Every Spring for the Past 12-15 Years, I have Scanned the Internet for Articles Posted about Positive Avian Influenza Cases. I made Note of which U.S. States had Positive Cases.
Outbreaks are all too Common in Other Countries..
Avian Influenza Outbreaks are Increasing around the World. During the Opening Weeks of 2022, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) found a Total of 317 New Outbreaks in Poultry were Reported by 25 Countries and Territories:
Europe is having Large Outbreaks in Wild, Domestic Birds and their Poultry Industry.
European Countries are Culling many Millions of Birds trying to Control the Spread..
HPAI A(H5N1) is One of the most Contagious Viruses occurring among Birds. Infected Wild Birds on their Migratory Route are the Main Way that these Viruses are Spreads. Birds Shed Avian Influenza A Viruses in their Saliva, Nasal Secretions, and Fecal Waste.
Hundreds of Species of Bird and Waterfowl Carry these Viruses. There are Numerous Strains of Avian Influenza.. Some are Mild.. but, the Deadly Strains are Just that.. Deadly.
Until this Year, it has been a Rarity for the Avian Influenza Virus to be Found in the Northeastern United States. Pennsylvania is in the Atlantic Flyway.
No Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses had been detected in Pennsylvania since the 1983-84 Outbreak.
*************** This Warning was Issued in Early 2022.
In January 2022, the Virus was First Detected along the Atlantic Flyway in South Carolina. As the 2022 Spring Bird Migration moved North Numerous States along the East Coast Reported Positive Cases in Wild Birds and Several BackYard Flocks.
WildLife Organizations had to Turn Away Sick and Injured Birds Fearing their Facilities would be Contaminated and Sicken or Kill the Birds Currently in their Care.
By March 25, 2022 Millions of Birds in at least 17 States were being Rapidly Killed in a Determined Attempt to bring a Dangerous Strain of Avian Flu under Control.
As of April 15, 2022, Infected Birds in Commercial and Backyard Poultry Flocks had been Confirmed in 27 States including most States surrounding Pennsylvania.
April 18, 2022 a Dead Bald Eagle found in Chester County, PA Tested Positive ! So it Began in our State of Pennsylvania.
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service The U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE – USDA
In May 2022, USDA says Department of Agriculture Reports Bird Flu in 34 States.
This Year the Deadly Virus has been VERY Active in Pennsylvania. Statewide, HPAI has Infected at least 17 Commercial Turkey and Chicken Farms and at least One Backyard Flock, leading to the Culling of more than 4.2 Million Birds.”
Numerous Poultry Farms in Lancaster County PA were Quarantined for Months..
As of October 2022, 45 States had Positive Cases.. More then 44 Million Domestic-Commercial Poultry have been Depopulated on Poultry Farms in Multiple States.
Resulting in the Price of Turkey, Chicken and Eggs to Increase.
Realistically, Swan Lovers are Helpless to Prevent this.. Until an Effective Vaccine is Available..
To Protect our BackYard Poultry and Captive Pet Pond Swans – The Standard Recommendation is: To Put our Domestic Waterfowl INSIDE during Spring and Fall Migration Seasons..
Spring Migration Averages February through Early April. Fall Migration Averages Late September through November.
Swans would be Sheltered Inside 5 to 6 Months of the Year. Swans are Hormonal and Start Mating in January. Swans NEED to be in 3 to 5 Feet of Water to Safely Mate.. NOT in a Kidde Pool. This would be Dangerous for the Pen.
Mute Swans are Nest Building in March.. They Continue Mating as BIG Eggs are being Laid in their Nest.
I Can NOT Imagine Confining our Swans this Way..
There are Lots of Informative Websites to Read for the Location of Current Avian Influenza Outbreaks.
The Current Policies of Individual States.. What to Do.. ??? Who to Call.. ??? when your Healthy Domestic Pets Die Suddenly with NO Warning.
FIRST STEP WEAR MASK and GLOVEs. Carefully Place your Pet/Bird in Double Plastic Bags. Keep in a Cool Place. Wash Well Afterwards.
Consult your States Department of Agriculture..AS SOON as Possible.
For Questions Concerning your ** Domestic Poultry.
>>> IN PENNSYLVANIA – Reporting Requirements If you Suspect your Domestic Poultry is Infected with Avian Influenza, PLEASE Report your Concerns 24 Hours a Day, 7 Days a Week to the Pennsylvania Bureau of Animal Health and Diagnostic Services at (717) 772-2852, Option 1.
This Information Helps the State Know what Areas or Counties need to be Watched or Warned..
Report Sick Domestic Birds or Unusual Deaths to State/Federal Officials, either through your State Veterinarian or through the U.S Department of Agriculture. ( USDA ) >>> Contacted Toll-Free at 1 (866) 536-7593.
Diagnosis of Avian Influenza www.cdc.gov/ CDC – GOV?flu/avianflu/wildbirds.
>>> Report Sick or Dead Wild Birds to: The Pennsylvania Game Commission at 1 (610) 926-3136 or email@example.com.
They will Provide the Current Information about what to do with these Birds.
Call and Someone may come for a Test Sample. These Agencies have Trained Staff to Collect Samples. DO NOT Take Dead Birds to Anyone..Unless Instructed.
WEAR MASK and GLOVEs. Carefully Place the/these Dead Birds in Double Plastic Bags. Keep in a Cool Place. Wash Well Afterwards.
Poultry Owners should get a Premise Identification Number from the State Department of Agriculture. Applications can be Filled-out Online by Clicking on the “Premises Registration Form” Link at www.agriculture.pa.gov.
This will Allow the Dept of Agriculture to WARN you if Avian Influenza is Found in your Area.
If you have had Contact with Sick or Dead Domestic or Wild Birds and are Not Feeling Well, Contact your Primary Care Physician or the PA Department of Health at 1 (877) 724-3258.
If Any of these Phone Number do not Work.. Check OnLine for a Number..
************************** SUDDEN Death of Healthy Waterfowl/Poultry. Seeing your Pets Die Suddenly is Shocking.
Clinical Signs of Avian Influenza. The Incubation Period is Hours to Days, Depending on Age, Sex, Species affected, Concurrent Infections and Pathogenicity of the Virus Strain.
Mortality is Rapid with the Virulent Strains. “We have seen Cases where the Birds were Perfectly Fine, and then TWO Hours Later, a Third of the Flock was Dead.”
Poultry: You will Observe Unusual Behavior, Nervous Disorder, Depression, Sinusitis, Off Feed and Diarrhea may be seen. Their Upper Respiratory System Fills-up with Fluid, Notable Respiratory Distress, Coughing, Sneezing, Rales.
At their Endpoint, the Birds may Suffer Hemorrhagic Conditions. You may see Spots of Blood around their Nares, Bruising of the Face and Legs as they Succumb to the Disease.
The Presence of Clinical Disease alone is not Diagnostic. There are other Viruses and Pathogenic Bacteria that are also Deadly.
Duck Viral Enteritis – DVE Spreads during Migration. Duck Plague is a Worldwide Disease caused by Anatid alphaherpesvirus – 1 of the family Herpesviridae that causes Acute Disease with High Mortality in flocks of Ducks, Geese, and Swans.
Avian Botulism – Anaerobic Clostrida Bacteria that Secretes Deadly Toxins are commonly found in Sticky, Decaying, Organic Mud.
Avian Botulism causes Flaccid Paralysis. Infected Birds often show Weakness, Lethargy, Inability to Walk, Fly, or Hold their Heads up. Paralysis can Lead to Drowning before Progressing to a more Advanced Disease State. The Degree of Clinical Signs depends upon the Amount of Neurotoxin Ingested.
We Lost both of the Sweet Pens below to Avian Botulism soon after Nesting.
There are Many Viruses and Bacteria that can Infect our Domestics. With a Wide Range from Mild to Deadly Affects. You will Only Know the Cause of the Death by having them TESTED !
TYPE OF SAMPLES FOR Avian Influenza DIAGNOSTICS Swabs of the Trachea or Oropharynx and Cloaca are used to Test for Influenza Virus.
The Preferred Sample for Waterfowl is a Cloacal Swab.
******************* How Long does Avian Influenza Last in the Environment? Avian Influenza (AI) Viruses can Survive Outside a Host for Long Periods depending on Temperature and Humidity of the Environment. The Virus can LIVE for up to One Month Inside a Poultry House at 40 ºF.
Species Affected: Chickens, Turkeys, Ducks, Pheasants, Ostriches, Peacocks, Sea Gulls, Vultures, Crows, Hawks, Owls, Eagles, Quail, Geese, Swans, Etc. >>> ANY Feathered Bird.
******************* Avian Flu Symptoms for Birds – Sudden Death without any Physical Signs. Lack of Energy, Coordination and Appetite. Diarrhea. Nasal Discharge, Swelling of the Head, Eyelids, and Hocks. Purple Discoloration of the Wattles, Combs, and Legs. Soft-Shelled or Misshapen Eggs. ******************* Per the USDA – In October 2022 Currently if you have a Domestic Bird or Birds Test Positive… they are NOT Requiring your Healthy BackYard Poultry to be Destroyed..
But, they will Ask you to Quarantine your Property for 10-14 Days. No Movement of Poultry during that Time.. *******************
Requirements will be Different for Commercial Poultry Farms.
******* Various States along the East Coast are having Fall OutBreaks.
******* During the Summer and Early Fall of 2022, I have heard Too Many SAD Stories of Captive Pet Swans Dying SUDDENLY – No Warning, NO Signs of Illness. A few have been Tested.. Most Positive for Avian Influenza..
The Healthy Swans above Died within 36 Hours of Each Other. SHOCKING.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& Many of the Photo Images I have Included were Found Online. I want to THANK All these Photographers. We ALL Want to Alert Other of this Terrible Avian Virus.
Compiled in November 2022 by Linda M. Sweger
I HOPE ALL Your Swans & Pet Poultry will be OK. It will be a Scary Time for ALL of Us during Migration Seasons… &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
I Must Warn Against Placing ANY Food by a Waterfowl – SWAN’s Nest.
I Thought this would Not be a Large Topic Page.. Then as I Collected Notes and Learned about ” WHO EATs WHO ? “ This Page Grew..
We have All Experienced a Chain of Events that Ended Badly.
I am NOT going to be Able to Include EVERY Possible Combination of the Chains of Natural Food Webs.. I think you will get the Idea from what I am Including..
I Hope you will Think about this to Protect your Swans. IF ALL this Helps SAVE just ONE Swan.. It will be Worth the Time it Took me to Organize this Page. ***********************************
Rob and I had the Opportunity to Visit with Several Feral-Wild Mute Swans Living along our Local River System..
