This is Likely a Diet-Related Health Issues – Along with Genetics..
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An Article no longer available, Read: Swans are Prone to a Condition called “Angel Wing.” Apparently, so are Geese and Ducks. Aquatic Waterfowl..
As I Read, I found a Number of other Names given to this Deformity.. “Airplane Wing,” Slipped Wing, Crooked Wing, Drooped Wing, Dropped Wing, Carpel Deformity, Carpometacarpal Deformity, Flip Wing, Rotating Wing, Sword Wing, and a few other Odd Names.
Various Articles State: Males develop the Deformity more often than Females. It seems to Develop on the Left Wing more Often..
Unless BOTH Wings are Affected..
Flight Feathers Stick Out and Fray Easily. Just Looks like Something is Wrong..
This Wing Deformity usually Prevents Flight.
The Condition is Generally Deadly for Young Birds/Waterfowl in the Wild. They are Left behind by their Parents.
Unable to Fly from Danger, they are Easy Prey..
If the Wild/Feral Cygnets can not Leave when it is Time for them to Head-off (Fledge) in the Late Winter the Parents may Kill them.
This Wing Joint (Wrist) the Twisting Develops in Young Birds.. as they are GROWING. They Grow so Rapidly..
In Swan Cygnets, the Angel Wing Typically begins when their FIRST Primary Flight Feathers are Growing in.
Start to Watch at 10 Weeks of Age.. It will be Noticeable by 12 – 16 Weeks.
It is Felt the Weight of the Growing Primary Blood Feathers cause the Distal-Primary Section (Wing Tip) to Sag Outward instead of Lying Normally against the Body.
This Sagging puts a Strain on the Joint’s Developing Ligaments and Muscles.
The Cygnet’s Fragile Bone Structure is not Strong Enough to Support the Weight of the New Primary Flight Feather which are Heavy with Blood. (Blood Feathers)
If the Cygnets Wings are in Normal Position by 5 – 6 Months, there is a Good Chance this Deformity will NOT Develop.
A Beautiful Mute Swan Cygnet Wing – Healthy – Normal !!!
A Nice Summary of Information about Angel Wing is here..
An Example List from One Article.. High Protein Diet, Hypovitaminosis D, Manganese Deficiency, Vitamin E Deficiency, Genetic Factors, Excessive Growth Rate, Restricted Exercise , Incorrect Incubation, Hatching Problems, Trauma, Weight of Blood-Filled Growing Primary Feathers. (UGH) !!
Most Articles DO came back to the Importance of a Good Nutrient Balanced Diet.. All Creatures Great and Small Benefit from an Appropriate Diet..
We Share Lots of Vegetables with Our Swans.. ESPECIALLY, Carrots.. for Vitamin A..
Carrots SINK – Place in Shallow Water.
SUPPORTIVE TREATMENT: Wrapping or Taping..
If you Think about Support Taping or Wrapping a Wing Tip Close to the Body.. It is BEST to Ask for Guidance from a Professional..
Try Gentle – Intermittent Support NO MORE then a Week.. DO NOT PUT the Birds in/on any Large Body of Water. Until you take the Wrap/Taping Off.. Keep them in a Safe Place..
Start with 2 Days.. then Remove Wrap to Allow the Wing some Time to Move Freely.. Wait 4-6 Hours before ReWrapping.
Many Saggy Wing Tips will Benefit from a Few Days with this Extra Support.
The Elastic, Self-Adhesive Vetwrap is Great for this.
Wrap the Tape around the Metacarpals (Hand) and the Radius/Ulna (Primary), so that it is held in a Normal folded Position.
Some Folks Support the Sagging Wing with a Bandana Tied around the Body.
I have Used Painters Tape to Hold Wound Dressing in Place. It Sticks to Itself.. but NOT to Feathers and Skin..
DO NOT Use DUCK TAPE.. it is TOO STICKY…
Wrapping TOO Tight or TOO Long MAY Constrict Blood Vessels which WILL Alter Feather Growth and Even Affecting Bone Growth.
For Juvenile and Adult Swans with a Severe Angel Wing, Surgical Pinioning of the Affected Wing may be an Appropriate Treatment where the Wing Tip and Feathers are being Damaged.
I have Observed a Few Adult Swans with a Few Wing Feathers that became Misaligned when they were Pinioned.. These were just a Bit out of Order.
Watch for this Wing Sagging as your Cygnets are Growing. You Might be Able to Help..
We Brought Little “Hannah” into our Lives when she was 10 Months Old.
Our Little “Hannah” came from a Farm of Very Poor Care.. She had a Very Minor Wing Tip Twist. Just “a Little Angel Wing.”
She Matured into a Very Sweet “Maiden” Swan..
I have Observed more “Angel Wing Deformities” then I Worked with them. I do know a BackYard Domestic Waterfowl Rescuer that has Successfully Corrected Ducklings Wings, that Start to Develop “Angel Wing Deformity.”
I have Done Lots of Reading along the Way. Which has Contributed Greatly to my Basic Understanding of this Waterfowl Syndrome..
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& Organized and Compiled by Linda M. Sweger – August 2020 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Under Preening may Result in Preening Oils not being Produced. Which will Cause your Waterfowl/Swans to becoming Chilled when Wet and MAY Lead to Water Aversion.
SWANs NEED to Get Wet to Encourage Preening.. Even a Gentle Rinse with a Hose or a Wet Sponge..
Protect any Body Area that Needs to Remain Dry..
“Meadow’s” Foot is Wrapped with Clean Paper Towels and a Plastic Bag. Watching him Dance and Play in the Sprinkler Water was a Happy Moment. His Damage Foot Recovery was Long and Challenging.. SOOoo Worth it.
TO END.. “HOW do SWANs Stay SO WHITE ???” They PREEN..
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& Information Compiled from Observing Swans over the Years. Yes, Reading has been Informative.. Gathering Data.. And Experiences of Others.. We All Learn Together. (C) Linda M.Sweger July 2020 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
When Polish Cygnets are Raised Out on the Water with their Parents they are the most Vulnerable to Predation.. They are EASY to See. – The Preying of One Animal on others.
A Red-tailed Hawk was Observed Carrying One Polish Cygnet Away.
Within a Few Days the Other Polish Cygnet was Gone.
Hawks and Owls are Feeding their Young at the Same Time of Year… that Mute Swan Cygnets Hatch.. Swans are almost Helpless to Protect their Tiny Cygnets.
Two Days after this Visit we got a Call asking us to Come and Remove the Two Remaining Royal Cygnets…. to Save them.. They were 18 Days Old.
There seem to be a Fair Number of Polish Swans in Central PA..
The Cygnets below were Unrelated Rescues.. One Female – One Male.
They were able to Grow Together.. We Planned for them to be a Pair. Sadly, the Polish Female developed a Heart Infection.. and Died.
These are Other Unrelated Polish and Royal Mute Swan Cygnets..
I Personally like to have One of Each.. It is So Difficult to Tell many Swans apart.. Their Knobs change Size during the Years.. Many Times Owners are not sure Which Swan is the Male or their Female. Especially, when they are Alone.
Having One Polish and One Royal.. makes this Easier.. You can SEE the Color of their Legs… just above the Water..
Then there are Same Sex Pairings.. These Swans REALLY Look Alike..
When we would Stop to Visit the Young Royal Male NestMates above… I could not tell them Apart. Their Family could not Either.. Just Calling them “The Boys.”
Driving Home after a Visit.. I kept thinking… they are Like Identical Twins.
I Started to Refer to them as “Castor” and “Pollux.” The Gemini Twins.
When there are Royal and Polish Male NestMates from the Same Brood.. it is Nice to keep them Together. For People who want a Same Sex Male Pair.
When I Pinioned these Rescued Cygnets.. I Sent their Removed Wing Tips for the DNA-Sex Determination. Each Cygnet was Color Banded to Identify them.. Leg Bands were Changed as they Grew. Make SURE Leg Bands do NOT get TIGHT !
Around 12 Weeks (80 – 86 Days) we can Send Feathers for the DNA-Sex Determination.
DNA Results are Back.. We can Start to Arrange for their Forever Homes.
During the First Winter the Royal Cygnet will become more and more White.
These Young Males were doing Well Together.. They Could have Lived together for Many Years.. Sadly, Fishing Injuries Ended this Pairing.
Having Two Female… Do NOT Need to be NestMates.
Both the Royal and Polish Juvenile Females are White by 14-16 Months Old.
The Females below.. I can Tell them Apart by their Pinioned Wings.
The Main Concern when you have Two Females a Companions.. They can not Protect themselves during Nesting. They are VULNERABLE. You Need to Think of Ways to Improve their Safety from Predators..
HUM-M-m-m… The More Time I got to Spend with Swans.. I did Notice there are not Just Two Color Variants.. but a Third.. a Blend.
There is a Royal – a Polish – and a Cappuccino Colored Cygnet.
From Reading – No Special Designation is Made for the Cappuccino Cygnets. They are Classified as Royal – Their Plumage will be Similar to the Royals.
Our Little “Summer” has a DARK Beak and Pale Grey Legs..
“Meadow’s” Legs and Feet Stayed Light Grey.. Did Not Becoming Dark..
I think ALL Swans are Wonderful.. – Including Hormonal Cobs.
They all have Different Personalities and Bring Much Joy to those who Love and Care for them.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& *********************************************************************** These are Swan and Cygnet Images Snapped over the Many Years we have been Enjoying Swans. Collected by Linda M. Sweger & Robert B. Job June 2020 *********************************************************************** Below are More Photo Images of Royal and Polish Cygnets. They were Fun.
In the Wild they would EAT LOT of Water Insects and Small invertebrates. Feeding mostly from the Water’s Surface.
