathers to Shake Out and Lay in Order.

View the Images and then Watch your Swan to see if you can Tell if they are
PINIONED or NOT


When a Swan is Properly Pinioned Part of One Wing is Removed.
Comparing the Swan’s Wing to a Human Hand and Arm.

Lets Start with the Basic Wing Anatomy – the Beautiful Feathers.

BEST Time to Pinion a Swan is before they are Two to Three Weeks Old.

I Love the Beautiful Colors of a Royal Mute Cygnet’s Plumage !

Now Look at the Wings from Behind and See what is Different..

The Swan Below is Pinioned. She is Grounded – Unable to Fly.
There are a Few Primary Flight Feathers on her Right Wing.

There are Lots of Poses and Times when it is Impossible to Tell…

A Moment of Just Plain Cuteness – Nap Time

These Swans are Both Pinioned – One the Right Wing – One the Left Wing.

It does Help when the Swans Hold their Wings Up in Display.

Look Close – Do You SEE the Difference ???

I hope these Examples will Help you SEE
What is Missing or Not Missing. Pinioned or Full-Wing.

To Keep a Full-Wing Cygnet or Swan Grounded and Safer from the Perils
of Flying.. PLEASE Consider Annual Clipping.

Clipping Captive Swan Pets
https://swanlovers.net/category/clipping-captive-swan-pets/

************************************************************************

There was a Sad End for the Beautiful Female Swan that is the Full-Wing Title Picture on this Topic Page..
We were Never Able to Get Hold of her to Clip..
“Sweet Harmony” was a Feral Mute Swan. She lived most of her Life on our Local River System. We shared many Hours with her.
She is the Dam of our “Meadow.”

She Flew to an Area where Hunting was Allowed. A Public WaterWay.
“Sweet Harmony” was Shot on a Fall Day during Hunting Season.
The Hunter was Bragging about Shooting her, while he ate Dinner at a Nearby Restaurant. We were Heart Broken.. and Learned this Lesson.

If your Cygnets or Swans are Full-Wing they are Not Safe.

************************************************************************
Images Collected April 2020 (C) Linda M. Sweger
************************************************************************

Mute Swans – Polish

April 6th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in Mute Swans - Polish - (Comments Off on Mute Swans – Polish)

The POLISH MUTE SWANs
( Just a Color Variant)

There is a Color Variation in Mute Swans.
Cygnus immutabilis (changeless Swan).

Right Click Images to Open in New Tab to Enlarge

From the Swan Keeper’s Handbook:
“Polish Mute Swans (Cygnus olor immutabilis) are a Leucistic form of Mute Swans.

A Leucistic Animal has a reduced intensity of Pigmentation while an Albino lacks all Pigments…

Polish Mute Cygnets are Creamy White to Light Beige when they Hatch.
Their Tiny Beaks are varying Shades of Light Brown.

Their Legs and Feet are Pinkish/Beige.

The Adult Polish Mute Swans have Apricot to Orange Beaks.

Many have Beige/Light Brown Legs and Feet.

The Polish Male’s Legs and Feet may be Shades of Dark Orange to Chocolate Browns.

The Pale Webbed Foot of a Polish Mute Swan.

The immutabilis form is less Common in the Mute Swan Populations
than the Royal form, and there tends to be more Female Polish then Male Polish Swans.

Records suggest this Mute Swan Variant was first seen along the Baltic Sea Coast of Poland (hence the “Polish” name) and then brought back to England to Breed for the Color Variant as a Novelty Swan.

In the Middle Ages of Europe, the Polish Cygnets were Highly Prized for being (almost) White from the time they Hatched.

As their numbers increased, it was noted they had a more Stocky Breast Muscle.

Averaging 15-20 Pounds at 6-7 Months Old. Not all Swans were in England, where they were Protected by the Royal Crown – (Today Queen Elizabeth.)

Imported to Eastern England and Raised as a Meat Bird, they became
the preferred Swan Cygnets for Winter Holiday Feasts.