We Visited these Swans and their Nest Areas Several Days a Week over Several Years. It was a Magical Time.
Lots of Photos.. Lots of HeartBreak. Learned a LOT. We Learned Wild Swans will not “Nest” where they Live… and they do not Live where they “Nest.”
Generally they would Go a Half Mile or so Away… Picking a Location AWAY from Humans.. Away from the Food Treats and Support. This is in Early Spring. There is Little Natural Foods. The Swans KNEW what they Needed..
Before these Pens Start to “Sit,” while they are Laying their Clutch of Eggs.. they will be EATING.. Lots of Eating.
She is Digging in Soft Mud for Insect Larva.. But, Once the Pens are ON their EGGs “Incubating,” it is Close to Fasting Time.
As Ground Nesting Birds, Swans are VERY Vulnerable… The Cob and/or Pen may be able to BEAT off a Predator.. but, they may Develop Fatal Infections if Bitten or Scratched..
The Pens are the most Likely to be Killed while Nesting. Many Pens will “SIT” on their Eggs as they are Being Attacked.
Swans and Most Waterfowl are Prey.. They become Food for Meat Eating Birds, Mammals, Reptiles..
Putting Food Near the Nest is Risky.. It Invited Predators. Swans are So Messy when they Eat that Some Feed Gets Dropped on the Ground.. Wet Feed Smells like Dog Food..
Most Swan Nests are Near Water.. Dampness will Aid in the Breakdown of Foods.. Dampness is a Great Environment for Mosquitoes.. Which can Carry Viruses: West Nile, Viral Encephalitis, Zika Fever.
We had a Tiny Cygnet that had Encephalitis.. It Damage Areas in her Brain.. She behaved more like a Lizard.. We had to make a Hard and Sad Decision for her.
Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus is a Mosquito-borne Alphavirus, It Cycles between Mosquitoes and Birds in Freshwater Swampy Areas.
Your Cob will Still be Eating – Patrolling and Guarding. Place his Feed Container Away from the Nest Area..
Keep ALL Feed/Food at Least 30-40 Feet from the Nest.
A Pan of Clean (Change Daily) Cold Water on Hot Days Placed several Feet from the Nest is often “Welcomed” by the Pens.
Nature Evolved the Mute Swan Pens to Barely Eat During Nesting. Nature WANTs these Pens to be HUNGRY when the Cygnets Hatch.. SO, the Dam will Take her Cygnets to Feast on Tiny Water Bugs and Critters and Plant Materials that she will Stir up as she is Finally EATING again..
After 35 Days of Incubating her Developing Eggs.. the Cygnets will Start to Wiggle and Peep.. This Signals the Pen.. and her Hunger Returns.
The Pen’s Sudden Hunger is a “Symptom” of Imminent Nest Maturity. Usually One to Two Days before the First Cygnet Hatches… the Female will Spend Time OFF the Nest Eating EVERYTHING she can find within a Short Distance of the Nest. …Over 30 Feet Away.Their Cygnets are Wiggling and “Piping.” WE Could Hear them !
The Clutch/Brood of Cygnets will Generally Hatch within 48 Hours.. The Pen and Cob will Take their Healthy Cygnets to Areas where there are LOTs of Insects.. A “Buggy Cafeteria..”
The Cygnets must go to the Water by their Third Day to Start EATING. “BUGS are the GRUB” for their First 10 Days… LOTS and LOTS of Bugs.
This is Nature’s Plan.. Your Role is to Provide a GOOD Healthy Diet during the Winter Months.. so you Pen is Healthy going into her Nesting Weeks..
Keeping Food AWAY from the Nest Area.. is NOT Going to Completely Prevent all the Hazards to the Nest.. But, Why Invite Trouble. ??
Just a Little Protein Based Feed or Starchy Corn/Wheat can Result in a Chain Reaction of Unwanted Pests > Predators.. ********************************************
Dropped Feed will Invite a Wide Range of Unwanted Creatures..
FIRST GROUP: The Spoiled-Decomposing Food Droppings will be Replaced by “The DECOMPOSERs” BACTERIA, MOLDs, YEASTs, FUNGUS.
BACTERIA: There are Thousands of Environmental Bacteria. …..A Fair Number of these Cause Serious Diseases. …..Staph and Coliform Infections are Common and a Challenge to Treat.
…..There are Millions of Animals who EAT Bacteria as Part of their Diet. …..BACTERIA are Very Good at Absorbing Mineral Nutrients from the Environment. …..BACTERIA are at the Bottom of most Food Chains on Earth. …..BACTERIA Attract a Wide Variety of Critters.
MOLDs: Old Food Sours, Smells and Rots.. …..The Smell of MOLD Attracts TERMITEs. …..FUNGUS GNATs and MOLD MITEs are two Pests closely Associated with MOLDs. …..COCKROACHEs, CRICKETs, SLUGs, and MILLIPEDs are Attracted to MOLDs. …..These Critters will Attract SPIDERs..
…..Environmental MOLDs YEASTs:Yeast is Single-Celled Organism that belongs to the Fungal Ecosystem. …..There are more than 500 Species and Thousands of varieties of Yeast …..that can be found in the Soil, Sugary Liquids (in the fruit and flowers) …..and on the Surface of Plants and Animals. …..Some YEASTs are Mild to Dangerous Pathogens. …..Especially Candida albicans, Histoplasma, and Blastomyces.
FUNGUS: Fungus, ( plural Fungi ), any of about 144,000 known Species …..of Organisms which includes the YEASTs, RUSTs, SMUTs, MILDEWs, ….MOLDs, MUSHROOMs. …..Common Diseases: RINGWORM – THRUSH – ASPERGILLOSIS ….. CANDIDIASIS – PNEUMONIA – Breathing them in has WORSE Effects …..than Eating them – Causing Respiratory Symptoms & Diseases.. …..ASPERGILLOSIS – The Young Swan below had Lungs Filled with this Mold. ….. He did not Survive.****** …..Who Eats FUNGI – DEER, DEER MICE, SQUIRRELs, Small RODENTs, …..BIRDs, TURTLEs, and many Species of INSECTs. …..Over Time we got to See a Wide Variety of Mushrooms and Tree Fungus.
PARASITEs:PROTOZOANss, AMOEBAE and Microscopic Crustaceans, …..They are the Biggest Consumers of Bacteria. …..NEMATODEs ( Worms ) GASTROPODs ( Snails, Slugs ) …..and Insects like ANTs, GNAT & FLY MAGGOTs, TERMITEs..
PARASITEs in the Ground:WORMs, TAPEWORMs, HOOK WORMs, …..SLUGs, SNAILs. All these Tiny Creatures have Body Waste that Spread Diseases.
….A TAPEWORM LIFE CYCLE
….A ROUND WORM LIFE CYCLE COCCIDIOSIS: is a Protozoan Parasite Common on Farms. …..In Poultry, affects their Intestines Reducing a Birds Ability to Digest …..and Absorb Nutrients. Diarrhea, Weakness to Death. …..The Disease is Transmitted by the Fecal Waste of Insects and Wild Birds.
AMOEBAE: are Microscopic Free-Living in Fresh Water, …..They are Commonly found in Pond Water, Ditches, and Lakes. …..Amoebiasis or Amoebic Dysentery can have Mild or Severe Symptoms: …..Loss of Weight, Colonic Ulcerations, Abdominal Pain, Diarrhea or Bloody Diarrhea. …..Anemia may develop due to Prolonged Gastric Bleeding.
SPIDERs: Black Widow Spiders are Native to Pennsylvania …..are generally found Outdoors. Insects Attract SPIDERs. *******We See these Spiders ALL the Time. They do have a Job Eating Insects. INSECTs: There are MANY Insects that have a Larve-Maggot Stage.
FLIEs Around a Swan Nest are a SIGN of Trouble. …..Remove any Cracked, Spoiled or Foul Smelling Eggs. …..FLIEs Carry Many Types of Diseases.
FLIEs: are One of the largest Insect Orders. …..It Numbers more than 120,000 Species World Wide. …..There about 18,000 Species found in North America. FLIEs are a Common Insect Pest on the Average Farm. …..Where there is Animal Waste in Fields and Pastures.. and Decaying Compost Piles.
…..A Female HOUSE FLY can lay up to 600 Eggs in her Short Lifetime.
…..Most FLIEs Lives an Average of 15 to 25 Days. ….HORSE FLIEs are Common on Farms..
At the End of this Topic Page.. There is a Section on the BLOW FLIES.
ADULT FLIEs Feed and Deposit their Larvae-Maggots on Organic Decaying Material. …..This includes, Fruit, Vegetables, Meat, Animal and Human Feces.
FLIEs.. FLIEs are a REAL CONCERN Near a Nest.. …..I Read an Article Years Ago… A Mute Swan Necropsy Report. …..A FLY or FLIEs had Lay their Eggs on the Pen’s Cloaca. …..It is Warm Moist Tissue.. …..The MAGGOTs Went Up into the Pen’s Cloaca and were Feeding on her Vagina.. …..She DIED from the Bleeding and Infections.. …..This was a Horrifying Image.. Imagine her Suffering.
…..Eating MAGGOTs or Maggot-infested Food can cause BACTERIAL Poisoning. …..Most Foods that have MAGGOTs are NOT Safe to Eat, …..Especially if the LARVAE-MAGGOTs have been in Contact with Feces. ….HOUSE FLIEs and HORSE FLIEs use Animal and Human Feces as Breeding Sites.
FOXEs, RACCOONs, POSSUMs, BIRDs all eat MAGGOTs when they get the chance. ********************** ANTs.. Sting and Bite.. can Kill Tiny Cygnets..
INSECTs will be Attracted to the Cygnets’ Eyes. …..Various INSECTs will Sting the Wet Cygnets. ( Ants ) ….Some will Eat their Eyes.. Any Part that is Moist.
…..When the Cygnets are Still Wet with Egg White …..and there is a Little Blood in the Shell they are Especially Vulnerable.
Then there are BEEs, CARPENTER BEEs, HORNETs, YELLOW JACKETs.. WASPs and MUD DAUBLER WASPs. …..These Stinging Insect are Attracted to Sweet Food Waste.
Both WASPs and YELLOW JACKETs are Beneficial INSECTs in Nature. …..They help Control the Populations of many other INSECTs and SPIDERs.
BUT, they ALL STING ! ******* Any Pond or Lake Environment has a Complex Network of Creatures.. BARN SWALLOWs, EASTERN KINGBIRDs, CHICKADEEs …..and PURPLE MARTINs are Helpful – their Diet is Mostly INSECTs..