The Cygnet above is NOT WaterProof… he is WET !!!
When Cygnets are NOT Raised on a Pond.. They need Pool Time to Encourage Preening.. to Aid and Improve their WaterProofing..
Black Swans will Play in any Puddle of Water. They will do OK on a Slightly Small Pond then the Larger Mutes and Trumpeter Swans.
I have not had an Opportunity to Observe Black Australian Cygnets Raised on the Pond with their Parents.. Only Hand Raised Cygnets.
The Cygnets are Too Easily taken by Predators. The Spring Brood Hatch during Chilly-Chilly March Weather.
And the Fall Brood are not Developed enough to be Outside in our Cold Winter Months.
They need to be Sheltered. Hard to do with the Parent.. who will do better out on the Pond in Cool Moderate Weather.
If they were able to Live with their Parents, they will Ride on their Parent’s Back for Longer Trips around their Waterways.
The Cygnets have Gray Down for Three to Four weeks.
Then the Beautiful Smoky Black-White Tips Feathers Emerge.
Their First True Feathers are Dark Smoky Brown not as Black as the Mature Adults.
The Male Cygnet above is about 3 Months Old. Growing Nicely.
The Beaks of Black Cygnets seem to go through some Color Variations as they Mature to the Bright Red and White.
The Cygnets need to be Ready for Life on their Own by 14-16 Weeks.. Rehoming-Adoption at 5 to 6 Months is Workable..
Since there are Fewer Black Swans being Raised.. It is a Challenge to Arrange Young Unrelated Pairs.
It is a Good Idea to seek others who have and Raise Black Australian Swans.. then Network with them..
It is Common for Pairs to be from the Same Brood.. Not a Healthy Practice. Genetic Diversity Produces Healthier Swans.
When the Adults are Ready to Start another Nesting.. I have no Experience if Two Different Broods will be OK staying with the Parent.
From Reading, it is often Stated that Cygnets will Remain with their Parents for Nine Month before they Fledge and become Independent.. Suggesting Two Broods are in the Parents’ Care at the Same Time.
Most Folks who have Captive Pet Black Swans, Arrange for New Homes for each Brood of Cygnets..
It would be Reasonable to Spoil some Clutches of Eggs.. to Limit the Number of Cygnets. There are Options..
When Black Swans are Allowed to Pair at Will.. There are Frequently Two Females and One Male.
They seem to enjoy being a Threesome.
How & Who will Breed.. ?? I do not have that Experience..
It Suggests.. One Female is a Spare.?? A “Nanny.” If something Happens to the Nesting Female, the other Female will take over the Nest.
?? Both Females share Caring for the Cygnets. One being the “Nanny.”
I can not find anything in Reading about this.. so, this might have been my Observation Experience.
After their Breeding Season the Adults Moult and are unable to Fly for about a Month. The Females Moult First, several Weeks later the Males start their Moult.
I do not know if they Moult Twice a Year.. Or just after One of their Two Nestings… ??? Spring
The Right Wing of the Right Black Swan is Pinioned.. Most White Flight Feathers are Missing.
To Care for Captive Pet Black Swans Pinioning is Suggested. If they are able to Fly.. they may simply Fly Away.
They have Little Chance of Surviving a Feral Life in Pennsylvania..
The Black Australian Swans will Live and Build their Nests in a Colony if their Water Environment will Support their Numbers..
If their Water Environment is not Flushing with Clean Water and you see Fecal Material Floating on the Surface, this is not a Healthy Place. Too many Waterfowl… will FOUL a Smaller Pond.
Males do most of the Defending and Chasing off of “Enemies.”
Territorial Disputes seem Less Severe.. Not sure how to word this.. There is more Posturing between Rival Males then “Out and Out” Battling..
The Black Swan Cobs average Weight is 18 to 20 Pounds.. Mute Cobs can be 28 to 30 Plus Pounds..
BUT, we have Witnessed and there are Internet YouTube Video Clips.. of the Black Cobs being more Fierce and Aggressive toward the Larger Mutes.
There is a “Pecking Order” on most Bodies of Water among the Waterfowl.. Black Australian Males like to the at the Top of Order.. They can be Surprisingly Aggressive. – The Pond Bully.
The Black Swan NestMate Males will also become Compatible Pairs. If you Prefer NOT to deal with Nesting Twice a Year, Two NestMate Males Might be worth Considering.
We / I have had Fun visiting with Black Australian Swans..
We have tried to Rehabbed / Cared for Several.. My Experience is Limited.
I Hope I have not Misrepresented their General Behavior.
As I Read various OnLine Articles, I can see that each Swan Owner has their own Experiences and Observations.
General Fact Articles about the Black Australian Swans, seem to be largely “Cut and Paste” Information.
The BeautyofBirds.com has a Nice Fact Article..
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& I am about to do the Same Thing…. Just a Little “Cut and Paste” History BackGround..
Before European Explorers had reached Australia, it was believed that all Swans were White.
Dutch Mariner, Antounie Caen, was the first to be Amazed at the Sight of Australia’s Black Swans on the Shark Bay in 1636.
Explorer Willem de Vlamingh Captured two Black Swans from Australia’s Swan River and Brought them back to Europe to prove their Existence.
During the Nineteenth Century, the original Western Australian Colony was called “the Swan River Settlement.”
In 1973, the Black Swan was Officially Proclaimed as the “Bird Emblem” of the Government of Western Australia and now appears on their State Flag.
Black Swans are still found Living Wild and Free in various Wetland Habitats in Australia and Tasmania. There are some Black Swans Living Free in the Regions of Sweden.
Within Australia they are Nomadic, with Erratic Migration Patterns dependent upon Climatic conditions. Like other Swans they need Open Water during the Colder Months.
The Black Swans were Hunted to Extinction in New Zealand, but later Reintroduced.
In Victoria (Australia) and Tasmania they have caused enough Crop Damage that the Government has established a short Hunting Seasons to Control their Numbers.
In the United States, there is No Mention of Feral Black Swans. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
The Australian Black swan has a Rare Color Variation. It is known as Silver or Merle Swan.
Knox Swan and Dog has a Breeding Program in place to try and get a Pure Strain of Silver Swans.
The Plan is to get enough Swans with the Silver Gene to match up in Breeding Pairs to produce the Silver Swans.
If you know anyone who has an Australian Swan with this Rare Color Various Bob Knox would like to you to Contact him..
The Few Images included are All from the Internet..
Knox Swan & Dog LLC (847) 304-1230 www.canadiangoosecontrol.com 75 Saddle Tree Ln, North Barrington, IL 60010
**************************************************************** The General Information is a Blend of my Experiences and Reading. Compiled by Linda M. Sweger June 2020 ****************************************************************
I Love this Image.. I Wish I could Identify the Photographer.. Lovely.
I Understand that Fishing is an Activity Enjoyed by Many.
I am not going to Bash or Complain about the Sport of Fishing.. It seems to be a Popular way to Spend Time Outside.
To Enlarge Right Click Image – Open in a New Tab.
FISHING: If you Allow Anyone to Fish on Your Pond.. Ask them to be EXTREMELY Careful with Fishing Line, Sinkers and Hooks..
It is Safest for your Captive Pet Swans if NO Fishing is Allowed..
I am Always Happy to see Ponds Designated “NO FISHING.”
The BRIGHT Red Bobber… Someone was Fishing.. on a NO Fishing Pond.
The Pond or Lake Your Swans Live on.. is their Home.
What is Difficult to Accept is the Careless Disregard for the Environment by Some – Not All – People who Fish..
Loving the OutDoors.. Why do they Trash it.
Mute Swans get Blamed for All Kind of Negative Impacts on the WaterWays they Live on.. But, this is Not Swan Waste..
THIS is People TRASH ! !
I Want to Share with Folks interested in Having Swans what Can Happen if Fishing Hooks, Lines and Sinkers are Left in the Water where your Captive Pet Swans and other Water Birds Live.
Your Domestic Ducks and Geese will Also Suffer Injuries that Mangle them.
This Female Mallard became Entangled in a SIX-Pronged Barbed Hook. She was First Hooked in the Webbing of her Foot. Trying to Free Herself with her Beak, her Tongue became Impaled. She was Lucky, Found, Helped and Released.
Discarded Fishing Line Around the Leg of this Goose was Cutting in so Deeply, Saving the Leg was Questionable.
WHAT YOU CAN NOT SEE ! ! An X-RAY of a Duck that Swallowed a Fishing Hook. This would Required Risky Surgery to Remove. Outcome Unknown.
If an Unfortunate Swan/Cygnet Swallows a Fishing Hook OR any Bird or Waterfowl…The SOONER it is Removed the Better the chance that no Long Term Harm or Death will occur.
One of these Young Cygnets Swallows a Length of Fishing Line.. The Owners CUT the Line at his Beak and Released him. NO Plan to Find Out if there was a Hook or to Help him.. “He is a Wild Creature. God will take Care of him..”
My Heart SANK, when I learned they turned the Cygnet out to their Pond.
DO NOT CUT FISHING LINE SHORT – there MIGHT be a HOOK… This will Aid finding the Hook.. Leave several Inches Visible.
VERY GENTLY – Touch the Neck all around to feel for any Lump that might be the location of a Hook.
The Bird or Animal will BEST be helped by a Veterinarian.
We Arranged with the County Cruelty Officer for this Cygnet to be Removed from the Farm. He was Taken to a Veterinarian for Help. His Weight was 40 % below what he should have Weighed.
There is NO WAY: WITHOUT an X-RAY No way to know how Large the Hook is.. No way to know how the Hook is Oriented.. No way to know how Far Down the Hook has Gone.. NO WAY to know how many Barbs the Hook has..