In the 1800s, both Royal and Polish Mute Swans were brought to America..
The Polish were often raised on Farms as a Meat Bird.

The Royals were more likely to be for Show on Estates Ponds and Lakes.

As the American Settlers found they liked the Taste of the Wild American Turkey, the Polish Swans gradually stopped being raised as Food and became mostly Pets – Poultry LiveStock.

Today, most Swan Breeders prefer to Raise a Pure Royal Line..
They Command more when Sold.

Royals are preferred for their Stricking Black Feet and Rich Orange-Red Beaks.

Both Royal and Polish Adult Swans have White Plumage.

I like the Polish Swans, I find them to be less Aggressive.
My Sample is too small to say this is a Fact… just my Experiences.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

You may find mention of the Polish Variant Swans given the Species Name – Cygnus immutabilis.

The “Polish Mutes” are not a Different Species, just a Color Variation,
which is the Result of a Sex-Linked Recessive Inheritance.
A Pigment (Melanin) Deficient Gene in the Sex Chromosomes is what causes the Whiteness.

The Fuzzy Down of the Tiny Polish Cygnets is Creamy White rather than Grey. Their Beaks, Legs and Feet are Pale.

Depending on the Parents Genetics.. you may have BOTH Polish and Royal Cygnets in the same Brood.

I do not Understand how this Genetic Trait Demonstrates.. it is Confusing.
Mammals have Genetic Dominant and Recessive Traits.. Predictable Outcomes.

But, Birds Genetics are like Reptiles.. I have not find a Good Explanation..

The First Five Years, I was Learning about Swans, an onLine Article (Since Removed) stated that all White Cygnets would be Female..

I like to Collect Data. We send DNA for Sex Determination for all the Swans we work with…
Surprise ! There are Polish Male Swans.

Fewer Males then Females, but Sending DNA for Sex Determination
on ALL Swans and Cygnets has put that Old Claim to Rest..
There are Newer Articles that have Corrected the Information..


Years Ago, I read an Anecdotal Article that some Royal “Sires” will not tolerate their White Cygnets..

Polish Mute Swan

Hormonal Male Swans are Very Territorial, and they react AGGRESSIVELY toward White.
(Do not wear White near a Swan Pond in Early Spring.)

This may have been a Unique Story: A Farmer noticed his Male Cob
was killing the White Cygnets and Raising the Grey Ones..
One Spring when the Cygnets hatched, he Quickly Scooped-up the
White Ones.. and Stained them with a Safe Cloth Dye.. The Darker
Color Dye Faded as the Cygnets grew.. The Account said, the Cob
was Caring for all his Cygnets as the Dye was Fading and some became Pale… (-;

Personally, I have Notes of the “Dams” going after their Polish Cygnets..
Whatever the Reason, Avian Infanticide does Occur with Swans.
There are Probably many Reasons.. ???
Do the Parent Swans see these Pale Cygnets as Defective.. ??
There may not enough Reasons for this to be Studied.

The Creamy White Cygnets are EASILY Seen by all their Natural
Predators.. Hawk, Owl, Snapping Turtles, Cats, etc.

The Polish Cygnets tend to be the First to Disappear from a Mixed Brood..

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Linda M. Sweger Information Organized April 2020
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

REPLACEMENT EGGs for Your Nesting Swans.

March 26th, 2019 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs - (Comments Off on REPLACEMENT EGGs for Your Nesting Swans.)
SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

AND > Basic Procedure to Swap-Out Eggs when Needed.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

TO ENLARGE Images: Right Click on Image – Open Images in New Tab.

Over the Various Swan Nesting Seasons that we have Expericened,
there have been a Number of Times having Replacement Eggs has been Helpful.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

If there is No Cob/Male to Fertilze a Pen/Female’s Eggs:

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Healthy Swan Pens/Females Mature by Age Three and will Nest
and Lay Eggs with or without a Male/Mate.

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

When Swan Eggs are NOT Fertile, they will often start to
Rot and SMELL TERRIBLE before they can be Removed from the Nest.