….FROG and TOADs are Beneficial… They Eats LOTs of Insects.. MICEand RATs have been Reported to Eat Hatchlings and/or their Faces. …..Especially when they First Hatch.. They will Drag the Cygnets Out of the Nest.
MICE and RATs that are Near a Swan Nest will Attract FOXEs,SNAKEs, etc.. …..In the Spring FOXEs – and most Predators are Feeding their Young. Most Water Environments have WATER SNAKEs.. And SNAPPING TURTLEs.. You will Need to Check Annually for these Harmful Turtles.
SNAPPING TURTLEs: ( Try to Remove Them.) …..They will Hang Around Areas where there is Spilled Feed/Food. …..Tiny Cygnets are an Easy Meal for SNAPPING TURTLEs.
SNAKEs: Common US Snakes …..Depending on WHERE you Live.. ….EASTERN HOGNOSE, COPPERHEADs, KING SNAKEs, ….BLACK RAT SNAKEs, WATER SNAKEs, RATTLESNAKEs, ….COTTONMOUTHs, BOAs and PHTHONs
SNAKEs will be Attracted to the MICE, VOLEs, MOLEs or RATs.. …..and the SNAKEs will Grab the Tiny Cygnets as they Waddle to the Pond.. *************** …..Cygnets are taken Back and Forth to the Nest for Several Days.
…..The Adult Swans will Check for any Danger before Bringing the Cygnets Back to the Nest. …..This Sire below Stood and Watched their Nest for Over 30 Minutes. …..There was Something in the Nest that he was Alert to. …..Their Cygnet was Kept Out of the Nest. …..The Swans Never Took their Cygnet to this Nest Again.. …..The Nest was “Closed” the Next Morning. ********************** MICE and RATs have been Reported to Eat the Cygnets …..as they are Trying to Hatch Out of their Shell. ********************** SMALL CREATUREs: MICE, MOLEs, VOLEs, SHREWs, ….CHIPMUNKs will all Attract SNAKEs to Live Near Water ….AND the LARGER PREDATORs..WITH BIGGER TEETH AND CLAWs.. These FURRY CREATUREs: Will Attract OWLs, CROWs, ….CATs, FOXEs, BOBCATs, COYOTES..
FURRY ANIMALs: Commonly spread TICKs, VIRUSEs and PARASITEs. ….TICKs are Seeking WARM Blooded Animals or Birds to have a Blood Meal..
….TICKs can Carry Serious Diseases-Viruses > > Lymes Disease, West Nile, Babesiosis, …..Powassan, Tularemia, Viral Encephalitis.
…..Diseases Transmitted by Ticks. …..https://www.cdc.gov/ticks/diseases/index.html ( You will Need to Copy and Paste. ) ********************** FLEAS, TICKs and other PARASITEs: are commonly Spread …..by FOXEs to Domestic Pets – Cats and Dogs.
SMALL RODENTs: may Attract SKUNKs, RACCOONs, ….OPOSSUMs-POSSUMs, WEASELs, MINK. …..These may Snatch Small Ducklings, Goslings and Cygnets.
SKUNKs: SKUNKs prefer Meat, will Eat Plants and Vegetation. …..INSECTs, Small ANIMALs, BIRDs, EGGs, POULTRY, WORMs, Berries, …..GRUBs, BEETLEs, CRICKETs and GRASSHOPPERs – Foods with a Strong Odor. OPOSSUM – POSSUMs: Eat a Large Number of TICKs.. …..Ranging from Fruits, Grasses, INSECTs, SLUGs, SNAILs, MICE, …..RATs, MOLEs, FISH and even CARRION.
…..POSSUMs are not totally Immune to Rabies, they Rarely Carry it. …..As a Marsupial, Possums have a lower Body Temperature than most other Mammals, …..so their Bodies do not provide a suitable Environment for the Rabies Virus.
RACCOONs: Raccoons Carry and Spread a Number of Dangerous Diseases.. …..PARASITEs: Deadly Ones.. Try NOT to Attract them. They may have Rabies. …..RACCOON Roundworm – Baylisascaris found in the Pest’s Feces.
…..LEPTOSPIROSIS: A Bacteria spread via Excrement ……which causes Fever, Headache, Chills, Muscle Aches, ……Jaundice, and potentially even Kidney or Liver Failure.
…..GIARDIASIS: Gastrointestinal PARASITE Ailment ……that induces Bloating, Vomiting, Indigestion, and loss of Appetite.
…..SALMONELLOSIS: A BACTERIA when Ingested causes Abdominal Pain and Diarrhea.
…..YOU Do not want RACCOONs Pooping Near the Swan Nests.
RACCOONs are the Common Swan Egg Thief.. …..They will Attack and Kill Swans.. Typically only Removing the Head.
….Finding Broken Eggs near the Nest or in the Water Nearby is Disheartening. …..I Wonder what our Pen is thinking when she Sees a Raccoon Eating her Eggs. From Raising Chickens …..What kind of Animal Bites the Heads off Poultry and leaves the Rest.
RACCOONs and WEASELs: will do this, they are after the Brain. …..The Brain has the Best Nutrients and Fats for getting Winterized.
RACCOONs and WEASELs: are known for Killing Everything they can Catch. …..They are Responsible for Frenzied Killing in Chicken Coops. …..They can not eat it all and they can not carry it all away. …..So they go for the choice Pieces – The Heads.
…..Personally, I Like having the Swans’ Feed in a Bucket …..and Take this Food Inside at SunSet.
CATs, FOXEs, CANINEs and BIRDs of Prey: will Generally …..only take One Bird or Mammal at a Time, Leave to Eat Elsewhere. …..They will Likely come Back for another Easy Meal. …..But they Generally do NOT Slaughter and only Eat the Head. ….FOXEs have been known to Carry Rabies.
WEASELs: are Carnivores and will Eat almost All Animals they find. WEASELs: Eat Small MAMMALs, INSECTs, LIZARDs, FROGs, BIRDs. HAWKs and OWLs: Sit up in Trees and Watch for Small Fuzzy Things to be LUNCH ! HAWKs and OWLs: Are Feeding their Young in the Spring.
MINK: Their Dens are usually near Water, they are mostly Carnivorous. …..They Eat CRAYFISH, FISH, Small FROGs, SNAKEs, EARTHWORMs and SNAILs, …..Small MAMMALs, RABBITs, CHIPMUNKs, MICE, VOLEs and SHREWs.. …..DUCKs, FARM POULTRY – CHICKENs, GEESE, and TURKEYs..
MINK are Agile and Fierce Fighters, Killing Prey …..with a Hard Bite to the Back of the Skull.
PREDATORs of MINK include: WOLVEs, LYNX, BOBCATs, FOXEs, …..HAWKs, GREAT HORNED OWLs, EAGLEs, and RIVER OTTERs.
The BOBCATs is the most abundant Wildcat in North America. …..A Carnivore, they feeds on RODENTs, RABBITs, LIZARDs, ….SNAKEs and some BIRDs And CARRION.
BOBCAT KITTENs are being Feed in Early Spring. …..The BOBCAT is an incredibly Elusive Predator that Silently Stalks …..in the Dark before Pouncing with Incredible Force. …..They are seen as Pest for Farmers Preying on LIVESTOCK and POULTRY. …..I have had Several Sad Calls about Swans/Cygnets being Killed by BOBCATs.
…..Predators of the BOBCAT include MOUNTAIN LIONs, ….COYOTEs, FOXEs, WOLVEs, and HUMANs.
Depending on your Location BEARs. …..Swan Can Not Defend themselves from a Bear Attack. BEARs can Smell Foods from Long Distances.
************************************************************* In 2020, While talking about Common Swan Predators with a Man who lives in a Rural Area of Pennsylvania. I mentioned the Problem of Raccoons Stealing Swan Eggs even on Isolated Islands.
EGGs are Great Nutrition for the Female Raccoon with Spring Kits.. Raccoons can be Nasty.. Fighting for the Eggs..
He Said, Over the Years Fur Trapping has Declined due to Campaigns by Animal Rights Groups. More and More People are Refusing to Use or Wear Fur from Animal Pelts.
The Decreased Market for Animal Pelts has a Side Effect.. Large Animal Predators are an Increasing Problem for Farmers and Folks living in the Wide Open Spaces..
Our Discussion was mainly about Raccoons.. How their Numbers have increased in some Areas of Farming.. The Raccoons are Destroying Corn Crops. They Pull the Developing Ear down and Munch on the Corn.. Knowing that Raccoons Carry many Serious Diseases, some in their Saliva and some in the Body Waste.. It is Consequence of Saving these Large Nocturnal Rodents.. Cute as they are to See..
I am not Suggesting that Trapping is OK.. But, I do not want the Predators Harming our Swans.. We Pinion Swans to keep them Safe from the Perils of Flying.. then make them more Vulnerable to being Harmed or Killed because they can not Flee from Dangerous Animals. >> A Real Moral Dilemma..
For Help with the Larger Predators .. FOXEs, RACCOONs, COYOTEs, etc. You might get Help by Contacting: WildLife Control Services or Your State’s Trapping Association.
Mute Swan Pens Evolved to NOT Eat during Nesting.. KEEP Foods Away from the Nest.. !!! She will Eat if she want to go to the Feed Container..
WATER.. is OK.. This will Help the Pen Flush her Gizzard.. Hopefully Reduce the Infections that might Develop in their Gizzards.
Female Swans barely Eat while they are Incubating their Eggs. Mother Nature wants her to be VERY Hungry when the Cygnets Hatch.. Have some Feed Mixture where she can Find it.. Take the Feed in at SunSet.. Out in the Morning.. Away from the Nest.. She will be OK.. Nature has a Plan..
It is Safest to Keep all Foods at Least 30 Feet or More from the Nest.
The Cygnets will only Weigh about 8-10 Ounces when they Hatch… they may be Prefect Meals for Snakes Living Close to the Nest.
Even with the Nesting Platform.. Once there are EGGs.. STOP Placing ANY Food on the Platform.
************************************************* The Swan Pen will need to Leave the Nest if she Needs to Poop..
Adult Swans do not Poop in their Nests.. ( or Seldom ) The Nest Cavity is Kept Clean for the Cygnets. YOU Do Not want a Swan to Poop near the Nest. Swan Poop has a Very Distinct Smell and will Attack Predators..
A Good Swan Nest has NO Poop in it..
NO FOOD NEAR A SWAN NEST !