Fishing Hooks will Dissolve/Rust over time.. Depending on the Size, this can take Weeks to Months.. Dissolving Metals will S-L-O-W-L-Y be Absorbed.. Heavy Metal Poisoning.
In the MEANTIME: As the Swan/Cygnet moves about the Hook Barbs may change its Position and Location. Swans Twist their Necks to Drink, Eat and Preen.. It will likely cause PAIN as it Stabs into Tender Tissues.
Throat Tissues may become Swollen, Sore and Ulcerate. High incidents of Infection.. Bacteria – Fungus.. Necrosis.
A Swallowed Fishing Hook may cause Chronic to Severe Bleeding.. Especially, if it Punctures a Carotid Artery or Jugular Vein. Massive Bleeding, Loss of Blood to their Brain. Obstructive Blood Clots. Many Fatal Potentials.
Plant Material, which Swans Try to Eat, may be Caught and Choke the Cygnet/Swan. Prevent Eating – High Risk of Starving.
Hook Barbs may migrate to Trachea – cause Airway Obstruction, Bleeding into Lungs. Painful Fatal Outcome.
Hook Barbs may migrate to Neck Vertebrae. Damage Nerves-Impair Function. Imagine the PAIN.
By the time the Swan/Cygnet is in Distress from a FISHING HOOK, it will be more difficult to Save them. The Longer the FISHING HOOK is in the Throat the more Treatment will likely be needed. Poor Prognosis.
This Young Cygnet was Lucky. He was Rescued and taken for Help. He did not have a Fishing Hook in his Esophagus.. BUT, he did have a Wad of Balled-up Fishing Line in his Gizzard. The Line was Abrading the Lining of his Gizzard, causing Bleeding. The Fishing Line was Removed, Treated with Antibiotics, Time to Recover and Gain Weight.. Adopted to New Home.
A FISHING Hook is Literally a TIME BOMB waiting to Kill any Bird or Animal that Swallows one.
Use GREAT CARE when Capturing a Swan/Cygnet that may have ingested a Fishing Hook. Do your BEST not to handle the Neck. Keep Stress as LOW as Possible.
If you SEE Fishing Line Hanging from a Swan’s Mouth… DO NOT CUT the Line. – Leave several Inches Visible. Find a Way to KEEP it from being SWALLOWED Further. Your VET will have a BETTER Chance of Removing the HOOK.
The Young Swan Cygnet Below was Rescued – Not Saved.. Died.
Carelessly Discarded Fishing Line, Hooks and Lead Sinkers have been Responsible for “Way Too Many” Waterfowl Deaths..
Painful Tissue Injuries might be Treated after Days of Bleeding when Infections have started..
What you are Seeing is a Result of FISHING.. and NOT being Responsible for Fishing Line.. and HOOKs !
The Pain and Stress the Swans Endure May Contribute to a Poor Outcome..
At a Pond that was to be Designated “No Fishing” – Public Fishing Continued.
The Young Swans on this Pond were Hooked and Injured Several Times.
We Arrange for a Rescue to Occur on a Wednesday.. A Veterinarian Appointment was Made for that Evening.
The Owner Arranged for Someone to Shoot the Juvenile Swan on Tuesday. They were Tired of all the Expensive Veterinary Bills..
The Young Swan was a Victim Twice.. through NO Fault of his. So Sad.
They did Allow the Rescuers to Collect his Brother. We found a New Home.
The Line was Caught on Rocks.. Luckily the Swan Pulled Free.. We Could Not get Hold of her.. The Hook Eventually Rusted Off.
The Saga of a Rescued Swan.. Who Knows how Long she was Hooked.
This Swan’s Leg was Not Ok.. She Struggled to Walk.. Victim of a Hook.
SINKERs: Lead Poisoning is a BIG Problem for Wild and Domestic Waterfowl. Swallowed Lead will Slowly Cause Toxic Heavy Metal Poisoning. Difficult and Time Consuming to Treat.
Over the Years, we have Talked with Pond Families and Helped Rescue Way TOO Many Swans and Cygnets Entangled-Snagged by Fishing Hooks, Lines.. So Far No Sinkers or Shot Gun Lead.
Distressed Swan Rescued after having Tongue Impaled by Discarded Fishing Hook.
Some Hooks will Come OUT Easily.. Some Hooks Embed Deeply.. Cause Bleeding and Pain.
These are the Painful Punctures Suffered by a Swan in the U.K. after Swallowing Fishing Line attached to TWO Hooks.
Fishing Line Tangles Wings, Legs, Necks.. Tissue Damage and Permanent Injuries are Common.
Their Four Month Old Cygnet Tangled, Struggling Likely Broke her Wing. She Died during the Night, before she could get to the Vet’s Office.
There are many Sad Stories I could share.. “PiP” is Another One. -He was between 4 – 5 Months when Rescued. A Caring Team of People spent Months Helping him Recover. Thanks to All.
He was Lucky to Survive his Encounter with Fishing Line.
Any Waterfowl, Birds… and other Animals can become Tangled in Fishing Line left in their Living Environment.. Fishing Line is Strong and does not breakdown..
He was Found with his Foot Tangled with Fishing Line. His Struggling to Free himself caused Mutilation of his Left Foot’s Webbed Tissues.
When Rescued, the Damaged Tissues were Surgically Removed. All the Network of Blood Vessels between his Toe Digits were Damaged.
It was Over a Year before he was Ready for Adoption to a New Home.
The Primary use of Webbed Feet is for Paddling through Water.
Webbed Feet have more Surface Area to Push Water Backwards and thus Propelling the Waterfowl Forward.
The Large Network of Blood Vessels in the Webbing is Important to Aid Waterfowl Regulate their Body Temperature.
This Nasty Damage will Affect his Life.. He will Need to Adapt. His Foot will Sink into Soft Muddy, be more Easily Cut.
Entangled Waterfowl Can NOT Fly, Swim, Forage for Food or Protect Themselves from Predators. Tightening Constriction around the Body can cause Suffocation.
If Fishing Line gets Wrapped and Tight enough it can AMPUTATE Legs, Wings,,,,etc. The Poor Helpless Tangled Animals can easily Starve if it does not get help.. While causing Gangrene as a Body Part Slowly Dies.
Another Young Swan’s Life has been Changed.. Forever.
Once Tangled in Fishing Line, the Line Tightens to the Point it Cuts through the Skin and into the Bone.
Infections incur, Circulation is Cut Off Resulting in Amputation.
A Little Local was Given to Finish the Amputation..
This is Where the Leg was Damaged – No Hope to Repair.
She will Not be able to Walk.. Swans are Too Large to Hop on One Leg.
It is Hard to think about this Live Bird Suffering Endless Hours for over 2 – 3 Weeks – Alone in Pain and Scared. – I do not have Words..
Countless Birds Suffer an Agonizing Death.
Birds/Swans often Pick-up Fishing Line to put in their Nest. This may have a Fatal Outcome for the Cygnets.
The Trumpeter Swan Parents Could Do Nothing to Help their Cygnet.
***************** Do a Simple Internet Search for ** Images Swan Fishing ** *****************
WaterFowl Do NOT have TEETH..
They Ingest their Food in Bites that can be Swallowed. Swans are Vegetarians and Eat a Diet with Lots of Tough Fiber.
These Foods Need to be Ground into Smaller Bits that will Pass into their Digestive System.
Most Waterfowl Swallow Small Bits of Gravel that Act as “Teeth” in the Gizzard, Breaking Down the Tough Plant Fibers thus Helping Digestion.
Ingested Fishing Line can cause Intestinal Blockage and Bleeding. Balled-up Wads of Line will Churn in the Gizzard Muscle.. Pain and Bleeding..Slow Starvation..
Not Being a Person who Goes Fishing.. I am Using Wikipedia for the Following Information..
May 21st, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in Common Swan Injuries - (Comments Off on There are Common Swan Injuries)
Caring for an Injured Swans is a LOTs of WORK !!! Try to Avoid the Common Injuries.
There Can be Countless Types of Injuries. Many are JUST Bad Luck – Unforeseen.
This Cob was Hit by a Boat Oar Breaking his Wing – Compound Fracture, when a Person got TOO Close to his Female and Cygnets.
To Enlarge Images – Right Click Image then Open in a New Tab.
Swans are Curious Creatures and will Find the Darnest Way to get Hurt.
The Broken Window in this Shed is a Hazard.
Swans Have Very Good Eyesight. Swans Locate their Food by Sight – Less by Smell.
Swan’s Eyes are Located on the Sides of their Head, which Aids Spotting Predators.
But the Trade-off for their Wide Peripheral Vision is Limited Forward Sight, making them Vulnerable to Flying into Power Lines.
So Sad – the Life of this Beautiful Healthy Young Trumpeter was just beginning.
Fences can be as much a Hazard as a Safer Place.
We Think this Swan became Tangled in a Fence..
“Prince Harry” was a Full-Wing Rescue.. He NEEDED to be Kept Clipped. That did not Happen. “Harry” Started to Fly About his Local Area.
SWANs/Birds caught on Barbed Wire are likely to Struggle Violently in an Attempt to Free themselves.
We all know how Damaging a Barb Wire Fence can be..
Gates can be … Well, Not Safe…
Electric Fences are Common for Pastures. They can Cause Mouth Burns.
We Learned of One Female Mute Encouraging her Cygnets to Fly. She did not Clear the Pasture Fence.. and Broke her Neck.
Fences – Can the Swan get their Head through.. ??? and NOT get it back through the Openings.. Sharp Edges.. Loose Nails.
UnSecured Bucket Handles are a Tangle Hazard.