(42 Days AFTER the Pen is “Sitting” Full-Time to Prevent Recyling. )

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

There are Nest Raiders.. Likely Raccoons Stealing Eggs.
Some Times People..

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Heavy Spring Rain may Soak and Spoil Eggs.
The Eggs Turn Blue once they are Too Wet..
Many Times the Developing Embryos will Drown.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

When the Female is not Ready to “Sit” Full-Time in Early Spring,
while still Laying her Clutch, a very Frosty Night may Freeze the Eggs. Little Chance these will Hatch.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

If for any Given Year, you want to Prevent Eggs Hatching.
Maybe you do not want to Deal with Cygnets.. Lots of Work.
The Eggs can be Spoiled by Spraying or Oiling..

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

OR you can Replace the Real Eggs with Life Like Replacements.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

In States where there are “Permit” Mute Swans,
the State Policy may NOT Allow their Eggs to Hatch.

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

If your Swan Pair are from the Same Brood and you Determine it is more Responsible to Prevent their Eggs Hatching. Often Young Swans are Acquired from the Same Parent Swans.. Reducing Genetic Diversity.

We Rescued these Young Cygnets. Male and a Female Nest Mates.
It would have been Easy to find them a Home Together.
To Prevent Inbreeding, we Arrange Different Forever Homes.

 SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

OR as in the Example Below: The Mature Pen Died.
The Cob Bonded with his Female Offspring.. ( His Daughter ).
The Owners decided to Rehome them to Different Homes after they had been Mating and Nesting. Their Eggs were Not Allowed to Hatch.

Now they are Both with Unrelated Mates for Healthier Cygnets.

Having Replacement Eggs can be VERY Handy..
Use them – then Wipe them off and Store for Future Years.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

 SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

My First Swan Egg Replacements were:
The UnHatched-Unfertile Mute Swan Eggs that I Drained and Filled with “Great Stuff” Foam. These were a Little Light Weight.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

I Painted a Sorta Feather over the Plugged Hole. To Sorta Hide the Spot.

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

All but One Real-Filled Eggs was Accepted by our Nesting Pens.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

TO my Disappointment, a Raccoon started to Steal my Real Replacement Eggs and Crewed them into Pieces.. DARN.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

My Next Plan: WOODEN Eggs..
I Called a WoodCrafter Store. Explained I wanted to have Large Eggs
Turned. They were Happy to Help.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

I took a Gentleman One of my Real Eggs for the Template.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Below are the Measurement of an Average Size Mute Swan Egg.
The Craftsman did a GREAT Job. Now it is Up to Me to Paint & Seal them.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

He used Heavy Dense Wood.. BIRCH. The Weight is Pretty Good.
Birch wood is a Hardwood that is Extremely Strong.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

The WoodCraftsman advised me on the most Durable UnderCoat Sealer
and the Outer Finish Product for Outside Wood Items.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

For the Mute Swan Egg Colors I used the Small Bottles of Acrylic Craft Paints to Tint the Sealer.

The Colors will Vary with the Different Species of Swans.
The Color Samples below are from Regular House Paint Color Samples.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

These Files Show the Colors I tried to Match in Craft Acrylic Paints.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

First Step..
Sand the Bare Eggs until all Rough Spots are Gone.
Wipe Away any Dust.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Coat with a Good Quality Primer – Sealer.. White
Interior/Exterior Water Base Primer.. Coat – Dry – Sand.
White Coat AGAIN – DRY WELL..

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

I Used the Little Take Home Container Lids to Keep the Eggs from Rolling.

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

I Added Acrylic Craft Color to Tint an Aliquote of the Sealer.
( NOT Entire Can. ) BASE Color Coat Twice..

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Time to “Stain” the Eggs. Using Medium Brown Craft Paint.

Dilute the Color until it will Stripe and Smear on the Egg.
I had to Wet my Hands to Coat the Entire Egg with Uneven Coloring.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Then WIPE Dry with a Paper Towel to Remove MOST Paint.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

It should have an Uneven Mottled Pattern.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

There is a Fluff of Small Feathers in the Swan’s Nest to Cushion the Eggs.
“Feathering the Nest.”