FLIES: BLOW FLIES
There are approximately 80 species in North America. In the Fly Order, Diptera, they are Metallic Blue, Green, or Black in Color …..and are Noisy in Flight. They are Slightly Larger than Houseflies. …..They are found with Animal Carcasses, Animal Feces, Garbage Piles, …..and Piles of Decaying Vegetation > Decaying Compost Piles.
BLOW FLY LARVA are a Problem for all Cavity Nesting Birds. BLOW FLY Biology varies among the Species and with Environmental Conditions …..so the following information is General.
BLOW FLIEs Seek Areas that provide a Layer of Loose, Damp Soil and Litter …..where their Larvae may Thrive and Pupate.
…..Each Female BLOW FLY Deposits Thousands of Eggs over her 2 to 8 Week Life Span. …..Egg Masses may consist of 1500 to 2,000 Eggs. The Larger Egg Masses are usually …..the result of Several Females Depositing Eggs on the Same Location. MAGGOTs Hatch in LESS than 24 Hours when Conditions are Warm and Humid.
MAGGOTs Feed at Night, Moving Down into the Nesting Material during Day Hours.
This Adaptation has Evolved over many Centuries of a Close Association …..of BLOW FLIEs with Cavity Nesting Birds. The LARVAE-MAGGOTs …..Avoids being Eaten by the Adult Bird during the Day, and Feeds only after Dark, …..when the Helpless Nestlings are Easy Prey.
…..Blood is usually Sucked from the Feet or Legs, often from between the Toes.
…..Depending on the Temperature MAGGOTs Complete Development in 4 Days.
…..At the End of this Period, MAGGOTs Typically Burrow in the Nesting Material …..and Pupate for 5 to 7 Days then the Adult Flies Emerge.
…..A Week Later, Females begin to Deposit Eggs and the Life Cycle is Repeated. ….BLOW FLIEs Generally Develop from Egg to Adult in 10 to 25 days, …..they can have 4 to 8 Generations a Year.
HELP ! – WHAT DO WE DO WHEN WE SEE FLIEs ! !
FLYS-X is a Natural Organic Spray – Repellent. …..Take Care to Avoid Spraying on the Swans..
ABSORBINE FLYS-X Natural Fly Repellent …..Ready-to-Use For Multi-Species Live Stock Use. …..Repels & Controls BITING FLIEs, MOSQUITOEs, GNATs and TICKs. …..Natural Ingredients: Use ORGANICs – ONLY if Needed.. …..Rosemary Oil, Thyme Oil, Citronella Oil, …..Cedar Oil, Clove Oil, Lemongrass Oil, Geraniol.
DO NOT SPRAY Directly into the Nest.. …..Spray 4-5 Feet OUT from the Center of the Nest.. …..Spray Away from the Pen.. On Calm Day.
With all the Concerns about Pesticides DIATOMACEOUS EARTH is Safe & Effective. It is NOT a Poison. DE is Finely Ground Fossils of Prehistoric Fresh Water Diatoms.
Apply the Dust Lightly in Infested Nest Areas. DE Kills Common Household and Garden Pests: WORMs, SNAILs, ROACHEs, ANTs, FLEAs, BEETLEs and MAGGOTs.
DE is a Long Lasting Control -Sprinkles easily into Cracks and Crevices where Insects Hide and Eradicate them. When Soft-Bodied Insects come in Contact with this Fine Powder-Dust, DE causes Massive Loss of Body Fluids and Death.
When the Dust is Eaten by Insects, the DE Inhibits Breathing, Digestion and Reproduction of Insects and their LARVAE-MAGGOTs. Find this Product in most Lawn and Garden Departments.
TIP: Use a Plastic Mustard (pull up cap) Bottle to Squeeze a Small Amount of the DE Dust into the Middle of a Nest.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& I have Gathered Information from Many Sources. I have Used Images and Charts from Searches OnLine.. I have Added Credit to All these Files. I GREATLY Appreciate those who Created them. I Hope they will be OK with their Use here. My Goal is to Save the Lives of the Swans we Care for. Organized APRIL 2022 …. PA Swan Lover Linda M.Sweger &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Swans do not have an Easy Time While Nesting. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Each Fall and Winter Veterinarians and Wildlife Rehabilitaters in many States may have Multiple Calls about Young Mute Swans found in Distress.
Some Young Swans are Found by the General Public.. Maybe in their Yards. Maybe along the Road. Maybe on their Ponds.
The Young Swan Below was on the Property Owner’s Pond when she came Home from Work.
I get Several Calls every Year from Folks who are Excited they have a Lone Surprise Swan. Now they want to Find a Companion/Mate for this Swan. They have NO Idea of the Age or Sex.
I Explain what Needs to be Done. Feed-Gain Trust, Catch the Swan, Clip One Wing and Send a DNA Sample to Learn the Sex. So Far, Few Free Flying Rogue Swans has been Caught or Stayed with them. Some Swan will Come and Go, Gone for a While, Returning at Random..
These 7-8-9 Month Old Rescued Cygnets Below were Likely Chased Away by their Parents, when the Adults were Getting Ready for their Spring Nesting Season.
These Growing UnPinioned Cygnets have Nowhere to Go. They are Chased into the Larger World Totally Unprepared. No Idea how to Care of themselves.
Young Cygnets are very Vulnerable to Predators and Dog Attaches when Feral..
When Rescued.. Many are Injured, have Wounds and Broken Bones. Sadly, many will be Euthanized.. This was the Fate of the Young Swan Below. Evaluated at an Animal Clinic.. Advanced Infection, Wounds Full of Maggots. Unknown Blood Loss, Badly Mangled Foot.. Euthanized to End Suffering.
Many Rescued Swans are UnderWeight.. During Fall and Winter there are Few Natural Foods for them to Eat, if they can Find any.
The Cygnet below was Very Scared when Brought to a Rescuer’s Home..
As I have been Reading various Article about Department Natural Resources WildLife Services ( Different States ) Mute Swan Management Methods. I have come across a Number of Very Disturbing, Cruel Practices.
It is Far Worse to Allow a Cygnet or Swan to Fly Away to be Abused and Destroyed. Slaughtering these Helpless Swans can not be much Enjoyment for the WildLife Services who are Trained and Employed to Protect WildLife.
My Opinion: I Feel it would be MUCH more Ethical to Prevent Cygnets Hatching then to have them Endure the Perils of being Feral and the Potential End of their Lives by the WildLife Agencies various Cruel Slaughtering Practices.
Having Cygnets every Year can be Demanding – They are Cute and Work. They NEED to be Pinioned.. DNA-Sex Determined.. and New Adoptive Homes Arrange between 4-9 Months Old.
It MAY be Tempting to just let the Cygnets be Chased off.. Out of Sight…Out of Mind.. Now Someone Else’s Problem.
Being a Responsible Swan Keeper.. YOU will Not Let this Happen.
Or Maybe you just want to “Take a Year OFF..” Prevent Cygnets Hatching in Years that other Things in your Life have Priority. And just Enjoy your Graceful Adult Swans on a Peaceful Summer Pond.
OR Maybe your Pond is Really NOT Suitable for a Large Brood of Eating-Pooping Cygnets. Maybe Limit the Number of Cygnets that Hatch.
The 0.48 Acre Retention Pond Above & Below became FOULED with Swan Cygnet Poop. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Neutering or Spaying is NOT an Option with Swans..
************************** DO NOT JUST REMOVE OR BREAK the EGGS !
Removal of All the Eggs or Breaking the Eggs will cause the Pen to Lay a Second Clutch of Eggs.
This will Deplete her Body more then Necessary… and Extend the Nesting Season.
Having to lay Extra Eggs may/will Deplete the Pen of the Nutrients to Regrow Healthy Feathers after her Annual Moulting.
*********************** The Swans Above and Below Lost their Early Spring Nests to the Creek Flooding Twice.
We could only Guess… she may have Laid around 20 Eggs that Year. Nest #1 > 8 Eggs – Nest #2 > 7 Eggs – Nest #3 > 5 Eggs. ca. 15 were Lost to Flooding.
They ReCycled.. the Pen Laid 5 more Eggs ( Third Clutch ) Nesting into Mid-July. One Egg Cracked and I Removed it. ??? Maybe the Shell was Thinner. One Egg was Stolen by a Raccoon.. Then there were just Three Eggs.
We were Helpless to do Anything since these Swans were Living Feral.. After a Very Long Nesting Season, Three Tiny Cygnets Hatched on July 14-15th.
In 2022, We Still have the Pale Brown Cygnet on the Left.. He is our “Meadow.”
During the Late Winter and Very Early Spring Months, Roughly THREE Weeks before a Mute Pen begins to Lay her Eggs.. YOU WILL Typically SEE the Pen EATING – EATING – EATING.. Preparing her Bodies to Lay a Clutch of BIG Eggs. ( Average 4-8 )
Natural Egg Production is Stressful for Female Birds/Swans. It Depletes their Nutritional Stores, and Predisposes them to Malnutrition, Osteoporosis, and Life Threatening Illnesses. They Benefit from a Proper Diet during the Winter Months.
It is a BAD Idea to Catch or Disrupt your Pen’s Egg Laying Process. Catching your Pen during the Days that she is Laying her Eggs may STOP an Egg from Moving through her Uterus > Shell Gland > Vagina > Cloaca and being Expelled into her Nest.
Risking the Pen becoming EGG BOUND with all the Risks and Serious Complications an Egg being Stuck in the Pen’s Uterus-Shell Gland may Cause.
BEST to WAIT and Allow your Pen to Naturally Lay her Full Clutch of Eggs, Allow her to “Sitting” to Incubate her Clutch for at Least 7-10 Days before you do ANYTHING with your Pen during her Nesting Sequence.
You WANT to be sure she is Finished Laying Eggs.
Black Australian Swans Nest Twice a Year.. It can be Challenging to Raise these Cygnets during the Winter Months. These Last Season Cygnets will Need to be Shelter-Raised in Cold Regions.
Maybe you Want to have just One Brood during the Warmer Months.
We can use them to “Swap-Out” the Real Eggs to Prevent Cygnets Hatching. OR they are Ready if Eggs are being Stolen from a Fertile Swan Nest. OR if there are Eggs that are Not Developing and Start to STINK ! !
I Know there is a Need for this Information about Spoiling to be Available. I am going to RELY on Reading a Number of Articles and Compile General Information. I Suggest you ALSO Read a Variety of Articles. If the Articles seem to make Sense.. Gathering Information is Best.
I did Call our State’s Waterfowl Specialist and Ask for Information.. I am Including this in the Text Below.