Minor Injures can be Cleaned with a Gentle Soap. Room Temp Water ONLY.
Washing Birds in Hot Water.. will Burn THEM..
The Skin on the Beak can be Scraped.. Watch for any Sign of Infection. This Tissue Heals Amazingly Quick.. !!!
Memories of Sad Stories of Swans Dying due to Entanglement.. TOO MANY.
CHECK for TANGLE HAZARDs.
I have Heard TOO many Sad Stories of Swan Dying by Tangling in Ropes, Cables, Wires, Fishing Line.. Some have Swallowed these Items.
Folks in Lancaster Co have had Swans for over 20 years. NEVER had a problem. Spring 2015 they lost one Female Swan to old age. They brought a young Female home.. everything was fine. The Lack of Rain that Summer caused their Pond Water Level to be VERY LOW, the Ropes that kept their Aerator-Fountain in place became Slack and the young Female became Tangled around her Neck.
“We have had so little Rain this Summer and Fall that the Ropes were Exposed and Loose.” – A Freaky, Sad event
This Never occurs to People that the Ropes that hold Boats in place can also be a problem. Cords, Cables, Wires.
Electrical Cables, Extension Cords.. Potential for Electric Shock.
Another Hazard around Motor Boats… Spilled Oil and Gas. YUCK !
One Female Trumpeter Swan.. Decided to Eat a Length of Rope Tied to a Tree near her Pond.. She Swallowed the Rope all the Way to the Tree Bark. Stood there for an Untold Period of Time..before being Rescued.. The Rope was Cut.. and not Removed. – OutCome Unknown.
Getting Caught in Exposed Roots.. will their Break Legs.
Frequently Check any Leg Bands – Especially on Growing Cygnets. Tight Bands can do Permanent Damage to Legs.
Young Swans have Fragile Legs.. Handle Carefully.
The Young Female below: Her Legs were Bent when she was Younger. A Mature Male tried to Kill her by Sitting ON TOP of her.. to Suffocate her.
Wire Fencing with Large Gauge Openings have Hung TOO Many Swans. If they can get their Head/Necks Through – their Feathers may make it Hard to Pull their Heads back Through.. Small Cygnets are Growing.. Get Stuck.
We Stopped to Visit.. Walked down to the Pond of this Nesting Swan. I found her Stuck in the Fence.. Head on One Side.. Body on the Other.. She was Struggling.. Very Stressed.. I got to her. Freed her – She was Ok.
Sometimes, a Swan just Wanted to get to the Other Side of a Fence..
Swans and Cygnets Hit by Vehicle on Roads are ALL TOO Common.
More the One of the Swans at this Country Pond were Killed. One Young Male had Adopters coming for him.. He was Hit by a Car that Morning.
Driveways are a Dangerous Place for Swans..
Busy Parking Lots – NOT SAFE…
They can Easily be Unnoticed when getting into Vehicles.. They May Not be Seen by Visitors or Delivery Truck Drivers.
The Sun, Especially on Summer Days.. ASPHALT get VERY HOT.. BURNS Feet.
Heat Lamps are Commonly Used to Keep Young Cygnets Warm..
As the Cygnets Grow…. RAISE THE LAMPS !!! We Found this Young Cygnet with his Head SMOKING !!!
Heat Lamps make me NERVOUS !! – Use with Great Care… Chances are you will not have Fire Detection in your Out Buildings.
We have had ALL the Snapping Turtle Damage I ever want to Deal With.
Fishing Hooks and Line Entanglement are TOO Common.
Wild and Domestic Birds ingest Pieces of Trash, Gun Shot Pellets, Fishing Sinkers.
Fishing Hooks are very Damaging. Discarded Fishing Line causes TERRIBLE Injuries.
Swallowing a Hook and Line… DO NOT Cut the Line.. Seek Vet. HELP !
We have worked with many Swans and Cygnets over the years.. LOVE THEM.. Things (gives me chills) have happened that you would NEVER Expect. Those Lovely Long Necks get into trouble. – They Swallow DUMB Things.
We were Never able to Determine What this Object Was/is.. It was there in the Gizzard for Months.. X-Rayed Three Times. The Young Swan was OK, Eating and Growing Normally. Several Veterinarians Recommended we Do Nothing.. Just Leave it.
Swan are Attracted to Shiny Things.. Shiny Metal.. Hooks, Coins, Hardware like Nails, Screws, Soda Can Tabs, Rings, Jewelry, etc. Swallowed Metal will not Pass through their Gizzard, Slowly Dissolves becomes Toxic, causing Heavy Metal Poisoning.
OR Sharp Metal will Cut, Puncture the Gizzard Muscles, cause Bleeding, Infection, Death. – “Hardware Disease”
Metal Dissolves, is Absorbed and becomes TOXIC. Heavy Metal Poisoning.. The most common Heavy Metal Poisoning in Birds is Lead, then Zinc.
One of our Rescued Swans had Swallowed a small piece of Iron.. Iron is Water Soluble. She was Fine in the Morning, late Afternoon she was found floating on her Pond.
Her Necropsy Showed, “Kate” died from Iron Toxicity.. Five Times Toxic Level. She showed NO Sign of being Ill. Her Liver and Heart were Severely Damaged.. So Sad.
THEY will EAT Small Things – Sorta Garbage Pick-up Experts. Bread Twist Ties, Cigarette Filters, Cigar Butts, Balloon Fragments, Ribbon, Small Toy Pieces, ETC., Etc., etc……………………
Any Time there is Construction or Repairs around the Water or Building your Swans may Walk around. Be Careful with Nails, Screws, Small Sharp Items. ANYTHING they WILL Swallow.
One Mature Female Died after Eating Styrofoam Packing Peanuts. She was often fed Bread tossed on her Pond. Kids tossed the Styrofoam Peanuts into her Pond. She ate several. She stopped eating and wasted away. The Styrofoam was found during her Necropsy.
The Family remembered picking up the scattered Styrofoam floating along the Bank.
Another OOPs.. Pool Foam Flotation Noodles left on the Pond.. No One Expected that the Swans would Chew Holes.. into them..
Swans, Waterfowl eat Small Stones to aid Digestion in their Gizzard.. Normal .. IF this was a Dog or Cat these Small Things might pass through in a few Days. With Birds anything Solid in their Gizzard stays there until it breaks down.
Broken Glass – CUTs Inside the Swans or Outside the Swans.
I have Heard that Dried Pine Needles can Puncture Waterfowl Esophagus Tissues. Try not to Feed where there are Dry Needles.
For Whatever Reason, some Cobs Hate Lawn Care Equipment… Mowers, Weed Whackers, Anything with a Loud Motor.. Keep a Close Watch – Male Swans MAY Attack these Noisy Cutting Machines.
There are TOO Many Fishing Related Injuries to Post.. TOO Common !
There have been ENDLESS Stories of Swans Entangled, Injured and Dying Due to Carelessly Discarded Fishing Line and Hooks.
It is SO Important that Waterfowl can have their Feet and Legs in Liquid Water during VERY Cold Weather.
The Following Swans were Attacked by UNLEASHED Dogs.
Dog Attacks… The Deep Bites with their Sharp Teeth, do Terrible Damage.
I have heard of Two Instances of Swans trying to Mate on a Pool Cover. One Event Ended with the Female Dying. The Other, the Swans Could Not Figure out how to get back off.
Swans can Get onto a Swimming Pool Cover – but Getting OFF is a Problem.
Another Place to Get Hurt… Open Doors to Sheds, Garages and Barns. Curious Swans will Explore.. They can REACH Up and Pull Things Down.
Over the Years, this Feeder’s Leaning was Unnoticed.. Nothing Happened.
High Wind Storms.. Blowing Debris and Falling Trees..
“Handsome Fellow” was our First Rescue.. That was not Easy.
Over Time and Many Miles we have Helped Care for Many Injured Swans.
This Dear Swan had a Terrible Wing Injury.. It became Infected.. He was Sick and Lost a Lot of Weight before we were able to Rescue him. We had NO Idea what we were getting into.. A Long Recovery Ahead. Many Thanks to the Wonderful People who Helped “Handsome Fellow” Recovered.
“Handsome Fellow” was a Joy. I Miss him Every Day.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& These Images of Injuries have been Collected by (c) Linda M. Sweger I will be Very Happy if I do not need to Add More to this Page. May 2020 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Until I Worked on this Topic Page.. I had No Idea how Many Injured Swans we have Known or Heard their Stories. I Continue to Remember More.
April 22nd, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in SWAN CATCHING IDEAs - (Comments Off on HOW DO WE CATCH SWANS and CYGNETS ?)
THERE ARE AS MANY WAYs and IDEAs as SWANs.
SWAN UPPING is an Annual Ceremony in England. The Mute Swans on the River Thames are Rounded-up, Caught, Counted, have a Health Check, are Banded and then Released.
Those British Swan Lovers Make this Look EASY !!
If you are Interested: Swan Upping – Wikipedia OR Search: *Swan Upping* – There are Many Website on this Topic..
To Enlarge Images – Right Click Image then Open in a New Tab.
Until you have a Need to Catch a Waterfowl-Swan on a Body of Water, most People have NO Idea how Challenging it will be..
Every Situation is Different.. Any Body of Water is a Risky Unknown. A Frozen Pond in the Winter.. The Worst Time of Year to Catch Swans.
Especially, when your Helpers are Unfamiliar with your Body of Water.
Over the Years, we have had our Share of “Try this, then Try that.” My Husband has often said, “It is Better to be Lucky, then Good.”
Our Quickest Captures.. have been 5 Minutes.. “JUST GOOD LUCK.”
The Male Pictured Above was Sitting in a Shady Area with Dense Plants. He was EASY to Catch.. Bless him..