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

I Painted to Small SemiPlume Feather on One End..
To be Sure Which are REAL Which are Wooden.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Once the Eggs are VERY Dry, I Completely Coated Three Times
with the SATIN Exterior Seal & Protect Finish. DRY Well.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

The Satin Finish was too Glossy.. On a Very Damp Terry Cloth,
I Generously Sprinkled Fine Grit Bon-Ami & Coarser Ajax Scouring Powder.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Generally Rubbing-Buffing all over until the Eggs had the Same Dull Surface as the Real Mute Swan Eggs.

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

RINSE Well, Dry Immediately. Dry Well before Storing.

After using in a Spring Nest, DO NOT SOAK IN WATER.
Wipe with Soapy Water, Rinse, Dry Well. Store for Next Year.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

How to SWAP-OUT Swan Replacement Eggs.

IF your Goal is to Prevent ALL EGGs Hatching.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

NOTE: When the Swan Pen Starts to “Sit” Full-Time.
Mark Your Calendar. She Needs to “Sit” for 42 Days.

OR IF she Abandon her Eggs on her own. Then Watch for Recycling.

Wait Until the Female/Pen is “Sitting” Full-Time for at least a Week
To Ensure she is Truly Finished Laying..

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Be Sure it is the Pen at the Nest “Sitting” Full-Time.
Most Cobs will Sit with the Clutch as it is being Laid.
For a Clutch of 5 Eggs it will take 9 Days. For 8 Eggs 15 Days.

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

He will Protect the Eggs, but he CAN NOT Incubate them.
Only the Pen can Incubate the Eggs… ALL Eggs at the Same Time.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

During the 8 to 17 Days the Female is Laying her Eggs, she is EATING.
NOT “SITTING !! “

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Fertile Mute Swan Eggs SHOULD Hatch on Day 37 Plus – Minus 1 Day.

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

It is an Interesting Time. But, a Lot Like Watching Paint Dry.
The Pen will hardly Eat during this Time…
Quick Breaks on the Pond to Drink and Relieve herself. Average 6 Minutes.
Most Cobs will Watch the Nest during this Time. Not All.

If the Eggs are Fertile on Day 35 the Cygnets inside the Shell start to Wiggle.
The Pen will be OFF and ON the Nest Frequently.. STARTING to EAT !
The Pen’s Hungry Behavior is a VISUAL SIGNAL Hatching is about to Happen.
The Cygnets are Pipping. IF you can safely get Close you can hear them.

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

If the Eggs are Spoiled or Replaced, the Pen will not have this Signal.
She will continue to “Sit.” If the Eggs are not Removed some Pens Starve to Death. It is for her Health and Safety, REMOVE all Eggs at 42 Days.

&&&&&&&&&&& REPLACEMENT SWAP-OUT &&&&&&&&&&&&

Arrange for 3 People to Help with this Project.
Supplies.. One or Two Large Nets.. Maybe a Large Towel..

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

A Bucket Lined with Two Plastic Grocery Bags.

Working Together this will only take a few Minutes.

FIRST: Contain the Male..
Either keep him at a Safe Distance across the Pond.
OR when he come up to the Nest AFTER YOU – Net him.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

SECOND: Net the Pen Or Wrap her with a Large Towel.
Move her off to the Side. Try NOT to Scare Her.
OR Encourage the Pen off her Nest and into the Pond.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

I use a Lawn Chair to Encourage the Female off her Nest.
Turned Around this Also Protects me from being Whacked.

IF there are 5-8 Eggs:

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Check for any Cracked or Smelly Eggs that are Attracting Flies.
Remove these first.

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

This Female became VERY Sick from Eating the Pesty Flies.
She died Nine Days after Hatching her Only Cygnet. Then it Disappeared.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Remove ALL but Two Real Eggs that are OK.