I hear People Troubling with the Ethics of Killing the Embryos.. They want to Remove or Oil the Eggs VERY Soon after they are Laid. Before there is much Development..
I have Searched without Success for a SWAN Embryo Development Chart. Chicken Chicks Hatch in 20 Days.. Swan Cygnets Hatch at 37 Days. Each Stage on this Chart would be Almost 2 Days for the Developmental Stages of a Cygnet. AT 7-10 Days of Incubation the Cygnet Embryos would be at 4 to 5 Days on this Chart. It is Up to You.. when you Decide to Spoil the Eggs.. 7th Day or the 25th Day..etc.
BUT, I do think it is Wise to Wait until the Pen is “Sitting” Full-Time for at least a Week.. JUST to be Sure her Clutch is Finished !
True Story: One Swan Keeper saw his Pen “Sitting” on Four Eggs. He “Swapped-Out” Two Real Eggs for Two Replacement Eggs he made. Goal to Allow just Two Cygnets to Hatch.. Manageable for their Enjoyment. SURPRISE > > > SIX Tiny Cygnets Hatched.. Explanation. Four more Fertile Eggs were Laid after the “Swap-Out.”
ADDLING – Addling is a Wildlife Management Method of Population Control of Various Bird Species that are Increasing in Numbers. Eggs are Temporarily Removed from the Nest, the Embryo Development is Terminated and the Eggs are Returned to the Nest.
Methods that Terminates Embryo Development are by Oiling, Shaking or Puncturing the Eggs and then placing the Eggs Back in the Nest.
It is Important Not to Change the Odor, Appearance or Texture of the Eggs.
This Allows the Nesting Female to Continue her Nesting Process..
By Disrupting the Yolks from Developing there will be No Cygnets. AS I was Reading, One Person Leaves the Parent Swans One ”Good Egg” to Care for. Personally, a Cygnet Raised Alone is a Little Sad.. Maybe Leave them Two Fertile Eggs.
******************************* OILING: It is IMPORTANT to ONLY USE a FOOD GRADE OIL.
AS I Searched for Information, I came Across the Same Field Study Article Several Times.
“Spraying Corn Oil on Mute Swan Cygnus olor Eggs to Prevent Hatching.” 1996-1997 Larry J. Hindman, William F. Harvey, IV, & Linda E. Conley
Corn Oil is an Effective, Nontoxic Method of Reducing Mute Swan Eggs Hatching. Spraying an Oil/Oil Flour Product on the Eggs will Cut Off the Oxygen Exchange through the Tiny Pores in the Shell. This will Stop the Embryos Developing.
My Best Guess is that Eggs Coated with Plain Corn/Vegetable Oil should Not be Soaked and Slimy.. The Oil can be Sprayed or Rubbed on with a Rag. Be Sure to Coat the Entire Surface of the Egg.
It Occurred to me that this Oil might Interfere with the Pen’s WaterProofing. She would be Sitting on the Eggs and get the Corn Oil on her Abdomen Feathers and then Preen the Oil ALL OVER. Hummm ! *** I am Going to see if I can Learn More.
These Oil Spoiled EGGs will Start to Rot and Stink by the End of 42 Days.
******************************** EGG SHAKING: This Method of Waterfowl Population Control has been the Standard. Used for Decades by Fish and Wildlife Services and has the General Approval of the Atlantic Flyway Council.
Eggs are Vulnerable to Vibration Type Injuries Early in Incubation. Shaking or Jarring can Kill the Developing Embryo either Directly or by Rupturing the Yolk.
The Yolk of an Egg is Suspended between two opposing Filaments of Protein called the Chalazae. Shaking can Dislodge the Chalazae.
Brisk Vigorously Shaking beyond the Point of Breaking the Chalazae, will Start to Break-Up the Yolk and No Embryo will Develop.
These Spoiled Eggs will Start to Rot.. ( PPPe-UUU )
There “Might” be a Small Percentage that Survive Shaking.
June 2022… I am ADDING this Personal Note: Last Weekend I was Preparing a Casserole that Calls for 6 Eggs.. I Thought I would SHAKE these Raw Eggs and See if they would be Scrambled when I Cracked them into my Recipe.. I SHOOK and SHOOK.. Very Hard. I Could Hear the Liquid Inside each EGG Rattling as I SHOOK…. I Shook Harder and Longer with Each Egg.. NOT ONE had a Broken Yolk. ALL 6 Eggs were in Perfect Condition when I Cracked them. PERSONALLY >>> I would not Try this Method..
The Cygnet Above was a BIG SURPRISE.. ( A Happy Surprise ! ) It was Day 42… We are there to Take All the Eggs Away ! !
********************************* CULLING: The Word seems to have Various Meanings.. Here I am Using Culling.. as Reducing the Number of Eggs.
If a Swan has a Clutch of 8 Eggs.. Up to 5 Might be Removed to Reduce the Number of Cygnets that will Hatch..
Removing Some or All of a Clutch.. ( REPLACE Some with Replacement Eggs.) Leave the Pen at Least 3 Eggs to “Sit.” Spoiled or Fake or Fertile.
If you Remove Several Eggs from the Clutch.. Put them in a Container to keep them Safe and Refrigerated.. You might Need them for Replacements. ********************************** PUNCTURING: I Tried Several Key Word Searches.. and I could not Find much about Puncturing Eggs to Prevent Hatching. I would think this Method would NOT be a Foremost Method.
Piercing with a Thin Hat Pin and Stirring the Content.. Breaks the Yolk.
From a United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service WebSite:
Puncturing—To Puncture the Egg, hold it securely in your hand, Braced against the Ground. Insert a Long, Thin Metal Probe into the Pointed End of the Egg. Best Results are by placing Slow Steady Pressure. ( If the Egg Breaks-Cracks, Remove it. ) Once the Probe Passes Through the Shell, Place the Tip against the Inside of the Shell, and Swirl with a Circular Motion. Swirl Several Times to Ensure the York is Broken.
Puncturing the Shell would Introduce Bacteria and Dirt. One of the Most Common Causes of In-Shell Deaths for Forming Embryos is a Bacterial or Viral Infection Entering through a Crack in an EGG.
As the Pen Turns her Clutch Several Time a Day, I would Expect the Albumin to Start to Leak from the Eggs. That would Attract Insects.. and be a Sticky Mess. As the Egg Contents Degrades the Leaking would Increase.
*********************************** If you Spoil your Pen’s EGGS… DO NOT Allow her to “Over-SIT” Incubating Eggs that will Never Hatch. She Needs to be Able to Start Eating.. Remove the “Eggs” from the Nest at 42 Days.
*********************************** Another Plan to Consider: Contact a Swan Breeder who might Want the Fertilized Swan Eggs. Talk with them about when to Remove Some of the Fertile Eggs Under your Pen. Only Remove a Few of the Clutch… Leave the Pen some Eggs to “Sit-On”.. Or “Swap-Out” with Replacements.
********************* IF you PLAN AHEAD : Arrange for Another Person to Raise your Cygnets.
Before the Cygnets Hatch.. See if you can Arrange for Another Person to Raise the Cygnets. Be Sure they have a Proper Environment to do this. A Protected Pond and a Shelter for Night Time Safety. Decide Who will Pinioned the Cygnets before 21 Days Old. Hand Raised Cygnets have a Better Survival Rate then Cygnets Raised by their Parent Out on an Average Pond.
All Ten of the Cygnets Above – in 2022 are Mature Swans in Homes that Love them. *********************************************************************
I like the Replacement Eggs the Best.. Zoos use them. The Real Unfertile or Spoiled Eggs will Start to Rot.. They Smell Terrible, Attract Flies and Some Explode.. Stink BOMBs – BIG Mess !
AND with the Sneaky Raccoons Stealing so many Eggs.. It is SO Helpful to have the Replacement Eggs.. Real Eggs Refrigerated or Wooden Fakes.
We have been using the Wooden Replacement Eggs for 5-6 Years.. They have been so much LESS Worry… Ready when Needed.. And our Pens have Accepted them without any Problems. ( All but One Egg. ) I Never Figured-Out Why this One Egg was Rejected Repeatedly.
I Must Decline ANY Request to Make Replacement Eggs for you Folks. I would have to make Hundreds for All the People who have Asked.. (-;
SPOILING the EGGs in a Swans’ Nest. This is a Helpful Procedure if you Do NOT want to have Swan Cygnets every Year.
I have Found the BEST Items to use to Protect Myself Working by a Swan Nest.. is a Folding Lawn Chair.. I Turn it Around as a Barrier-Shield.
Female Swans MUST “Sit” on their Unfertile-Spoiled Eggs for at least 42 Days. OR They Will ReCycle and Lay more Eggs.. With or Without a Cob. They have NO Control over this Timing.. Mother Nature is in Charge..
Normally Fertile Swan Eggs will Mature in 37 Days.. – /+ a Day.
Healthy Cygnets will All Hatch within 24-36 Hours.. 48 Hours at most. The Pen will usually continue to “Sit” as much as Possible on UnHatched Eggs for 72 Hours..
Then She will take her Healthy Cygnets out to Begin Feeding and Spend more and more Time away from the Nest.
The Dam ( Pen ) and Cygnets may Return to the Nest for Several Day.. for the Cygnets to take Naps. (Very Cute). And Warm-Up Under their Dam.
Female Swans will Lay One Large Egg every other Day until ALL her Clutch is in the Nest. She will NOT “Sit” Full Time until ALL her Eggs are Laid. This may take 2 – 3 Weeks, if she Lays 7 – 8 – 9 Eggs.
During this Time.. the Cob and the Pen will Keep a Close Watch over their Eggs.. Especially if Someone Approaches..One or Both will QUICKLY Head to their Nest.. They may Cover the Eggs at Times. Making it Tricky to Count the Eggs. You might see the Cob Sitting for Long Periods on the Eggs… The Female Only a Few Minutes.. Just to Guard and Protect her Eggs from Visitors.
The Cob can not Incubate.. He can Only Protect and Keep the Eggs Warm Once Incubation Begins..
ONCE the Pen STARTs to “SIT” Full-Time.. NOTE this DATE ! ! Incubation of the Entire Clutch will begin. THE 37-42 Days Starts. 37 Days for Fertile Eggs to Hatch.. This way ALL Fertile Eggs should Hatch within a 24-48 Hour Period. 42 Days to Remove UnHatched-Spoiled Eggs.
WAIT for a Few Days, after you KNOW the Pen is “Sitting” Full-Time. You want to be SURE she is Finished Laying. ( 7-10 Days )
It is VERY Helpful to have Several People to Do these Projects. Keep CALM and TRY NOT to be LOUD.. Quiet is Less Stressful. Make Your Plan and Who will do What !! Practice – Be Prepared. Do a Basic Practice Walk Through..