The Longest Time to Capture a Swan we wanted to Move took 8 Weeks. Multiple Visits, Several Failed Attempts.. Our “Brooke” made it HARD.
The Farm where our Swans had lived for Five Years was being Sold. We Found a Lovely Pond for them much Closer to our Home. Two of the Three were Ambush Captured by the Farm Worker who Cared for the Animals. He Watched for an Opportunity, Placed the Two in the Barn.. We Drove there, Helped made a Feeble Attempt to Catch “Brooke.” She was the Winner that Afternoon.. We were the Stressed Ones that Day.
We Left with the First Two.. Released them to their New Home Pond.
Once we Move her two Companions, “Brooke” went into Survival Mode.
A Lone Swan will Frequently become Many Times more Cautious. She did not Trust Anyone and Stayed as Far from us as Possible.
It took Several Weeks of Visits for her to even come to us for Treats.. A Thick Layer of DuckWeed was a GREAT Summer Diet. Forget the Treats.
After One or Two Bites of Salad .. OFF she went to the Far Side of the Pond.
Patience was not Working. My Husband had an Idea.. Why NOT ! He Played Vocals of the Other Swans Recorded on his Cell Phone.. “Brooke” heard the Happy Snorting.. and came Closer to Rob.
Just Close ENOUGH for Rob to FLOP our BIG Net Over her.. She was NOT Quite inside the Net.. and Started to Back OUT !! BY “Good Luck” her Pinioned Wing Joint SNAGGED in the Net. JUST Long Enough for Us to GET HOLD of her !!! It was NOT a Graceful Capture. WE had the Adrenalin RUSH !!
Finally ! We were able to MOVE “Brooke.”
Our Threesome was Together Again.. I LOVE this Happy Image of them.
Having our Mute Swan Threesome was Unplanned Luck.. (We were Lucky) Odds are Low for this Pairing to Work.. I will Explain more on a Topic Page about Three Swans Living Together..
And there were Swans, Mostly Feral Swans that we were Never Able to Catch.. in Time..
There are various Capture Methods, that take Time.. Before you Need to Catch Your Swans.. Think about what you might Realistically do.. HAVE A PLAN.. or Two.. or Three.
We make a Plan Depending on ALL the Factors. What we know about the Swans’ Routine Habits, the Body of Water.. Obstacles.. How many Helping Hands.
and How Urgent is it to Catch.. or do You have Time.. ?? &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Before I Share Ideas.. and they are Just that – Ideas..
I want to Impress it is Important to do Captures with as Little Stress as Possible. There is a Condition called “Capture Myopathy.” There are Various Website that will Provide Information.. Take a Few Minutes and Read a Few.. Does this Really Happen ?? Small Percentage – Yes.
Capturing Healthy, Well Socialized Swans or Cygnets – this is Less of a Concern..
Hot Weather will add a Stress Factor.. It is Safest for Swans and People to Capture with as Little Stress as Possible..
It Does HELP if your Swans and Cygnets TRUST You.. They will often be Unhappy when you Move them.. Keeping their Distance for Days. Just keep a Close Watch.. Be Sure they are ON their New Pond/Lake at SunRise and SunSet. Adjustment Time will Vary. Watch Them..
We Visited our Young Male and just Sat with him.. Quietly..
Finally, “Meadow” was Happy to See Us Again..
The Trust you have Established with your Swans will Return after a Few Days. (Well, it might take Longer. Be Calm and Patient..)
When it is an Emergency to Capture a Swan.. Do what is Necessary Calmly.
Under Tongue-Chin Impactions TRY to REMOVE – NOT Normal..
Injured or Depleted Waterfowl-Swans are very Fragile.
Their Stress level must be Addressed or Capturing them may be your Final Act.
Do YOUR Best to be Calm, not Chase, have some Support Fluid.. A Thin Syrup of Honey or King Syrup to Drip a few Drops on the Tongue. Only put Small Amounts of Fluid on the Tongue if the Swan is able to Swallow Normally. A Few Drops.. Be Careful NOT to Cause Aspiration.
Covering the Birds Head will help to Quiet and Reduce Fear.
If there is ANY Active Bleeding.. Carefully Apply Pressure to Stop Blood Loss.
Having a Safe Dark – Well Ventilated Container to keep the Bird in until you can take the Bird for Veterinary Helps. Call Ahead for Care Instructions. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Capturing Healthy Swans on their Water is a Challenge.. They have the Advantage.
If you are VERY Lucky, the Swans you want might be in an Area AWAY from their Water, so they are Easy to just Collect..
When you are “Not Lucky.” You will need a Plan.
It is SAFER for Everyone to “BAIT” them with Food – Treats.
Use a Small Temporary Fence.. Put “Treats” inside.
Sprinkle a “Hansel and Gretel” Trail of Salad Greens.
WET Poultry FEED has a GREAT SMELL….YUMMY !!! Place the Feed Bowl.. and LEAVE do NOT stay with the Fencing.
Give the Swans a Chance to Explore with NO Human nearby. Watch from a Distance until you see them Entering for the Food.
Repeat for several more Days.. This is a NO Stress – Safer way to work with Swans.
This takes Time, but it will Work if you are Patient.
An Inexpensive Vinyl Garden Fence 25 or 50 FT Long. AT LEAST 3 1/2 – 4 Feet High… Several Stakes.
If you have Lots of Trees, you can use the Trees to Support Temporary Fencing. Anchor the Fencing as Close to the Ground as Possible. It is AMAZING how Swans and Cygnets will FIND the Weakest Spot in the Fence and Slip UNDER.. DARN ! Leave some Fence for a Gate.. Secure the Gate OPEN.
Check that there are NO Tangle Hazards..
Swans LOVE Lettuce and will Often go into a Fence Area for this Treat. Put the Treats by the Opening the First Day. Then each Day move the Treats further toward the Back. Walk away for Several Days.. The Swans will Explore.. Finding their Treats. The Swans become Comfortable being inside the Fencing.
I have Two Examples: First a Swan Family with 8 Cygnets.
This was the First Summer ALL the Cygnets Survived. SO Cute !
It is Time to Get the Cygnets Ready to Collect their DNA Samples, and Band them with Colored Cable Ties. They are GROWING !! In Four to Six Weeks they will be Leaving for their New Lives.
After 5 Days getting them Familiar with the Fencing,
As we would Walk down to their Pond, the Whole Swan Family would Swim Over and Walk Inside the Fence and Wait for us. “Treats.”
For Several Days we just Fed them inside, Visited and Left..
ALWAYs making sure the Gate is Secured OPEN when you were not there.
OR CLOSE and Secure the Gate until you want to start Baiting.. Inside the Fenced area Could be a Trap if there are Predators in your Area..
When we wanted to Work with the Swans.. We Closed the Gate. Best to have a Second Person there to Help. Put a Large Towel or Blanket around a Swan to Control Wings.
Be Extra Gentle with Cygnets, their Legs are Fragile.. Up to 18 Months.
When we wanted to Band and Collect Feathers for DNA.. We Closed the Gate.
It was Cooler to Do this Project in the Shade, but the Images are Bluish.
When it was Time for Rehoming.. We Closed the Gate.. Have your Transport Boxes or Carriers Ready..
Pick out the Cygnets for their New Owners.. Released the Rest..
ANY TIME you Catch your Swans.. Do a Quick Check.. Check the Color of their Tongue. REMOVE Any Under Tongue Impactions.. Feel Keel Bone.. for Body Condition.. Check Feet for Bumble Sores.
We used this Over and Over during that Summer.. Worked VERY Well..
Temporary Fencing can be Stored and Used Again and Again..
Catch Times: Less then 10 Minutes.. We Moved a Young Male to his New Home. Then Returned a Week Later and Moved a Young Female.. Time 5 Minutes.
We had a Chance to Visit “Snow White” with her Mate “PiP.”
The Second Example using the Temporary Fencing:
We wanted to help Move Two of a Juvenile Group to their Permanent Lake. The Young Males are Nest Mates.. Banded with Red Bands.. Several Weeks before the Target Move Date, a Fenced Area was put up and ALL their Feed and Treats were put INSIDE the Fenced Area.. You can Barely… See the Fencing at the Far End of this Lawn.
Staff at this Property Watched for the Young Swans to become Comfortable going into the Area for their Foods.
The Morning we Planned to Move the Two Juveniles, they were in the Catch Fencing when we Arrived and Parked our Van.. YEAH !!! Close the Gate ! All those Helping were Prepared to Move them.
The Young Swans were Greeting us with Lots of Head Nodding.. Cute !!
There was NO Attempt to Escape. We Closed the Gate – it was Stressless.
Transport Boxes were Ready – Loaded Safely with NO Stress. Everyone is Safe – OFF we Go to their New Home Lake.
The Young Swans are MOVED !! Now they will Explore this New Place. They WILL Need to be Watched Closely for Several Adjustment Days.
Rolls of Vinyl Snow Fencing is very Light Weight.. but, needs Stakes.
North State Fencing is Sturdy.. and does not need Stakes. ??? Maybe One or Two.. for Stability.. This Fencing is STURDY – Folds for Storage..
These Flexible Panel Puppy Pens might Work. Worth a Try if you have them.
For Years we used Wooden Snow Fencing.. Not Portable – Semi-Permanent. It worked well for our Needs.
A Fenced Area can be used at Various Times. So think about having a More Permanent Fence-Gate Area available.
If You Want or Need to Work around your Pond in the Spring, it is Nice to have a Safe Place for a Hormonal Cob..
They are Easy to Net in the Spring, Contain and Everyone is Safe.
When it is Time to Pinion Tiny Cygnets.. They will follow their Dam into the Fenced Areas.. Catch her and You have them..