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Place only THREE Wooden Replacement Eggs in the Nest.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Release the Pen. Then Release the Cob. Check the Swans are OK..
Someone Watch that the Pen goes back on the Nest and Tends
to the Eggs in her Nest. That she Accepts the Replacements.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

If any of the Removed REAL Eggs are Cracked or SMELL Nasty
– DISCARD THEM.
Rotting Eggs may Explode !! ( Gas PRESSURE )
– KEEP in Plastic Bags.

I had ONE Stinky Egg that I placed in the Bucket Bags.
Put the Replacement Eggs in the Nest. Stood Up.
Picked up my Bucket. BOOM !!!
ONE Egg was that Close to Exploding under our Pen.

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

&&&&&&&&&&& TURN CARD OVER… MORE INSTRUCTIONs.

SIDE 2 of INSTRUCTIONs.

THE NEXT Day: Do a Basic Check from a Safe Distance
that the Swans are still in Normal Nesting Behavior Mode.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

ONE Week Later..
Repeat: Remove the Remaining Real Eggs.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

DO NOT Add any more Replacements.
UNLESS there are Eggs Missing.. !!!!

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Swan Pens frequently Lose Eggs during the Nesting Season.
They need several Eggs ( Two or Three) to “Sit” on
for the 42 Days to Prevent Recycling.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

KEEP the Extra Wooden Replacement Eggs as Spares.
There may be some Losses over Time by Raccoons or People..

  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

ON Day 42 – Remove ALL Eggs from the Nest.
This way the Pen will Start to Eat Again..Avoid Starvation.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Wipe Replacement Eggs with Soapy Water on a Terry Cloth.
DO NOT Soak Wooden Eggs. Rinse, DRY Well.
Store for Next Year. Remember WHERE they ARE !

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

The Winter Months are a Good Time to be Crafty
and Make Replacement Eggs.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
  SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

REPLACEMENT EGGs Painted over the Winter..
Information March 2019 (c) SwanLover Linda M.Sweger
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

An Example of a Replacement Egg Swap-Out.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Take a Few Minutes to Observe the Nesting Swans..
Walk Slowly – Get Closer a Little at a Time..

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

It is Typical for the Cob to be Patrolling Near the Nest Site.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

This will be the Pen’s Fourth Spring to Nest. She is Dedicated to her Eggs.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Our Helpers were in Place, Ready to Start this Swap-Out.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

I Walked BETWEEN the Nest and the Pond
to see if the Cob would come out to Protect his Female.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Giving the Cob a Little Space to Come up to the Lawn-Nest Area.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

So Sweet, the Cob goes to Make Sure his Female is Safe.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Now it is TIME for him to CHASE Us OFF.. So Predictable.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

The Cob was EASY to Net. He came Directly to Us. OOPs !!

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Be Sure the Net Hoop is Securely on the Ground.
Swans are Good at Wiggling out UNDER any Open Spot .
Check his Neck is Not Twisted and he is Breathing OK.

We Slowly Move the Pen off the Nest with a Lawn Chair.
Do this Slowly, give her Time to Stand-up and Move Away.

The Nest contained a Large Clutch of 8 Eggs.
Working Quickly, I did not Snap Photos that were Focused. DARN !!
The Clutch below is an Example from a Nest in 2017 !!

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

We Removed 5 Real Swan Eggs and Placed 3 Replacements in the Nest.

SWAN REPLACEMENT Egg

SNAPPING One last Photo….
We Stepped back so the Pen could Return to her Nest.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

These Image Tell the Story.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs
SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

The Cob was Release and Went back to the Pond.
We Watched for about 5 Minutes.
The Pen Settled Down on the Nest.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

This Mute Swan Pen will Need to Sit on the Nest for 4 more Weeks.

In One Week the Remaining REAL Eggs will be Removed.
She will Continue to “Sit” on the Three Replacement Eggs.
She will Accept them as hers. They will Smell like her and the Nest.

SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs

Swan of Beauty, Swan of Grace.
A Queen among her Ancient Race.

The Swan – by Susa Morgan Black.