Have a Spray Can of Baking Spray with Flour READY. OR a Plain Spray Can of Baking OIL.. Or a Cup of Salad Oil in a Plastic Container. And a Rag for Applying the Oil. AND some Paper Towels if Needed.. It is Helpful to have your Supplies in a Bucket.
BE SURE the CAN of Baking Spray will Spray Freely.. and that there is ENOUGH Product. An Older Can from you Kitchen Cabinet, might NOT WORK ! This is Inexpensive and Readily Available where Baking Supplies are Sold. Most Grocery Stores Carry this. USE a FRESH Full Can.. ANY Brand.
First, Contain the Cob. He will generally be Hormonal and is EASY to Catch.
( This is a Good Time to Wear White. ) Most Cobs will COME TOWARD you.. Hoping to Chase you AWAY ! Have a Large Net or Large Beach Towel READY. Let him come to you ! ! We put our Cobs into a Transport Carrier placed in a Shady Place. Turn the Carrier away from the View of the Nest..
Approach the Nesting Pen Slowly.. Give her a Chance to Assess her Risk. Some will Leave the Nest and Slip into the Water.. and Some Pens will Continue to Sit and Protect their Eggs.
Move Closer Talk Softly, Net or Wrap the Pen in a Large Towel.. Be Gentle. Hold her Aside from the Nest. Cover her Head if Possible.
Have your Helper Spray the Top Side of EACH Egg.. Turn Over and Spray ALL Sides. COAT the Entire EGG.
Release the Pen…. She will Usually Return to her Eggs. Next, Release the Cob. Open the Carrier.. let him Exit.. He will HOPEFULLY Head to the Water.. Keep Something Between YOU and the Cob..
If the Eggs are Fertile, the Oil-Flour in the Spray will fill the Tiny Air Exchange Pores in the Egg Shell.. the Embryos will NOT Develop..
Once the 42 Days of “Sitting” Time has Passed.. A few Pens will leave these UnHatched Eggs on their Own. Some Females will Continue to “Sit” for many more Days..
If the Pen HAS NOT left the Eggs on her own.. For her Health, it is a Good Idea to Remove and Discard the Eggs. ( THEY WILL SMELL and Attract Flies. )
The Pen does Not Realizing the Eggs will Not Hatch. A Percentage have been known to Stay on the Nest for Weeks. She is at Risk of Starving to Death. ReMove the Eggs.
It Took us 90 Seconds to Remove the Stinky Eggs from the Nest Above. In that Short Time – The Pen was So Stressed that she Collapsed – Fainted.
She Scared the Heck OUT of Us.. The Stress Caused her Blood Glucose to DROP ! After about 2 Minutes her Eyes Started to Blink.. and Sloooowly she Lifted her Head. We Allowed her to Rest – She Stayed with her Empty Nest that Day. By the Following Morning, she was out on the Pond Eating.. Recovered.
Now I keep a Few Ounces of a Sweet Syrup like Honey with us. ******
If necessary do the Same as above.. Contain the Cob.. Encourage the Pen to Leave her Nest.. Be Patient about Half Will.
********************** We had a Small Container of Concentrated Sugar – Honey, Karo or King Syrup Ready. The Pens have Little Extra Blood Sugar to be Stressed when the Eggs are Removed. If the Pen becomes Very Weak or Faints.. Put a Little Syrup under her Tongue.. Keep her in a Safe Place.. and Allow her to Recover from the Excitement. Yes, we have had Pens become Very Weak.. Only One that Fainted.. This was Scary.. Within a Few Minutes, she was Awake and Recovered.. Out on her Pond the Following Morning.
Wear Protective Glove ( the Eggs will Smell ) Quickly put the EGGs in Double Plastic Bags in a Bucket.. ( they may Explode ! )
Release the Cob..
LEAVE the Swans Alone. They need some time to Realize the Eggs are gone.
Typically, they may Spend One more Day at the Nest. The Following Morning most are Out on their Pond Grazing.
The Next Morning the Pen was OUT on her Pond. After a Few Days.. Remove the Nest Material.. A Decaying Nest will Attract Unwanted Critters.. Insects, Worms, Rodents and Snakes. Plus Nasty Bacteria and MOLDs.. Better to Supply New Nesting Materials Next Spring.
*************************************** Female Swans MUST “Sit” on their Eggs for at Least 42 Days.. OR they are likely to Recycle and lay more Eggs..
Nest Mortality is High for the Pens.. So, it is BEST not to have them Laying a Second Clutch by taking their Eggs away.
We had one Feral Female Years Ago.. She lost Two Clutches to the Creek Flooding.. Both after “Sitting” for Three Weeks.. AND they Started a Third Nest ! Started “Sitting” June 11th with Four Eggs…. Hatched Three Cygnets July 15th. IT was HOT ! ! ! ..
I would take her a Container of Ice Water in the Afternoon and put it on the Side of her Nest.
Getting Flooded Out or having a Raccoon ( or People ) take the Eggs are Common Reasons for Swans to ReCycle.. You will See the Swans Mating Again.. and More Eggs. Extending their Nesting into the Hottest Period of Summer.
Natural has programmed their Bodies to keep Trying if they lose their Eggs to Flooding or Predators. We can NOT Control All Situation. But, it is GOOD to Know your Options.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& This Topic Page was Compiled from a Combination of our Experiences with Feral/Wild and Numerous BackYard Nesting Swans. And Lots of Online Reading.. and Chats with Other Swan Folks. Organized in March 2022 (c) Linda M. Sweger &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
There are ALL Types of Swans from Cygnets to Adults. There are Files for Males-Cobs and for Females-Pens. The General Title just Above the File will NOT Print.. These Titles are which Type of Swans the Invoice Represents.
There are a Few Invoice-Receipts for Black Australian Swans. There are a Few Invoice-Receipts for Trumpeter Swans. There is Only One Invoice-Receipts for Black Necked Swans.
You will Need to Import the File to your Computer. Or Maybe your Printer.. So Many Different Ways.
These will be a Small File. But, you will be able to Enlarge them to Print a Decent Invoice-Receipt Form.
Enlarge File then… Print these Files Horizontal-LandScape.. or Rotate and Print the File Vertical-Portrait.
You should be able to Print Two Copies on One Page. If you want to have Forms for Both Seller and Adopter.
************ Royal Mute Swan Cygnets 6-8 Months Old.************ Mature Breeding Pair of Mute Swans.
************ Adult Royal Female-Pen Mute Swan.
************ Two Year Old Juvenile Royal Male Mute Swan.
************ Mature Breeding Pair of Royal Mute Swans.
************ Juvenile Male Royal Mute Swan. ************ Four Month Old Royal Mute Swan Cygnet.
************ Breeding Pair of Trumpeter Swans.
************ Juvenile Female Royal Mute Swan.
************ 10 Month Old Royal Mute Swan Cygnet.
************ Breeding Pair of Black Australian Swans. ************ Adult Royal Mute Swan Male-Cob. ************ 11 Month Old Royal Mute Swan Cygnet. ************ Breeding Pair of Black Necked Swans. ************ Juvenile Female Royal Mute Swan.
************ Juvenile Royal Male Mute Swan.
************ Mature Breeding Pair of Mute Swans. ************ Adult Royal Mute Swan Male-Cob.
************ Adult Trumpeter Swan. ************ Juvenile Royal Mute Swan Female. ************ Adult Black Australian Female-Pen. ************ Mature Adult Trumpeter Swan. ************ 5 to 6 Month Old Royal Mute Swan Cygnet.
************ Adult Trumpeter Swan Female-Pen.
************ Breeding Pair of Royal Mute Swans. ************ Juvenile Royal Mute Swan Male.
************ Mature Breeding Pair of Trumpeter Swans. ************ Mature Adult Mute Swan Male-Cob. ************ Adult Black Australian Swan Male-Cob.
************ Adult Royal Mute Swan Male-Cob ************ 4 Week Old Royal Mute Swan Cygnet. ************ 4 Week Old Black Australian Cygnets. ************ 6 Month Old Polish Mute Swan Cygnet. ************ Adult Royal Mute Swan Female-Pen. ************ Breeding Pair of Trumpeter Swans.
************ Breeding Pair of Royal Mute Swans.
************ Juvenile Royal Mute Swan Female.
************ 4 Month Old Black Australian Cygnets.
************ 4 to 6 Month Old Mute Swan Cygnets. One Royal & One Polish. Cute ! ************ Adult Royal Mute Swan Female-Pen. ************ Adult Black Australian Male-Cob.
************ Juvenile Royal Mute Swan Female.
************ 12 Month Old Royal Mute Swan Male. ************ Juvenile Royal Mute Swan Female.
************ Adult Black Australian Swan Male-Cob.
************ 5-6 Month Old Trumpeter Swan Cygnets.
************ 4 Month Old Royal Mute Swan Cygnets. ************ Adult Breeding Pair of Trumpeter Swans.
************ 11 Month Old Black Australian Female.
************ 6 Month Old Royal Male Mute Swan Cygnet. ************ Adult Trumpeter Swan Male-Cob.
************ 6 Month Old Royal Male Mute Swans. ************ 18 Month Old Juvenile Royal Mute Swan Female.
************ Adult Royal Mute Swan Male-Cob.
************ 6 Month Old Trumpeter Swan Cygnet.
************ Juvenile Royal Mute Swan Female.
************ Adult Royal Mute Swan Female-Pen.
************ THANK YOU for Sharing your Homes and Ponds/Lakes with our Swans and Cygnets.
************ INVOICE-RECEIPTs Created by PA SWANLOVER Linda March 2022.
WHY PINIONING YOUR SWANs and CYGNETs is a WISE DECISION – Responsible.
Click Images to Enlarge
Swans Evolved to Fly – Flight is Programmed in their DNA.
YOU can NOT say to your Swans – “You are Not Allowed to Fly.” We Live with Pet Swans in a Realm between Captive Domestics and their Wild Instincts.. and NO 100% Rules.
I WISH Grounding Swans was not Necessary. Seeing Mute Swans Living Wild and Free to Fly is an Experience I will always Cherish.
When I First Start Learning about Swans, I Hated the Idea of taking their Flight Away… It is Magical to Watch Swans.. Flying Free.. Such Joy..
Over Time I have Experienced TOO many Sad Outcomes when Swans Fly. Basically, a Mute Swan that Flies is likely Doomed. TOO many Sad Stories.. of Full-Wing Swans and their Tragic Ends.