IF you Need to Catch Small Cygnets on the Water.. Look for Nets with LONG Handles and Small Gauge Netting.
When it is time to ID Band the Cygnets and Collect Feathers for DNA-Sex Testing, Catch Fencing is a BIG Help..
When there are many Growing Cygnets there will be Poop all over the Place, that is expected. The Ground can get Slippy. Be Aware !
Birds-Waterfowl Poop as Defense due to the “Fight or Flight” Response: When Bird “Take to Air,” they Poop to Lighten themselves.
SOME SWANs HATE Lawn Mowers.. Especially Males.. AND/OR Loud Motors.. like Chain Saws, Weed Whackers and Leaf Blowers. Being able to put them in a Fenced Area is a BIG HELP…
Catch Enclosures can be Half in Water or All on Land near the Pond. Temporary… or Set-up for Long-term Multi Purpose Use.. There are Many Times it would be Nice to be able to Contain a Swan.
If you do Set-Up a Permanent Fence Area.. Try to Avoid Right Angle Corners.
An Oval Type Design is Better.. If a Predator gets into a Fenced Area.. Swans can get Trapped in Right Angle Corners.
An Oval – Round.. Cornerless Design.. allows the Swans to move Side to Side. This Concept also Applies to Perimeter Fencing..
If your Swan/Cygnet is Full-Wing.. – They will be Safer Grounded. When it is “TIME to CLIP” after their Annual Moult Catch Fencing is Helpful.
ANY Swan that has Learned to Fly is Trickier to keep in Place. Catching them is a BIG Challenge.. Keep the Fence NO Wider then 3 Feet.. It helps to have a Narrow Fence Area which make it Difficult for the Swans to Open their Wings..
We put Food inside the Narrow Fence Area.. First by the Entrance, then moving the Bowl further in each Day. Let the Swans or Cygnets go into the Area for several Days with NO One there.. Let the Swans Explore at their Own Pace… Patience..
After Several Days.. they Know their Food will be Inside.. The Fence is not a Threatening Place. HAVE all your Clipping Supplies Ready.. Try NOT to Look at the Swans, Walk Slowly, Speak Softly.. Close Gate. Have a BIG Towel or Large Net. And Extra Helper Hands..
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& There have been times that Swans needed to be Captured that for various Reasons the Temporary Fence was not Practical..
We have used the Sweeping Method with Some Success. Here Obstacles will limit your Plans.. The SIZE of the Water Area. Trees, Bushes, Fences, Rocks, Plants.. Docks, etc..
A Rope to Slowly Sweep over a Small Body of Water so the Swans Walk-Out in a Location where there are People Waiting with Nets.
This will Work.. At Least One Pass Over the Water.. “Slowly” If the Swans Double Back Under the Rope, they Know how EASY it is to THWART this Method.
After a Few Times the Swans get Wise to this Method.. Swans have VERY Good Memories.. They Learn.
I Found this Idea on the Internet.. Worth a Try. It Might Work.. A Rope with Plastic Bags Tied on to Sweep over a Narrow Water Area to move the Swans off to People waiting with Nets. The Fluttering Bags are a Little more Reason for the Swans to Move Away.
Again, One Pass over the Water and the Swans knews they Could Swim Under the Rope and it Rarely Worked Again..
We Tried a Rope with Empty Milk Jugs that Float on the Surface.. Seemed like a Good Idea.. Humm.. “Sorta” Solid Looking Objects for the Swans to Move AWAY from.. This Tangled Easily if the Rope was too Long. Not for a Large Pond. It was Difficult to Work with.. And, it was Wet and Messy to Take Home.
I Wonder if these Colorful Streamer that are Often over Car Lots might Work ??
One Women we know, uses a Long Length of Landscape Cloth.. It is about 3 Feet Wide.. Big and Black and Successfully Sweeps her Waterfowl off the Pond when she need them to Go in for the Night.
Another Sweep Idea… Is to use a Kayak or Canoe, a Surf Board or a Large Floating Object with Ropes tied on Each Side. Sweep Slowly over Surface.
No One in the Boat.. just use as a Sweep Object.. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Chasing Swans around a Large Pond or Lake in a Boat – The Swans Generally Win..
You will not be able to Catch them.. unless you have several Boats.. and MANY Hands.. Row Boats, Canoes, Paddle Boats are too Slow..
A Kayaker is Trying to Encourage the Swan OFF Pond to People with Nets. Be Careful NOT to Over Stress the Swans..
Trying to Capture Full-Wing Swans by Chasing is Hopeless. They get Excited and KNOW that all they need to do is Fly Away from the Boat.. The BIGGEST RISK is they will just keep Flying.. This is Especially Challenging with Rogue and Feral Swans.
When there is LOTs of Confusion, Strange People, it is … Well, not a Great Way to Catch your Swans..
We Stopped the Crew of Helpers.. They did not Understand keeping Calm. Rob and I Returned a Few Days Later.. We had the Cygnet we wanted to Move in just a few Minutes.. NO Fuss.. NO Stress..
There is more Success if the Swans are Pinioned.. Flightless.
We have no Boats. When Necessary, we have arranged for the help of People in Kayaks to Slowly working the Swans off the Pond. ALWAYS have Anyone in a Boat or Kayak Wear a Life Jacket.
Have Several People with Nets Waiting.. Give the Swans Space to Walk 10-15 Feet away from the Water, then QUICKLY Net.
Large Nets are Available at Wal-Mart Sporting Goods… Less then $20.00 Frabill Fishing Nets – Telescoping Handle. For Adult Swans the Hoop Needs to be 20-24 Inches… Nets are VERY Helpful..
You can NOT Aggressively Chase Swans for more then a few Minutes.. Slow is Better.. They will become Tired and go to Land..
Swans can develop “Capture Myopathy”.. which can be Fatal.. “The Fight or Flight Response” Pumps High Levels of Adrenalin into their System.. Quickly Depletes their Blood Glucose.. Over Stressing them, they may Collapse – “Faint.”
In Extreme Cases, they might drop Dead- “Stress Death.” Prolonged Chasing is not a Good Plan… Take Breaks in the Action..
True Story: I will do a Basic Summary. There are many more Details to this Sad Saga.
A New Golf Course in North East Pennsylvania wanted to have Beautiful Swans on their Ponds. They acquired 5 Pair of Swans.
One Pair of Trumpeter Swans.
Two Pair of Black Australian Swans.
Two Pair of Mute Swans.
Each Pair was Placed on their Own Ponds Scattered through the 18 Hole Golf Courses.
The Swans did not Understand they were to Stay on their Assigned Ponds. They would walk to other Ponds.. There were Fights and Chasing between Pairs.
The Golf Course Owner wanted the Swans, Basically as Live Pond Ornaments. He wanted them on their Assigned Ponds..
So One Summer Afternoon, he had the Grounds Staff Chase the Various Swans with the Greens Hole Flag Poles back to their Assigned Ponds.
It was a Hot Summer Day that Ended Badly for the Swans.
A Call from the Angry Owner, Five of the Swans had Dropped Dead.. He Accused the Breeder (Not Me) of Selling him Sick Swans..
But, it was the Excessive Chasing that caused this Tragic Outcome.
Five Swans died that Day. Three more were Killed by Night Predators. Turned out, the Ponds were Shallow with NO Deep Water Safe Area for the Swans. The Remaining Two Swans were ReHomed to a Private Home Pond.
These Pond Images are Random, NOT from the Golf Course in this Story..
These Capture Ideas Diagrams are from the a Book about Swan Care: SWAN Breeding and Management by Loyl Stromberg.
Many Swans will Come VERY Close to Eat from Your Hand..
If you are Patient and WAIT for JUST the Right Moment.. You MIGHT be able to Get Hold of the Swan’s Neck.. JUST DO NOT YANK their Neck, Just HOLD IT !! Have a Second Person READY to Step in and Help Bring the Swan Under Control. If you Try this Way to Catch you Swan… Be Prepared to get WET !! Their Wings and Feet will be Splashing the Water..
In the Image Above, there is Whole Corn in the Bucket.. Our Little Female Put her Head into the Bucket.. After we did this for Several Days… I was Able to Reach Down and Get Hold of her Cute Little Neck.
A Pond Covered with DuckWeed has been Helpful at Times. Again Do this for Several Day. Have your BIG Net Close and Ready. We put some Corn in Water about 10-12 Inches Deep Close to the Bank.. The Swans can not see what we are Doing..
For a Few Moments, you have a Chance to Flop a Net over the Swan. Make SURE you Aim for their TAIL !!! Push the Net DOWN to Solid Ground. Swans are Experts at Sliding Backwards and Out Under a Net. If you Miss, there is Little Chance you will get Another Chance that Day.
Working with Swans will Test your Patience and Creative Thinking.
Catching Swans is Tricky. But, WHEN Successful, it Feels GREAT !!
MAKE a PLAN.. BE as SAFE as POSSIBLE.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& IDEAs Organize by Linda M.Sweger April 2020 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
April 15th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in PINIONED or FULL Wing - (Comments Off on How to Tell if your Cygnets and Swans are Pinioned)
I Frequently Speak with Swan Owners who are not Sure if their Swans are Pinioned. Which means the Swans are Grounded – Flightless.
If you have Acquired a Cygnet or Swan from a Rescue Group, it is VERY Common for the Rescued Swans to be FULL-Winged. Able to Fly !!!
It is Sad to hear the Anguish of these Folks, who are Excited to have a Swan that Suddenly Flies Away.. I have heard this Story Too Many Times.
I WISH the Rescue Groups would Share this Information with People New to Swan Care.. When these Cygnets and Swans Fly Away, they are out in Feral Conditions AGAIN.. And in Peril. These Swans were Lucky to be Rescued the First Time. A Second Rescue … Poor Odds..
This Topic Page will Mainly be Images for you to Study and Learn what to Look for.. Basically ONE Wing Missing the Primary Flight Feathers.
To Enlarge Images – Right Click and Open in a New Tab.
It does Help if you Watch for your Swans to Stretch and Flap. This is Usually Part of the Preening and Bathing Activity.. FLAPPING.
Flapping will Allow ALL the Wing Feathers to Shake Out and Lay in Order.
View the Images and then Watch your Swan to see if you can Tell if they are PINIONED or NOT
When a Swan is Properly Pinioned Part of One Wing is Removed. Comparing the Swan’s Wing to a Human Hand and Arm.
Lets Start with the Basic Wing Anatomy – the Beautiful Feathers.
BEST Time to Pinion a Swan is before they are Two to Three Weeks Old.
I Love the Beautiful Colors of a Royal Mute Cygnet’s Plumage !
Now Look at the Wings from Behind and See what is Different..
The Swan Below is Pinioned. She is Grounded – Unable to Fly. There are a Few Primary Flight Feathers on her Right Wing.
There are Lots of Poses and Times when it is Impossible to Tell…
A Moment of Just Plain Cuteness – Nap Time
These Swans are Both Pinioned – One the Right Wing – One the Left Wing.
It does Help when the Swans Hold their Wings Up in Display.
Look Close – Do You SEE the Difference ???
I hope these Examples will Help you SEE What is Missing or Not Missing.Pinioned or Full-Wing.
To Keep a Full-Wing Cygnet or Swan Grounded and Safer from the Perils of Flying.. PLEASE Consider Annual Clipping.
There was a Sad End for the Beautiful Female Swan that is the Full-Wing Title Picture on this Topic Page.. We were Never Able to Get Hold of her to Clip.. “Sweet Harmony” was a Feral Mute Swan. She lived most of her Life on our Local River System. We shared many Hours with her. She is the Dam of our “Meadow.”
She Flew to an Area where Hunting was Allowed. A Public WaterWay. “Sweet Harmony” was Shot on a Fall Day during Hunting Season. The Hunter was Bragging about Shooting her, while he ate Dinner at a Nearby Restaurant. We were Heart Broken.. and Learned this Lesson.
If your Cygnets or Swans are Full-Wing they are Not Safe.
************************************************************************ Images Collected April 2020 (C) Linda M. Sweger ************************************************************************
April 6th, 2020 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in Mute Swans - Polish - (Comments Off on Mute Swans – Polish)
The POLISH MUTE SWANs ( Just a Color Variant)
There is a Color Variation in Mute Swans. Cygnus immutabilis (changeless Swan).
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From the Swan Keeper’s Handbook: “Polish Mute Swans (Cygnus olor immutabilis) are a Leucistic form of Mute Swans.
A Leucistic Animal has a reduced intensity of Pigmentation while an Albino lacks all Pigments…
Polish Mute Cygnets are Creamy White to Light Beige when they Hatch. Their Tiny Beaks are varying Shades of Light Brown.
Their Legs and Feet are Pinkish/Beige.
The Adult Polish Mute Swans have Apricot to Orange Beaks.
Many have Beige/Light Brown Legs and Feet.
The Polish Male’s Legs and Feet may be Shades of Dark Orange to Chocolate Browns.
The Pale Webbed Foot of a Polish Mute Swan.
The immutabilis form is less Common in the Mute Swan Populations than the Royal form, and there tends to be more Female Polish then Male Polish Swans.
Records suggest this Mute Swan Variant was first seen along the Baltic Sea Coast of Poland (hence the “Polish” name) and then brought back to England to Breed for the Color Variant as a Novelty Swan.
In the Middle Ages of Europe, the Polish Cygnets were Highly Prized for being (almost) White from the time they Hatched.
As their numbers increased, it was noted they had a more Stocky Breast Muscle.
Averaging 15-20 Pounds at 6-7 Months Old. Not all Swans were in England, where they were Protected by the Royal Crown – (Today Queen Elizabeth.)
Imported to Eastern England and Raised as a Meat Bird, they became the preferred Swan Cygnets for Winter Holiday Feasts.
In the 1800s, both Royal and Polish Mute Swans were brought to America.. The Polish were often raised on Farms as a Meat Bird.
The Royals were more likely to be for Show on Estates Ponds and Lakes.
As the American Settlers found they liked the Taste of the Wild American Turkey, the Polish Swans gradually stopped being raised as Food and became mostly Pets – Poultry LiveStock.
Today, most Swan Breeders prefer to Raise a Pure Royal Line.. They Command more when Sold.
Royals are preferred for their Stricking Black Feet and Rich Orange-Red Beaks.
Both Royal and Polish Adult Swans have White Plumage.
I like the Polish Swans, I find them to be less Aggressive. My Sample is too small to say this is a Fact… just my Experiences. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
You may find mention of the Polish Variant Swans given the Species Name – Cygnus immutabilis.
The “Polish Mutes” are not a Different Species, just a Color Variation, which is the Result of a Sex-Linked Recessive Inheritance. A Pigment (Melanin) Deficient Gene in the Sex Chromosomes is what causes the Whiteness.
The Fuzzy Down of the Tiny Polish Cygnets is Creamy White rather than Grey. Their Beaks, Legs and Feet are Pale.
Depending on the Parents Genetics.. you may have BOTH Polish and Royal Cygnets in the same Brood.
I do not Understand how this Genetic Trait Demonstrates.. it is Confusing. Mammals have Genetic Dominant and Recessive Traits.. Predictable Outcomes.
But, Birds Genetics are like Reptiles.. I have not find a Good Explanation..
The First Five Years, I was Learning about Swans, an onLine Article (Since Removed) stated that all White Cygnets would be Female..
I like to Collect Data. We send DNA for Sex Determination for all the Swans we work with… Surprise ! There are Polish Male Swans.
Fewer Males then Females, but Sending DNA for Sex Determination on ALL Swans and Cygnets has put that Old Claim to Rest.. There are Newer Articles that have Corrected the Information..
Years Ago, I read an Anecdotal Article that some Royal “Sires” will not tolerate their White Cygnets..
Hormonal Male Swans are Very Territorial, and they react AGGRESSIVELY toward White. (Do not wear White near a Swan Pond in Early Spring.)
This may have been a Unique Story: A Farmer noticed his Male Cob was killing the White Cygnets and Raising the Grey Ones.. One Spring when the Cygnets hatched, he Quickly Scooped-up the White Ones.. and Stained them with a Safe Cloth Dye.. The Darker Color Dye Faded as the Cygnets grew.. The Account said, the Cob was Caring for all his Cygnets as the Dye was Fading and some became Pale… (-;
Personally, I have Notes of the “Dams” going after their Polish Cygnets.. Whatever the Reason, Avian Infanticide does Occur with Swans. There are Probably many Reasons.. ??? Do the Parent Swans see these Pale Cygnets as Defective.. ?? There may not enough Reasons for this to be Studied.
The Creamy White Cygnets are EASILY Seen by all their Natural Predators.. Hawk, Owl, Snapping Turtles, Cats, etc.
The Polish Cygnets tend to be the First to Disappear from a Mixed Brood..
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& Linda M. Sweger Information Organized April 2020 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
March 26th, 2019 | Posted by LadyNerkle1 in SWAN REPLACEMENT EGGs - (Comments Off on REPLACEMENT EGGs for Your Nesting Swans.)
AND > Basic Procedure to Swap-Out Eggs when Needed.
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Over the Various Swan Nesting Seasons that we have Expericened, there have been a Number of Times having Replacement Eggs has been Helpful.
If there is No Cob/Male to Fertilze a Pen/Female’s Eggs:
Healthy Swan Pens/Females Mature by Age Three and will Nest and Lay Eggs with or without a Male/Mate.
When Swan Eggs are NOT Fertile, they will often start to Rot and SMELL TERRIBLE before they can be Removed from the Nest. (42 Days AFTER the Pen is “Sitting” Full-Time to Prevent Recyling. )
There are Nest Raiders.. Likely Raccoons Stealing Eggs. Some Times People..
Heavy Spring Rain may Soak and Spoil Eggs. The Eggs Turn Blue once they are Too Wet.. Many Times the Developing Embryos will Drown.
When the Female is not Ready to “Sit” Full-Time in Early Spring, while still Laying her Clutch, a very Frosty Night may Freeze the Eggs. Little Chance these will Hatch.
If for any Given Year, you want to Prevent Eggs Hatching. Maybe you do not want to Deal with Cygnets.. Lots of Work. The Eggs can be Spoiled by Spraying or Oiling..
OR you can Replace the Real Eggs with Life Like Replacements.
In States where there are “Permit” Mute Swans, the State Policy may NOT Allow their Eggs to Hatch.
If your Swan Pair are from the Same Brood and you Determine it is more Responsible to Prevent their Eggs Hatching. Often Young Swans are Acquired from the Same Parent Swans.. Reducing Genetic Diversity.
We Rescued these Young Cygnets. Male and a Female Nest Mates. It would have been Easy to find them a Home Together. To Prevent Inbreeding, we Arrange Different Forever Homes.
OR as in the Example Below: The Mature Pen Died. The Cob Bonded with his Female Offspring.. ( His Daughter ). The Owners decided to Rehome them to Different Homes after they had been Mating and Nesting. Their Eggs were Not Allowed to Hatch.
Now they are Both with Unrelated Mates for Healthier Cygnets.
Having Replacement Eggs can be VERY Handy.. Use them – then Wipe them off and Store for Future Years.