I have Come to Terms with the Practical Reasons for Pinioning.
When we want to Enjoy Swans as Captive Domestic Pets.. ** When Pinioned they are Safer.. a Little Less Worry.
Every Time I Pinion a Cygnet, I know I Increase the Chance this Precious Little Life will Grow to be a Healthy, Happy, Domestic Pet.
I DO Understand the Reluctance.. Especially the First Time. My Emotions.. Hates taking Flight Away from the Swans. For them to Never know the Joy of Flying Free.. BUT,,,, If we allow them to Fly.. their ODD of Dying Increases.
There are So Many Thing that can Happen to a Swan that Flies..
Once we Pinion and they are Captive for us to Enjoy (Pets), the Swans Depend on us to Help them have the Nutrients that their Healthy Bodies require. We are Domesticating them.
Captive-Raised Domestic Swans often lack Survival Skills such as Predator Avoidance and the Ability to Navigate back to their Home, their Pond, and Private Property Safety.
On Ponds with Adult Swans that are Pinioned the Captive Raised Cygnets Never Learn to Forage beyond their Ponds. These Cygnets become Dependent on the Available Feeds.
When these Cygnets are Chased off Private Property by their Parent in Late Fall-Mid Winter, there is NO Natural Food Available.
At the Pond Below.. there was Limited Food. The Cygnets were Chased-OFF in Early Fall. Half of the Eight Cygnets Perished. We Arranged Homes for Three of them. If these Young Swans are Socialize, they may Look for Places where there are People – Seeking Food. AND Scare the Heck out of Folks Unfamiliar with them. They may Land on a School Yard, Shopping Center, etc..
Eight to Ten Month Old Cygnets are Actively Growing.. If they are Lucky and are NOT Shot to be Meat on a Hunter’s Table, Months of Starvation is Painful. Many will Perish.. The Young Female Mute Swan Above was Very Lucky to be Rescued. She was TOO Weak to Walk, Closed to Death. After Two Months of Care at a BackYard Rescue she was Adopted to a Loving Home.
If Swans were Naturally Living in the Wild, they would have a Feeding Range of 3-5 Square Miles to find the Nutrients their Bodies needs to be Healthy.
For Feral-Wild Swans Harsh Winter Conditions will be a Hardship without Humans Supplementing Feed/Food. Many first year Cygnets will Starve or Freeze to Death.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& Another Sad Story of a Young Full Wing Swan.
On a February Day Images of a Dead Swan Stuck in the Ice of the Landwer Canal (Berlin, Germany) started to appear on Social Networks.
Passersby Speculated the Cause of Death to be the Extreme Cold Winter Weathers that Germany was experiencing as part of a Polar Vortex with Temperatures going well Below Freezing.
People Walking along the Frozen Canal would Toss Flowers onto Swans Carcass. After 3 Days Authorities removed the Swan from the Ice, Closed the Area under the Bridge to prevent People from Gathering on the Unsafe Spot.
The Following August, a Comment was left under a Post of One the Images. “I passed that bridge when he was still alive… he flew to pass underneath the bridge but it was pretty dark already and he crashed against the bridge leaving his neck broken. We couldn’t help him as the ice was still too thin to walk on it. Was very sad”
Another Swan Flying into a Solid Structure.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& LEGAL STATUS The Legal Status of Mute Swans in the United States has Drastically Changed since 2003-2004.
Mute Swans are No Longer Protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) of 1918.
Until 2004-2005, the Practice to Pinion was a Swan Owner’s Choice. Often Ignored.. Too much Trouble. They Want the Beauty of the Full Wings.
NOW the U.S. Federal Government WildLife Services Require that Non-indigenous Mute Swans be Pinioned.
Mute Swans are Required by Law in Canada to be Pinioned. Mute Swans in the United States are NOT Allowed to be Feral. Several States are Very Strict with these Requirement. “ZERO Tolerance.”
In the United States, in the States where Mute Swans are still Allowed to be Privately Owned, it is generally Required that these Mute Swans be Pinioned to Discourage Feral Populations.
Several States that Still Allow Mute Swans – Require them to be Grounded.
Permits and Pinioning are Required in Several States.. Compliance will be Randomly Checked..
Some States may Tolerate Annual “Clipping.” This MUST be Done.
There is a State that Requires Mute Swans to be Enclosed in Fencing.. Totally.. Basically Caged.
Each State has Determined what will be Included in their Mute Swan Management Policy.
More and More State are Prohibiting Ownership of Mute Swans.
There are States that Only have a few “Grand-fathered” Mute Swans. These are Mute Swans that were Living there before the State’s Management Policies changed to Prohibit Future Mute Swans.. These Mute Swans are Permitted to Remain > if Grounded. but, Can NOT be Replaced. No Cygnets may Hatch. For Years these Social Birds will Live Alone.
To Sell or Buy or Barter or Give a Mute Swan, Cygnet or their Eggs to another Person in many States has become more Restricted. Guideline and Regulation Differ in each U.S. State.
Some States that “PERMIT” Captive Mute Swans do not Allow Cygnets to Hatch.. Swan Eggs may Not be Sold. So, Learning to Prevent Eggs Hatching is Necessary.
Responsible Care of your Swans and Cygnets will greatly Reduce many SAD Outcomes to Swans that become Feral. The Beautiful Female Swans Above were Destroyed – Both Shot to Death.
************** As of 2022: It is still Legal – OK to Own and Care for Mute Swans on Private Property in Pennsylvania. Mute Swans are Classified as Exotic Domestic Poultry. PA Swans can Reproduce and Cygnets be Adopted to New Home.
In Pennsylvania, Feral Mute Swans are Classified as Vermin.. and may be Destroyed by any “humane” method 24 Hours a Day, 365 Days a Year.
Any Mute Swan, Adult or Cygnet that might Wander away from Private Property into a Navigable Public Water Ways is Fair Game to anyone who wants to Destroy these WayWard Swans.
This includes any Mute Swan, that might Walk off Private Property to Nest along a Nearby Stream, Creek, Lake, etc. Classified as Public. Do your BEST to ENCOURAGE your Swans to Nest on your Private Property.
**From a Print-Out for Navigable Water Ways in Pennsylvania. “Depending on how a Swan Owner’s Property is Bordered or Crosses some Water Ways which may be used by the Public for Recreation, there will be Debates on where the Swans would be on Legally Protected Private Property or considered Feral. If you have any Doubt Check with your PA Regional (WCO) WildLife Conservation Officer. ”
Every Year or So there are Changes/Updates on the PA Fish & WildLife – Game Commission WebSites. Nothing in Favor of Relaxing the Regulations for the Mute Swans.
It is STRONGLY Recommended to have Adult Swans Pinioned and to Pinion their Off-Spring/Cygnets. The PA Game Commission may Revise their Recommendations at any time.
Before 2004-2005, the Mute Cygnets Living on Private Property with Captive Swan Parents until they were 8-10 Months Old, were Allowed to Simply Fly away when the Adult Pair began Preparing for the next Nesting Season. A large Percentage of these young Swans are Ill prepared to Care for themselves Living Feral-Free. Their Captive Parents can not Teach them to Live as Wild Swans. The few that Survive are the Feral Mute Swans, that have become the Swans of “Lethal Management Practices” in many States since 2004-2005.
Feral Mute Swans are being Destroyed in more and more States as a Lethal form of Management of the Mute Swans. The Atlantic Flyway and the U.S. Hunting Lobby are basically working toward Eradicating Mute Swans in the United States and much of Eastern Canada.
Countless Thousands of these Beautiful, Graceful Swans have been Destroyed in the last 15 years. Mute Swans have been Maligned by most WildLife Services. Animal Right Groups have been unable to Stop their Slaughter.
Public Push-Back has had Small Successes – Be a Voice for the Mute Swans. Being Responsible Swan Owners will Help Prevent Feral – Free Flying Swans. It is Recommended that the Removal of Feral Mute Swans be Done Out of View of the Public. To Avoid Public OutRage.
I will Add a Topic Page about >> “Silent Taking” Methods. It is Difficult to Accept that these are “Humane Methods.”
ANY MUTE SWAN that becomes Feral in PA will not survive Long. This is Posted in the PA Hunting & Trapping Digest..
https://forum.pafoa.org/showthread.php?t=56877 Mute Swans are Considered an Invasive Species in the State. The PAGC Recommends that the Feral Mute Swans be Removed at any Opportunity. There is No Closed Season and they may be taken at any time on Public Lands and Waterways. In PA Hunters Shoot as many Feral Swan as they can..
There have NEVER been more then 100 Mute Swans living Feral in PA According to the Mid-Summer Mute Swan Surveys conducted by the Pennsylvania Game Commission in 2005 – 2008 – 2011. (MSMSS) These Counts have been Discontinued.
Working with and Learning about Mute Swans over the Years, I have come to Terms with the Benefit of Pinioning Swan Cygnets. Any Swan that leaves your Private Property and becomes Feral and Free WILL Pay Dearly. Few will Survive.
This is Why I help Swan Folks Learn to Safely Pinion… ALL these Darling Cygnets are Living on Private Ponds and Loved.
The FEW Young Mute Cygnets that are Rescued in the Spring.. are JUST LUCKY that someone found them before the Hunters.
All Species of Swans will be Safer when Grounded.
Registered Trumpeter – Black Australian – Mute Swans Whooper – Black Necked – Coscoroba Swan ( Tundra Swans are Prohibited as Captive Pets. ) PINIONED-GROUNDED SWANs are CAPTIVE PETs.
All Species of Swans have the Same Hazards if they are Able to Fly.
********************* NOW BEYOND THE LEGAL FACTs. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Imagine this Scenario: You have Just Purchased Mute Swans.. You have been Planning this for Weeks, maybe Months.
You have Paid an Adoption Fee.. $600 to $1,500 to $2,000 Dollars. Much more for the More Exotic.. Swans.
You are Home.. Swans are out of their Transport Containers.. and Gliding Gracefully out on the Water Environment you have been Planning to Enhance with their Beauty..
Your First Time to have these Magnificent Waterfowl.. You Turn to Sit on your Pond Bench.. Big Smile.. They are Finally here.
As you Watch these BIG White Birds Exploring your Pond or Lake they start to Run.. and Run Flapping..
The Sound of BIG Webbed Feet Slapping on the Water Surface.. Their Black Eyes Gleaming… Flapping, Running..
Flapping Wings Lift the Swans off the Water.. then Quiet..
A Beautiful, Breathtaking Sight as they Leave your Pond Gaining Height, Clearing Shrubs, then Trees.. You are Sitting – Relaxing on your Bench.. Speechless.. Odds are Good they WILL Fly Away. “Bye, Bye Birdies.” They have NO Loyalty to You or your Pond/Lake. ( or your Lone Resident Swan ). NEVER Put Swans on your Pond until you KNOW they are Flightless/Grounded – Pinioned or Clipped. CHECK their WINGs before Releasing to the Water.
Just Because you are Told.. you are Adopting a Pinioned Swan.. Not Everyone Does this Effectively.. CHECK the Wings. Watching Swans in Flight is Breathtaking. Watching Your Swans Fly Away is Heartbreaking.
The Purchase and Care of Swans is not Cheap. Prices vary by Age, Specie, Availability, Location, Breeder or BackYard Ponds. …They are not Cheap. You will not be Happy if to see your Swans go for a Morning Flight on a Cool, Stiff Breeze and just keep going, leaving you with a few White Feathers.
Trying to Catch Swans that Fly is Very Difficult.
This is the Risk of having Full-Winged Swans.. Odds are Always there that they WILL Fly Away.
Most Swans and Cygnets are ReHomed/Adopted during the Last Summer and Early Fall.. When Air is Still Thin.. All Five Cygnets Above were into New Home by September.
When we get to Cooler Mornings.. Cool Fall Mornings. The Air is Denser.. and Swans Enjoy Flying.. Swans get a Twinkle in their Eyes.. Turn to a Brisk Breeze.. Wings Start to Flap… They Run Across the Water .. and May Lift up into the Air.. A BIG Risk they will Fly Away. The Swans in these Two Images are Pinioned.. and Just Play Chasing. They Can NOT Fly Away. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
To PINION Pet Swans is Responsible. Yes, My Opinion..LMS The RESPONSIBLE thing to do is to Pinion Cygnets. Then Arrange New Homes for them by Fall.. NOT Release. DO NOT Allow them to Fly Away and become Feral.. and Shot.
Understanding How and When to Pinion Swan Cygnets will Minimize many of the Problems of Full Wing Swans for Current and Future Swan Owner-Adopters.
Done Properly a Pinioned Wing will Appear Fairly Normal.
I have Helped a Wide Variety of People Learn in Person.. and with these WebPages.. Swan Folks and Veterinarians have Used this Procedure on their Own.. and Called to let me know.
As Far as Hurting the Tiny Cygnets..
I can say, most of these Folks are Surprise that the only Time the Cygnets feel Pain.. is the Second you PULL the Dental Tape Tight. ONE Second to Save their Life and Improve their Future as Pets. When You Cut the Wing Tip – they do not Flinch.. ( IF the Tape is TIGHT ! )
A Spring Cygnet that is not Pinioned and is Flying by Late Summer, knows the World is a Bigger Place then its Home Pond.. Catching to Clip them is VERY TRICKY.
A Cygnet’s Instinct to Fly is Intense when their First Flight Feathers Emerge. Their First Primary Flight Feather are BLOOD Feathers.. You will have to be Very Careful to Clip them Safely.
Once a Swan Cygnet Learns to Fly, they are Harder to Keep in Place. We have tried – FRUSTRATING.
IF I AM HERE: I will be Happy to Talk you Through.. or Answer ANY Questions. I will be Happy to be on the Phone as you do the Pinion Procedure.. Their Future Safety as Captive Pets is the Goal.. FEBRUARY 2022 AS LONG as I can.. I will Share Information.. *********************************************
As I Interact with Swan Folks across the Country, I am hearing more People are Learning their Veterinarians are NOT Willing. They will NOT Pinion.. ONLY Clip.. They Express they have an Ethical Issue to Pinion Swans. – Considering Swans Wild Waterfowl. SO, Start Early to CALL Avian Veterinarians, so you Know what your Options are.
We have Learned Over the Years, how Tragic it is when a Swan is Lost. Lost to a Predator, Lost to an Injury, Lost to an Illness. All Hard to Prevent. These Losses are Heart Wrenching..
But, Watching a Beloved Swan Spread it Wings and take Flight with NO Guarantee that they will Return to your Property.. Anxiety and Apprehension..
I have had Too Many Calls from Anguished Swan Folks Fearing their Swan is Gone. Many are.
Some have been able to Keep Track of their Swans for a Few Days or Weeks. Only a Few have been Successful bring them back Home.. Clipping ASAP. BE SURE TO CLIP when you have hold of your Swan..
The Young Swan Above was a Rescue. It Took Time for him to Socialize. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Mute Swans that Fly are at High Risk of Perishing. Ask me.. I have a Growing List of Swans that Flew Away. Many, we will Never Learn what Fate they Met.
With Each Passing Year.. I have Contact with More and More Swan Folks, who find this Website.. And Get in Touch with me.
I Listen to their Stories of Anguish and Woe. They are Hoping I Will Tell them their Swans will Return. This is a Very Hard Lesson for Swan Owners to Learn.
Occasionally, I Learn of some Lucky Swan that is Rescued and Brought Back to Private Property.. Home ! ( BIG SIGH ! ) >>> CLIP that Swan BEFORE Putting Back on Your Pond.
Swans do have Good Memories.. If they Left and Decide to Return Days, Weeks or Months Later.. it was their Choice.
OOOOOOHHHH… the Wind.. Be Aware of Windy Days..
Cool Windy Fall Days.. the Air is Dense and Flight is Easy. Swans – All Waterfowl LOVE the Freedom of Flight.
Flight Capable Swans may Take to Air and Fly about Close to Home… …If It is NOT Storming and Visibility is Good they may Return. Swans are Visual and they Know where they are.. In Good Weather.
Flight Worthy Swans do become Lost when there is a Nasty Storm with Rain or Snow.. when Land Marks are more Blurred from their Vision.. Some Mute Swans Get Blown Far Away.. We have Rescued Several Swans after Storms..
Swans Living Free – Feral will be Exposed to MANY Hazards.
There are SO Many Dangers for a Swan that Flies. Swans are at more Risk of Mortal Injuries. Few will Get Help. Mute Swans that Fly Away may not Survive for Long.
Keep Your Swans Grounded – Flightless – for their Safety. It is Important your Swans are GROUNDED.. ( I Know I AM REPEATING Myself. )
Pinioned Cygnets and Swans have a BETTER Chance to be Captive, Private Property Pets.. They can Still Walk – Wander About.. You Still Need to Keep Track of them..
Pinioned Swans have Difficulty Trying to Fly during the Hot Summer Months.. the Air is Too Thin.
BUT, in the Fall and Winter the Air is Denser.. Add a Cool Brisk Breeze.. and Some “Grounded” Swans will be able to go for Short Flights.
Proper Pinioning makes Balancing Difficult..
************************** Knowing that there are Swan Folks who will NOT be Responsible and Ignore Pinioning Cygnets that Hatch on their Ponds is VERY Disappointing. They are Enjoying their Swans..
But they Allow these Cygnets to Fly Away, while there are Other Folks who have Been Waiting to Adopt Swans.. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
CAPTIVE SWANS are not Migratory.
Mute Swans are NOT Migratory Birds. They will not Fly South in the Fall..for the Winter Months. They will not Fly to the Chesapeake Bay.. Living Feral-Wild Mute Swans normally move about an area of Three to Five Square Miles.
Captive Pet Swans that Fly Away ARE NOT Migratory Waterfowl. Mute Swans are NOT Migratory Waterfowl.. Trumpeter Swans Raised in Captivity are NOT Migratory Waterfowl. Captive Raised Trumpeter Cygnets DO NOT LEARN to Migrate.
Escaped Feral “Pet” Swans will not have an Easy Time Surviving, Especially in the Northern States. There are an Average of Five Winter Months with Little Natural Food.
Living in Wilderness Areas there are Natural Hazards for Swans. Living near Humans, there are many more Hazards.
OVERHEAD WIRES: Over Head Electric Wires.. Swans are in Danger of being Electrocuted.. Their Forward Vision is Poor.. they do NOT See the Thin Wires. They Fly into Electric Wire and are Electrocuted..
The Power Lines along a Rural Road may carry 7,200-14,000 Volt Circuits. In Larger Towns there are Power Lines carrying more than 19,000 volts. Coming in Contact with any of those Voltages would be Deadly.
If a Swan happens to touch TWO Wires at once, or a Wire and a Ground, they will Probably be Electrocuted. If they Survive, the Severe Burns will do far more Damage then will be Noticed at first. A Fair Percentage will need to be Euthanized, unable to Recover from unseen Internal Burns.
Over the 2021 Winter Holidays.. I Received a Call from a Person in my Swan Network. A Man who for Several Years has been Actively Caring for the Swans on a Large Retirement Community Lake.
While he was on Vacation, FAR from Home.. One of the Young 2021 Cygnets – 7 Months Old.. (Above is an Example ) Flew into Electric Wire, was Electrocuted – ( Did Not Survive ) and Knocked out the Power for the Surrounding Area..
The Electric Utilities were NOT Happy, the State Police were NOT Happy, the State’s WildLife Services were NOT Happy, the Lake Community was NOT Happy.. Now ALL the FULL Wing Swans that have been Living on this Lake have Questionable Futures.. NO One wants a Repeat. The Man who has been Caring for the Swans.. Loving them will not have the Final Says.. *************************
A Very Pleasant Surprise.. ONE Young Cygnet has Survived being Electrocuted ! Memorial Day Weekend 2022.. A Wayward Mute Cygnet Flew UP into the Transmission Lines of a Small Area Town.. Shorted OUT the Area,.. and Fell Lifeless to the Ground.
I will Summarize the Month Long Story.. The Stunned Cygnets… Yes, it was Alive.. was Taken to an Animal Rescue Group.. Evaluated by a Veterinarian.. Watched for a Month.. DNA Determined MALE.. and a Private Home Arranged. This is the FIRST Swan I have Know to Survive Electrocution.
****************** Living in Areas with Over Head Telephone and TV Cable Wires, Swans can get Tangled – Communication Wires have Lower Potential for Electric Shock.. But, they can Still be a TANGLE Hazard..
It is Impossible to tell what Voltage a Wire may be Carrying just from looking at it or whether a Particular Wire Carries Electricity, Phone or Cable TV Service.
The Normal Voltage in Telephone Wires that provides the Dial Tone is not Dangerous. When a Phone Rings, a Series of High Voltage AC Surges up to 100 Volts, and this can be Mildly Shocking. So Many Over Head Wires.
With Wing Spans Six to Eight Feet, any Cables or Rope between any two Points may be a Tangling Hazard.