My First Swan Egg Replacements were: The UnHatched-Unfertile Mute Swan Eggs that I Drained and Filled with “Great Stuff” Foam. These were a Little Light Weight.
I Painted a Sorta Feather over the Plugged Hole. To Sorta Hide the Spot.
All but One Real-Filled Eggs was Accepted by our Nesting Pens.
TO my Disappointment, a Raccoon started to Steal my Real Replacement Eggs and Crewed them into Pieces.. DARN.
My Next Plan: WOODEN Eggs.. I Called a WoodCrafter Store. Explained I wanted to have Large Eggs Turned. They were Happy to Help.
I took a Gentleman One of my Real Eggs for the Template.
Below are the Measurement of an Average Size Mute Swan Egg. The Craftsman did a GREAT Job. Now it is Up to Me to Paint & Seal them.
He used Heavy Dense Wood.. BIRCH. The Weight is Pretty Good. Birch wood is a Hardwood that is Extremely Strong.
The WoodCraftsman advised me on the most Durable UnderCoat Sealer and the Outer Finish Product for Outside Wood Items.
For the Mute Swan Egg Colors I used the Small Bottles of Acrylic Craft Paints to Tint the Sealer.
The Colors will Vary with the Different Species of Swans. The Color Samples below are from Regular House Paint Color Samples.
These Files Show the Colors I tried to Match in Craft Acrylic Paints.
First Step.. Sand the Bare Eggs until all Rough Spots are Gone. Wipe Away any Dust.
Coat with a Good Quality Primer – Sealer.. White Interior/Exterior Water Base Primer.. Coat – Dry – Sand. White Coat AGAIN – DRY WELL..
I Used the Little Take Home Container Lids to Keep the Eggs from Rolling.
I Added Acrylic Craft Color to Tint an Aliquote of the Sealer. ( NOT Entire Can. ) BASE Color Coat Twice..
Time to “Stain” the Eggs. Using Medium Brown Craft Paint.
Dilute the Color until it will Stripe and Smear on the Egg. I had to Wet my Hands to Coat the Entire Egg with Uneven Coloring.
Then WIPE Dry with a Paper Towel to Remove MOST Paint.
It should have an Uneven Mottled Pattern.
There is a Fluff of Small Feathers in the Swan’s Nest to Cushion the Eggs. “Feathering the Nest.”
I Painted to Small SemiPlume Feather on One End.. To be Sure Which are REAL Which are Wooden.
Once the Eggs are VERY Dry, I Completely Coated Three Times with the SATIN Exterior Seal & Protect Finish. DRY Well.
The Satin Finish was too Glossy.. On a Very Damp Terry Cloth, I Generously Sprinkled Fine Grit Bon-Ami & Coarser Ajax Scouring Powder.
Generally Rubbing-Buffing all over until the Eggs had the Same Dull Surface as the Real Mute Swan Eggs.
RINSE Well, Dry Immediately. Dry Well before Storing.
After using in a Spring Nest, DO NOT SOAK IN WATER. Wipe with Soapy Water, Rinse, Dry Well. Store for Next Year.
How to SWAP-OUT Swan Replacement Eggs.
IF your Goal is to Prevent ALL EGGs Hatching.
NOTE: When the Swan Pen Starts to “Sit” Full-Time. Mark Your Calendar. She Needs to “Sit” for 42 Days.
OR IF she Abandon her Eggs on her own. Then Watch for Recycling.
Wait Until the Female/Pen is “Sitting” Full-Time for at least a Week To Ensure she is Truly Finished Laying..
Be Sure it is the Pen at the Nest “Sitting” Full-Time. Most Cobs will Sit with the Clutch as it is being Laid. For a Clutch of 5 Eggs it will take 9 Days. For 8 Eggs 15 Days.
He will Protect the Eggs, but he CAN NOT Incubate them. Only the Pen can Incubate the Eggs… ALL Eggs at the Same Time.
During the 8 to 17 Days the Female is Laying her Eggs, she is EATING. NOT “SITTING !! “
Fertile Mute Swan Eggs SHOULD Hatch on Day 37 Plus – Minus 1 Day.
It is an Interesting Time. But, a Lot Like Watching Paint Dry. The Pen will hardly Eat during this Time… Quick Breaks on the Pond to Drink and Relieve herself. Average 6 Minutes. Most Cobs will Watch the Nest during this Time. Not All.
If the Eggs are Fertile on Day 35 the Cygnets inside the Shell start to Wiggle. The Pen will be OFF and ON the Nest Frequently.. STARTING to EAT ! The Pen’s Hungry Behavior is a VISUAL SIGNAL Hatching is about to Happen. The Cygnets are Pipping. IF you can safely get Close you can hear them.
If the Eggs are Spoiled or Replaced, the Pen will not have this Signal. She will continue to “Sit.” If the Eggs are not Removed some Pens Starve to Death. It is for her Health and Safety, REMOVE all Eggs at 42 Days.
&&&&&&&&&&& REPLACEMENT SWAP-OUT &&&&&&&&&&&&
Arrange for 3 People to Help with this Project. Supplies.. One or Two Large Nets.. Maybe a Large Towel..
A Bucket Lined with Two Plastic Grocery Bags.
Working Together this will only take a few Minutes.
FIRST: Contain the Male.. Either keep him at a Safe Distance across the Pond. OR when he come up to the Nest AFTER YOU – Net him.
SECOND: Net the Pen Or Wrap her with a Large Towel. Move her off to the Side. Try NOT to Scare Her. OR Encourage the Pen off her Nest and into the Pond.
I use a Lawn Chair to Encourage the Female off her Nest. Turned Around this Also Protects me from being Whacked.
IF there are 5-8 Eggs:
Check for any Cracked or Smelly Eggs that are Attracting Flies. Remove these first.
This Female became VERY Sick from Eating the Pesty Flies. She died Nine Days after Hatching her Only Cygnet. Then it Disappeared.
Remove ALL but Two Real Eggs that are OK.
Place only THREE Wooden Replacement Eggs in the Nest.
Release the Pen. Then Release the Cob. Check the Swans are OK.. Someone Watch that the Pen goes back on the Nest and Tends to the Eggs in her Nest. That she Accepts the Replacements.
If any of the Removed REAL Eggs are Cracked or SMELL Nasty – DISCARD THEM. Rotting Eggs may Explode !! ( Gas PRESSURE ) – KEEP in Plastic Bags. I had ONE Stinky Egg that I placed in the Bucket Bags. Put the Replacement Eggs in the Nest. Stood Up. Picked up my Bucket. BOOM !!! ONE Egg was that Close to Exploding under our Pen.
&&&&&&&&&&& TURN CARD OVER… MORE INSTRUCTIONs.
SIDE 2 of INSTRUCTIONs.
THE NEXT Day: Do a Basic Check from a Safe Distance that the Swans are still in Normal Nesting Behavior Mode.
ONE Week Later.. Repeat: Remove the Remaining Real Eggs.
DO NOT Add any more Replacements. UNLESS there are Eggs Missing.. !!!!
Swan Pens frequently Lose Eggs during the Nesting Season. They need several Eggs ( Two or Three) to “Sit” on for the 42 Days to Prevent Recycling.
KEEP the Extra Wooden Replacement Eggs as Spares. There may be some Losses over Time by Raccoons or People..
ON Day 42 – Remove ALL Eggs from the Nest. This way the Pen will Start to Eat Again..Avoid Starvation.
Wipe Replacement Eggs with Soapy Water on a Terry Cloth. DO NOT Soak Wooden Eggs. Rinse, DRY Well. Store for Next Year. Remember WHERE they ARE !
The Winter Months are a Good Time to be Crafty and Make Replacement Eggs.
REPLACEMENT EGGs Painted over the Winter.. Information March 2019 (c) SwanLover Linda M.Sweger &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
An Example of a Replacement Egg Swap-Out.
Take a Few Minutes to Observe the Nesting Swans.. Walk Slowly – Get Closer a Little at a Time..
It is Typical for the Cob to be Patrolling Near the Nest Site.
This will be the Pen’s Fourth Spring to Nest. She is Dedicated to her Eggs.
Our Helpers were in Place, Ready to Start this Swap-Out.
I Walked BETWEEN the Nest and the Pond to see if the Cob would come out to Protect his Female.
Giving the Cob a Little Space to Come up to the Lawn-Nest Area.
So Sweet, the Cob goes to Make Sure his Female is Safe.
Now it is TIME for him to CHASE Us OFF.. So Predictable.
The Cob was EASY to Net. He came Directly to Us. OOPs !!
Be Sure the Net Hoop is Securely on the Ground. Swans are Good at Wiggling out UNDER any Open Spot . Check his Neck is Not Twisted and he is Breathing OK.
We Slowly Move the Pen off the Nest with a Lawn Chair. Do this Slowly, give her Time to Stand-up and Move Away.
The Nest contained a Large Clutch of 8 Eggs. Working Quickly, I did not Snap Photos that were Focused. DARN !! The Clutch below is an Example from a Nest in 2017 !!
We Removed 5 Real Swan Eggs and Placed 3 Replacements in the Nest.
SNAPPING One last Photo…. We Stepped back so the Pen could Return to her Nest.
These Image Tell the Story.
The Cob was Release and Went back to the Pond. We Watched for about 5 Minutes. The Pen Settled Down on the Nest.
This Mute Swan Pen will Need to Sit on the Nest for 4 more Weeks.
In One Week the Remaining REAL Eggs will be Removed. She will Continue to “Sit” on the Three Replacement Eggs. She will Accept them as hers. They will Smell like her and the Nest.
Swan of Beauty, Swan of Grace. A Queen among her Ancient Race. The Swan – by Susa Morgan Black.